Religion and spirituality hold a significant place in Indian culture. The nation has been known for its spirituality from the past several centuries. Adi Shankara, a philosopher and theologian, is known for consolidating the doctrine of Advaita Vedanta and unifying and establishing the main currents of thought in Hinduism. Gautama Buddha, the primary figure in Buddhism, was a sage on whose teachings the religion of Buddhism was founded. Some Hindus regard Gautama as the 9th avatar of Vishnu. Mahavira, also known as Vardhamana, was the 24th and last tirthankara, a significant figure in Jainism. He traveled all over South Asia for three decades to teach Jain philosophy. In the late 15th century emerged Guru Nanak who became the founder Prophet of Sikhism and the first of the ten Sikh Gurus. He has been called "one of the greatest religious innovators of all time". Ramakrishna Paramahamsa, a natural mystic given to spiritual ecstasies from a young age, was regarded as an influential Indian mystic and yogi during the 19th-century. Osho Rajneesh, Kartar Singh Jhabbar, and Maulana Syed Sibte Hasan Naqvi were well-known spiritual and religious leaders of the 20th century. This section provides you information about the life and works of famous Indian spiritual & religious leaders.
Mother TeresaMother Teresa
26 August 1910
Founder of Missionaries of Charity
Jaggi VasudevJaggi Vasudev
03 September 1957
Yoga Guru

Swami VivekanandaSwami Vivekananda
12 January 1863
Indian Monk

Sai Baba of ShirdiSai Baba of Shirdi
28 September 1835
Spiritual Guru

Jiddu KrishnamurtiJiddu Krishnamurti
12 May 1895
Public Speaker & Philosopher

BodhidharmaBodhidharma
0483 AD
Buddhist Monk
Adi ShankaraAdi Shankara
0788 AD
Advaita Philosopher

Guru NanakGuru Nanak
15 April 1469
Sikh Guru

RamdevRamdev
25 December 1965
Yoga Guru
Sathya Sai BabaSathya Sai Baba
23 November 1926
Spiritual Guru

KabirKabir
1440 AD
Saint and Mystic Poet
Guru Gobind SinghGuru Gobind Singh
22 December 1666
Warrior

MahaviraMahavira
0599 BC
Last tirthankara of Jainism

Guru Tegh BahadurGuru Tegh Bahadur
01 April 1621
Ninth Sikh Guru

Maharishi Mahesh Yogi Maharishi Mahesh Yogi
12 January 1918
Founder of Transcendental Meditation Technique

TulsidasTulsidas
1497 AD
Poet & Saint
Sri AurobindoSri Aurobindo
15 August 1872
Political and Spiritual Leader

Paramahansa YoganandaParamahansa Yogananda
05 January 1893
 

A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami PrabhupadaA. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada
01 September 1896
Founder of ISKCON

Mirza Ghulam AhmadMirza Ghulam Ahmad
13 February 1835
Founder of Ahmadiyya Sect
Ramana MaharshiRamana Maharshi
30 December 1879
Philosopher

Gaur Gopal DasGaur Gopal Das
24 December 1973
Spiritual Leader, Motivational Speaker
Chaitanya MahaprabhuChaitanya Mahaprabhu
18 February 1486
Founder of Gaudiya Vaishnavism

Narayana GuruNarayana Guru
20 August 1856
Spiritual Leader, Social Reformer

Meher BabaMeher Baba
25 February 1894
Religious Leader
Maa Amritanandamayi Mata Amritanandamayi
27 September 1953
Spiritual Leader

Nizamuddin AuliyaNizamuddin Auliya
1238 AD
Sufi Saint
Guru ArjanGuru Arjan
15 April 1563
Fifth Sikh Guru

Guru Har KrishanGuru Har Krishan
23 July 1656
Eighth Sikh Guru

Guru Ram DasGuru Ram Das
09 October 1534
Fourth Sikh Guru
Guru HargobindGuru Hargobind
05 July 1595
Sixth Sikh Guru

