War Criminals

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When Peter von Hagenbach was executed in the 15th century, he became the first person to have been convicted at an “international" war crimes trial. Major Connaught, a Royalist who was hanged for his part in the massacre of villagers in a church in the mid 17th century is another example of a war criminal. Even though war crimes have been happening from the past several centuries, such crimes were perpetuated at an unprecedented level during the World War II. One of the most feared Nazi leaders, Adolf Eichmann was a war criminal held responsible for the deaths of thousands of Jews during the war. Josef Mengele, also known as Auschwitz’s “Angel of Death”, was notorious for the brutal human experiments he conducted on prisoners-of-war. While a majority of war criminals are males, women like Ilse Koch, Dorothea Binz, and Irma Grese have proven that some females also display unspeakable brutality during war time. More recently, former Serbian President Slobodan Milošević was brought to trial for alleged war crimes but died before the trial could be concluded. Former Liberian President Charles G. Taylor and Omar al-Bashir, current head of state of Sudan are also regarded as war criminals. This section provides you information about the life and crimes of notorious war criminals from all over the globe.
Rank the Most Wicked War Criminals
 1 
Josef Mengele
(German Physician Known for His Atrocities at the Auschwitz II Concentration Camp)
Josef Mengele
67
Birthdate: March 16, 1911
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Bavaria, Germany
Died: February 7, 1979

Known as Angel of Death, Dr. Josef Mengele was the chief doctor of Auschwitz concentration camp and was responsible for killing thousands of Jews as well as torturing the prisoners mercilessly and conducting inhuman experiments on them. These included injecting them with chemicals and stitching twin children together. Despite his horrible crimes, the infamous Nazi doctor could never be captured.

 2 
Hideki Tojo
(27th Prime Minister of Japan)
Hideki Tojo
18
Birthdate: December 30, 1884
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Kōjimachi, Tokyo, Japan
Died: December 23, 1948

Hideki Tojo headed the Imperial Japanese Army and was the Japanese minister of war, apart from being Japan’s prime minister from 1941 to 1944. His tenure witnessed the attack on Pearl Harbor. After Japan surrendered to the Allied Powers, Tojo was convicted of war crimes and sentenced to death.

 3 
Irma Grese
(Nazi Guard)
Irma Grese
17
Birthdate: October 7, 1923
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Feldberger Seenlandschaft, Germany
Died: December 13, 1945

Irma Grese, or the Hyena of Auschwitz, served as an SS guard at the Nazi concentration camps of Auschwitz and Ravensbrück. She was also the warden of the ladies’ section of the Bergen-Belsen camp and ended up being convicted of torture and murder of prisoners. She was executed at 22.

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 4 
Omar al-Bashir
(Former President of Sudan)
Omar al-Bashir
17
Birthdate: January 1, 1944
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Hosh Bannaga, Sudan

Omar al-Bashir is a Sudanese politician who served as the seventh president of Sudan. A former military officer, he is the founder of the National Congress Party that remained the dominant political party in the country until 2019. He was deposed in a coup d'état the same year and subsequently arrested and convicted on multiple corruption charges.

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 5 
Adolf Eichmann
(German Military Official and One of the Major Organisers of the Holocaust)
Adolf Eichmann
67
Birthdate: March 19, 1906
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Solingen, Germany
Died: June 1, 1962
Adolf Eichmann was a Nazi lieutenant colonel and one of the chief organizers of the Holocaust, that involved mass deportation and murder of Jews. In 1962, Eichmann was captured by the Mossad in Argentina and was then taken to Israel. He was eventually tried and hanged for crimes against humanity.
 6 
Mutsuhiro Watanabe
(Imperial Japanese Army Corporal)
Mutsuhiro Watanabe
19
Birthdate: January 18, 1918
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Japan
Died: April 1, 2003

Mutsuhiro Watanabe was an Imperial Japanese Army soldier in World War II. Following Japan’s defeat, he was classified a war criminal for his mistreatment of prisoners of war (POWs) by the US Occupation authorities. However, the US authorities could not capture him. In his later years, he became an insurance salesman and grew wealthy.

