Sagittarius Poets

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 1 
Emily Dickinson
(One of the Leading 19th-Century American Poets)
Emily Dickinson
25
Birthdate: December 10, 1830
Birthplace: Amherst, Massachusetts, United States
Died: May 15, 1886
Victorian-era poet Emily Dickinson apparently wrote around 1800 poems, mostly revolving around themes such as death and immortality. However, she was a recluse, dressed up in white, and mostly interacted with people through correspondence. Her poems were mostly without titles and had short lines, slant rhyme, and unconventional punctuation.
 2 
William Blake
(English Poet Who is Considered a Seminal Figure in the History of the Poetry of the Romantic Age)
William Blake
18
Birthdate: November 28, 1757
Birthplace: London, England, United Kingdom
Died: August 12, 1827
William Blake, author of The Songs of Innocence and of Experience, was a prominent figure of the early phase of the Romantic Age, known as the pre-Romantic era. Known for his visual artistry and poetry, he was also a staunch abolitionist and a forerunner of the "free love" movement.
 3 
John Milton
(English Poet and Intellectual Known for His Epic Poem ‘Paradise Lost’)
John Milton
11
Birthdate: December 9, 1608
Birthplace: Cheapside, London, England
Died: November 8, 1674

John Milton was an English poet whose epic poem Paradise Lost is widely regarded as one of the greatest works of literature. Milton's other celebrated work Areopagitica is counted among history's most impassioned and influential defenses of freedom of the press and freedom of speech. John Milton’s works have influenced other prominent writers, such as Thomas Hardy and George Eliot.

 4 
Rainer Maria Rilke
(Austrian Poet and Novelist Known for His Poetry Collections ‘Duino Elegies’ and ‘Sonnets to Orpheus’)
Rainer Maria Rilke
4
Birthdate: December 4, 1875
Birthplace: Prague, Czech Republic
Died: December 29, 1926

Bohemian-Austrian poet and author Rainer Maria Rilke is best remembered for his numerous poetry collections and his only novel, The Notebooks of Malte Laurids Brigge. His works contain metaphors, contradictions, and elements drawn from Greek mythology. Though most of his works were in German, he had also written in French.

 5 
Christina Rossetti
(Poet, Writer, Hymnwriter)
Christina Rossetti
8
Birthdate: December 5, 1830
Birthplace: London
Died: December 29, 1894
 6 
George Eliot
(English Novelist, Poet and One of the Leading Writers of the Victorian Era)
George Eliot
7
Birthdate: November 22, 1819
Birthplace: Warwickshire, England
Died: December 22, 1880

Mary Ann Evans, known by her pseudonym George Eliot, was an English poet, novelist, translator, and journalist. One of the most prominent writers of the Victorian era, Eliot's works are known for their psychological insight, realism, and detailed description of the countryside. Her novel Middlemarch was voted one of the greatest literary works in a 2007 poll conducted by Time.

 7 
Jonathan Swift
(Satirist & Author of 'Gulliver's Travels',' A Tale of a Tub' and 'A Modest Proposal')
Jonathan Swift
5
Birthdate: November 30, 1667
Birthplace: Dublin, Ireland
Died: October 19, 1745

Eighteenth-century essayist, poet, and pamphleteer Jonathan Swift is remembered for his iconic works such as A Tale of a Tub, A Modest Proposal, and Gulliver's Travels. One of the world’s greatest satirists, he gave rise to the deadpan Swiftian style. He had also been the Dean of St. Patrick's Cathedral.

 8 
James Avery
(Film actor)
James Avery
10
Birthdate: November 27, 1945
Birthplace: Suffolk, Virginia, U.S.
Died: December 31, 2013
 9 
Ossie Davis
(Former actor who appeared in films with wife Ruby Dee)
Ossie Davis
4
Birthdate: December 18, 1917
Birthplace: Cogdell, Georgia, United States
Died: February 4, 2005
 10 
Philip Sidney
(Poet of the Elizabethan Era Known for a Pastoral Romance Entitled 'The Countess of Pembroke’s Arcadia')
Philip Sidney
11
Birthdate: November 30, 1554
Birthplace: Penshurst, Kent, England
Died: October 17, 1586
Legendary Elizabethan poet Philip Sidney is best remembered for his works such as Arcadia and the sonnet sequence Astrophel and Stella. Born into an aristocratic family, he became an MP from Shrewsbury at the tender age of 18. He died in a military combat against Spain at age 31.
 11 
Chirlane McCray
(Writer, Social Activist)
Chirlane McCray
5
Birthdate: November 29, 1954
Birthplace: Springfield, Massachusetts, United States
 12 
Horace
(Leading Roman Lyric Poet During the Time of Augustus)
Horace
7
Birthdate: December 8, 0065
Birthplace: Venosa, Italy
Died: November 27, 0008

Horace was a Roman lyric poet who was influential during the time of Augustus. Renowned for his Odes, Horace's ode-writing style was imitated by a number of aspiring poets in England during the 17th and 18th centuries when ode-writing was considered highly fashionable.

