Omar Hassan Ahmad al-Bashir is a Sudanese politician and former president of Sudan. He came into power as the seventh president of Sudan in 1989 after he led a military coup to oust the government of Prime Minister Sadiq al-Mahdi. After 30 years of dictatorship, his reign came to an end when he was deposed in a coup d'état in 2019. Bashir served as a brigadier in the Sudanese army at the time of the coup. After assuming power, he proclaimed himself the chairman of the Revolutionary Command Council for National Salvation and suspended all political parties, trade unions, and government bodies. He also banned all independent newspapers and imprisoned leading journalists and political activists. His power grew immensely after he disbanded the Revolutionary Command Council for National Salvation in 1993 and declared himself the president of the country. A proud and egoistic man, Omar al-Bashir has often been criticized for his repressive rule and dictatorship. When he seized power, Sudan was in the midst of a 21-year civil war between north and south, and the political situation in the country has worsened since then. His friendship with Hassan al-Turabi, an Islamist politician with links to Arab militant groups, also added to his notoriety, leading to accusations of harboring and providing sanctuary and assistance to Islamic terrorist groups. In 2009, the International Criminal Court (ICC) issued an arrest warrant against Bashir for directing a campaign of mass killing, rape, and pillage against civilians in Darfur; he became the first sitting president to be indicted by the ICC. By late 2018, mass protest against his regime had started all over the country. On April 11, 2019, he was removed from power and the government was dissolved by Transitionary Military Council which then passed the authority to a provisional Sovereignty Council and civilian Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok.