Famous People Born In 1759

Discover the most famous people born in 1759. The list includes people like Robert Burns, Mary Wollstonecraft, William Wilberforce, William Pitt the Younger, Friedrich Schiller and many more. This list of celebrities is loosely sorted by popularity. People featured on this list, include political leaders, playwrights, poets and revolutionaries born in 1759. This list includes people from England, France, Scotland & Germany and many more countries.
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 1 
Robert Burns
(Poet and Lyricist widely regarded as the national poet of Scotland and is celebrated worldwide.)
Robert Burns
23
Listed In: Poets
Birthdate: 25th January
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Ayrshire, Scotland
Died: July 21, 1796
Scottish poet Robert Burns, also known as the National Bard and the Bard of Ayrshire, is considered a pioneer of the Romantic movement in English literature. He often drew inspiration from Scottish folk songs. Some of his most notable works include the poems Auld Lang Syne and Scots Wha Hae.
 2 
William Wilberforce
(Abolitionist)
William Wilberforce
6
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 24th August
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Kingston upon Hull
Died: July 29, 1833
William Wilberforce, an independent MP from Yorkshire, was a champion for the British anti-slavery movement and made a significant contribution to the passage of the 1807 Slave Trade Act and the 1833 Slavery Abolition Act. He supported missionaries in India, founded the Church Mission Society, and was against animal cruelty.
 3 
Mary Wollstonecraft
10
Birthdate: 27th April
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: London, England
Died: September 10, 1797

Mary Wollstonecraft was an English writer, advocate of women's rights, and philosopher. Wollstonecraft, who attracted a lot of attention for her unconventional personal relationships, is widely considered a founding feminist philosopher. Although her unorthodoxy initially attracted criticisms, her advocacy of women's equality became increasingly important during the 20th century. Modern-day feminists cite her works and her life as important influences.

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 4 
Friedrich Schiller
(Playwright and Poet Known for His Works 'The Robbers', 'Don Carlos' and 'Mary Stuart')
Friedrich Schiller
6
Birthdate: 10th November
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Marbach am Neckar, Germany
Died: May 9, 1805

Friedrich Schiller was a German poet, physician, philosopher, playwright, and historian. Schiller is best remembered for his friendship with Johann Wolfgang von Goethe and the two discussed issues concerning aesthetics. Schiller's discussions with Goethe paved the way for a period, which came to be known as Weimar Classicism. Friedrich Schiller is also widely regarded as Germany's most prominent classical playwright.

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 5 
Georges Danton
(French Lawyer and a Leading Figure in the French Revolution)
Georges Danton
4
Birthdate: 26th October
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Arcis-sur-Aube, France
Died: April 5, 1794

Georges Danton was a major figure in the early stages of the French Revolution. While many historians state that he played a key role in the establishment of the First French Republic, a few scholars refute this claim. He served as the first president of the Committee of Public Safety and was beheaded by the advocates of revolutionary terror. 

 6 
William Pitt the Younger
(The Youngest & Last Prime Minister of Great Britain and the First Prime Minister of the United Kingdom)
William Pitt the Younger
4
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 28th May
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Bromley, England, United Kingdom
Died: January 23, 1806

British statesman, William Pitt the Younger, became the youngest prime minister of Great Britain in 1783 when he was just 24. During his stint as the prime minister, he was also Chancellor of the Exchequer. Several major political events,  including the French Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars, happened during his tenure.  He is ranked highly among all British Prime Ministers.

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 7 
Joseph Fouché
(Statesman)
Joseph Fouché
1
Birthdate: 21st May
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Le Pellerin, France
Died: December 26, 1820
 8 
Adrienne de La Fayette
(Daughter of Jean de Noailles)
Adrienne de La Fayette
2
Listed In: Family Members
Birthdate: 2nd November
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Hôtel de Noailles, Paris, Kingdom of France
Died: December 24, 1807
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 9 
Dean Mahomed
(Traveller, surgeon, entrepreneur, and one of the most notable early non-European immigrants to the Western World)
Dean Mahomed
0
Listed In: Surgeons
Birthdate: 30th April
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Patna, Bihar, India
Died: February 24, 1851
 10 
William Thornton
(British-American Physician, Inventor, Painter and Architect Who Designed the 'United States Capitol')
William Thornton
1
Birthdate: 20th May
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Jost van Dyke, British Virgin Islands, England
Died: March 28, 1828

British-American William Thornton was initially trained in medicine and that is when he began drawing and sketching as part of his medical notes. He later won a contest for the design of the Library Company of Philadelphia's new hall. He also designed the Capitol in Washington, D.C.

