Famous French Biologists

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

Vote for Your Favourite French Biologists

 1 Louis Pasteur

Louis Pasteur.
4
Famous As: Chemist and Microbiologist
Birthdate: December 27, 1822
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Dole, Jura, Franche-Comté, France
Died: September 28, 1895
Considered one of the founders of bacteriology, Louis Pasteur created vaccines for anthrax and rabies, and invented the process of heating food and wine to kill microbes that cause contamination, which was named pasteurization after him. Known as the “father of microbiology,” he also founded the Pasteur Institute in Paris.  

 2 Antoine Lavoisier

Antoine Lavoisier.
4
Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: August 26, 1743
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: May 8, 1794

Antoine Lavoisier was a French chemist and nobleman. He played a crucial role during the chemical revolution of the 18th-century. Widely regarded as the father of modern chemistry, Lavoisier had a major influence on the history of biology as well as the history of chemistry. He also helped build the metric system. 

Recommended Lists:

 3 Jean-Baptiste Lamarck

Jean-Baptiste Lamarck.
4
Famous As: Naturalist
Birthdate: August 1, 1744
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Bazentin, France
Died: December 18, 1829

French biologist Jean-Baptiste Lamarck acquired his love for plants while serving as a soldier in the French army. Following an injury, he quit his military career but retained his love for botany. He later taught zoology, studied the classification of invertebrates, and also coined the term biology.

 4 Luc Montagnier

Luc Montagnier.
4
Famous As: Physician, Biologist, Virologist, Researcher, Professor, Scientist
Birthdate: August 18, 1932
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Chabris

French virologist Luc Montagnier is known for discovering the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) which led him to jointly receive the 2008 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. Montagnier also made headlines promoting controversial and unverified claims related to vaccinations, homeopathy and COVID-19 pandemic, which he argued as man-made and possibly a result of an attempt to create an HIV/AIDS vaccine.

 5 Pierre Joliot

Pierre Joliot.
3
Famous As: Biologist, Biochemist, Professor
Birthdate: March 12, 1932
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: 6th arrondissement of Paris

 6 Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon

Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon.
3
Famous As: Naturalist
Birthdate: September 7, 1707
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Montbard, France
Died: April 16, 1788

Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon was a French mathematician, encyclopédiste, cosmologist, and naturalist. He is best known for authoring and publishing Histoire Naturelle, an encyclopaedic collection of 36 volumes, which he worked on for 50 years. His work had a strong influence on two subsequent generations of naturalists, including popular French scientists like Georges Cuvier and Jean-Baptiste Lamarck.

 7 Claude Bernard

Claude Bernard.
3
Famous As: Physiologist
Birthdate: July 12, 1813
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Saint-Julien, France
Died: February 10, 1878

Claude Bernard was a French physiologist whose scientific experiments led to several important discoveries. He is credited with coining the phrase milieu intérieur, which refers to the extracellular fluid (ECF) environment. He also pioneered the use of a blinded experiment to eliminate various experimental biases.

You May Like

 8 Alexis Carrel

Alexis Carrel.
3
Famous As: Surgeon, Biologist
Birthdate: June 28, 1873
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Sainte-Foy-lès-Lyon, Rhône, France
Died: November 5, 1944
Nobel Prize-winning French biologist and surgeon Alexis Carrel is remembered for developing a method to suture blood vessels with minimum stitches, to repair them. He also successfully kept tissues alive outside the body for 30 years, in an innovative tissue culture experiment, and worked on organ transplantation.

 9 Charles Lucien Bonaparte

Charles Lucien Bonaparte
3
Famous As: Biologist
Birthdate: May 24, 1803
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: July 29, 1857

 10 Sergei Winogradsky

Sergei Winogradsky
2
Famous As: Microbiologist
Birthdate: September 1, 1856
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Kiev, Ukraine
Died: February 25, 1953

 11 Françoise Barré-Sinoussi

Françoise Barré-Sinoussi
3
Famous As: Virologist
Birthdate: July 30, 1947
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Paris

 12 Jacques Monod

Jacques Monod.
3
Famous As: Biologist
Birthdate: February 9, 1910
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Paris
Died: May 31, 1976

Jacques Monod was a French biochemist known for his collaborative work with biologist François Jacob and microbiologist André Lwoff on the genetic control of enzyme and virus synthesis. The three men were jointly awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1965. Monod is also widely regarded as one of the founders of molecular biology. 

 13 Jean-Henri Fabre

Jean-Henri Fabre
2
Famous As: Entomologist
Birthdate: December 21, 1823
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Saint-Leons, France
Died: October 11, 1915

 14 François Jacob

François Jacob.
2
Famous As: Biologist
Birthdate: June 17, 1920
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Nancy, France
Died: April 19, 2013

Nobel Prize-winning French biologist François Jacob is remembered for his discovery of operons, or regulator genes, with Jacques Monod. He had also been part of the French army during World War II. Though initially interested in physics and math, he later took up medicine to avoid a strict regime.

 15 Jean Rostand

Jean Rostand
2
Famous As: Biologist
Birthdate: October 30, 1894
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: September 4, 1977

 16 Alain Bombard

Alain Bombard
2
Famous As: Biologist
Birthdate: October 27, 1924
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: July 19, 2005

 17 Roger Guillemin

Roger Guillemin.
2
Famous As: Physiologist
Birthdate: January 11, 1924
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Dijon, France

 18 Jules A. Hoffmann

Jules A. Hoffmann
2
Famous As: Biologist
Birthdate: August 2, 1941
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Echternach, Luxembourg

 19 René Antoine Ferchault de Réaumur

René Antoine Ferchault de Réaumur
2
Famous As: Entomologist
Birthdate: February 28, 1683
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: La Rochelle
Died: October 17, 1757

 20 Bernard Germain de Lacépède

Bernard Germain de Lacépède
1
Famous As: Naturalist
Birthdate: December 26, 1756
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Agen, France
Died: October 6, 1825

 21 Charles Nicolle

Charles Nicolle.
1
Famous As: Bacteriologist
Birthdate: September 21, 1866
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Rouen, France
Died: February 28, 1936

 22 Henri Laborit

Henri Laborit
1
Famous As: Surgeon
Birthdate: November 21, 1914
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Hanoi, Vietnam
Died: May 18, 1995

 23 Félix Dujardin

Félix Dujardin
1
Famous As: Biologist
Birthdate: April 5, 1801
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Tours, France
Died: April 8, 1860

 24 André Lwoff

André Lwoff.
1
Famous As: Microbiologist
Birthdate: May 8, 1902
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Ainay-le-Château, Allier, Auvergne, France
Died: September 30, 1994

 25 Jeanne Villepreux-Power

Jeanne Villepreux-Power
1
Famous As: Biologist
Birthdate: September 24, 1794
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Juillac, France
Died: January 25, 1871

 26 Antoine de Jussieu

Antoine de Jussieu
0
Famous As: Plant biologist
Birthdate: July 6, 1686
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Lyon, France
Died: April 22, 1758

 27 Maurice Caullery

Maurice Caullery
0
Famous As: Biologist
Birthdate: September 5, 1868
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Bergues, France
Died: July 13, 1958