Sagittarius Leaders

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 1 
Winston Churchill
(Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (1940 - 1945, 1951 - 1955))
Winston Churchill
179
Birthdate: November 30, 1874
Birthplace: Blenheim Palace, England, United Kingdom
Died: January 24, 1965

The former Prime Minister of the United Kingdoms, Winston Churchill, is known for successfully leading his country during the Second World War against the Nazi Germany. An officer in the British army, he also served as a war correspondent before venturing into politics. One of the most influential peoples in British history, Churchill was also an accomplished painter.

 2 
Georgy Zhukov
(Military Commander)
Georgy Zhukov
21
Birthdate: December 1, 1896
Birthplace: Zhukov, Kaluga Oblast
Died: June 18, 1974

Soviet general and Marshal of the Soviet Union, Georgy Zhukov, is remembered for overseeing some of the Red Army's most decisive victories during the Second World War. As a young man, he served in the First World War and the Russian Civil War. The recipient of four Hero of the Soviet Union awards, he was made the defence minister.

 3 
Charles de Gaulle
(Former French President & Army Officer Who Led 'Free France' against Nazi Germany in World War II)
Charles de Gaulle
53
Birthdate: November 22, 1890
Birthplace: Lille, France
Died: November 9, 1970

Charles de Gaulle was a French statesman and army officer. Charles de Gaulle fought against Nazi Germany in the Second World War by leading the Free French Forces. He also worked towards re-establishing democracy in France. He founded the Fifth Republic, France's current republican system, and rewrote the Constitution of France. He then served as the president of France.

 4 
Jacques Chirac
(President of France (1995 - 2007))
Jacques Chirac
21
Birthdate: November 29, 1932
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: September 26, 2019

Jacques Chirac was a French politician who served as France's prime minister on two occasions, first from 1974 to 1976 and then from 1986 to 1988. He also served as France's president from 1995 to 2007. Because of his long career in prominent government positions, Chirac was often caricatured or parodied. He was also depicted in films, such as W.

 5 
Zachary Taylor
(12th President of the United States (1849-50))
Zachary Taylor
23
Birthdate: November 24, 1784
Birthplace: Barboursville, Virginia, United States
Died: July 9, 1850
Zachary Taylor was the 12th U.S. president, from March 1849 till his death in July 1850, thus spending just 16 months in office. His heroism in the Mexican–American War had earned him the title of major general. A novice in political affairs, he was the last president who owned slaves.
 6 
Martin Van Buren
(8th President of the United States (1837-1841))
Martin Van Buren
16
Birthdate: December 5, 1782
Birthplace: Kinderhook, New York, United States
Died: July 24, 1862

Martin Van Buren was an American statesman credited with co-founding the Democratic Party, one of the world's oldest and contemporary political parties. He served as the eighth president of the US and later became a prominent anti-slavery abolitionist leader. He also played a key role in forming the two-party system in the US.

 7 
William Lyon Mackenzie King
(10th Prime Minister of Canada (1935 - 1948))
William Lyon Mackenzie King
7
Birthdate: December 17, 1874
Birthplace: Kitchener, Ontario, Canada
Died: July 22, 1950

Canadian statesman and politician Mackenzie King OM CMG PC, was the 10th prime minister of Canada. He held the position for three non-consecutive terms with a total of over 21 years in office and emerged as the longest-serving prime minister in the history of Canada. He remained instrumental in laying the foundations of the Canadian welfare state.

 8 
Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden
(King of Sweden from 1611 to 1632)
Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden
3
Birthdate: December 9, 1594
Birthplace: Stockholm, Sweden
Died: November 6, 1632

Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden reigned as the King of Sweden from 30 October 1611 until his death on 6 November 1632, at the age of 37. He is credited with transforming Sweden into a great European power. Considered one of the greatest modern military commanders, Gustavus Adolphus turned Sweden into one of Europe's primary military forces during the Thirty Years' War.

