Pisces Scientists

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 1 
Albert Einstein
(One of the Greatest Physicists of All Time, Best Known for Developing the Theory of Relativity)
Albert Einstein
67
Birthdate: March 14, 1879
Birthplace: Ulm, Germany
Died: April 18, 1955
Deemed as the most influential physicist of the 20th century, the German-born physicist Albert Einstein was one of the greatest minds to have ever lived. Even his name is now synonymous with the term genius. The father of Modern Physics is credited with developing the theory of relativity and explaining the photoelectric effect. The latter won him the Nobel Prize.
 2 
Nicolaus Copernicus
(Mathematician)
Nicolaus Copernicus
25
Birthdate: February 19, 1473
Birthplace: Toruń, Poland
Died: May 24, 1543

Nicolaus Copernicus was a mathematician and astronomer. He is credited with formulating Heliocentrism, which led to the Copernican Revolution. Although Aristarchus of Samos had formulated Heliocentrism 18 centuries earlier, Copernicus was responsible for popularizing it. Copernicus is also credited with formulating an economic principle, which was later called Gresham's law.

 3 
Linus Pauling
(One of the Greatest Scientists of All Time & Winner of Two Nobel Prizes)
Linus Pauling
8
Birthdate: February 28, 1901
Birthplace: Portland, Oregon, United States
Died: August 19, 1994

Only person to win two unshared Nobel Prizes, Linus Carl Pauling was an American theoretical physical chemist, who received the 1954 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work on nature of chemical bond and 1962 Nobel Prize for Peace for his efforts to stop nuclear weapon testing. Also a prolific writer and educator, he has published 1,200 books and papers.  

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 4 
Georg Cantor
(Mathematician)
Georg Cantor
11
Birthdate: March 3, 1845
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire
Died: January 6, 1918
Georg Cantor is remembered as the man behind the set theory of mathematics. Not known to many, he was a skilled violinist, too. He was one of the first to explore infinity. His final years were riddled with mental ailments, when he believed Shakespeare’s plays were written by Francis Bacon.
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 5 
Heinrich Hertz
(German Physicist Who Discovered the Existence of Electromagnetic Waves)
Heinrich Hertz
5
Birthdate: February 22, 1857
Birthplace: Hamburg, Germany
Died: January 1, 1894

Heinrich Hertz was a German physicist best remembered for proving the existence of electromagnetic waves with conclusive evidence. For his contributions, Hertz has been honored around the world by a number of countries, including Japan, Russia, and Germany. In 1930, the International Electrotechnical Commission established hertz (Hz) as the SI unit for frequency.

 6 
Caroline Herschel
(Astronomer)
Caroline Herschel
6
Birthdate: March 16, 1750
Birthplace: Hanover, Germany
Died: January 9, 1848

Caroline Herschel was a German astronomer who is credited with the discovery of many comets, such as 35P/Herschel-Rigollet, which is named in her honor. In 1828, Herschel became the first woman to be honored with a Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society. She was also the first female scientist to receive a salary.

 7 
Georg Ohm
(Physicist & Mathematician)
Georg Ohm
6
Birthdate: March 16, 1789
Birthplace: Erlangen, Germany
Died: July 6, 1854

Georg Ohm was a German mathematician and physicist. He is credited with discovering the proportionality between the voltage applied through a conductor and the subsequent electric current, which came to be known as Ohm's law. His work earned him the prestigious Copley Medal in 1841. A prolific writer, Georg Ohm published several papers and pamphlets throughout his career.

