Famous People Who Died In 1934

Discover the most famous people died who died in the year 1934. This list includes people like Marie Curie, John Dillinger, Baby Face Nelson, Lev Vygotsky, Fritz Haber and many more. This list of celebrities is loosely sorted by popularity. People featured on this list, include political leaders, military leaders, composers and presidents who died in 1934. This list includes people from United States, United Kingdom, Germany & France and many more countries.
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 1 
Marie Curie
(The First Woman to Win a Nobel Prize)
Marie Curie
134
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: November 7, 1867
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Warsaw, Poland
Died: July 4
Amongst the most notable scientists of her time, the first woman to win a Nobel Prize, the sole person to win two Nobel Prize in two different category, and the first woman professor at the University of Paris—Marie Curie’s list of achievements is incredible. She did extensive research in the field of radioactivity and discovered polonium and radium.
 2 
Edward Elgar
(Composer)
Edward Elgar
6
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: June 2, 1857
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Broadheath, England
Died: February 23
 3 
Lev Vygotsky
(Soviet Psychologist Known for His Work on Psychological Development in Children)
Lev Vygotsky
8
Birthdate: November 17, 1896
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Orsha, Belarus
Died: June 11

Lev Vygotsky was a Soviet psychologist best remembered for his groundbreaking work on developmental psychology in children. He is also remembered for his work on the relationship between thought and language, which remains influential to this day. A man with various interests, Vygotsky's work covered topics like the philosophy of science and the psychology of art.

 4 
Fritz Haber
(Chemist)
Fritz Haber
10
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: December 9, 1868
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Wrocław
Died: January 29

Fritz Haber was a German chemist who was honored with the prestigious Nobel Prize in Chemistry for inventing the Haber-Bosch process. The process is used widely to synthesize ammonia from hydrogen gas and nitrogen gas. For his pioneering work in weaponizing poisonous gases like chlorine during World War I, Haber is referred to as the father of chemical warfare.

 5 
Paul von Hindenburg
(President of Germany (1925-1934))
Paul von Hindenburg
12
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: October 2, 1847
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Poznań, Poland
Died: August 2
Paul von Hindenburg served as the second president of the German Weimar Republic, from 1925 to 1934. In 1933, he appointed Adolf Hitler as the Chancellor of Germany, and also signed the Enabling Act, which gave Hitler total administrative powers. Following his death, Hitler declared himself the Führer.
 6 
Gregor Strasser
(Politician, Pharmacist)
Gregor Strasser
1
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: May 31, 1892
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Geisenfeld
Died: July 1
 7 
Engelbert Dollfuss
(Politician, Diplomat, Lawyer)
Engelbert Dollfuss
5
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: October 4, 1892
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Texingtal
Died: July 25

Engelbert Dollfuss was an Austrian politician best remembered for his service as Chancellor of Austria from 1932 to 1934. In 1933, Dollfuss assumed dictatorial powers after dissolving the parliament. He then went on to ban the Austrian Nazi Party and strengthened his own political organization, The Fatherland Front. Engelbert Dollfuss was assassinated by Nazi agents in 1934.

 8 
Gustav Holst
(Was an English Composer)
Gustav Holst
6
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: September 21, 1874
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Cheltenham, United Kingdom
Died: May 25
 9 
Nestor Makhno
(Ukrainian Anarchist Revolutionary and the Commander of the Revolutionary Insurgent Army of Ukraine)
Nestor Makhno
21
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: November 7, 1888
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Hulyaipole, Ukraine
Died: July 25
Remembered for his guerrilla tactics, his Robin Hood image, and his Black Army that kept the Red and White armies away from a part of Ukraine, Nestor Makhno lost his father as an infant. He began working on farms at age 7 and grew up to be an anarchist revolutionary. 
 10 
Kurt von Schleicher
(German General and the Last Chancellor of Germany—Before Adolf Hitler—During the Weimar Republic)
Kurt von Schleicher
13
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: April 7, 1882
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Brandenburg, Germany
Died: June 30

German general Kurt von Schleicher was the last Chancellor of the German Reich, or Weimar Republic, before Adolf Hitler came to power. He was killed on Hitler’s orders during the purge called the Night of the Long Knives. He had attempted to form an anti-Hitler coalition called the Querfront.

 11 
Santiago Ramón y Cajal
(Father of Modern Neuroscience)
Santiago Ramón y Cajal
1
Listed In: Physicians
Birthdate: May 1, 1852
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Petilla de Aragón, Navarre, Spain
Died: October 18

While he apprenticed as a cobbler and a barber in childhood, Santiago Ramón y Cajal later took up medicine inspired by his father, a professor of anatomy. Cajal’s study of the microscopic structure of the human brain later formed the basis of neuroscience and earned him a Nobel Prize.

 12 
Edmond James de Rothschild
(Businessperson)
Edmond James de Rothschild
14
Listed In: Business People
Birthdate: August 19, 1845
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Boulogne-Billancourt, France
Died: November 2

Edmond James de Rothschild was a French businessman with deep connections to the Rothschild banking family. He was a strong supporter of Zionism and donated significant amounts that went towards the establishment of the State of Israel. He also provided funds for the foundation of the Friends of the French National Museum of Natural History Society. 

 13 
Albert I of Belgium
(Former King of the Belgians (1909 - 1934))
Albert I of Belgium
11
Birthdate: April 8, 1875
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Brussels, Belgium
Died: February 17

Albert I of Belgium ruled as King of the Belgians for over 25 years from 1909 to 1934. He played a crucial role during World War I, for which he is often referred to as the Soldier King or Knight King in Belgium. A renowned alpinist, Albert died in a mountaineering accident and his death was mourned around the world.