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 7 
Ilse Koch
(Nazi Concentration Camp Overseer, War Criminal)
Ilse Koch
15
Birthdate: September 22, 1906
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Dresden, Germany
Died: September 1, 1967
Ilse Koch was the wife of Karl-Otto Koch, the Nazi commandant of the Buchenwald and Majdanek concentration camps. Also known as Beast of Buchenwald, The Bitch of Buchenwald, and Butcher Widow, she was tried by the U.S. military for her sadistic abuse of war prisoners. She died of suicide.
 8 
Willi Herold
(Military personnel)
Willi Herold
10
Birthdate: September 11, 1925
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Chemnitz, Germany
Died: November 14, 1946
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 9 
Alfred Jodl
(Chief of the Operations Staff of the German Armed Forces High Command (1939 - 1945))
Alfred Jodl
10
Birthdate: May 10, 1890
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Würzburg, Germany
Died: October 16, 1946

Alfred Jodl was a German colonel-general who played an important role throughout World War II by serving as Chief of the Operations Staff of a German Armed Forces High Command called the Oberkommando der Wehrmacht. After the war, Jodl was tried at the Nuremberg trials and was found guilty on charges, such as crimes against humanity and war crimes.

 10 
Oskar Dirlewanger
(War Criminal)
Oskar Dirlewanger
10
Birthdate: September 26, 1895
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Würzburg, Germany
Died: June 7, 1945
German military officer Oskar Dirlewanger established and led the Nazi SS penal unit Dirlewanger during World War II. He had also participated in World War I and the Spanish Civil War, winning the Iron Cross 2nd Class and 1st Class. He died in Allied custody at the Altshausen prison camp.
 11 
Albert Kesselring
(War Criminal)
Albert Kesselring
4
Birthdate: November 30, 1885
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Marktsteft, Kingdom of Bavaria, Germany
Died: July 16, 1960
One of Hitler’s most reliable strategists during World War II, Albert Kesselring was a loyal Luftwaffe general. His exploits include operations in Poland, France, and Britain. Following the Nuremberg trials, he was sentenced to death, but the sentence was later commuted. He was released after being diagnosed with throat cancer. 
 12 
Doc Scurlock
(Cowboy)
Doc Scurlock
2
Birthdate: January 11, 1849
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Tallapoosa County, Alabama, United States
Died: July 25, 1929
 13 
Rudolf Höss
(German Nazi Commandant and Longest-Serving Commandant of Auschwitz Concentration and Extermination Camp)
Rudolf Höss
15
Birthdate: November 25, 1901
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Baden-Baden, Germany
Died: April 16, 1947

Rudolf Höss was a German SS officer who was convicted of war crimes after the defeat of Nazi Germany. The longest-serving commandant of the Auschwitz extermination camp, Höss implemented means to accelerate the Final Solution, a Nazi plan for the genocide of Jews. Upon his order, pesticide Zyklon B was used in gas chambers, killing millions of people.

 14 
Klaus Barbie
(Nazi Leader)
Klaus Barbie
15
Birthdate: October 25, 1913
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Bad Godesberg
Died: 1991 AD

Klaus Barbie was a Gestapo and SS official during the Nazi era. Dubbed the Butcher of Lyon, Barbie was known for having tortured prisoners of the Gestapo while stationed in Lyon, France. It is also believed that he played a major role in the execution of Che Guevara. Barbie's life and work inspired the 2007 documentary film My Enemy's Enemy.

 15 
Oskar Groening
(War Criminal)
Oskar Groening
11
Birthdate: June 10, 1921
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Nienburg, Lower Saxony, Germany
Died: March 9, 2018

Oskar Groening was a German SS Unterscharführer at the Auschwitz concentration camp. He was in charge of counting and sorting the money retrieved from the prisoners arriving at the camp. At the end of the war, he surrendered to the British and was transferred to Britain as a prisoner of war. Years later, he was named a war criminal.

 16 
Karl Brandt
(Personal Physician of Adolf Hitler)
Karl Brandt
7
Birthdate: January 8, 1904
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Mulhouse, France
Died: June 2, 1948

Karl Brandt was a German physician. He served as a Schutzstaffel (SS) officer in Nazi Germany and became Adolf Hitler's personal doctor. He organized and administered the Aktion T4 euthanasia program, in which between 275,000 and 300,000 people were killed in psychiatric hospitals. He was later executed for committing war crimes and crimes against humanity. 

