Dating back to the seventeenth century—when King Louis XIV established the first institute for scientific research named ‘Acádémie des Sciences’—technology and science in France have come a long way. The development of groundbreaking inventions like radioactivity, refrigerators, photography and parachutes, amongst others, have made French scientists famous all over the world. France lays claim to being a major exporter of nuclear technology, as well as the inventor of safe radioactive waste disposal methods. Many utilitarian innovations have been made by French scientists; these famous scientists have won the prestigious ‘Nobel Prize’ for their invaluable contribution to the advancement of human society. Science would not have been the same had it not been for scientists like Henri Becquerel, who discovered ‘Radioactivity’; Antoine Lavoisier, who proposed the ‘Conservation of Mass’ theory and Blaise Pascal, who came up with the ‘Probability Theory’. French scientists have always been leading contributors to the world’s scientific advancements, be it in the field of chemistry, or molecular biology or radiology or the physical sciences. To know more, explore the collection of biographies of some of the most famous French scientists. Read for more information about their life stories, timelines along with interesting facts & trivia related to them.

Louis PasteurLouis Pasteur

27 December 1822

Blaise PascalBlaise Pascal

19 June 1623

Antoine LavoisierAntoine Lavoisier

26 August 1743

Pierre CuriePierre Curie

15 May 1859

Louis de BroglieLouis de Broglie

15 August 1892

Irène Joliot-CurieIrène Joliot-Curie

12 September 1897

Joseph FourierJoseph Fourier

21 March 1768

Sophie GermainSophie Germain

01 April 1776

Pierre de FermatPierre de Fermat

17 August 1601

Joseph Louis Gay-LussacJoseph Louis Gay-Lussac

06 December 1778

Continue Reading Below

Henri BecquerelHenri Becquerel

15 December 1852

Marquis de CondorcetMarquis de Condorcet

17 September 1743

Augustin-Louis CauchyAugustin-Louis Cauchy

21 August 1789

Charles MessierCharles Messier

26 June 1730

Continue Reading Below

Adrien-Marie LegendreAdrien-Marie Legendre

18 September 1752

Claude BernardClaude Bernard

12 July 1813

Alexis CarrelAlexis Carrel

28 June 1873

Léon FoucaultLéon Foucault

18 September 1819

Jacques MonodJacques Monod

09 February 1910

Continue Reading Below

Joseph Louis LagrangeJoseph Louis Lagrange

25 January 1736

Alexandre Émile John YersinAlexandre Yersin

22 September 1863

François JacobFrançois Jacob

17 June 1920

Charles HermiteCharles Hermite

24 December 1822

Gabriel LippmannGabriel Lippmann

16 August 1845

Continue Reading Below

François Auguste Victor GrignardVictor Grignard

06 May 1871

Henri MoissanHenri Moissan

28 September 1852

Andre Marie AmpereAndre Marie Ampere

20 January 1775

Jean Baptiste PerrinJean Baptiste Perrin

30 September 1870

Continue Reading Below

Georges Charpak Georges Charpak

01 August 1924

Charles Robert Richet Charles Richet

25 August 1850

Jean-Marie LehnJean-Marie Lehn

30 September 1939

Louis Eugène Félix Néel Louis Néel

22 November 1904

Roger GuilleminRoger Guillemin

11 January 1924

Alfred Kastler Alfred Kastler

03 May 1902

Continue Reading Below

Charles NicolleCharles Nicolle

21 September 1866

Jean DaussetJean Dausset

19 October 1916

René DéscartesRené Déscartes

31 March 1596

Paul SabatierPaul Sabatier

05 November 1854

Henri PoincareHenri Poincare

29 April 1854

Sadi CarnotSadi Carnot

01 June 1796

Continue Reading Below

Évariste GaloisÉvariste Galois

25 October 1811

André Michel LwoffAndré Lwoff

08 May 1902

Andre WeilAndre Weil

06 May 1906

Jean-Paul MaratJean-Paul Marat

24 May 1743

Continue Reading Below
Jean-Baptiste LamarckJean-Baptiste Lamarck

01 August 1744

Benoit MandelbrotBenoit Mandelbrot

20 November 1924

Vilfredo ParetoVilfredo Pareto

15 July 1848

Joseph-Louis LagrangeJoseph-Louis Lagrange

25 January 1736

Georges CuvierGeorges Cuvier

23 August 1769

Cédric VillaniCédric Villani

05 October 1973

Continue Reading Below
André-Marie AmpèreAndré-Marie Ampère

20 January 1775

Pope Sylvester IIPope Sylvester II

0940 AD

Nicolas Léonard Sadi CarnotNicolas Léonard Sadi Carnot

01 June 1796

Charles-Augustin de CoulombCharles-Augustin de Coulomb

14 June 1736

Audrey MestreAudrey Mestre

11 August 1974

Gustave Le BonGustave Le Bon

07 May 1841

Continue Reading Below

Luc MontagnierLuc Montagnier

18 August 1932

Jacques CharlesJacques Charles

12 November 1746

Siméon Denis PoissonSiméon Denis Poisson

21 June 1781

Abraham de MoivreAbraham de Moivre

26 May 1667

Pierre JoliotPierre Joliot

12 March 1932

Matthieu RicardMatthieu Ricard

15 February 1946

Continue Reading Below

Paul BrocaPaul Broca

28 June 1824

René ThomRené Thom

02 September 1923

Paul LangevinPaul Langevin

23 January 1872

François AragoFrançois Arago

26 February 1786

Jean-Pierre SerreJean-Pierre Serre

15 September 1926

Charles Lucien BonaparteCharles Lucien Bonaparte

24 May 1803

Continue Reading Below

Prosper MériméeProsper Mérimée

28 September 1803

Joseph BlackJoseph Black

16 April 1728

Léon WalrasLéon Walras

16 December 1834