European nations such as France have undoubtedly contributed in a great way towards the evolution of science over the years. Many physicists and researchers from the nation have been applauded by the world for their achievements in the field of science. Some of the French Physicists, such as Alexandre-Edmond Becquerel had struck gold even in the early years of the 20th century with the phenomenal discovery of the ‘Photovoltaic effect’, the principle behind the functioning of the solar cell. The world-renowned physicist Madame Curie, who became a citizen of France at a later part of her life, also made the country proud by bagging the prestigious ‘Nobel’ prize for her work related to radioactivity. The contributions of most of these eminent individuals range from magnetism and electricity to optics, and are one of the prime reasons behind the technological sophistication that we see today. Explore this space for the biographies of some of the most famous French physicists who have left an indelible mark on the world of science and technology. Read on and find out all about their life stories, timelines and also acquaint yourself with a few interesting facts & trivia related to their lives.

Blaise PascalBlaise Pascal

19 June 1623

Pierre CuriePierre Curie

15 May 1859

Louis de BroglieLouis de Broglie

15 August 1892

Joseph FourierJoseph Fourier

21 March 1768

Joseph Louis Gay-LussacJoseph Louis Gay-Lussac

06 December 1778

Henri BecquerelHenri Becquerel

15 December 1852

Léon FoucaultLéon Foucault

18 September 1819

Gabriel LippmannGabriel Lippmann

16 August 1845

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Andre Marie AmpereAndre Marie Ampere

20 January 1775

Jean Baptiste PerrinJean Baptiste Perrin

30 September 1870

Georges Charpak Georges Charpak

01 August 1924

Louis Eugène Félix Néel Louis Néel

22 November 1904

Alfred Kastler Alfred Kastler

03 May 1902

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Sadi CarnotSadi Carnot

01 June 1796

Jean-Paul MaratJean-Paul Marat

24 May 1743

Joseph-Louis LagrangeJoseph-Louis Lagrange

25 January 1736

Cédric VillaniCédric Villani

05 October 1973

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André-Marie AmpèreAndré-Marie Ampère

20 January 1775

Nicolas Léonard Sadi CarnotNicolas Léonard Sadi Carnot

01 June 1796

Charles-Augustin de CoulombCharles-Augustin de Coulomb

14 June 1736

Jacques CharlesJacques Charles

12 November 1746

Siméon Denis PoissonSiméon Denis Poisson

21 June 1781

Paul LangevinPaul Langevin

23 January 1872

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François AragoFrançois Arago

26 February 1786

Joseph BlackJoseph Black

16 April 1728

Lazare CarnotLazare Carnot

13 May 1753

Marin MersenneMarin Mersenne

08 September 1588

Claude-Louis NavierClaude-Louis Navier

10 February 1785

Gaspard MongeGaspard Monge

09 May 1746

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Serge HarocheSerge Haroche

11 September 1944

Alain AspectAlain Aspect

15 June 1947

Jean-Baptiste BiotJean-Baptiste Biot

21 April 1774

Peter GrünbergPeter Grünberg

18 May 1939

Jean Léonard Marie PoiseuilleJean Léonard Marie Poiseuille

22 April 1797

Albert FertAlbert Fert

07 March 1938

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Hippolyte FizeauHippolyte Fizeau

23 September 1819

Georges ClaudeGeorges Claude

24 September 1870

Didier SornetteDidier Sornette

25 June 1957

Antoine Henri BecquerelAntoine Henri Becquerel

15 December 1852

Felix SavartFelix Savart

30 June 1791

Louis Eugène Félix NéelLouis Eugène Félix Néel

22 November 1904

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Armand-Hippolyte-Louis FizeauArmand-Hippolyte-Louis Fizeau

23 September 1819

Jean-Bernard-Léon FoucaultJean-Bernard-Léon Foucault

18 September 1819