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 11 
William Kirby
(Founder of Entomology)
William Kirby
0
Listed In: Entomologists
Birthdate: 19th September
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Witnesham, Suffolk, England
Died: July 4, 1850
 12 
William Jackson
(Political Leader)
William Jackson
1
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 9th March
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Cumberland, England
Died: December 17, 1828
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 13 
Maximilian von Montgelas
(Statesman)
Maximilian von Montgelas
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 12th September
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Munich, Germany
Died: June 14, 1838
 14 
Matsudaira Sadanobu
(King)
Matsudaira Sadanobu
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 15th January
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Tokyo, Japan
Died: June 14, 1829
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 15 
Nathan Read
(Former United States Representative, Engineer and Inventor of the High-Pressure Steam Engine)
Nathan Read
0
Birthdate: 2nd July
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Warren, Massachusetts, United States
Died: January 20, 1849

American engineer and inventor Nathan Read was a steam pioneer. He invented, most notably, the multi-tubular boiler and the high-pressure steam engine, which was different from James Watt’s steam engine. Read’s engine was much lighter and safer, required less fuel and space, and was more convenient and portable. It could be widely used in new fields like steamboat and land-transport.

 16 
Alexander Chalmers
(Writer)
Alexander Chalmers
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 29th March
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Aberdeen, Scotland
Died: December 29, 1834
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 17 
Al-Shawkani
(Islamic jurist, Theologian)
Al-Shawkani
0
Listed In: Lawyers & Judges
Birthdate: 30th November
Birthplace: Yemen
Died: 1839 AD
 18 
Ferenc Kazinczy
(Hungarian Poet)
Ferenc Kazinczy
0
Birthdate: 27th October
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Simian, Romania
Died: August 23, 1831

One of the best-known figures of Hungarian literature, poet, author, and translator Ferenc Kazinczy made significant contribution to the development of the Hungarian language. A qualified lawyer and a civil servant, he was once also imprisoned for political conspiracy.  He also co-founded the Hungarian Academy.

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 19 
Carl Erik Mannerheim
(Swedish–Finnish Statesman and Soldier)
Carl Erik Mannerheim
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 14th December
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Säter, Sweden
Died: January 15, 1837

Carl Erik Mannerheim was a Swedish–Finnish statesman and soldier. From 1822 to 1826, he served as the Vice Chairman of the Economic Division. A member of the Diet of Porvoo, Carl Erik Mannerheim was also involved in the formation of Grand Duchy's institutions.

 20 
William Grenville, 1st Baron Grenville
(Former British Prime Minister)
William Grenville, 1st Baron Grenville
3
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 25th October
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Wotton Underwood, Buckinghamshire, England
Died: January 12, 1834
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 21 
William Playfair
(Economist, Mathematician, Engineer, Statistician)
William Playfair
3
Listed In: Engineers
Birthdate: 22nd September
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Dundee
Died: February 11, 1823

Scottish engineer and political economist William Playfair is best-remembered as the inventor of statistical graphs and secret agent for Great Britain during its war with France. He published the first data graphs in his book The Commercial and Political Atlas. He used line, area and bar charts to represent the economy of 18th Century England and introduced the pie chart.

 22 
Victor Emmanuel I of Sardinia
(King)
Victor Emmanuel I of Sardinia
1
Listed In: Emperors & Kings
Birthdate: 24th July
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Royal Palace of Turin, Turin, Italy
Died: January 10, 1824
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 23 
JLudwig Yorck von Wartenburg
(Field marshal)
JLudwig Yorck von Wartenburg
0
Listed In: Military Leaders
Birthdate: 26th September
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Potsdam, Germany
Died: October 4, 1830
 24 
Pierre-Joseph Redouté
(Belgian Painter Known for His Watercolours of Roses, Lilies and Other Flowers at the 'Château de Malmaison')
Pierre-Joseph Redouté
0
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: 10th July
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Saint-Hubert, Belgium
Died: June 19, 1840

Belgian-born French painter and botanist Pierre-Joseph Redouté, also known as the Raphael of flowers, was a famous court painter and one of the greatest botanical illustrators of his time. Known for his iconic pieces such as Les Liliacées, he was a specialist of painting roses, too.

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 25 
Louise d'Aumont
(Queen)
Louise d'Aumont
0
Birthdate: 22nd October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: December 13, 1826
 26 
Mason Locke Weems
(Author)
Mason Locke Weems
0
Listed In: Biographers
Birthdate: 11th October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Anne Arundel County, Maryland, United States
Died: May 23, 1825
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 27 
François Hanriot
(French Sans-Culotte Leader, Street Orator, and Commander of the Garde Nationale During the French Revolution)
François Hanriot
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 2nd December
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Nanterre, France
Died: July 28, 1794

François Hanriot was a Sans-culotte leader and street orator. He played an important role during the French Revolution, commanding the National Guard. He played a crucial role in the insurrection of May 31 to 2 June 1793 which resulted in the fall of the Girondins. François Hanriot’s arrest and execution went a long way in ending the Reign of Terror.