 17 
Félicien Kabuga
(Commited genocide in Rwanda)
Félicien Kabuga
2
Birthdate: March 1, 1933
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Byumba, Rwanda
 18 
Kang Kek Iew
(Cambodian War Criminal and Khmer Rouge Leader)
Kang Kek Iew
0
Birthdate: November 17, 1942
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Cambodia
Died: September 2, 2020
 19 
Wanda Klaff
(Camp guards)
Wanda Klaff
2
Birthdate: March 6, 1922
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Danzig, Free City of Danzig
Died: July 4, 1946
 20 
Robert Kajuga
(Commited genocide in Rwanda)
Robert Kajuga
0
Birthdate: 1960 AD
Birthplace: Kibungo, Rwanda
Died: February 29, 2007
 21 
Martin Gottfried Weiss
(Military personnel)
Martin Gottfried Weiss
0
Birthdate: June 3, 1905
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Weiden, Germany
Died: May 29, 1946
 22 
Fritz Klein
(Military physician, War criminal)
Fritz Klein
1
Birthdate: November 24, 1888
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Codlea, Romania
Died: December 13, 1945
 23 
Helmut Oberlander
(War criminals)
Helmut Oberlander
2
Birthdate: February 15, 1924
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Molotschna, Ukraine
 24 
Akira Mutō
(Military personnel)
Akira Mutō
1
Birthdate: December 15, 1892
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Minamiaso, Kumamoto, Japan
Died: December 23, 1948
 25 
Salahuddin Quader Chowdhury
1
Birthdate: March 13, 1949
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Chittagong, Bangladesh
Died: November 22, 2015

Salahuddin Quader Chowdhury was a Bangladeshi politician who served under Prime Minister Khaleda Zia as the adviser of parliamentary affairs from 2001 to 2006. In 2013, he was convicted of war crime charges and sentenced to death for his actions during the Bangladesh War of Independence. Salahuddin Quader Chowdhury was executed by hanging in 2015. 

 26 
William Calley
(Military Officer)
William Calley
7
Birthdate: June 8, 1943
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Miami, Florida, United States
 27 
Ernst Röhm
(Nazi War Criminal)
Ernst Röhm
14
Birthdate: November 28, 1887
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Munich, Germany
Died: July 1, 1934

Regarded by Hitler as a potential rival, Röhm was murdered at the Führer’s order. Ernst Röhm was a prominent German military officer and an early member of the Nazi Party. He was wounded thrice in World War I and was briefly imprisoned for his part in the Beer Hall Putsch. 

 28 
Mirambo
(Warlord)
Mirambo
0
Birthdate: 1840 AD
Birthplace: Tanzania
Died: 1884 AD
 29 
Hans von Salmuth
(Military General)
Hans von Salmuth
1
Birthdate: November 11, 1888
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Metz, France
Died: January 1, 1962
 30 
Paul Blobel
(Military leader, Criminal)
Paul Blobel
1
Birthdate: August 13, 1894
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Potsdam, Germany
Died: June 7, 1951
 31 
Dorothea Binz
(Officer)
Dorothea Binz
4
Birthdate: March 16, 1920
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Templin, Germany
Died: May 2, 1947
 32 
Radovan Karadžić
(Politician)
Radovan Karadžić
6
Birthdate: June 19, 1945
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Petnjica, Montenegro
 33 
Franz von Papen
(Former Vice-Chancellor of Germany)
Franz von Papen
6
Birthdate: October 29, 1879
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Werl, Westphalia, Prussia, Germany
Died: May 2, 1969

Franz von Papen was a German politician, Prussian nobleman, diplomat, and General Staff officer. From 1933 to 1934, he served under Adolf Hitler as the Vice-Chancellor of Germany. After World War II, Franz von Papen was indicted alongside other war criminals in the Nuremberg trials. However, he was later acquitted of all charges.

 34 
Reinhard Heydrich
(Nazi Official)
Reinhard Heydrich
40
Birthdate: March 7, 1904
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Halle
Died: June 4, 1942

Reinhard Heydrich was a Nazi police officer and a high-ranking SS. Heydrich is widely regarded as one of the main architects of the Holocaust, a World War II genocide that killed some six million Jews. Described by Adolf Hitler as the man with the iron heart, Heydrich is regarded as the darkest figure of the Nazi era by many historians.

 35 
Amon Goeth
(Austrian Nazi Officer and Commandant of Poland's Kraków-Plaszow Concentration Camp)
Amon Goeth
16
Birthdate: December 11, 1908
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: September 13, 1946

Amon Goeth was an Austrian war criminal and SS functionary. During World War II, Goeth served as the commandant of the Płaszów concentration camp operated by the SS. After the war, he was convicted of homicide and was executed by hanging. Amon Goeth was played by Ralph Fiennes in the 1993 epic historical drama film Schindler's List.

 36 
Martin Bormann
(Private Secretary of Adolf Hitler)
Martin Bormann
28
Birthdate: June 17, 1900
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Wegeleben, Germany
Died: May 2, 1945

Martin Bormann was a Nazi Party official. Bormann headed the Nazi Party Chancellery, and gained immense power after he was accepted into Adolf Hitler's inner circle. In 1935, he became Hitler's personal secretary and served as the minister of the Nazi Party after Hitler's suicide in 1945.