 9 
Archduke Franz Ferdinand
(The person whose assassination sparked the First World War)
Archduke Franz Ferdinand
14
Birthdate: December 18, 1863
Birthplace: Graz, Austria
Died: June 28, 1914
Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, the eldest son of Archduke Karl Ludwig, was the heir presumptive to the Austro-Hungarian throne. He was also the inspector general of the Austro-Hungarian army. His assassination by Young Bosnia member Gavrilo Princip triggered Austria’s conflict with Serbia, leading to World War I.
 10 
Kristi Noem
(Governor of South Dakota)
Kristi Noem
43
Birthdate: November 30, 1971
Birthplace: Watertown, South Dakota, United States
 11 
Shirley Chisholm
(Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York's 12th District (1969 - 1983))
Shirley Chisholm
10
Birthdate: November 30, 1924
Birthplace: Brooklyn, New York, United States
Died: January 1, 2005

A courageous political leader, Shirley Chisholm made history when she became the first African-American woman to be elected the United States Congresswoman. Later, she yet again created history when she—though unsuccessfullyVran for Democratic Party's presidential nomination to contest for US presidency. Throughout her career, she advocated racial equality and women empowerment. As an author, she penned two books.

 12 
Konstantin Rokossovsky
(Soviet and Polish Military Officer)
Konstantin Rokossovsky
5
Birthdate: December 1, 1896
Birthplace: Warsaw, Poland
Died: August 3, 1968

Konstantin Rokossovsky was a Soviet and Polish officer. One of the most important Red Army commanders during the Second World War, Rokossovsky also served as Poland's Defence Minister from 1949 to 1956. He also served as the Marshal of Poland and as the Marshal of the Soviet Union.

 13 
Thomas Sankara
(1st President of Burkina Faso (1983 - 1987))
Thomas Sankara
11
Birthdate: December 21, 1949
Birthplace: Yako, Burkina Faso
Died: October 15, 1987
Thomas Sankara, or “Africa's Che Guevara,” was a Burkinabé military leader and revolutionary who became the President of the Republic of Upper Volta after a coup in 1983, changing its name to Burkina Faso. He launched educational, ecological, and economic reforms and declared female genital mutilation and forced marriages illegal.
 14 
Andres Bonifacio
(Filipino Revolutionary)
Andres Bonifacio
17
Birthdate: November 30, 1863
Birthplace: Tondo
Died: May 10, 1897
Andrés Bonifacio, or the “Father of the Philippine Revolution,” established the Katipunan, the Philippine independence movement against the Spanish colonial reign. He also worked with La Liga Filipina. He is considered the first president of the Philippines though he was never officially the president. He was eventually executed for treason. 
 15 
Rick Scott
(45th Governor of Florida)
Rick Scott
12
Birthdate: December 1, 1952
Birthplace: Bloomington, Illinois, United States

Rick Scott is an American politician. Since 2019, Scott has been serving as the US senator from Florida. Even before becoming the senator, Scott had a major impact on Florida, serving as its 45th governor from 2011 to 2019. Scott, who had a great start to his career, was named among America's 25 Most Influential People by Time in 1996. 

 16 
Gary Hart
(Politician)
Gary Hart
7
Birthdate: November 28, 1936
Birthplace: Ottawa, Kansas, United States
 17 
George Armstrong Custer
(United States Army Officer and Cavalry Commander in the American Civil War and the American Indian Wars)
George Armstrong Custer
12
Birthdate: December 5, 1839
Birthplace: New Rumley, Ohio, United States
Died: June 25, 1876

George Armstrong Custer was a US Army officer. He played an important role as a cavalry commander in the American Indian Wars and the American Civil War. His death at the Battle of the Little Bighorn, commonly referred to as Custer's Last Stand, went on to become a well-known episode of the American Indian Wars.

 18 
Benjamin Disraeli
(British Prime Minister)
Benjamin Disraeli
5
Birthdate: December 21, 1804
Birthplace: Bloomsbury, London
Died: April 19, 1881

Benjamin Disraeli was a British politician who served two terms as prime minister of the UK. Disraeli is credited with playing a key role in the formation of the modern Conservative Party. Apart from being an influential politician, Benjamin Disraeli was also a prolific novelist; he wrote and published works of fiction even while serving as the prime minister.

