Famous French Biologists

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 1 
Jean-Baptiste Lamarck
(Naturalist and Biologist Best Known for Proposing that Acquired Characteristics can be Inherited.)
Jean-Baptiste Lamarck
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Birthdate: August 1, 1744
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Bazentin, France
Died: December 18, 1829

French biologist Jean-Baptiste Lamarck acquired his love for plants while serving as a soldier in the French army. Following an injury, he quit his military career but retained his love for botany. He later taught zoology, studied the classification of invertebrates, and also coined the term biology.

 2 
Pierre Joliot
(French Biologist)
Pierre Joliot
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Birthdate: March 12, 1932
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Paris, France

Pierre Joliot is a French biologist best known for his research work at the French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS). From 1985 to 1986, he served as the scientific advisor to the then prime minister of France.

 3 
Claude Bernard
(Physiologist)
Claude Bernard
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Birthdate: July 12, 1813
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Saint-Julien, France
Died: February 10, 1878

Claude Bernard was a French physiologist whose scientific experiments led to several important discoveries. He is credited with coining the phrase milieu intérieur, which refers to the extracellular fluid (ECF) environment. He also pioneered the use of a blinded experiment to eliminate various experimental biases.

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 4 
Alexis Carrel
(Surgeon, Biologist)
Alexis Carrel
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Birthdate: June 28, 1873
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Sainte-Foy-lès-Lyon, Rhône, France
Died: November 5, 1944
Nobel Prize-winning French biologist and surgeon Alexis Carrel is remembered for developing a method to suture blood vessels with minimum stitches, to repair them. He also successfully kept tissues alive outside the body for 30 years, in an innovative tissue culture experiment, and worked on organ transplantation.
 5 
Charles Lucien Bonaparte
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Birthdate: May 24, 1803
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: July 29, 1857
 6 
Sergei Winogradsky
(Russian Microbiologist and Ecologist Who Pioneered the Concept of the Cycle of Life)
Sergei Winogradsky
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Birthdate: September 1, 1856
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Kiev, Ukraine
Died: February 25, 1953
 7 
Françoise Barré-Sinoussi
(Virologist, Co-discoverer of HIV)
Françoise Barré-Sinoussi
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Birthdate: July 30, 1947
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Paris, France
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 8 
Jacques Monod
(Biologist)
Jacques Monod
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Birthdate: February 9, 1910
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Paris
Died: May 31, 1976

Jacques Monod was a French biochemist known for his collaborative work with biologist François Jacob and microbiologist André Lwoff on the genetic control of enzyme and virus synthesis. The three men were jointly awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1965. Monod is also widely regarded as one of the founders of molecular biology. 

 9 
Jean-Henri Fabre
(Entomologist)
Jean-Henri Fabre
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Birthdate: December 21, 1823
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Saint-Leons, France
Died: October 11, 1915
 10 
François Jacob
(Biologist)
François Jacob
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Birthdate: June 17, 1920
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Nancy, France
Died: April 19, 2013

Nobel Prize-winning French biologist François Jacob is remembered for his discovery of operons, or regulator genes, with Jacques Monod. He had also been part of the French army during World War II. Though initially interested in physics and math, he later took up medicine to avoid a strict regime.

 11 
Jean Rostand
(Biologist)
Jean Rostand
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Birthdate: October 30, 1894
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: September 4, 1977
 12 
Alain Bombard
(Biologist)
Alain Bombard
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Birthdate: October 27, 1924
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: July 19, 2005
 13 
Jules A. Hoffmann
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Birthdate: August 2, 1941
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Echternach, Luxembourg
 14 
Roger Guillemin
(French-American Neuroscientist Who Won the Nobel Prize for Medicine in 1977)
Roger Guillemin
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Birthdate: January 11, 1924
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Dijon, France

Roger Guillemin is a French-American neuroscientist. He is best known for his work on neurohormones, which earned him the prestigious Nobel Prize for Medicine in 1977. Guillemin is also the recipient of other prominent awards such as the National Medal of Science, Albert Lasker Award for Basic Medical Research, and Passano Award in Medical Sciences.

 15 
Bernard Germain de Lacépède
(French Naturalist Known for Continuing Comte de Buffon's Encyclopaedic Collection 'Histoire Naturelle')
Bernard Germain de Lacépède
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Birthdate: December 26, 1756
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Agen, France
Died: October 6, 1825
René Antoine Ferchault de Réaumur
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Birthdate: February 28, 1683
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: La Rochelle
Died: October 17, 1757
 17 
Henri Laborit
(Surgeon)
Henri Laborit
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Birthdate: November 21, 1914
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Hanoi, Vietnam
Died: May 18, 1995
 18 
Félix Dujardin
(Biologist)
Félix Dujardin
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Birthdate: April 5, 1801
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Tours, France
Died: April 8, 1860
 19 
André Lwoff
(Microbiologist)
André Lwoff
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Birthdate: May 8, 1902
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Ainay-le-Château, Allier, Auvergne, France
Died: September 30, 1994
 20 
Jeanne Villepreux-Power
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Birthdate: September 24, 1794
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Juillac, France
Died: January 25, 1871
 21 
Antoine de Jussieu
(French Botanist Who Founded a Natural System of Plant Classification)
Antoine de Jussieu
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Birthdate: July 6, 1686
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Lyon, France
Died: April 22, 1758
 22 
Maurice Caullery
(Biologist)
Maurice Caullery
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Birthdate: September 5, 1868
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Bergues, France
Died: July 13, 1958