 8 
Otto Hahn
(Chemist)
Otto Hahn
5
Birthdate: March 8, 1879
Birthplace: Frankfurt
Died: July 28, 1968
Nobel Prize-winning German chemist Otto Hahn is remembered for revolutionary discovery of nuclear fission, along with Fritz Strassmann. Born to a glazier, he was pushed to study architecture but chose chemistry instead. He spent his final years grieving the death of his only son in a car accident.
 9 
Ahmed Zewail
(Chemist)
Ahmed Zewail
4
Birthdate: February 26, 1946
Birthplace: Damanhour, Egypt
Died: August 2, 2016
 10 
Lynn Margulis
9
Birthdate: March 5, 1938
Birthplace: Chicago
Died: November 22, 2011

Lynn Margulis was an evolutionary theorist, biologist, educator, and science author. She was a modern proponent of the significance of symbiosis in evolution. Along with British chemist James Lovelock, Margulis was the co-developer of the Gaia hypothesis. She was a strong critic of neo-Darwinism. In 2001, she was honored with the Golden Plate Award of the American Academy of Achievement. 

 11 
William Henry Perkin
(British Chemist Known for His Serendipitous Discovery of First Commercial Synthetic Organic Dye, 'Mauveine')
William Henry Perkin
4
Birthdate: March 12, 1838
Birthplace: London, England
Died: July 14, 1907

William Henry Perkin is best remembered for his chance discovery of the dye mauveine, made of aniline purple. He had apparently discovered the dye while attempting to synthesize quinine. The Royal Medal-winning British chemist also studied salicyl alcohol and flavoring agents and synthesized the first artificial perfume.

 12 
Alexander Graham Bell
(Inventor of Telephone & Co-Founder of 'American Telephone and Telegraph Company (AT&T)')
Alexander Graham Bell
6
Birthdate: March 3, 1847
Birthplace: Edinburgh, Scotland
Died: August 2, 1922

Alexander Graham Bell was a scientist, inventor, and engineer. He is credited with inventing the first functional telephone. He is also credited with co-founding America's major telephone company AT&T, which has been going strong since 1885. Bell's later life was marked by his groundbreaking work in aeronautics, hydrofoils, and optical telecommunications. He was also an ardent supporter of compulsory sterilization.

 13 
Gustav Kirchhoff
(Physicist)
Gustav Kirchhoff
4
Birthdate: March 12, 1824
Birthplace: Königsberg, Kingdom of Prussia
Died: October 17, 1887

Gustav Kirchhoff was a German physicist who is credited with coining the term black-body radiation. He is best remembered for his contribution to the basic understanding of spectroscopy, electrical circuits, and the emanation of black-body radiation. In 1862, he received the prestigious Rumford Medal. The Bunsen-Kirchhoff Award is named after Gustav Kirchhoff and German chemist Robert Bunsen.

 14 
Brian Cox
(Physicist Best Known as the Presenter of Science Programme 'Wonders of Life')
Brian Cox
13
Birthdate: March 3, 1968
Birthplace: Oldham, Lancashire, England

Brian Cox is an English physicist and former musician. He has presented numerous science programs for BBC radio and TV, especially the Wonders of... series. He is also the author of several popular science books. He has been lauded for his efforts to publicize science and was awarded the British Association's Lord Kelvin Award in 2006. 

 15 
Svante Arrhenius
(Scientist)
Svante Arrhenius
6
Birthdate: February 19, 1859
Birthplace: Vik
Died: October 2, 1927

Svante Arrhenius was a Swedish scientist who became the first Swedish person to win a Nobel Prize when he won the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1903. Although he was originally a physicist, Arrhenius is widely accepted as a chemist and is best remembered for co-founding physical chemistry. Stockholm University houses the Arrhenius Labs, which is named in his honor.

 16 
John Harvey Kellogg
(Physician, Nutritionist and Director of the ‘Battle Creek Sanitarium’)
John Harvey Kellogg
5
Birthdate: February 26, 1852
Birthplace: Tyrone Township, Michigan, United States
Died: December 14, 1943
Physician, nutritionist, and businessman John Harvey Kellogg served as the director of the Battle Creek Sanitarium, which was a combination of a European spa, a hydrotherapy center, a hospital, and a hotel. He believed in biologic living. However, he is best remembered as the inventor of corn flakes.
 17 
Jennifer Doudna
(American Biochemist Known for the Invention of 'CRISPR Gene Editing')
Jennifer Doudna
4
Birthdate: February 19, 1964
Birthplace: Washington, D.C., United States

American biochemist Jennifer Doudna of the University of California, Berkeley, who has made fundamental contributions in biochemistry and genetics, is best-known for her pioneering work in CRISPR gene-editing. Doudna and Emmanuelle Charpentier received the 2020 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for developing a method for genome editing through CRISPR, marking them as the only two women to share science Nobel ever.

