Pisces Poets

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 1 
Wilfred Owen
4
Birthdate: March 18, 1893
Birthplace: Oswestry
Died: November 4, 1918

Wilfred Owen was an English soldier and poet. One of the most important poets during World War I, Owen wrote about the horrors of gas warfare. His life and career inspired a docudrama titled Wilfred Owen: A Remembrance Tale where he was portrayed by Samuel Barnett. In 1989, the Wilfred Owen Association was established to commemorate his life and poetry.

 2 
W. H. Auden
(One of the Greatest Authors of 20th Century)
W. H. Auden
9
Birthdate: February 21, 1907
Birthplace: York, England, United Kingdom
Died: September 29, 1973

W. H. Auden was an Anglo-American poet. His poetry was noted for its technical achievement and versatility. He wrote poems on love, political and social themes, and cultural and psychological themes. Throughout his career, Auden was both influential and controversial. His personal life also attracted attention as he had sexual relationships with men, which was unusual at the time.

 3 
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
(First American poet to translate Dante Alighieri's Divine Comedy)
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
5
Birthdate: February 27, 1807
Birthplace: Portland, Maine, United States
Died: March 24, 1882
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 4 
Elizabeth Barrett Browning
(English poet of the Victorian era, best known for her 'Sonnets From the Portuguese' and 'Aurora Leigh.)
Elizabeth Barrett Browning
6
Birthdate: March 6, 1806
Birthplace: Kelloe, Durham, England
Died: June 29, 1861
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Edna St. Vincent Millay
6
Birthdate: February 22, 1892
Birthplace: Rockland, Maine, United States
Died: October 19, 1950
 6 
Michelangelo
(Regarded as the Most Accomplished Artist of His Era (High Renaissance))
Michelangelo
5
Birthdate: March 6, 1475
Birthplace: Caprese Michelangelo, Italy
Died: February 18, 1564

Italian sculptor, painter, architect, and poet Michelangelo was a prominent figure of the High Renaissance. He is credited to have influenced the Western art in unprecedented ways. He is widely regarded as the greatest artist of his age and one of the greatest artists of all time. He was equally revered and respected as an architect.

 7 
Victor Hugo
(French Writer of the Romantic Movement Best Known for His Novel 'Les Misérables' and Play 'Ruy Blas')
Victor Hugo
11
Birthdate: February 26, 1802
Birthplace: Besançon, Doubs, France
Died: May 22, 1885

Victor Hugo was a French poet, dramatist, and novelist of the Romantic movement. Regarded as one of the best-known and greatest French writers of all time, Victor Hugo wrote abundantly during his career that spanned over six decades. Thanks to his works, such as Hernani and Cromwell, Victor Hugo was one of the leading figures of the Romantic literary movement.

 8 
Jack Kerouac
(Novelist and Poet Best Known for His Novels: ‘On the Road', ‘The Dharma Bums’ and ‘Big Sur’)
Jack Kerouac
8
Birthdate: March 12, 1922
Birthplace: Lowell, Massachusetts, United States
Died: October 21, 1969
Jack Kerouac is remembered as a prominent figure of the Beat Generation. His works, consisting of several novels and poems, with their focus on spirituality, drugs, travel, sex, and jazz, paved the way for the hippie movement. He is best known for his pathbreaking novel On the Road
 9 
Pier Paolo Pasolini
(Italian Filmmaker Known for His Radical Methods, Overtly Political and Often Scandalous Content)
Pier Paolo Pasolini
4
Birthdate: March 5, 1922
Birthplace: Bologna, Italy
Died: November 2, 1975

Noted film director and actor Pier Paolo Pasolini had already gained fame as a poet and author before stepping into the entertainment industry. The openly gay filmmaker was known for his usage of non-professional actors and themes of sexuality. His brutal murder remains to be a controversial topic.

 10 
Ovid
(Poet)
Ovid
5
Birthdate: March 20, 0043
Birthplace: Sulmo, Italy, Roman Republic
Died: 0017 AD

Roman poet Publius Ovidius Naso, better known as Ovid, lived during the rule of Augustus. He is held at par with Latin legends Virgil and Horace. Remembered for his mythological masterpiece the Metamorphoses, a 15-book Latin poem, he spent his final years exiled in a city on the Black Sea.

 11 
Edward Thomas
3
Birthdate: March 3, 1878
Birthplace: Lambeth, Surrey, England
Died: April 9, 1917

Educated at Oxford, poet Edward Thomas spent a considerable time working rather reluctantly as a journalist and penning nature studies and critiques of 19th-century authors. An encounter with Robert Frost inspired him to write poems. He was killed in action in Arras, France, during World War I.