 13 
Heinrich Heine
(German Poet & Literary Critic Know for His Works 'Germany. A Winter's Tale' and 'Buch der Lieder')
Heinrich Heine
4
Birthdate: December 13, 1797
Birthplace: Düsseldorf, Germany
Died: February 17, 1856

Heinrich Heine was a German poet, literary critic, and writer. He is known internationally for his lyric poetry, which was popularized by composers like Franz Schubert and Robert Schumann who adapted Heine's lyric poetry into art songs. Heinrich Heine's radical political views forced the German authorities to ban his works, which only added to his popularity.

 14 
Madeleine L'Engle
(Best Known for Her Children’s Book, 'A Wrinkle in Time')
Madeleine L'Engle
4
Birthdate: November 29, 1918
Birthplace: New York City, New York,United States
Died: September 6, 2007

Madeleine L'Engle soared to fame with her Newbery Medal-winning bestselling young adult novel A Wrinkle in Time, which was made into a Disney film later. Born to a writer father and a pianist mother, L’Engle had penned her first story at age 5 and had also tried her luck in theater.

 15 
Rita Mae Brown
4
Birthdate: November 28, 1944
Birthplace: Hanover, Pennsylvania, United States
 16 
George Santayana
(Regarded as One of the Most Important Thinkers of the First Half of the 20th Century)
George Santayana
7
Birthdate: December 16, 1863
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Died: September 26, 1952

One of George Santayana’s initial works, The Sense of Beauty, spoke about aesthetics, an oft-repeated topic in his later works. The Spanish-born American philosopher and Harvard professor is remembered for his quote “Only the dead have seen the end of war,” which has often been misattributed to Plato.

 17 
Jim Harrison
4
Birthdate: December 11, 1937
Birthplace: Grayling, Michigan, USA
Died: March 26, 2016
 18 
Peter Handke
(One of the Most Influential and Original German-Language Writers Known for His Work 'Offending the Audience')
Peter Handke
4
Birthdate: December 6, 1942
Birthplace: Griffen, Austria

Peter Handke is an Austrian novelist, poet, translator, playwright, screenwriter, and film director. One of the most respected personalities in Austria, Handke has won several prestigious awards over the course of his career. In 1973, he was awarded the Georg Büchner Prize. In 1987, he won the Vilenica International Literary Prize. In 2019, he received the Nobel Prize in Literature.

 19 
Harivansh Rai Bachchan
(Indian Poet and Writer of the 'Nayi Kavita Literary Movement' Best Known for His Early Work 'Madhushala')
Harivansh Rai Bachchan
7
Birthdate: November 27, 1907
Birthplace: Uttar Pradesh, India
Died: January 18, 2003

A pioneer of Hindi romantic poetry and the Chhayavaad movement, Harivanshrai Bachchan is best remembered for his book of 135 quatrains, Madhushala. He was the first Indian to earn a PhD in English literature from Cambridge University. He was also the father of legendary Bollywood star Amitabh Bachchan.

 20 
Eugène Ionesco
(Romanian-French Playwright and Leading Figure of the 'French Avant-Garde Theatre')
Eugène Ionesco
4
Birthdate: November 26, 1909
Birthplace: Slatina, Romania Slatina, Romania
Died: March 28, 1994

Eugene Ionesco was a Romanian-French playwright and one of the 20th century's leading figures of the French avant-garde theatre. He is best remembered for his play, The Bald Soprano, which played an important role in the development of the Theatre of the Absurd. Eugène Ionesco was the recipient of several prestigious awards, including the Austrian State Prize for European Literature.

 21 
William Cowper
5
Birthdate: November 26, 1731
Birthplace: Berkhamsted
Died: April 25, 1800
 22 
John McCrae
(Poet and Soldier Best Known as the Author of War Memorial Poem 'In Flanders Fields')
John McCrae
5
Birthdate: November 30, 1872
Birthplace: Guelph, Ontario, Canada
Died: January 28, 1918

Best known for his iconic war poems such as In Flanders Fields, Canadian poet John McCrae was also an army physician. He was the first Canadian to serve as a consulting surgeon for the British Army and had earned the rank of Lieutenant Colonel in the Canadian Army.