 18 
Paul Ehrlich
(Scientist)
Paul Ehrlich
10
Birthdate: March 14, 1854
Birthplace: Strzelin, Poland
Died: August 20, 1915

German scientist Paul Ehrlich is remembered for his contribution to immunology, which also won him a Nobel Prize. Known as the pioneer of chemotherapy, he also discovered the first-known treatment of syphilis. Born into a business family, he was introduced to the method of studying cells by his pathologist uncle.

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 19 
Ludwig Boltzmann
(Physicist)
Ludwig Boltzmann
4
Birthdate: February 20, 1844
Birthplace: Vienna
Died: September 5, 1906

Austrian physicist and philosopher, Ludwig Boltzmann, played a key role in the development of statistical mechanics. As a young man, he was appointed a professor of mathematical physics at the University of Graz. He worked extensively with other physicists over the course of his brilliant academic career. He suffered from bipolar disorder and died by suicide in 1906. 

 20 
Steven Chu
(Former United States Secretary of Energy)
Steven Chu
5
Birthdate: February 28, 1948
Birthplace: St. Louis

American physicist, politician and Nobel laureate Steven Chu, who served as United States Secretary of Energy, presently serves as Professor of Physics and Professor of Molecular and Cellular Physiology at Stanford University. His research on cooling and trapping of atoms with laser light led him to share the 1997 Nobel Prize in Physics with William Daniel Phillips and Claude Cohen-Tannoudji.

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 21 
Ed Boon
(Programmer, Engineer, Screenwriter, Computer scientist)
Ed Boon
4
Birthdate: February 22, 1964
Birthplace: Chicago
 22 
Mario J. Molina
3
Birthdate: March 19, 1943
Birthplace: Mexico City, Mexico
Died: October 7, 2020

Mario J. Molina was a Mexican chemist who played a key role in understanding and explaining the threat from chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) gases to the Earth's ozone layer, which earned him the prestigious Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1995. Molina was the third Mexican-born Nobel laureate and the first Mexican-born person to win a Nobel Prize in Chemistry.

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 23 
Vannevar Bush
(Engineer)
Vannevar Bush
4
Birthdate: March 11, 1890
Birthplace: Everett, Massachusetts, United States
Died: June 28, 1974

Apart from teaching and working as an electrical engineer, Vannevar Bush had also been the dean of the MIT School of Engineering. Working with the government, he initiated military funding of research projects, later known as the military-industrial complex. He also penned books such as Modern Arms and Free Men.

 24 
Alexey Pazhitnov
(Video game designer)
Alexey Pazhitnov
4
Birthdate: March 14, 1956
Birthplace: Moscow
 25 
Joseph Banks
(Botanist)
Joseph Banks
5
Birthdate: February 24, 1743
Birthplace: London, England
Died: June 19, 1820

British naturalist Joseph Banks is remembered for accompanying Captain James Cook on his voyage across places such as Brazil and Tahiti. He had also been the president of the Royal Society for over 40 years. Both his herbarium and library now find a place at the British Museum.

 26 
Mike Leach
(Head coach)
Mike Leach
9
Birthdate: March 9, 1961
Birthplace: Susanville, California, United States
 27 
Marcello Malpighi
3
Birthdate: March 10, 1628
Birthplace: Crevalcore
Died: September 30, 1694

Marcello Malpighi was forced to take up grammatical studies by his father but later earned doctorates in philosophy and medicine. Malpighi revolutionized medical science by discovering things such as taste buds, red blood cells, and the pulmonary and capillary network connecting veins and arteries. Many physiological features bear his name.

