Mathematicians, from around the globe, have played a significant role in the world development as we see it today. And French mathematicians form the nucleus of the group, for it is to them that we have the foundation of algebra, probability, statistics and calculus theory laid. Rene Descartes gave the world algebraic notations of x, y, z and a, b, c to unknown and known quantities and a theory in analytical geometry. Pierre de Fermat played an influential role in infinitesimal calculus, probability, optics and analytic geometry. It was Laplace’s work on probability and statistics theories that ignited further research. Had it not been for Blaise Pascal, we would not have the mechanical calculator that we use today in our day-to-day life! It was French mathematician, Joseph Fourier who gave the world the ‘Fourier Series’. Andre Weil was responsible for discovering the connection between number theory and algebraic geometry. Who can forget Adrien-Marie Legendre who not just invented the Legendre polynomials and Legendre transformation but worked on many important concepts in mathematics? And did you know that French mathematician Agustin Louis Cauchy first developed the rules and definition for mathematics? With this section, explore in details the life and works of French mathematicians.
Blaise PascalBlaise Pascal
19 June 1623
French Mathematician, Physicist, Inventor, Writer
Pierre-Simon LaplacePierre-Simon Laplace
23 March 1749
Scientist

Évariste GaloisÉvariste Galois
25 October 1811
Mathematician

Joseph FourierJoseph Fourier
21 March 1768
Mathematician & Physicist

Pierre de FermatPierre de Fermat
17 August 1601
Lawyer

Alexander GrothendieckAlexander Grothendieck
28 March 1928
Mathematician
Sophie GermainSophie Germain
01 April 1776
Mathematician

Augustin-Louis CauchyAugustin-Louis Cauchy
21 August 1789
Mathematician

Marquis de CondorcetMarquis de Condorcet
17 September 1743
Mathematician, Philosopher

Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de BuffonGeorges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon
07 September 1707
Naturalist
Adrien-Marie LegendreAdrien-Marie Legendre
18 September 1752
Mathematician

Johann Heinrich LambertJohann Heinrich Lambert
26 August 1728
Mathematician, Physicist and Astronomer
Joseph Louis LagrangeJoseph Louis Lagrange
25 January 1736
Mathematician and Astronomer

Charles HermiteCharles Hermite
24 December 1822
Mathematician

Andre Marie AmpereAndre Marie Ampere
20 January 1775
Physicist and Mathematician
Henri PoincareHenri Poincare
29 April 1854
Mathematician and Philosopher

René DéscartesRené Déscartes
31 March 1596
Mathematician, Philosopher and Writer
Andre WeilAndre Weil
06 May 1906
Mathematician

Jean Le Rond d’AlembertJean Le Rond d’Alembert
16 November 1717
Mathematician, Physicist, Philosopher And Musical

Benoit MandelbrotBenoit Mandelbrot
20 November 1924
Mathematician, Economist, Professor, Scientist,
Joseph-Louis LagrangeJoseph-Louis Lagrange
25 January 1736
Mathematician, Astronomer, Physicist, Politician,

Cédric VillaniCédric Villani
05 October 1973
Mathematician, Physicist, University teacher
Nicolas Léonard Sadi CarnotNicolas Léonard Sadi Carnot
01 June 1796
Mathematician, Physicist, Engineer, Scientist

Siméon Denis PoissonSiméon Denis Poisson
21 June 1781
Mathematician, Astronomer, Physicist, University

François AragoFrançois Arago
26 February 1786
Astronomer, Mathematician, Physicist, Politician,

Léon WalrasLéon Walras
16 December 1834
Economist, University teacher, Mathematician
Abraham de MoivreAbraham de Moivre
26 May 1667
Mathematician, Statistician
Mikhail Leonidovich GromovMikhail Leonidovich Gromov
23 December 1943
Mathematician, University teacher

Lazare CarnotLazare Carnot
13 May 1753
Mathematician, Politician, Engineer, Officer,

Jean-Pierre SerreJean-Pierre Serre
15 September 1926
Mathematician, Topologist, Professor

Pierre GassendiPierre Gassendi
22 January 1592
Philosopher, Mathematician, Astronomer, Professor,
Marin MersenneMarin Mersenne
08 September 1588
Philosopher, Theologian, Mathematician,