Continue Reading Below
Guru AngadGuru Angad
31 March 1504
Second Sikh Guru
Guru Amar DasGuru Amar Das
05 May 1479
Third Sikh Guru

Sri ChinmoySri Chinmoy
27 August 1931
Indian spiritual leader

Guru Har RaiGuru Har Rai
16 January 1630
Seventh Sikh Guru

Dayanand SaraswatiDayanand Saraswati
12 February 1824
Indian philosopher
Sri Sri Ravi ShankarSri Sri Ravi Shankar
13 May 1956
Spiritual & humanitarian leader
Osho RajneeshOsho Rajneesh
11 December 1931
One of the most controversial spiritual leaders

Anthony De MelloAnthony De Mello
04 September 1931
Authored books related to spirituality, lectures

Ramakrishna ParamhamsaRamakrishna Paramhamsa
18 February 1836
Spiritual & Religious Leader

Gurmeet Ram Rahim SinghGurmeet Ram Rahim Singh
15 August 1967
Actor
Neem Karoli BabaNeem Karoli Baba
Guru

Shah Waliullah DehlawiShah Waliullah Dehlawi
21 February 1703
Muslim Scholar

GorakhnathGorakhnath
Hindu yogi

RavidasRavidas
1377 AD
Poet

MadhvacharyaMadhvacharya
1238 AD
Philosopher
Chinmayananda SaraswatiChinmayananda Saraswati
08 May 1916
Philosopher

Sadhu Sundar SinghSadhu Sundar Singh
03 September 1889
Missionary
ParshvanathaParshvanatha
0872 AD
Saint

DevadattaDevadatta
Buddhist Monk

LalleshwariLalleshwari
1320 AD
Hindu Saint
AbhinavaguptaAbhinavagupta
0950 AD
Philosopher

Mirza Tahir AhmadMirza Tahir Ahmad
18 December 1928
Translator, Homeopath, Writer
Vedanta DesikaVedanta Desika
1267 AD
Religious leader

Ramprasad SenRamprasad Sen
1718 AD
Poet-saint

Nirmala JoshiNirmala Joshi
23 July 1934
Religious Sister

Gurumayi ChidvilasanandaGurumayi Chidvilasananda
24 June 1955
 

Dadu DayalDadu Dayal
1544 AD
Hindu saint
BuddhaghosaBuddhaghosa
Buddhist scholar

BhadrabahuBhadrabahu
0367 AD
Religious leader

Hakeem Noor-ud-DinHakeem Noor-ud-Din
1841 AD
physician

Rama TirthaRama Tirtha
22 October 1873
Teacher
Raghavendra SwamiRaghavendra Swami
1595 AD
 

NimbarkaNimbarka
0620 AD
Philosopher
BahinabaiBahinabai
1628 AD
Poet

Shah Ismail DehlviShah Ismail Dehlvi
26 April 1779
Scholar

DignāgaDignāga
0480 AD
Scholar
Frederic FarrarFrederic Farrar
07 August 1831
Author

Swami SivanandaSwami Sivananda
08 September 1887
Spiritual & Yoga Teacher
HaribhadraHaribhadra
0459 AD
Indian author

Shiv Narayan AgnihotriShiv Narayan Agnihotri
20 December 1850
Hindu social reformer

Mira BaiMira Bai
1502 AD
Hindu mystic
CandrakīrtiCandrakīrti
0600 AD
Buddhist Scholar

Tara SinghTara Singh
24 June 1885
Sikh leader
Jagjit Singh ChauhanJagjit Singh Chauhan
1929 AD
Leader

AsaṅgaAsaṅga
0300 AD
Scholar

Fateh SinghFateh Singh
27 October 1911
Political leader

JnanadevaJnanadeva
1275 AD
Poet
Keshab Chunder SenKeshab Chunder Sen
19 November 1838
Philosopher
Chandrasekharendra SaraswatiChandrasekharendra Saraswati
20 May 1894
Leader

AnāthapiṇḍikaAnāthapiṇḍika
Merchant

AtīśaAtīśa
0980 AD
Religious reformer