European nations such as France have undoubtedly contributed in a great way towards the evolution of science over the years. Many physicists and researchers from the nation have been applauded by the world for their achievements in the field of science. Some of the French Physicists, such as Alexandre-Edmond Becquerel had struck gold even in the early years of the 20th century with the phenomenal discovery of the ‘Photovoltaic effect’, the principle behind the functioning of the solar cell. The world-renowned physicist Madame Curie, who became a citizen of France at a later part of her life, also made the country proud by bagging the prestigious ‘Nobel’ prize for her work related to radioactivity. The contributions of most of these eminent individuals range from magnetism and electricity to optics, and are one of the prime reasons behind the technological sophistication that we see today. Explore this space for the biographies of some of the most famous French physicists who have left an indelible mark on the world of science and technology. Read on and find out all about their life stories, timelines and also acquaint yourself with a few interesting facts & trivia related to their lives.

Marie CurieMarie Curie
07 November 1867
First woman to win a Nobel Prize
Blaise PascalBlaise Pascal
19 June 1623
French Mathematician, Physicist, Inventor, Writer

Pierre CuriePierre Curie
15 May 1859
Nobel Laureate in Physics

Louis de BroglieLouis de Broglie
15 August 1892
Physicist

Joseph FourierJoseph Fourier
21 March 1768
Mathematician & Physicist

Henri BecquerelHenri Becquerel
15 December 1852
Physicist, Discoverer of Radioactivity
Frédéric Joliot-CurieFrédéric Joliot-Curie
19 March 1900
Physicist

Joseph Louis Gay-LussacJoseph Louis Gay-Lussac
06 December 1778
Chemist and Physicist

Augustin-Jean FresnelAugustin-Jean Fresnel
10 May 1788
Physicist

Léon FoucaultLéon Foucault
18 September 1819
Physicist
Johann Heinrich LambertJohann Heinrich Lambert
26 August 1728
Mathematician, Physicist and Astronomer

Gabriel LippmannGabriel Lippmann
16 August 1845
Physicist & Nobel Laureate
Georges Charpak Georges Charpak
01 August 1924
Physicist

Pierre Gilles de GennesPierre-Gilles de Gennes
24 October 1932
Physicist

Claude Cohen-TannoudjiClaude Cohen-Tannoudji
01 April 1933
Physicist
Jean Baptiste PerrinJean Baptiste Perrin
30 September 1870
Physicist

Andre Marie AmpereAndre Marie Ampere
20 January 1775
Physicist and Mathematician
Louis Eugène Félix Néel Louis Néel
22 November 1904
Physicist

Alfred Kastler Alfred Kastler
03 May 1902
Physicist

Sadi CarnotSadi Carnot
01 June 1796
Physicist and Scientist
Charles Augustin De CoulombCharles Augustin De Coulomb
14 June 1736
French physicist

Jean Le Rond d’AlembertJean Le Rond d’Alembert
16 November 1717
Mathematician, Physicist, Philosopher And Musical
Jean-Paul MaratJean-Paul Marat
24 May 1743
Politician, Journalist, Physician, Physicist,

Joseph-Louis LagrangeJoseph-Louis Lagrange
25 January 1736
Mathematician, Astronomer, Physicist, Politician,

Cédric VillaniCédric Villani
05 October 1973
Mathematician, Physicist, University teacher

André-Marie AmpèreAndré-Marie Ampère
20 January 1775
French physicist
Charles-Augustin de CoulombCharles-Augustin de Coulomb
14 June 1736
Physicist
Nicolas Léonard Sadi CarnotNicolas Léonard Sadi Carnot
01 June 1796
Mathematician, Physicist, Engineer, Scientist

Siméon Denis PoissonSiméon Denis Poisson
21 June 1781
Mathematician, Astronomer, Physicist, University

François AragoFrançois Arago
26 February 1786
Astronomer, Mathematician, Physicist, Politician,

Paul LangevinPaul Langevin
23 January 1872
Physicist, Professor, Chemist, Philosopher of
Lazare CarnotLazare Carnot
13 May 1753
Mathematician, Politician, Engineer, Officer,

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Joseph BlackJoseph Black
16 April 1728
Chemist, Physicist, Scientist, University teacher

Marin MersenneMarin Mersenne
08 September 1588
Philosopher, Theologian, Mathematician,

Jacques CharlesJacques Charles
12 November 1746
Physicist, Chemist, Inventor, Balloonist,

Gaspard MongeGaspard Monge
09 May 1746
Mathematician, Politician, Physicist, University
Serge HarocheSerge Haroche
11 September 1944
Physicist, University teacher

Claude-Louis NavierClaude-Louis Navier
10 February 1785
physicist, economist, mathematician, engineer of
Alain AspectAlain Aspect
15 June 1947
Physicist

Jean-Baptiste BiotJean-Baptiste Biot
21 April 1774
Mathematician, Physicist, Astronomer, Civil

Didier SornetteDidier Sornette
25 June 1957
Physicist, Economist
Peter GrünbergPeter Grünberg
18 May 1939
Physicist, University teacher

Jean Léonard Marie PoiseuilleJean Léonard Marie Poiseuille
22 April 1797
Physician, Physicist, Mathematician
Albert FertAlbert Fert
07 March 1938
Physicist, University teacher

Hippolyte FizeauHippolyte Fizeau
23 September 1819
Physicist, Astronomer

Georges ClaudeGeorges Claude
24 September 1870
Chemist, Physicist, Engineer, Inventor

Antoine Henri BecquerelAntoine Henri Becquerel
15 December 1852
 

Felix SavartFelix Savart
30 June 1791
 
Louis Eugène Félix NéelLouis Eugène Félix Néel
22 November 1904
physicist

Armand-Hippolyte-Louis FizeauArmand-Hippolyte-Louis Fizeau
23 September 1819
 

Jean-Bernard-Léon FoucaultJean-Bernard-Léon Foucault
18 September 1819