 28 
John Herschel
(British Polymath Known for His Invention of 'Blueprint')
John Herschel
3
Birthdate: March 7, 1792
Birthplace: Slough, Buckinghamshire, England
Died: May 11, 1871

The son of renowned astronomer William Herschel, John Herschel was educated at Eton and Cambridge and grew up to be a polymath. Apart from contributing to the field of photography, he was known for cataloguing and naming stars and satellites. He briefly also served as the Master of the Royal Mint.

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 29 
Frédéric Joliot-Curie
3
Birthdate: March 19, 1900
Birthplace: Paris
Died: August 14, 1958

Frédéric Joliot-Curie was a French physicist whose discovery of artificial radioactivity earned him the 1935 Nobel Prize in Chemistry, which was jointly awarded to Frédéric and his wife Irène Joliot-Curie. Along with his wife, Frédéric is credited with founding the Orsay Faculty of Sciences, a physics and mathematics school within Paris-Saclay University. He had also won the Stalin Peace Prize.

 30 
Gerald Bull
(Aerospace engineer, Engineer, Inventor)
Gerald Bull
4
Birthdate: March 9, 1928
Birthplace: Ontario
Died: March 22, 1990

Gerald Vincent Bull was a Canadian artillery expert, known for designing Project Babylon supergun for the Government of Iraq. His idea was to do away with the conventional rockets by firing satellites into orbit from a 156m-long barrel embedded inside a hill. However, his assassination within two years of the start of the project put an end to it.  

 31 
George Ryan
(Politician)
George Ryan
6
Birthdate: February 24, 1934
Birthplace: Maquoketa, Iowa, U.S.
 32 
Edmund McMillen
(Video game developer, Computer scientist)
Edmund McMillen
4
Birthdate: March 2, 1980
Birthplace: Santa Cruz
 33 
George Gamow
(Physicist)
George Gamow
3
Birthdate: March 4, 1904
Birthplace: Odessa
Died: August 19, 1968

Born to school teacher parents, Ukrainian-American physicist George Gamow grew up to be a pioneer of the big-bang theory. His other contributions include the liquid-drop model of atomic nuclei and his research on DNA. Apart from various science textbooks, he also wrote the popular Mr. Tompkins series of physics books.

 34 
David Baltimore
(Virologist)
David Baltimore
5
Birthdate: March 7, 1938
Birthplace: New York City, New York, United States

David Baltimore is an American university administrator and biologist. He is currently serving as President Emeritus at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech). He won the 1975 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for his discoveries concerning the interaction between the genetic material of the cell and tumor viruses. In 1999, he was honored with the National Medal of Science. 

 35 
Percival Lowell
(Astronomer, Mathematician)
Percival Lowell
5
Birthdate: March 13, 1855
Birthplace: Boston
Died: November 12, 1916

Born into the famous Brahmin Lowell family of Massachusetts, Percival Lowell studied at Harvard, where he excelled in math. He managed a cotton mill and also spent time in Asia as a diplomat. He is best remembered for initiating the discovery of Pluto and for studying the canals on Mars.

 36 
Andrew S. Tanenbaum
(Computer scientist best known as the author of MINIX, a free Unix-like operating system for teaching purposes, created Electoral-vote.com)
Andrew S. Tanenbaum
5
Birthdate: March 16, 1944
Birthplace: New York, New York, United States
 37 
Walter O'Brien
(Irish Businessman and Information Technologist Who Was the Loose Inspiration of the TV Series 'Scorpion')
Walter O'Brien
15
Birthdate: February 24, 1975
Birthplace: County Wexford, Ireland

Irish IT expert and entrepreneur Walter O'Brien produced the CBS action-drama TV series Scorpion, which was inspired by his life. It is believed he established Scorpion Computer Services at age 13 and had an IQ of 197 as a child, though many such claims by him remain unproved.

