List of famous French scientists with their biographies that include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history.

Dating back to the seventeenth century—when King Louis XIV established the first institute for scientific research named ‘Acádémie des Sciences’—technology and science in France have come a long way. The development of groundbreaking inventions like radioactivity, refrigerators, photography and parachutes, amongst others, have made French scientists famous all over the world. France lays claim to being a major exporter of nuclear technology, as well as the inventor of safe radioactive waste disposal methods. Many utilitarian innovations have been made by French scientists; these famous scientists have won the prestigious ‘Nobel Prize’ for their invaluable contribution to the advancement of human society. Science would not have been the same had it not been for scientists like Henri Becquerel, who discovered ‘Radioactivity’; Antoine Lavoisier, who proposed the ‘Conservation of Mass’ theory and Blaise Pascal, who came up with the ‘Probability Theory’. French scientists have always been leading contributors to the world’s scientific advancements, be it in the field of chemistry, or molecular biology or radiology or the physical sciences. To know more, explore the collection of biographies of some of the most famous French scientists. Read for more information about their life stories, timelines along with interesting facts & trivia related to them.

René DéscartesRené Déscartes

31 March 1596

11 February 1650

La Haye en Touraine, Touraine, France

Aries

Louis PasteurLouis Pasteur

27 December 1822

28 September 1895

Dole, Jura, Franche-Comté, France

Capricorn

Blaise PascalBlaise Pascal

19 June 1623

19 August 1662

Clermont-Ferrand,, Auvergne, France

Gemini

Antoine LavoisierAntoine Lavoisier

26 August 1743

08 May 1794

Paris

Virgo

Pierre-Simon LaplacePierre-Simon Laplace

23 March 1749

05 March 1827

Beaumont-en-Auge

Aries

Henri PoincareHenri Poincare

29 April 1854

17 July 1912

Nancy, Meurthe-et-Moselle, France

Taurus

Louis de BroglieLouis de Broglie

15 August 1892

19 March 1987

Dieppe

Leo

Pierre CuriePierre Curie

15 May 1859

19 April 1906

Paris, France

Taurus

Pierre de FermatPierre de Fermat

17 August 1601

12 January 1665

Beaumont-de-Lomagne

Leo

Joseph FourierJoseph Fourier

21 March 1768

16 May 1830

Auxerre, Burgundy, Kingdom of France (now in Yonne, France)

Aries

Irène Joliot-CurieIrène Joliot-Curie

12 September 1897

17 March 1956

Paris

Virgo

Évariste GaloisÉvariste Galois

25 October 1811

31 May 1832

Bourg-la-Reine, French Empire

Scorpio

Henri BecquerelHenri Becquerel

15 December 1852

25 August 1908

Paris, France

Sagittarius

Alexander GrothendieckAlexander Grothendieck

28 March 1928

13 November 2014

Berlin, Prussia, Germany

Aries

Marquis de CondorcetMarquis de Condorcet

17 September 1743

28 March 1794

Ribemont, France

Virgo

Augustin-Louis CauchyAugustin-Louis Cauchy

21 August 1789

23 May 1857

Paris

Leo

Sophie GermainSophie Germain

01 April 1776

27 June 1831

Paris

Aries

Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de BuffonGeorges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon

07 September 1707

16 April 1788

Montbard

Virgo

Joseph Louis Gay-LussacJoseph Louis Gay-Lussac

06 December 1778

09 May 1850

Saint-Léonard-de-Noblat

Sagittarius

Adrien-Marie LegendreAdrien-Marie Legendre

18 September 1752

10 January 1833

Paris, France

Virgo

Claude BernardClaude Bernard

12 July 1813

10 February 1878

Saint-Julien, Rhône

Cancer

Alexis CarrelAlexis Carrel

28 June 1873

05 November 1944

Sainte-Foy-lès-Lyon, Rhône, France

Cancer

Augustin-Jean FresnelAugustin-Jean Fresnel

10 May 1788

14 July 1827

Broglie (Eure)

