Famous French Chemists

Modern chemistry wouldn’t have been as it is today had it not been for the French chemist Antoine Lavoisier, father of modern chemistry. The nobleman from France executed a strong influence on chemistry and was responsible for the chemical revolution of the 18th century. But that isn’t all while talking of French chemists. Remember Marie Curie and her pioneering research work on radioactivity? She too was a French chemist. Who can forget Joseph Louis Gay Lussac who let the world know that water was made up of two parts of hydrogen and one part of oxygen! He also gave the world the two laws related to gases and did revolutionary work on alcohol-water mixtures. Had it not been for French chemist Louis Pasteur, vaccinations, microbial fermentation and pasteurization would have been unheard of concepts. Other prominent French chemists include Auguste Laurent who helped in founding organic chemistry, Nobel laureate Pierre Curie and his work on crystallography, magnetism and radioactivity, Henry Louis Chatelier and his Le Chatelier principle and so on. French chemists have contributed greatly to the field of chemistry through their ground-breaking discoveries and research wok. Browse through this segment and know more about famous French Chemists.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Marie Curie

Marie Curie
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Famous As: First woman to win a Nobel Prize
Birthdate: November 7, 1867
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: French, Polish
Died: July 4, 1934
Amongst the most notable scientists of her time, the first woman to win a Nobel Prize, the sole person to win two Nobel Prize in two different category, and the first woman professor at the University of Paris—Marie Curie’s list of achievements is incredible. She did extensive research in the field of radioactivity and discovered polonium and radium.

 2 Louis Pasteur

Louis Pasteur
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Famous As: Chemist and Microbiologist
Birthdate: December 27, 1822
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: French
Died: September 28, 1895
Considered one of the founders of bacteriology, Louis Pasteur created vaccines for anthrax and rabies, and invented the process of heating food and wine to kill microbes that cause contamination, which was named pasteurization after him. Known as the “father of microbiology,” he also founded the Pasteur Institute in Paris.  
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 3 Irène Joliot-Curie

Irène Joliot-Curie
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: September 12, 1897
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: French
Died: March 17, 1956

Marie Curie and Pierre Curie’s daughter, Irène Joliot-Curie, herself a brilliant scientist, won the 1935 Nobel Prize in Chemistry, along with her husband, Joliot-Curie, for discovering artificial radioactivity. She was also one of the first three female French government members. She tragically died of leukemia caused by exposure to radiation.

 4 Antoine Lavoisier

Antoine Lavoisier
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: August 26, 1743
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: French
Died: May 8, 1794

Antoine Lavoisier was a French chemist and nobleman. He played a crucial role during the chemical revolution of the 18th-century. Widely regarded as the father of modern chemistry, Lavoisier had a major influence on the history of biology as well as the history of chemistry. He also helped build the metric system. 

 5 Éleuthère Irénée du Pont

Éleuthère Irénée du Pont
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: June 24, 1771
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: French, American
Died: October 31, 1834

 6 Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac

Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac
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Famous As: Chemist and Physicist
Birthdate: December 6, 1778
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: French
Died: May 9, 1850

Known for his pathbreaking Gay-Lussac's Law, French chemist-physicist Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac was also the first, along with his colleague Alexander von Humboldt, to discover that water is composed of one part of oxygen and two parts of hydrogen. His name is one of the 72 that adorn the Eiffel Tower.

 7 Paul Langevin

Paul Langevin
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Famous As: Physicist, Professor, Chemist, Philosopher of science, Educationist, Non-fiction writer
Birthdate: January 23, 1872
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: French
Died: December 19, 1946
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 8 Jacques Charles

Jacques Charles
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Famous As: Physicist, Chemist, Inventor, Balloonist, Mathematician
Birthdate: November 12, 1746
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: French
Died: April 7, 1823

 9 Joseph Proust

Joseph Proust
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: September 26, 1754
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: French
Died: July 5, 1826

 10 Jean-Pierre Sauvage

Jean-Pierre Sauvage
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: October 21, 1944
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: French

 11 Michel Eugène Chevreul

Michel Eugène Chevreul
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: August 31, 1786
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: French
Died: April 9, 1889

 12 Henri Moissan

Henri Moissan
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: September 28, 1852
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: French
Died: February 20, 1907

Henri Moissan was a French chemist and pharmacist. He is best known for his work in isolating fluorine from its compounds, an achievement that earned him the 1906 Nobel Prize in Chemistry. He was one of the original members of the International Atomic Weights Committee. He also made significant contributions to the production of artificial diamonds.