 12 
John Henry Newman
(Theologian and Philosopher)
John Henry Newman
4
Birthdate: February 21, 1801
Birthplace: London, England, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland United Kingdom
Died: August 11, 1890

An important figure in the English religious history, John Henry Newman was a nineteenth century theologian, scholar and poet. Famed for leading the Oxford movement in the Church of England, he later switched to the Roman Catholic Church, eventually becoming the Cardinal Deacon of St. George in Velabro.  Also an influential educator and writer, he was canonized in October 2019.

 13 
John Updike
(Poet, Novelist)
John Updike
9
Birthdate: March 18, 1932
Birthplace: Reading, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: January 27, 2009
 14 
Andre Breton
(French Writer, Poet and Co-Founder of ‘Surrealism’)
Andre Breton
4
Birthdate: February 19, 1896
Birthplace: Tinchebray, France
Died: September 28, 1966

Born into a family of shopkeepers, French poet André Breton initially studied medicine and psychiatry. He then joined Dadaism and eventually branched out and became one of the pioneers of the surrealist movement. Known for his Surrealist Manifestos, Breton was also a collector of manuscripts, sculptures, and paintings.

 15 
Christopher Marlowe
(Playwright, Poet)
Christopher Marlowe
5
Birthdate: February 26, 1564
Birthplace: Canterbury, Kent, England
Died: May 30, 1593

English playwright, poet, and translator, Christopher Marlowe, was one of the major literary figures of the Elizabethan era. It is believed that he greatly influenced his contemporary William Shakespeare. He led a troubled life and died young under mysterious circumstances. Despite his early death, he is regarded as one of the foremost dramatists of the 16th century London.  

 16 
Edward Gorey
(American Writer and Artist, Noted for His Own Illustrated Books and Cover Art)
Edward Gorey
5
Birthdate: February 22, 1925
Birthplace: Chicago, Illinois, United States
Died: April 15, 2000
Edward Gorey is known for his pen-and-ink drawings which reflect his arch humor and gothic sensibility. He has published over 100 independent works and illustrated over 50 works by other authors. An iconic figure in gothic culture, Gorey's famous works include The Unstrung Harp, The Curious Sofa, The Iron Tonic: Or, A Winter Afternoon in Lonely Valley, The Dwindling Party.
 17 
Keren Peles
(Singer)
Keren Peles
9
Birthdate: March 11, 1979
Birthplace: Yavne'el, Israel

Keren Peles is an Israeli pianist, singer-songwriter, and poet. Over the course of her songwriting career, Peles has contributed immensely to the success of other popular singers like Shiri Maimon and Miri Mesika by writing the lyrics of some of their hit songs. She has also found success as a singer as many of her albums have been certified gold.  

 18 
Carson McCullers
(American novelist)
Carson McCullers
4
Birthdate: February 19, 1917
Birthplace: Columbus, Georgia, USA
Died: September 29, 1967
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 19 
Ryunosuke Akutagawa
(Japanese Short-Story Writer Active During the Taishō Period)
Ryunosuke Akutagawa
4
Birthdate: March 1, 1892
Birthplace: Kyōbashi-ku,Tokyo, Japan
Died: July 24, 1927

Ryunosuke Akutagawa was a Japanese writer best remembered for writing more than 150 short stories including In a Grove which inspired the 1950 film Rashōmon. Considered the father of the Japanese short story, Ryunosuke Akutagawa's brief career helped inspire his friend Kan Kikuchi to create Akutagawa Prize, a literary award for new writers, which is named in his honor.

 20 
Taras Shevchenko
4
Birthdate: March 9, 1814
Birthplace: Morintsy, Ukraine
Died: March 10, 1861
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 21 
Julia Cameron
(Screenwriter, Film director, Novelist, Poet)
Julia Cameron
4
Birthdate: March 4, 1948
Birthplace: Libertyville
 22 
Gabriele D'Annunzio
(Former Member of Italian Chamber of Deputies (1897-1900))
Gabriele D'Annunzio
5
Birthdate: March 12, 1863
Birthplace: Pescara, Italy
Died: March 1, 1938

Known for literary works like Il Piacere and La Gioconda, Italian journalist, poet and playwright Gabriele D'Annunzio dominated the second period of Italian Decadentism. He became a national war hero during the First World War. His political endeavours include establishing and leading the short-lived Italian Regency of Carnaro in Fiume. He is often described as the forerunner of Italian fascism.  

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 23 
Mahmoud Darwish
5
Birthdate: March 13, 1941
Birthplace: Al-Birwa
Died: August 9, 2008

Revered as the Palestinian national poet, Mahmoud Darwish was born in al-Birwa, a village that was ravaged by Israelis. He was exiled in Paris and Beirut for many years and was even once put in prison for reciting a poem. His writing style merged traditional Arabic forms with modern elements.