 37 
John Demjanjuk
(War Criminal)
John Demjanjuk
25
Birthdate: April 3, 1920
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Dubovi Makharyntsi, Berdychiv uyezd, Kiev Governorate, Ukrainian People's Republic
Died: March 17, 2012
John Demjanjuk was a Trawniki man and a Nazi concentration camp guard at Sobibor, Majdanek, and Flossenbürg. He was part of a highly publicized trial that convicted him for committing atrocities as the infamous Treblinka guard “Ivan the Terrible.” However, lack of any strong evidence suggested he had been misidentified
 38 
Roman von Ungern-Sternberg
(Anticommunist general in the Russian Civil War and then an independent warlord who intervened in Mongolia against China)
Roman von Ungern-Sternberg
2
Birthdate: January 10, 1886
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Graz, Austria
Died: September 15, 1921

Russian baron Roman von Ungern-Sternberg gained fame as an anticommunist general during the Russian Civil War. Also known as the Mad Baron for his cruelty toward his enemies, he had converted to Buddhism but retained strains of Christianity in his faith. He was eventually executed by a firing squad.

 39 
Hildegard Lächert
2
Birthdate: January 20, 1920
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: 1995 AD
 40 
Wilhelm Keitel
(Chief of the German Armed Forces High Command (1938 - 1945))
Wilhelm Keitel
8
Birthdate: September 22, 1882
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Helmscherode, Bad Gandersheim, Germany
Died: October 16, 1946

Wilhelm Keitel was a German field marshal. As the chief of the Armed Forces High Command, Keitel was Nazi Germany Armed Forces' highest-ranking officer during World War II. Wilhelm Keitel was responsible for the loss of many lives as he signed several criminal orders. After the war, he was indicted as one of the war criminals and sentenced to death.

 41 
Ratko Mladić
(Bosnian Serb convicted war criminal and colonel-general who led the Army of Republika Srpska)
Ratko Mladić
9
Birthdate: March 12, 1942
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Božanovići, Independent State of Croatia
 42 
Maria Mandl
(Prison officer)
Maria Mandl
7
Birthdate: January 10, 1912
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Münzkirchen, Austria
Died: January 24, 1948
 43 
Dominic Ongwen
(Military personnel, Criminal)
Dominic Ongwen
1
Birthdate: February 10, 1975
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Coorom, Kilak County, Amuru district, Uganda
 44 
Diego Murillo Bejarano
(Former Leader of the 'United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia' Paramilitary Group)
Diego Murillo Bejarano
7
Birthdate: February 23, 1961
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Tuluá, Colombia

Diego Murillo Bejarano is a former gangster who led the United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia as well as the Office of Envigado cartel. He is also known for his association with Pablo Escobar and the Galeano family. Murillo has been played by actors like Carlos Velásquez and Mauricio Cujar in TV series. He was portrayed by Cujar on Netflix series Narcos.

 45 
Hermann Pister
(German officer)
Hermann Pister
2
Birthdate: February 21, 1885
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Lübeck, Germany
Died: September 28, 1948
 46 
August Eigruber
(Politician)
August Eigruber
1
Birthdate: April 16, 1907
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Steyr, Austria
Died: May 28, 1947
 47 
Dokka Umarov
(1st Emir of the Caucasus Emirate (2007 - 2013))
Dokka Umarov
1
Birthdate: April 13, 1964
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Kharsenoy, Chechnya, Russia
Died: September 7, 2013

Chechen separatist Dokka Umarov later declared himself the emir of the Islamic Caucasus Emirate. Though a civil engineer by profession, he continued to indulge in criminal activities while working in Russia. He was eventually poisoned, and his body was found in a remote Russian area.

 48 
Friedrich Flick
(Industrialist)
Friedrich Flick
1
Birthdate: July 10, 1883
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Germany
Died: July 20, 1972
 49 
Shamil Basayev
(Senior leader of the Chechen independence movement and terrorist)
Shamil Basayev
5
Birthdate: January 14, 1965
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Dyshne-Vedeno, Russia
Died: July 10, 2006
 50 
Aribert Heim
(Austrian Schutzstaffel (SS) doctor. During World War II)
Aribert Heim
2
Birthdate: June 28, 1914
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Bad Radkersburg, Austria
Died: August 10, 1992

Known as Dr. Death and the Butcher of Mauthausen, Nazi doctor Aribert Heim terrorized the Mauthausen-Gusen concentration camp with his deadly experiments and gruesome methods of torture. He apparently injected poison into the inmates and often removed organs leaving the inmates to die. He escaped prosecution and moved to Egypt.