Rudolf Höss Biography
(German Nazi Commandant and Longest-Serving Commandant of Auschwitz Concentration and Extermination Camp)
Birthday: November 25, 1901 (Sagittarius)
Born In: Baden-Baden, Germany
Rudolf Franz Ferdinand Höss was a German Schutzstaffel official and war criminal. During the Nazi era, he was appointed commandant of Auschwitz concentration and extermination camp, serving longer than any other of its commandants. He experimented with and used various methods to expedite “Final Solution”, which was Hitler’s plan to systematically wipe out the Jewish population of Nazi-occupied Europe. On the suggestion of one of his subordinates, Karl Fritzsch, he began using pesticide Zyklon B containing hydrogen cyanide as the killing agent. Originally from Baden-Baden, Höss was raised by his father with a near-fanatical adherence to the central role of duty in the moral life. In 1922, he became a member of the Nazi Party. He joined the SS in 1934. He ran Auschwitz from May 1940 to November 1943 and again from May 1944 to January 1945. Before the German defeat in World War II, he oversaw the killings of over a million people. He was apprehended by British forces in March 1946 and subsequently tried and sentenced to death. His execution was carried out in April 1947. While he was imprisoned, Höss authored his memoir, ‘Commandant of Auschwitz: The Autobiography of Rudolf Hoess’.