 24 
Saul Williams
(Singer, Musician, Poet)
Saul Williams
4
Birthdate: February 29, 1972
Birthplace: Newburgh, New York, USA
 25 
Genesis P-Orridge
(Singer-songwriter)
Genesis P-Orridge
12
Birthdate: February 22, 1950
Birthplace: Manchester, England
 26 
Anne Bradstreet
6
Birthdate: March 20, 1612
Birthplace: Northampton, England
Died: September 16, 1672
 27 
Robert Lowell
4
Birthdate: March 1, 1917
Birthplace: Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Died: September 12, 1977
 28 
Eduard Limonov
(Writer and Founder of 'National Bolshevik Party')
Eduard Limonov
5
Birthdate: February 22, 1943
Birthplace: Dzerzhinsk, Russia
Died: March 17, 2020

The firebrand National Bolshevik Party leader Eduard Limonov gained fame with his first novel, It's Me, Eddie, which contained explicit sexual imagery and obscene language, and was written while he was in literary exile in New York. He was also part of The Other Russia, a group of Putin opposers.

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 29 
Michel Houellebecq
(Author Best Known for His Works 'Atomised' and 'The Map and the Territory')
Michel Houellebecq
9
Birthdate: February 26, 1956
Birthplace: Saint-Pierre, Réunion, France

Michel Houellebecq is a French author known for his novels, essays, and poems. He also occasionally makes films. As controversial as he is popular, he has been accused of obscenity, misogyny, racism, and Islamophobia. His works generally receive positive responses and some critics consider him one of the greatest living authors today. He is a recipient of the Prix Goncourt. 

 30 
Stéphane Mallarmé
(French Symbolist Poet)
Stéphane Mallarmé
3
Birthdate: March 18, 1842
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: September 9, 1898

Stéphane Mallarmé was a French poet whose work inspired many artistic schools of the 20th century like Surrealism, Futurism, Dadaism, and Cubism. Over the years, his poetry has also served as an inspiration for many musical pieces, including Claude Debussy's Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun. Mallarmé's work also influenced Man Ray's film, Les Mystères du Château de Dé.

 31 
James Russell Lowell
(Was an American Romantic Poet, Critic, Editor, and Diplomat)
James Russell Lowell
4
Birthdate: February 22, 1819
Birthplace: Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States
Died: August 12, 1891
 32 
Friedrich Hölderlin
(German Poet and Philosopher Best Known for His Novel 'Hyperion')
Friedrich Hölderlin
3
Birthdate: March 20, 1770
Birthplace: Lauffen am Neckar, Germany
Died: June 7, 1843

German lyric poet and dramatist Friedrich Hölderlin was a significant figure of German Romanticism. Initially pushed to join a Christian ministry by his mother, he later ditched the idea and was inspired by Greek mythology. He later suffered from schizophrenia and spent 36 years in a tower, later named the Hölderlinturm.

 33 
Tahmasp I
(Second Shah of Safavid Iran from 1524 to 1576)
Tahmasp I
3
Birthdate: February 22, 1514
Birthplace: Shahabad, Iran
Died: May 14, 1576

Tahmasp I ruled as the Shah of Safavid Iran from 23 May 1524 to 25 May 1576. At the age of 14, Tahmasp faced the Uzbeks in the Battle of Jam where he defeated the Uzbeks after surprising them with artillery. Tahmasp I also had a longstanding conflict with the Ottoman Empire over Baghdad, Kurdistan, and Georgia.

 34 
Ben Okri
(Distinguished Nigerian Poet and Novelist Who Won Booker Prize for His Novel ‘The Famished Road’)
Ben Okri
3
Birthdate: March 15, 1959
Birthplace: Minna, Nigeria
 35 
Erich Kästner
(Known Primarily for His Humorous, Socially Astute Poems and the Children’s Book 'Emil and the Detectives')
Erich Kästner
3
Birthdate: February 23, 1899
Birthplace: Dresden, Germany
Died: July 29, 1974

Four-time Nobel Prize-nominated German author Erich Kästne is best remembered for his children’s books such as Emil and the Detectives. Initially aspiring to be a teacher, he later had stints as a journalist and a freelance author. A leading satirist, he contributed to Die Weltbühne and also headed PEN.