 28 
Friedrich August Wolf
(Philologist)
Friedrich August Wolf
0
Listed In: Philologists
Birthdate: 15th February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Hainrode, Südharz, Germany
Died: August 8, 1824
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 29 
Maria Theresia von Paradis
(Musician)
Maria Theresia von Paradis
1
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: 15th May
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: February 1, 1824
 30 
John Jeffreys Pratt, 1st Marquess Camden
(Politician)
John Jeffreys Pratt, 1st Marquess Camden
0
Birthdate: 11th February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: near Chislehurst, England
Died: October 8, 1840
 31 
John Jamieson
(Lexicographer, Philologist)
John Jamieson
1
Birthdate: 3rd March
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Glasgow, Scotland
Died: July 12, 1838
 32 
Charles Simeon
(British Evangelical Anglican Cleric)
Charles Simeon
1
Listed In: Saints
Birthdate: 24th September
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Reading, Berkshire, England
Died: November 13, 1836

Charles Simeon was an evangelical Anglican clergyman. An influential leader among evangelical churchmen, Charles Simeon co-founded the Church Missionary Society. He also helped found the Church's Ministry Among Jewish People in 1809. In 2001, Charles Simeon Trust was established in his honor. In 2014, the Charles Simeon Institute was founded in his honor.

 33 
Marie-Jean Hérault de Séchelles
(Judge)
Marie-Jean Hérault de Séchelles
0
Listed In: Lawyers & Judges
Birthdate: 20th September
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: April 5, 1794
 34 
Thomas Andrew Knight
(British Horticulturalist and Botanist)
Thomas Andrew Knight
0
Listed In: Botanists
Birthdate: 12th August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Herefordshire, England
Died: May 11, 1838

Copley Medal-winning British horticulturalist Thomas Andrew Knight is best remembered for his study of the movement of sap in plants and the impact of gravity on the growth of plants. He was also the Royal Horticultural Society’s second president. His initial works found a place in the Royal Society’s Philosophical Transactions.

 35 
William Cockerill
(Inventor)
William Cockerill
0
Listed In: Inventors
Birthdate: 30th November
Birthplace: Lancashire, England
Died: 1832 AD
 36 
August Wilhelm Iffland
(Actor)
August Wilhelm Iffland
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 19th April
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Hannover, Germany
Died: September 22, 1814
 37 
Mark Wilks
(Governor for three years of Saint Helena since 1813)
Mark Wilks
0
Birthdate: 30th November
Birthplace: Isle of Man
Died: September 19, 1831
 38 
Sarah Wentworth Apthorp Morton
(Poet)
Sarah Wentworth Apthorp Morton
0
Listed In: Poets
Birthdate: 31st July
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Died: May 14, 1846
 39 
James Maitland, 8th Earl of Lauderdale
(Politician)
James Maitland, 8th Earl of Lauderdale
1
Birthdate: 26th January
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Ratho, Scotland
Died: September 10, 1839
 40 
Richard Porson
(Scholar)
Richard Porson
1
Listed In: Educators
Birthdate: 25th December
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: East Ruston, England
Died: September 25, 1808
 41 
Thomas Thorild
(Swedish Poet and Critic Who Opposed the Influence of French Classicism on Swedish Culture)
Thomas Thorild
0
Birthdate: 18th April
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Bohuslän, Sweden
Died: October 1, 1808

Thomas Thorild was a Swedish poet, philosopher, critic, and feminist. He is best remembered for promoting women's rights and gender equality. Thorild was popular among women not only for his ideas of gender equality but also for his good looks. Thomas Thorild also served as a librarian and professor at the University of Greifswald.

 42 
Paul Cuffe
(Businessman)
Paul Cuffe
3
Listed In: CEOs
Birthdate: 17th January
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Cuttyhunk, Massachusetts, United States
Died: September 7, 1817
 43 
Adrien Duport
(Politician)
Adrien Duport
1
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 6th February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: July 6, 1798
 44 
François Andrieux
(Playwright)
François Andrieux
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 6th May
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Strasbourg, France
Died: May 9, 1833
 45 
Aloys I, Prince of Liechtenstein
(Prince of Liechtenstein from 18 August 1781 until his death in 1805)
Aloys I, Prince of Liechtenstein
1
Birthdate: 14th May
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: March 24, 1805