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Jacques CharlesJacques Charles
12 November 1746
Physicist, Chemist, Inventor, Balloonist,

Urbain Le VerrierUrbain Le Verrier
11 March 1811
Astronomer, Mathematician, Politician

Gaspard MongeGaspard Monge
09 May 1746
Mathematician, Politician, Physicist, University

Jacques HadamardJacques Hadamard
08 December 1865
Mathematician, Professor
Jean Sylvain BaillyJean Sylvain Bailly
15 September 1736
Astronomer, Politician, Mathematician

Serge LangSerge Lang
19 May 1927
Mathematician
Raymond QueneauRaymond Queneau
21 February 1903
Poet, Playwright, Novelist, Writer, Screenwriter,

François VièteFrançois Viète
1540 AD
French mathematician

Henri LebesgueHenri Lebesgue
28 June 1875
Mathematician, Professor
Jacques TitsJacques Tits
12 August 1930
Mathematician, University teacher, Professor

Antoine Augustin CournotAntoine Augustin Cournot
 
Maxim KontsevichMaxim Kontsevich
25 August 1964
Mathematician, Topologist

Camille JordanCamille Jordan
05 January 1838
Mathematician, Engineer, Professor

Laurent SchwartzLaurent Schwartz
05 March 1915
Mathematician, University teacher, Entomologist

Pierre Louis MaupertuisPierre Louis Maupertuis
17 July 1698
astronomer, philosopher, mathematician, physicist

Louis BachelierLouis Bachelier
11 March 1870
Mathematician, Economist, Non-fiction writer
Alain ConnesAlain Connes
01 April 1947
Mathematician, Professor

Jean-Baptiste BiotJean-Baptiste Biot
21 April 1774
Mathematician, Physicist, Astronomer, Civil

Bernard Le Bovier de FontenelleBernard Le Bovier de Fontenelle
11 February 1657
Philosopher, Poet, Writer, Playwright, Satirist,

Joseph LiouvilleJoseph Liouville
 
René ThomRené Thom
02 September 1923
Mathematician, University teacher

Jean Léonard Marie PoiseuilleJean Léonard Marie Poiseuille
22 April 1797
Physician, Physicist, Mathematician
Alexis ClairautAlexis Clairaut
 

Charles Marie de La CondamineCharles Marie de La Condamine
 

Pierre BézierPierre Bézier
01 September 1910
Engineer, Mathematician, Computer scientist
Gaspard-Gustave de CoriolisGaspard-Gustave de Coriolis
 

Augustin Louis CauchyAugustin Louis Cauchy
21 August 1789
Mathematician
Michel ChaslesMichel Chasles
 

Olinde RodriguesOlinde Rodrigues
 

Pierre BouguerPierre Bouguer
 
Michel RolleMichel Rolle
 

Jean-Victor PonceletJean-Victor Poncelet
 
Jean-Robert ArgandJean-Robert Argand
 

Jacques Philippe Marie BinetJacques Philippe Marie Binet
 

Gabriel LaméGabriel Lamé
 

Jean-Charles de BordaJean-Charles de Borda
 
Jacques Charles François SturmJacques Charles François Sturm
 
Alexandre-Théophile VandermondeAlexandre-Théophile Vandermonde
 

Jean Baptiste Joseph DelambreJean Baptiste Joseph Delambre
 

Giovanni CassiniGiovanni Cassini
08 June 1625
 

Gaspard-Gustave CoriolisGaspard-Gustave Coriolis
21 May 1792
Mathematician
Joseph SauveurJoseph Sauveur
 

Gaspard de PronyGaspard de Prony
 

Gérard DesarguesGérard Desargues
21 February 1591
French mathematician

Pope Silvester IIPope Silvester II
0946 AD
Pope

Ngo Bao ChauNgo Bao Chau
28 June 1972
Mathematician
Alexis ClairaultAlexis Clairault
30 April 1713
French mathematician

Jean-Gaston DarbouxJean-Gaston Darboux
14 August 1842
Mathematician
Édouard LucasÉdouard Lucas
 

Élie CartanÉlie Cartan
 

Émile BorelÉmile Borel
07 January 1871
Mathematician, Politician, University teacher
Émile PicardÉmile Picard
 

Émilie du ChâteletÉmilie du Châtelet