European nations such as France have undoubtedly contributed in a great way towards the evolution of science over the years. Many physicists and researchers from the nation have been applauded by the world for their achievements in the field of science. Some of the French Physicists, such as Alexandre-Edmond Becquerel had struck gold even in the early years of the 20th century with the phenomenal discovery of the ‘Photovoltaic effect’, the principle behind the functioning of the solar cell. The world-renowned physicist Madame Curie, who became a citizen of France at a later part of her life, also made the country proud by bagging the prestigious ‘Nobel’ prize for her work related to radioactivity. The contributions of most of these eminent individuals range from magnetism and electricity to optics, and are one of the prime reasons behind the technological sophistication that we see today. Explore this space for the biographies of some of the most famous French physicists who have left an indelible mark on the world of science and technology. Read on and find out all about their life stories, timelines and also acquaint yourself with a few interesting facts & trivia related to their lives.

Marie CurieMarie Curie
07 November 1867
First woman to win a Nobel Prize
Blaise PascalBlaise Pascal
19 June 1623
French Mathematician, Physicist, Inventor, Writer

Pierre CuriePierre Curie
15 May 1859
Nobel Laureate in Physics

Joseph FourierJoseph Fourier
21 March 1768
Mathematician & Physicist

Louis de BroglieLouis de Broglie
15 August 1892
Physicist

Henri BecquerelHenri Becquerel
15 December 1852
Physicist, Discoverer of Radioactivity
Joseph Louis Gay-LussacJoseph Louis Gay-Lussac
06 December 1778
Chemist and Physicist

Frédéric Joliot-CurieFrédéric Joliot-Curie
19 March 1900
Physicist

Augustin-Jean FresnelAugustin-Jean Fresnel
10 May 1788
Physicist
Léon FoucaultLéon Foucault
18 September 1819
Physicist

Johann Heinrich LambertJohann Heinrich Lambert
26 August 1728
Mathematician, Physicist and Astronomer
Gabriel LippmannGabriel Lippmann
16 August 1845
Physicist & Nobel Laureate

Claude Cohen-TannoudjiClaude Cohen-Tannoudji
01 April 1933
Physicist

Georges Charpak Georges Charpak
01 August 1924
Physicist

Pierre Gilles de GennesPierre-Gilles de Gennes
24 October 1932
Physicist

Louis Eugène Félix Néel Louis Néel
22 November 1904
Physicist
Jean Baptiste PerrinJean Baptiste Perrin
30 September 1870
Physicist

Alfred Kastler Alfred Kastler
03 May 1902
Physicist

Andre Marie AmpereAndre Marie Ampere
20 January 1775
Physicist and Mathematician

Sadi CarnotSadi Carnot
01 June 1796
Physicist and Scientist
Charles Augustin De CoulombCharles Augustin De Coulomb
14 June 1736
French physicist

Jean Le Rond d’AlembertJean Le Rond d’Alembert
16 November 1717
Mathematician, Physicist, Philosopher And Musical
Cédric VillaniCédric Villani
05 October 1973
Mathematician, Physicist, University teacher

André-Marie AmpèreAndré-Marie Ampère
20 January 1775
French physicist

Charles-Augustin de CoulombCharles-Augustin de Coulomb
14 June 1736
Physicist
Jacques CharlesJacques Charles
12 November 1746
Physicist, Chemist, Inventor, Balloonist,

Siméon Denis PoissonSiméon Denis Poisson
21 June 1781
Mathematician, Astronomer, Physicist, University
Paul LangevinPaul Langevin
23 January 1872
Physicist, Professor, Chemist, Philosopher of

François AragoFrançois Arago
26 February 1786
Astronomer, Mathematician, Physicist, Politician,

Lazare CarnotLazare Carnot
13 May 1753
Mathematician, Politician, Engineer, Officer,
Joseph BlackJoseph Black
16 April 1728
Chemist, Physicist, Scientist, University teacher

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Peter GrünbergPeter Grünberg
18 May 1939
Physicist, University teacher
Marin MersenneMarin Mersenne
08 September 1588
Philosopher, Theologian, Mathematician,

Albert FertAlbert Fert
07 March 1938
Physicist, University teacher

Gaspard MongeGaspard Monge
09 May 1746
Mathematician, Politician, Physicist, University

Pierre DuhemPierre Duhem
10 June 1861
Historian
Claude-Louis NavierClaude-Louis Navier
10 February 1785
physicist, economist, mathematician, engineer of
Serge HarocheSerge Haroche
11 September 1944
Physicist, University teacher

Firmin AbauzitFirmin Abauzit
11 November 1679
Scholar

Alain AspectAlain Aspect
15 June 1947
Physicist

Hippolyte FizeauHippolyte Fizeau
23 September 1819
Physicist, Astronomer
Guillaume AmontonsGuillaume Amontons
31 August 1663
Physicist

Jean-Baptiste BiotJean-Baptiste Biot
21 April 1774
Mathematician, Physicist, Astronomer, Civil

Georges ClaudeGeorges Claude
24 September 1870
Chemist, Physicist, Engineer, Inventor

Didier SornetteDidier Sornette
25 June 1957
Physicist, Economist

Jean Léonard Marie PoiseuilleJean Léonard Marie Poiseuille
22 April 1797
Physician, Physicist, Mathematician
Gaston PlantéGaston Planté
22 April 1834
Physicist

Edme MariotteEdme Mariotte
1620 AD
Physicist
Jean Charles Athanase PeltierJean Charles Athanase Peltier
22 February 1785
Physicist

Auguste BravaisAuguste Bravais
23 August 1811
Physicist

Étienne-Louis MalusÉtienne-Louis Malus
23 July 1775
Physicist
Henri-Victor RegnaultHenri-Victor Regnault
21 July 1810
Chemist

Felix SavartFelix Savart
30 June 1791