 19 
Jimmy Doolittle
(American Military General and Aviation Pioneer Who Made Daring Raid on Japan During World War II)
Jimmy Doolittle
5
Birthdate: December 14, 1896
Birthplace: Alameda, California, United States
Died: September 27, 1993

Jimmy Doolittle was an American aviation pioneer and military general. Apart from winning many flying races, Doolittle also helped develop instrument flying. He was the brains behind the Doolittle Raid, the air raid that served as retribution for the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor during World War II. His work during the raid earned him the prestigious Medal of Honor.

 20 
Georgy Malenkov
(Soviet Politician Who Briefly Succeeded Joseph Stalin as the Leader of the Soviet Union)
Georgy Malenkov
5
Birthdate: December 6, 1901
Birthplace: Orenburg, Russia
Died: January 14, 1988

Georgy Malenkov was a Soviet politician who succeeded Joseph Stalin as the leader of the Soviet Union. He also played a major role during World War II as he was given sole responsibility of Soviet Union's missile program during the war. Almost inseparable from any account of Stalin's biographies, Malenkov was played by Jeffrey Tambor in The Death of Stalin.

 21 
Alvin York
(One of the Most Decorated United States Army Soldiers of World War I)
Alvin York
4
Birthdate: December 13, 1887
Birthplace: Fentress County, Tennessee, United States
Died: September 2, 1964

One of the most decorated United States Army soldiers of World War I, Alvin York is best remembered for leading an attack on a German machine-gun nest. The son of a poor blacksmith, he started working as a child to contribute to his family income. After joining the army, he became known for his courage and valor.

 22 
Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher
(Prussian field marshal)
Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher
3
Birthdate: December 16, 1742
Birthplace: Toitenwinkel, Rostock, Germany
Died: September 12, 1819
 23 
Hu Jintao
(Former General Secretary of the Communist Party of China)
Hu Jintao
13
Birthdate: December 21, 1942
Birthplace: Taizhou

President of the People's Republic of China (PRC) from 2003 to 2013, Hu Jintao is believed to have given shape to the belligerent China that Xi Jinping unleashed on the world. He was conservative with political reforms and reintroduced state control in several sectors. Known for his reserved and modest leadership style, his tenure marked consensus based rule and collective leadership.

 24 
John Jay
(1st Chief Justice of the United States (1789 - 1795))
John Jay
5
Birthdate: December 12, 1745
Birthplace: New York, New York, United States
Died: May 17, 1829

One of the Founding Fathers of the United States who signed the famous Paris Treaty, John Jay was best known as the first Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court, although he occupied various other important public positions. He was a diplomat, who shaped his country’s foreign policy. He passed legislation to gradually abolish slavery, but he himself owned five enslaved people.

 25 
Bob Hawke
(23rd Prime Minister of Australia)
Bob Hawke
9
Birthdate: December 9, 1929
Birthplace: Bordertown, Australia
Died: May 16, 2019
The 23rd Prime Minister of Australia, Bob Hawke was the longest-serving Labour leader and electorally most successful leader in the history. During his tenure he instituted a unified wage accord among the country's fractious labour unions that resulted in achieving greater industrial harmony. He also holds the feat of being the third longest-serving Prime Minister of the country.
 26 
Ilona Staller
(Hungarian Former Pornographic Actress and Member of the Chamber of Deputies (1987 - 1992))
Ilona Staller
8
Birthdate: November 26, 1951
Birthplace: Budapest, Hungary

Ilona Staller is a former porn star, singer, and politician. She achieved popularity by appearing in Telefono rosso, the first Italian hardcore pornography production, and then went on to pose nude in Playboy's editions around the world. In 1980, an erotic series titled La Cicciolina was made based on Ilona Staller's life and career.

 27 
Ed Koch
(105th Mayor of New York City)
Ed Koch
7
Birthdate: December 12, 1924
Birthplace: New York City, New York, United States
Died: February 1, 2013
 28 
Jean-Claude Juncker
(21st Prime Minister of Luxembourg (1995-2013) and 12th President of the European Commission (2014-2019))
Jean-Claude Juncker
8
Birthdate: December 9, 1954
Birthplace: Redange, Luxembourg

Jean-Claude Juncker is a Luxembourgish politician. From 1989 to 2009, he served as the minister for finances. In 1995, he became the 23rd prime minister of Luxembourg and served in this position until 2013. At the end of his prime ministership, Jean-Claude Juncker was one of the world's longest-serving democratically elected leaders. 