Taurus

Charles MessierCharles Messier

26 June 1730

12 April 1817

Badonviller

Cancer

Frédéric Joliot-CurieFrédéric Joliot-Curie

19 March 1900

14 August 1958

Paris

Pisces

Léon FoucaultLéon Foucault

18 September 1819

11 February 1868

Paris

Virgo

Andre WeilAndre Weil

06 May 1906

06 August 1998

Paris, France

Taurus

Jacques MonodJacques Monod

09 February 1910

31 May 1976

1910

Aquarius

Claude Cohen-TannoudjiClaude Cohen-Tannoudji

01 April 1933

Constantine, Algeria

Aries

Gabriel LippmannGabriel Lippmann

16 August 1845

13 July 1921

Bonnevoie/Bouneweg, Luxembourg (since 1921 part of Luxembourg City)

Leo

Pierre Gilles de GennesPierre-Gilles de Gennes

24 October 1932

18 May 2007

Paris, France

Scorpio

Jean Baptiste PerrinJean Baptiste Perrin

30 September 1870

17 April 1942

Lille, France

Libra

Charles HermiteCharles Hermite

24 December 1822

14 January 1901

Dieuze

Capricorn

Georges Charpak Georges Charpak

01 August 1924

29 September 2010

Dąbrowica, Poland

Leo

Henri MoissanHenri Moissan

28 September 1852

20 February 1907

Paris

Libra

François JacobFrançois Jacob

17 June 1920

19 April 2013

Nancy, France

Gemini

Alexandre Émile John YersinAlexandre Yersin

22 September 1863

01 March 1943

Aubonne, Canton of Vaud, Switzerland

Virgo

Jean-Marie LehnJean-Marie Lehn

30 September 1939

Rosheim, France

Libra

Andre Marie AmpereAndre Marie Ampere

20 January 1775

10 June 1836

Parish of St. Nizier, Lyon, France

Capricorn

François Auguste Victor GrignardVictor Grignard

06 May 1871

13 December 1935

Cherbourg-Octeville, France

Taurus

Alfred Kastler Alfred Kastler

03 May 1902

07 January 1984

Guebwiller, Alsace, German Empire

Taurus

Louis Eugène Félix Néel Louis Néel

22 November 1904

17 November 2000

Lyon, France

Scorpio

Charles Robert Richet Charles Richet

25 August 1850

04 December 1935

Paris, France

Virgo

Roger GuilleminRoger Guillemin

11 January 1924

Dijon, France

Capricorn

Charles NicolleCharles Nicolle

21 September 1866

28 February 1936

Rouen

Virgo

Jean DaussetJean Dausset

19 October 1916

06 June 2009

Toulouse, France

Libra

Paul SabatierPaul Sabatier

05 November 1854

14 August 1941

Carcassonne, France

Scorpio

Sadi CarnotSadi Carnot

01 June 1796

24 August 1832

Luxembourg Palace

Gemini

André Michel LwoffAndré Lwoff

08 May 1902

30 September 1994

Ainay-le-Château, Allier, Auvergne, France

Taurus

Charles Augustin De CoulombCharles Augustin De Coulomb

14 June 1736

23 August 1806

Angoulême, France

Gemini

Jean Le Rond d’AlembertJean Le Rond d’Alembert

16 November 1717

29 October 1783

Paris

Scorpio

Antoine-Augustin ParmentierAntoine-Augustin Parmentier

12 August 1737

17 December 1813

Montdidier

Leo

Jacques CousteauJacques Cousteau

11 June 1910

25 June 1997

Saint-André-de-Cubzac

Gemini

Jean-Paul MaratJean-Paul Marat

24 May 1743

13 July 1793

Boudry

Gemini

Jean-Baptiste LamarckJean-Baptiste Lamarck

01 August 1744

18 December 1829

Bazentin

Leo

Benoit MandelbrotBenoit Mandelbrot

20 November 1924

14 October 2010

Warsaw

Scorpio

Vilfredo ParetoVilfredo Pareto

15 July 1848

19 August 1923

Paris

Cancer