 13 Victor Grignard

François Auguste Victor Grignard
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: May 6, 1871
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: French
Died: December 13, 1935

 14 Marcellin Berthelot

Marcellin Berthelot
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: October 25, 1827
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: French
Died: March 18, 1907

 15 Georges Claude

Georges Claude
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Famous As: Chemist, Physicist, Engineer, Inventor
Birthdate: September 24, 1870
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: French
Died: May 23, 1960

 16 Jean-Marie Lehn

Jean-Marie Lehn
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: September 30, 1939
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: French

 17 Henri Louis Le Chatelier

Henri Louis Le Chatelier
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: October 8, 1850
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: French
Died: September 17, 1936

 18 Jean-Baptiste Dumas

Jean-Baptiste Dumas
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: July 14, 1800
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: French
Died: April 10, 1884

 19 Paul Sabatier

Paul Sabatier
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: November 5, 1854
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: French
Died: August 14, 1941

Paul Sabatier was a French chemist known for his work improving the hydrogenation of organic species in the presence of metals. Along with Victor Grignard, he was jointly awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1912. He is also remembered for developing what is now known as the Sabatier process and the Sabatier principle of catalysis. 

 20 Claude-Louis Berthollet

Claude-Louis Berthollet
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: December 9, 1748
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: French
Died: November 6, 1822

 21 Louis Nicolas Vauquelin

Louis Nicolas Vauquelin
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Famous As: Pharmacist
Birthdate: May 16, 1763
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: French
Died: November 14, 1829

 22 Charles Frédéric Gerhardt

Charles Frédéric Gerhardt
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Famous As: French chemist
Birthdate: August 21, 1816
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: French
Died: August 19, 1856

 23 Charles Friedel

Charles Friedel
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: March 12, 1832
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: French
Died: April 20, 1899

 24 Bernard Courtois

Bernard Courtois
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: February 8, 1777
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: French
Died: September 27, 1838

 25 Louis-Sébastien Lenormand

Louis-Sébastien Lenormand
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: May 25, 1757
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: French
Died: April 4, 1837

 26 Henri-Victor Regnault

Henri-Victor Regnault
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: July 21, 1810
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: German, French
Died: January 19, 1878

 27 Alexandre-Théophile Vandermonde

Alexandre-Théophile Vandermonde
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Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: February 28, 1735
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: French
Died: January 1, 1796

 28 Anselme Payen

Anselme Payen
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: January 6, 1795
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: French
Died: May 12, 1871

 29 Nicolas Leblanc

Nicolas Leblanc
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: December 6, 1742
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: French
Died: January 16, 1806

 30 Louis-Jacques Thenard

Louis-Jacques Thenard
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: May 4, 1777
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: French
Died: June 21, 1857

 31 François-Marie Raoult

François-Marie Raoult
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: May 10, 1830
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: French
Died: April 1, 1901

 32 Jean de Noailles

Jean de Noailles
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Famous As: General and Chemist
Birthdate: October 26, 1739
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: French
Died: October 20, 1824

 33 Pierre Louis Dulong

Pierre Louis Dulong
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Famous As: Physicist
Birthdate: February 12, 1785
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: French
Died: July 19, 1838

 34 Paul-Émile Lecoq de Boisbaudran

Paul-Émile Lecoq de Boisbaudran
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: April 18, 1838
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: French
Died: May 28, 1912

 35 Paul Heroult

Paul Heroult
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Famous As: Scientist
Birthdate: April 10, 1863
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: French
Died: May 9, 1914

 36 Alexandre Brongniart

Alexandre Brongniart
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: February 5, 1770
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: French
Died: October 7, 1847

 37 Jean-Baptiste Boussingault

Jean-Baptiste Boussingault
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: February 2, 1801
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: French
Died: May 11, 1887

 38 Charles-Adolphe Wurtz

Charles-Adolphe Wurtz
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: November 26, 1817
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: French
Died: May 12, 1884

 39 Antoine Jérôme Balard

Antoine Jérôme Balard
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: September 30, 1802
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: French
Died: April 30, 1876

 40 Louis-Bernard Guyton de Morveau

Louis-Bernard Guyton de Morveau
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: January 4, 1737
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: French
Died: January 2, 1816

 41 Émile Meyerson

Émile Meyerson
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Famous As: Epistemologist
Birthdate: February 12, 1859
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: French, Polish
Died: December 2, 1933

 42 Henri Étienne Sainte-Claire Deville

Henri Étienne Sainte-Claire Deville
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: March 11, 1818
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: French
Died: July 1, 1881

 43 Auguste Laurent

Auguste Laurent
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: November 14, 1807
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: French
Died: April 15, 1853

 44 Joseph Achille Le Bel

Joseph Achille Le Bel
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: January 21, 1847
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: French
Died: August 6, 1930

 45 Paul Marie Eugène Vieille

Paul Marie Eugène Vieille
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: September 2, 1854
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: French
Died: January 14, 1934

 46 Étienne François Geoffroy

Étienne François Geoffroy
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: February 13, 1672
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: French
Died: January 6, 1731

 47 Edmond Frémy

Edmond Frémy
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: February 28, 1814
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: French
Died: February 3, 1894

 48 Charles Julien Brianchon

Charles Julien Brianchon
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Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: December 19, 1783
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: French
Died: April 29, 1864

 49 Pierre-Joseph Pelletier

Pierre-Joseph Pelletier
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: March 22, 1788
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: French
Died: July 19, 1842

 50 Brigitte Boisselier

Brigitte Boisselier
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: April 3, 1956
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: French