 29 
Kirsten Gillibrand
(United States Senator from New York)
Kirsten Gillibrand
13
Birthdate: December 9, 1966
Birthplace: AlAlbany, New York, United States

Lawyer and politician Kirsten Gillibrand is a member of the Democratic Party. Since 2009, she has served as the junior United States Senator from New York. An alumnus of the UCLA School of Law, she practiced law for a few years before entering politics. She is known for speaking against sexual harassment.

 30 
Lawrence Summers
(71st United States Secretary of the Treasury(1999 - 2001))
Lawrence Summers
4
Birthdate: November 30, 1954
Birthplace: New Haven, Connecticut, United States

Apart from being the president of Harvard, Lawrence Summers has also been the U.S. secretary of the treasury, the World Bank’s chief economist, and the NEC director. The MIT alumnus became one of the youngest tenured faculty members at Harvard. He also writes regularly for The Washington Post.

 31 
Peter Kropotkin
(Anarchist, Socialist & Historian)
Peter Kropotkin
6
Birthdate: December 9, 1842
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: February 8, 1921

Russian philosopher Peter Kropotkin was a passionate advocate of anarcho-communism. He was also an activist, revolutionary, economist, and sociologist. He was arrested and imprisoned for his activism in 1874. However, he managed to escape and lived in exile for over 40 years in different countries across Europe. He returned to Russia after the Russian Revolution in 1917. 

 32 
Friedrich Engels
(German Philosopher Who Developed 'Marxism' Together With Karl Max)
Friedrich Engels
6
Birthdate: November 28, 1820
Birthplace: Barmen, Germany
Died: August 5, 1895

Friedrich Engels was a German philosopher, political scientist, and revolutionary socialist. Along with Karl Marx, Engels helped develop Marxism, which has had a profound impact on fields like philosophy and anthropology. Engels is credited with helping Marx publish Das Kapital, a foundational theoretical work in politics, economics, and materialist philosophy. He also co-authored influential political documents like The Communist Manifesto.

 33 
George P. Shultz
(Economist)
George P. Shultz
3
Birthdate: December 13, 1920
Birthplace: New York, New York, United States
 34 
Alexander Haig
(United States Secretary of State (1981-82))
Alexander Haig
5
Birthdate: December 2, 1924
Birthplace: Bala Cynwyd, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: February 20, 2010
 35 
Joseph Dunford
5
Birthdate: December 8, 1955
Birthplace: Boston, Massachusetts
 36 
Adam Clayton Powell Jr.
(Politician & Civil Rights Activist)
Adam Clayton Powell Jr.
4
Birthdate: November 29, 1908
Birthplace: New Haven, Connecticut, United States
Died: April 4, 1972
 37 
Thomas P. O'Neill
(Politician)
Thomas P. O'Neill
5
Birthdate: December 9, 1912
Birthplace: Cambridge, Massachusetts, U.S.
Died: January 5, 1994
 38 
Willy Brandt
(Chancellor of Germany (1969 - 1974))
Willy Brandt
6
Birthdate: December 18, 1913
Birthplace: Lübeck, Germany
Died: October 8, 1992

Willy Brandt was a German statesman and politician. From 1964 to 1987, he led the Social Democratic Party of Germany. From 1969 to 1974, Brandt served as chancellor of West Germany. In 1971, he was honored with the prestigious Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts to achieve reconciliation between the countries of Eastern Europe and West Germany.

 39 
Yoshihide Suga
(Prime Minister of Japan)
Yoshihide Suga
9
Birthdate: December 6, 1948
Birthplace: Ogachi District, Akita, Japan
Yoshihide Suga, prime minister of Japan since September 2020, has also served as the longest-serving chief cabinet secretary of his country, under former Japanese PM Shinzo Abe, and as the Japanese minister for internal affairs and communications. The son of strawberry farmer parents, Suga is also a qualified lawyer. 
 40 
Kurt Waldheim
(Fourth Secretary-General of the United Nations )
Kurt Waldheim
4
Birthdate: December 21, 1918
Birthplace: Sankt Andrä-Wördern, Austria
Died: June 14, 2007

While he claimed he studied at the University of Vienna during World War II, documents recovered later suggested that Kurt Waldheim was in fact part of the German army in the Balkans. Waldheim later became the president of Austria and the secretary-general of the United Nations.