 36 
Boris Vian
(Writer)
Boris Vian
3
Birthdate: March 10, 1920
Birthplace: Ville-d'Avray, Hauts-de-Seine, France
Died: June 23, 1959
 37 
Mod Sun
(Rapper)
Mod Sun
5
Birthdate: March 10, 1987
Birthplace: Bloomington, Minnesota Bloomington, Minnesota, U.S.
Cecil Percival Taylor
3
Birthdate: March 15, 1930
 39 
Vita Sackville-West
7
Birthdate: March 9, 1892
Birthplace: Knole, Kent, England, UK
Died: June 2, 1962
 40 
Charles of Valois
4
Birthdate: March 12, 1270
Birthplace: Vincennes
Died: December 16, 1325
 41 
Jake Thackray
(English Singer-Songwriter, Poet & Journalist)
Jake Thackray
3
Birthdate: February 27, 1938
Birthplace: Leeds
Died: December 24, 2002

Jake Thackray was an English poet, journalist, and singer-songwriter. He achieved immense popularity during the 1960s and 1970s when he started appearing on British television, performing his topical comedy songs. Jake Thackray is credited with influencing performers like Jarvis Cocker, Alex Turner, Ralph McTell, and Mike Harding.

 42 
Oskar Kokoschka
(Artist, Poet and Playwright)
Oskar Kokoschka
10
Birthdate: March 1, 1886
Birthplace: Pöchlarn, Austria
Died: February 22, 1980

Austrian artist, playwright, poet and teacher Oskar Kokoschka CBE is counted among the prominent exponents of Expressionism whose works influenced the Viennese Expressionist movement. Notable works of Kokoschka include paintings like The Bride of the Wind and Portrait of Lotte Franzos and writings like the short play Murderer, the Hope of Women and the play Orpheus und Eurydike.   

 43 
Ryszard Kapuściński
3
Birthdate: March 4, 1932
Birthplace: Pinsk
Died: January 23, 2007

Globally reputed Polish journalist, photographer, poet and author Ryszard Kapuściński was the only correspondent of the Communist-era Polish Press Agency in Africa at the time of decolonization. Notable works of Kapuściński, who was considered a candidate for the Nobel Prize in Literature, includes Another Day of Life, The Emperor, Imperium and The Shadow of the Sun.

 44 
Lionel Johnson
(British Poet, Essayist, and Critic)
Lionel Johnson
3
Birthdate: March 15, 1867
Birthplace: Broadstairs, England
Died: October 4, 1902

Poet and critic Lionel Johnson was part of the 1890s’ tragic generation, with themes of decadence prevailing in his works. Best known for his study on Thomas Hardy, he was a closeted homosexual and was plagued by alcoholism. It is believed he died after falling and suffering a skull fracture.

 45 
Tobias Smollett
(Scottish Poet and Author Best Known for Picaresque Novels)
Tobias Smollett
3
Birthdate: March 19, 1721
Birthplace: Renton, Scotland
Died: September 17, 1771

Best known for his picaresque novels such as The Adventures of Peregrine Pickle, Scottish novelist Tobias Smollett was born into a family of lawyers and soldiers and initially attended medical training. Some believe he quit university without a degree, while it is also said he had served as a navy surgeon.

 46 
Ion Creanga
(Romanian Author Who Was a Prominent Member of the Junimea Literary Society)
Ion Creanga
3
Birthdate: March 1, 1837
Birthplace: Târgu Neamț, Moldavia
Died: December 31, 1889
 47 
Torquato Tasso
(16th Century Italian Poet Best Known for His 1591 Poem 'Gerusalemme Liberata')
Torquato Tasso
3
Birthdate: March 11, 1544
Birthplace: Sorrento, Italy
Died: April 25, 1595

Torquato Tasso was a 16th-century Italian poet. He is best remembered for his poem Gerusalemme liberata (Jerusalem Delivered). The son of a prominent poet, Tasso grew up to be a brilliant young man. Even though his father wanted him to become a lawyer, he decided to become a poet and achieved considerable fame. His poems were widely translated. 

 48 
Bertrand Cantat
(Singer, Guitarist, Lyricist, Singer-songwriter, Poet)
Bertrand Cantat
5
Birthdate: March 5, 1964
Birthplace: Pau

Former frontman of the French rock band Noir Désir, Bertrand Cantat made headlines when he beat his girlfriend actor Marie Trintignant to death in a Lithuanian hotel. His sentence of 8 years was later commuted to 4. His ex-wife Krisztina Rády later committed suicide in his presence at her home.

 49 
Ishmael Reed
3
Birthdate: February 22, 1938
Birthplace: Chattanooga, Tennessee, United States
 50 
Abba Kovner
(Writer, Poet)
Abba Kovner
3
Birthdate: March 14, 1918
Birthplace: Sevastopol
Died: September 25, 1987

Israeli poet and partisan leader Abba Kovner was the first person to publicly state in his manifesto that Adolf Hitler was planning to persecute the Jews of Europe. His campaign against the Germans made him join the Israeli army. His life and times have been elaborated in The Fall of a Sparrow.