John Greenleaf Whittier
3
Birthdate: December 17, 1807
Birthplace: Haverhill, Massachusetts, United States
Died: September 7, 1892
 24 
George MacDonald
(Writer, Minister, Poet, Novelist, Cleric)
George MacDonald
6
Birthdate: December 10, 1824
Birthplace: Huntly
Died: September 18, 1905
 25 
L. L. Zamenhof
(Linguist, Ophthalmologist, Inventor, Poet, Translator, Esperantist, Physician, Writer, Bible translator)
L. L. Zamenhof
4
Birthdate: December 15, 1859
Birthplace: Białystok
Died: April 14, 1917

L. L. Zamenhof was an ophthalmologist best remembered for creating the most widely spoken international auxiliary language, Esperanto. He came up with the constructed language after being consumed by the idea of a warless world. L. L. Zamenhof received several honors for creating Esperanto, including the Légion d'honneur. He also received 12 nominations for the prestigious Nobel Peace Prize.

 26 
James Agee
(Novelist)
James Agee
3
Birthdate: November 27, 1909
Birthplace: Knoxville, Tennessee, United States
Died: May 16, 1955
 27 
Lope de Vega
(Writer and One of the Key Figures in the Spanish Golden Age of Baroque Literature)
Lope de Vega
4
Birthdate: November 25, 1562
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Died: August 27, 1635

Spanish Baroque dramatist Lope de Vega was one of the most significant figures of the Spanish Golden Age. He had initially aspired to be a priest but abandoned his plans after falling in love with a married woman. He is best remembered for works such as The Dog in the Manger.

 28 
Paul Éluard
3
Birthdate: December 14, 1895
Birthplace: Saint-Denis, France
Died: November 18, 1952
 29 
Jean Genet
(Writer Known for His Novels 'The Thief's Journal' & 'Our Lady of The Flowers')
Jean Genet
10
Birthdate: December 19, 1910
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: April 14, 1986

Jean Genet was a French playwright, novelist, essayist, poet, and political activist. Genet is best remembered for his transformation into a writer and playwright after spending his early life as a petty criminal and vagabond. His best-known works include novels, such as Our Lady of the Flowers and The Thief's Journal.

 30 
Ford Madox Ford
(British Writer Known for His Novels: 'The Good Soldier', 'Parade’s End' Tetralogy and 'The Fifth Queen' Trilogy)
Ford Madox Ford
9
Birthdate: December 17, 1873
Birthplace: Merton, Surrey, England
Died: June 26, 1939

Best remembered for his novel The Good Soldier, author Ford Madox Ford was the grandson of Pre-Raphaelite painter Ford Madox Brown. He had been part of World War I. He spent his final years in France and the US, mostly authoring criticism. The tetralogy Parade's End remains one of his best-known works.

 31 
Baldassare Castiglione
3
Birthdate: December 6, 1478
Birthplace: Casatico, Italy
Died: February 2, 1529
 32 
Nelly Sachs
(German-Swedish Poet and Playwright, Known for His Play ‘Eli: Ein Mysterienspiel vom Leiden Israels')
Nelly Sachs
5
Birthdate: December 10, 1891
Birthplace: Schöneberg, Berlin, Germany
Died: May 12, 1970

Nelly Leonie Sachs, internationally noted German-Swedish poet and dramatist, wrote conventional romantic poems until the rise of Nazism brought about a drastic change in her life. Forced to flee to Sweden, she began writing about the grief and yearnings of her fellow Jews, concurrently translating German works into Swedish and vice-versa. She won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1966.

Charles, Duke of Orléans
3
Birthdate: November 24, 1394
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: January 5, 1465
 34 
Masako Natsume
(Actor, Model, Poet)
Masako Natsume
4
Birthdate: December 17, 1957
Birthplace: Tokyo
Died: September 11, 1985

Masako Natsume was a Japanese actress who achieved worldwide fame after playing Tripitaka in the popular Japanese television series Monkey. Throughout her brief career, Natsume won several awards like the Elan d'or Awards. Masako Natsume remains a household name in Japan; calendars and picture books featuring pictures of Masako Natsume are still popular today.

 35 
Paul Celan
(One of the Most Important and Influential German-Language Poets of the Post-Second World War Era)
Paul Celan
9
Birthdate: November 23, 1920
Birthplace: Chernivtsi, Ukraine
Died: April 20, 1970

Paul Celan was a Romanian-born poet who wrote in the German language. One of the most important and influential German-language poets of the post-Second World War era, Celan was awarded the Bremen Literature Prize and the Georg Büchner Prize in 1958 and 1960 respectively. Paul Celan is also remembered for his work as a translator.