Georges CuvierGeorges Cuvier

23 August 1769

13 May 1832

Montbéliard

Leo

Joseph-Louis LagrangeJoseph-Louis Lagrange

25 January 1736

10 April 1813

Turin

Aquarius

Émilie du ChâteletÉmilie du Châtelet

Charles-Augustin de CoulombCharles-Augustin de Coulomb

14 June 1736

23 August 1806

Angoulême, France

Gemini

Gustave Le BonGustave Le Bon

07 May 1841

13 December 1931

Nogent-le-Rotrou

Taurus

Paul BrocaPaul Broca

28 June 1824

09 July 1880

Sainte-Foy-la-Grande

Cancer

Pope Sylvester IIPope Sylvester II

0940 AD

12 May 1003

Saint-Simon, Cantal

Nicolas Léonard Sadi CarnotNicolas Léonard Sadi Carnot

01 June 1796

24 August 1832

Paris

Gemini

Siméon Denis PoissonSiméon Denis Poisson

21 June 1781

25 April 1840

Pithiviers

Gemini

Cédric VillaniCédric Villani

05 October 1973

Brive-la-Gaillarde

Libra

Luc MontagnierLuc Montagnier

18 August 1932

Chabris

Leo

Matthieu RicardMatthieu Ricard

15 February 1946

Aix-les-Bains

Aquarius

Abraham de MoivreAbraham de Moivre

26 May 1667

27 November 1754

Vitry-le-François

Gemini

Lazare CarnotLazare Carnot

13 May 1753

02 August 1823

Nolay

Taurus

Jacques CharlesJacques Charles

12 November 1746

07 April 1823

Beaugency

Scorpio

Audrey MestreAudrey Mestre

11 August 1974

12 October 2002

Saint-Denis

Leo

Paul LangevinPaul Langevin

23 January 1872

19 December 1946

Paris

Aquarius

Joseph ProustJoseph Proust

26 September 1754

05 July 1826

Angers

Libra

Raymond QueneauRaymond Queneau

21 February 1903

25 October 1976

Le Havre

Pisces

Léon WalrasLéon Walras

16 December 1834

05 January 1910

Évreux

Sagittarius

Serge HarocheSerge Haroche

11 September 1944

Casablanca

Virgo

Pierre JanssenPierre Janssen
Jean-Pierre SerreJean-Pierre Serre

15 September 1926

Bages

Virgo

Didier SornetteDidier Sornette

25 June 1957

Paris

Cancer

Pierre GassendiPierre Gassendi

22 January 1592

24 October 1655

Champtercier

Aquarius

François AragoFrançois Arago

26 February 1786

02 October 1853

Estagel

Pisces

Fred VargasFred Vargas

07 June 1957

Paris

Gemini

Urbain Le VerrierUrbain Le Verrier

11 March 1811

23 September 1877

Saint-Lô

Pisces

Marin MersenneMarin Mersenne

08 September 1588

01 September 1648

Oizé

Virgo

Philippe KahnPhilippe Kahn

16 March 1952

Paris

Pisces

Prosper MériméeProsper Mérimée

28 September 1803

23 September 1870

Paris

Libra

Élie CartanÉlie Cartan
Mikhail Leonidovich GromovMikhail Leonidovich Gromov

23 December 1943

Boksitogorsk

Capricorn

Pierre JoliotPierre Joliot

12 March 1932

6th arrondissement of Paris

Pisces

Jean Sylvain BaillyJean Sylvain Bailly

15 September 1736

12 November 1793

Paris

Virgo

Maxim KontsevichMaxim Kontsevich

25 August 1964

Khimki

Virgo

Michel Eugène ChevreulMichel Eugène Chevreul

31 August 1786

09 April 1889

Angers

Virgo

Henri LebesgueHenri Lebesgue

28 June 1875

26 July 1942

Beauvais

Cancer

Alain AspectAlain Aspect

15 June 1947

Agen

Gemini

Pierre MéchainPierre Méchain
Serge LangSerge Lang

19 May 1927

12 September 2005

Saint-Germain-en-Laye

Taurus

Gaspard MongeGaspard Monge

09 May 1746

28 July 1818

Beaune

Taurus

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