Mirza Ghulam Ahmad Biography
(Founder of Ahmadiyya Sect)
Birthday: February 13, 1835 (Aquarius)
Born In: Qadian
Mirza Ghulam Ahmad was an Indian religious leader best known as the founder of the Islamic religious movement, Ahmadiyya. He claimed to have been a mahdi, a reincarnation of the Prophet Muhammad, as well as of Jesus Christ and the Hindu Lord Krishna. Born in Qadian, Punjab, to an affluent Mughal physician, Ahmad received his education in Arabic and Persian. Upon his father’s wishes, he initially worked as a clerk in Sialkot and later engaged in estate affairs. However, during this time, he led a life of contemplation and spent most of time studying religion and praying in mosques. In 1889, Ahmad took a pledge of allegiance from his supporters and formed a group of devoted disciples to who he preached ‘The Ten Conditions of Bai'at’, eventually marking the establishment of the Ahmadiyya movement. Ahmad was also a prolific writer and authored over 90 books on various religions, the most notable one being ‘Barahin-i-Ahmadiyya.’ After his death in 1908, his devotees disputed over his claims of prophethood. Nonetheless, they formed a group of believers and appointed a caliph to lead them.