 36 
Joyce Kilmer
(Writer)
Joyce Kilmer
9
Birthdate: December 6, 1886
Birthplace: New Brunswick, New Jersey, United States
Died: July 30, 1918
 37 
Rex Stout
(American writer)
Rex Stout
3
Birthdate: December 1, 1886
Birthplace: Noblesville, Indiana, United States
Died: October 27, 1975
 38 
Alfred de Musset
(French Writer Best Known for His Autobiographical Novel ‘The Confession of a Child of the Century’)
Alfred de Musset
3
Birthdate: December 11, 1810
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: May 2, 1857

French playwright and author Alfred de Musset is best remembered for his autobiographical The Confession of a Child of the Century. Though he was supposedly part of the Romantic movement, many of his works satirized the movement. He stopped allowing his plays to be staged after The Venetian Night flopped.

 39 
Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson
(Norwegian Writer and Winner of Nobel Prize in Literature in 1903)
Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson
3
Birthdate: December 8, 1832
Birthplace: Kvikne, Norway
Died: April 26, 1910

Nobel Prize-winning Norwegian author Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson, the first Nobel laureate from his country, is regarded as one of The Four Greats of Norwegian Literature. He also penned the Norwegian national anthem and is known for books such as Absalom's Hair and short stories such as The Railroad and the Churchyard.

 40 
Rumer Godden
(Author)
Rumer Godden
5
Birthdate: December 10, 1907
Birthplace: Eastbourne, Sussex, England
Died: November 8, 1998
 41 
John Giorno
(Poet, Writer)
John Giorno
3
Birthdate: December 4, 1936
Birthplace: New York City
 42 
Chinghiz Aitmatov
(One of the Best Known Literary Figures in Kyrgyzstan)
Chinghiz Aitmatov
3
Birthdate: December 12, 1928
Birthplace: Sheker village, Kirghiz ASSR, Soviet Union
Died: June 10, 2008
 43 
Akala
(Rapper)
Akala
6
Birthdate: December 1, 1983
Birthplace: Kentish Town, London, England
 44 
Jon Elia
(Linguist, Philosopher, Poet, Literary critic)
Jon Elia
3
Birthdate: December 14, 1931
Birthplace: Amroha
Died: November 8, 2002

Jon Elia was a poet, biographer, philosopher, and scholar. Best remembered for his unconventional ways, Elia is widely regarded as one of the most important modern Urdu poets. Apart from writing in Urdu, Jon Elia was also fluent in several other languages including Sanskrit, Hebrew, English, and Persian.

Abdul Rahim Khan-I-Khana
5
Birthdate: December 17, 1556
Birthplace: Delhi, Mughal empire
Died: October 1, 1627

Abdul Rahim Khan-i-Khana was an Indian poet who served in the court of Mughal Emperor Akbar. He was counted among the Navaratnas, Akbar's nine important ministers. Rahim is best remembered for his couplets and books on astrology.

 46 
Edna O'Brien
(Novelist, Playwright, Poet and Short-Story Writer)
Edna O'Brien
4
Birthdate: December 15, 1930
Birthplace: Tuamgraney, County Clare, Ireland

Irish novelist Edna O'Brien is known for dealing with themes related to women’s issues, such as sexual repression of women in a male-dominated society. While she initially studied pharmacy, she later soared to fame with novels such as The Country Girls trilogy, some of which were banned in Ireland for their sexual openness.

 47 
Willie Morris
3
Birthdate: November 29, 1934
Birthplace: Jackson, Mississippi, United States
Died: August 2, 1999
 48 
Martha Beck
(Author)
Martha Beck
3
Birthdate: November 29, 1962
Birthplace: Provo, Utah, United States
 49 
Delmore Schwartz
3
Birthdate: December 8, 1913
Birthplace: Brooklyn, New York, U.S.
Died: July 11, 1966
 50 
Daniil Kharms
(Soviet Author Who Specialized in Surrealist and Absurdist Writings)
Daniil Kharms
3
Birthdate: December 17, 1905
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: February 2, 1942

A co-founder of the avant-garde association OBERIU, Daniil Kharms was a Soviet author who was a major figure of surrealism and absurdism. Known for his works such as The Old Woman, he made a huge contribution to children’s literature. He was later arrested and exiled for writing anti-Soviet works.