 41 
Józef Piłsudski
(Prime Minister of Poland (1926 - 1928))
Józef Piłsudski
3
Birthdate: December 5, 1867
Birthplace: Zalavas, Lithuania
Died: May 12, 1935

Józef Piłsudski was a Polish statesman and one of the most influential personalities in Polish politics post World War I. From 1918 to 1922, he served as the Chief of State. From 1926 to 1935, he was regarded as the de facto leader of the Second Polish Republic and was largely viewed as the father of Interwar Poland.

 42 
Joseph Stalin
(Soviet Political Leader & Dictator Who Led the Soviet Union from 1922 Until His Death in 1953)
Joseph Stalin
76
Birthdate: December 18, 1878
Birthplace: Gori, Georgia
Died: March 5, 1953

Controversial Russian dictator, Joseph Stalin, ruled the Soviet Union for around 25 years from 1929 to 1953 and is credited for making it a prominent industrial and military power of the world. During the Second World War, his army defeated the Nazis too. However, his regime was also one of terror and brutality where numerous Soviet citizens lost their lives.

 43 
William Ruto
(Deputy President of Kenya)
William Ruto
5
Birthdate: December 21, 1966
Birthplace: Uasin Gishu County

William Ruto is a Kenyan politician and the current Kenyan deputy president. Between 6 and 8 October 2014, Ruto served as the acting president when President Uhuru Kenyatta was in the Netherlands at the International Criminal Court. Apart from being a politician, William Ruto also owns an interest in several real estate developments, including the Weston Hotel in Kenya.  

 44 
Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor
(Holy Roman Emperor (962 - 973))
Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor
4
Birthdate: November 23, 0912
Birthplace: Wallhausen, Germany
Died: May 7, 0973

Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor, known for his ruthlessness, not only united the German empire by crushing all rebellious vassals, but also put an end to the attacks by the Magyars of Hungary. His strategy of making the German bishops feudal lords helped his cause of stabilizing his empire.

 45 
Rajendra Prasad
(1st President of India)
Rajendra Prasad
13
Birthdate: December 3, 1884
Birthplace: Siwan, Bihar, India
Died: February 28, 1963
Rajendra Prasad was India’s first and longest-tenured president, from 1950 to 1962. He was re-elected in 1957, thus becoming the only Indian president to serve two terms. He had previously been a freedom fighter and later also served as the president of the Constituent Assembly, which drafted India’s constitution.
 46 
Wilbur Ross
(Investor)
Wilbur Ross
7
Birthdate: November 28, 1937
Birthplace: Weehawken, New Jersey, United States
 47 
Michael Bennett
(Politician)
Michael Bennett
4
Birthdate: November 28, 1964
Birthplace: New Delhi, India
 48 
Rob Portman
(United States Senator from Ohio since 2011)
Rob Portman
4
Birthdate: December 19, 1955
Birthplace: Cincinnati, Ohio, United States
 49 
Erich von Manstein
(German Field Marshal During World War II)
Erich von Manstein
5
Birthdate: November 24, 1887
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: June 9, 1973

Erich von Manstein was a German commander of the Wehrmacht, Nazi Germany's armed forces. He joined the army at a young age and was active during both World War I and World War II. Following Germany’s defeat in World War II, he was taken prisoner by the British. He was tried for war crimes and convicted on several counts.

 50 
Francisco Franco
(Former Caudillo of Spain)
Francisco Franco
49
Birthdate: December 4, 1892
Birthplace: Ferrol, Spain
Died: November 20, 1975

Francisco Franco overthrew the Second Spanish Republic by leading the Nationalist forces as their general during the Spanish Civil War. Subsequently, Franco ruled over Spain as a dictator from 1939 to 1975. He had such an impact as a dictator that the period between the Nationalist victory and Franco's death is known as Francoist Spain in the history of Spain.