 38 
Jef Raskin
(Computer scientist)
Jef Raskin
3
Birthdate: March 9, 1943
Birthplace: New York, New York, United States
Died: February 26, 2005
One of the first employees of Apple Computer, Jef Raskin introduced the Macintosh project, to create a computer that was much less complex compared to the Apple II. Before joining Apple, he was a computer science teacher and a Stanford researcher. He was also a passionate music composer.
 39 
Pierre Joliot
(French Biologist)
Pierre Joliot
4
Birthdate: March 12, 1932
Birthplace: Paris, France

Pierre Joliot is a French biologist best known for his research work at the French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS). From 1985 to 1986, he served as the scientific advisor to the then prime minister of France.

 40 
Frank P. Ramsey
(Mathematician, Philosopher, Economist)
Frank P. Ramsey
3
Birthdate: February 22, 1903
Birthplace: Cambridge
Died: January 19, 1930

British philosopher and mathematician Frank P. Ramsey was the son of a famed mathematician and later laid down the Ramsey theory of mathematical logic. The Cambridge alumnus also translated Ludwig Wittgenstein’s Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus but died at age 26, probably due to a liver infection he contracted while swimming.

 41 
Özlem Türeci
(Physician, Scientist)
Özlem Türeci
1
Birthdate: March 6, 1967
Birthplace: Lastrup, West Germany
 42 
Piers Corbyn
(Meteorologist)
Piers Corbyn
6
Birthdate: March 10, 1947
Birthplace: Chippenham, Wiltshire, England
 43 
Antonio Damasio
(Neuroscientists)
Antonio Damasio
3
Birthdate: February 25, 1944
Birthplace: Lisbon, Portugal
 44 
Nick Bostrom
(Philosopher)
Nick Bostrom
4
Birthdate: March 10, 1973
Birthplace: Helsingborg, Sweden

Nick Bostrom is a Swedish philosopher best known for his work concerning issues like existential risk, human enhancement, the anthropic principle, and risks with super-intelligence. A prolific writer, Bostrom has authored more than 200 books. Nick Bostrom is also an advocate of transhumanism. In 2009, he received the Eugene R. Gannon Award.

Reed Timmer
5
Birthdate: March 17, 1980
Birthplace: Grand Rapids
 46 
Michael Polanyi
(Polymath, who made important theoretical contributions to physical chemistry, economics, and philosophy)
Michael Polanyi
3
Birthdate: March 11, 1891
Birthplace: Budapest, Hungary
Died: February 22, 1976

Hungarian-British polymath Michael Polanyi contributed to a wide range of subjects, such as chemistry, philosophy, and economics, and also had a medical diploma. He is best remembered for his research on the adsorption of gases but moved away from chemistry after fleeing to England ro escape the Nazi regime.

 47 
Luther Burbank
(Horticulturist, Geneticist, Botanist, Gardener, Academic, Non-fiction writer)
Luther Burbank
6
Birthdate: March 7, 1849
Birthplace: Santa Rosa
Died: April 11, 1926

Luther Burbank was an American horticulturist and botanist. A pioneer in agricultural science, Luther Burbank developed over 800 varieties of plants and strains in an illustrious career that spanned 55 years. He is also credited with developing a spineless cactus that served as cattle feed. In 1986, Luther Burbank was made an inductee of the National Inventors Hall of Fame.

Alexander Stepanovich Popov
3
Birthdate: March 16, 1859
Birthplace: Krasnoturinsk, Russia
Died: January 13, 1906

Alexander Stepanovich Popov was a Russian physicist best remembered for his pioneering work in transmitting radio signals. One of the first inventors to come up with a radio receiving device, Popov's work was contemporaneous with the groundbreaking work of Italian inventor Guglielmo Marconi. Popov's life and career inspired the 1949 biographical film Alexander Popov which was directed by Herbert Rappaport.

 49 
David Gelernter
(Computer scientist known for contributions to parallel computation in the 1980s, and for books on topics such as computed worlds (Mirror Worlds))
David Gelernter
5
Birthdate: March 5, 1955
Birthplace: United States
 50 
Joseph A. Walker
(Astronaut, Physicist, Test pilot)
Joseph A. Walker
3
Birthdate: February 20, 1921
Birthplace: Washington
Died: June 8, 1966