 14 
Kate Sheppard
(The Most Prominent Member of the Women's Suffrage Movement in New Zealand)
Kate Sheppard
13
Listed In: Activists
Birthdate: March 10, 1847
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Liverpool, England
Died: July 13

Born in England and educated in Scotland, Kate Sheppard later moved with her family to New Zealand. A fiery feminist, she led the WCTU women’s suffrage campaign, making New Zealand the first country that granted its women the right to vote. She also encouraged women to participate in physical activities.

 15 
Marie Dressler
(Actress, Comedian and Early Silent Film and Depression-Era Film Star)
Marie Dressler
0
Birthdate: November 9, 1868
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Cobourg, Canada
Died: July 28

Marie Dressler was a Canadian comedian and actress. A major film star during the Depression-era, Dressler received the 1931 Academy Award for Best Actress for her portrayal of Min Divot in the 1930 American comedy-drama film, Min and Bill. Her life and career inspired a play titled Queen Marie, which was written by Shirley Barrie.

 16 
Frederick Delius
0
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: January 29, 1862
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Bradford, England
Died: June 10
 17 
Augusto César Sandino
(Nicaraguan Revolutionary Who Fought Against the United States Occupation of Nicaragua)
Augusto César Sandino
6
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: May 18, 1895
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Niquinohomo, Nicaragua
Died: February 21

Augusto César Sandino was a Nicaraguan revolutionary. From 1927 to 1933, Sandino led a rebellion against the United States occupation of Nicaragua, due to which he was lauded as a hero throughout Latin America. Although the US government labeled him a bandit, Sandino went on to become a symbol of resistance and is revered as a national hero in Nicaragua.

 18 
Alice Liddell
(British Woman Who Was an Acquaintance and Photography Subject of 'Lewis Carroll')
Alice Liddell
2
Listed In: Fashion
Birthdate: May 4, 1852
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Westminster, London, England
Died: November 16

One of the 10 children of the dean of Christ Church, Henry Liddell, Alice Liddell was about 5 when she met mathematician Charles Lutwidge Dodgson, better known as author Lewis Carroll. It is believed she was the inspiration behind Carroll’s iconic creation Alice's Adventures in Wonderland.

 19 
Franklin Clarence Mars
(Businessperson)
Franklin Clarence Mars
2
Listed In: Business People
Birthdate: September 24, 1883
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Newport, Minnesota, United States
Died: April 8
 20 
Marinus van der Lubbe
(Politician, Trade unionist)
Marinus van der Lubbe
1
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: January 13, 1909
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Leiden
Died: January 10
 21 
John McGraw
(Baseball player)
John McGraw
0
Listed In: Sportspersons
Birthdate: April 7, 1873
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Truxton, New York, United States
Died: February 25
 22 
Charley Patton
(Musician)
Charley Patton
0
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: 1891
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Hinds County, Mississippi, United States
Died: April 28
 23 
Winsor McCay
(American Cartoonist and Animator)
Winsor McCay
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: September 26, 1869
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Spring Lake, Michigan, United States
Died: July 26

Winsor McCay was an American animator and cartoonist. McCay is best remembered for creating the popular fictional character Little Nemo, who originated in a comic strip titled Dream of the Rarebit Fiend. Winsor McCay is credited with pioneering several animation techniques, such as inbetweening and cycling. An early animation pioneer, Winsor McCay’s work has influenced generations of illustrators and cartoonists. 

 24 
Maurice Wilson
(British Mountaineer, Aviator and Soldier)
Maurice Wilson
1
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: April 21, 1898
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Bradford, West Yorkshire, England
Died: June 1
 25 
Maggie Lena Draper Walker
(Entrepreneur)
Maggie Lena Draper Walker
0
Listed In: Business People
Birthdate: July 15, 1864
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Richmond, Virginia, U.S.
Died: December 15
 26 
Surya Sen
(Bengali Revolutionary Who Took Part in Indian Independence Movement and Led the 1930 Chittagong Armoury Raid)
Surya Sen
4
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: March 22, 1894
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Raozan Upazila, Bangladesh
Died: January 12

Surya Sen, popularly known as Master Da, was initially a school teacher in Chittagong and later an eminent freedom fighter. Best known for his association with the 1930 Chittagong armoury raid, he was later imprisoned by the British and tortured mercilessly, before being hanged to death.

 27 
Infante Gonzalo of Spain
(Infante)
Infante Gonzalo of Spain
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: October 24, 1914
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Died: August 13
 28 
Cass Gilbert
(American Architect Who Designed the Woolworth Building and the United States Supreme Court Building)
Cass Gilbert
1
Listed In: Architects
Birthdate: November 24, 1859
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Zanesville, Ohio, United States
Died: May 17
Prominent American architect, Cass Gilbert was an early proponent of skyscrapers and designed public buildings in the Beaux-Arts style. Some of his works include the United States Supreme Court building, the Woolworth Building, and the Saint Louis Art Museum and Public Library. He also planned the campuses of the Universities of Texas (Austin) and Minnesota (Minneapolis).
 29 
Wallace Thurman
(Novelist)
Wallace Thurman
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: August 16, 1902
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Salt Lake City, Utah, United States
Died: December 22
 30 
Jean Vigo
(Film director, Film editor, Screenwriter)
Jean Vigo
0
Birthdate: April 26, 1905
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Paris
Died: October 5
 31 
Frank J. Sprague
(Engineer)
Frank J. Sprague
1
Listed In: Engineers
Birthdate: July 25, 1857
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Milford
Died: October 25
 32 
François Coty
(French Businessman, Perfumer, Politician, Newspaper Publisher, and Patron of the Arts)
François Coty
0
Birthdate: May 3, 1874
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Ajaccio, France
Died: July 25
 33 
E. A. Wallis Budge
(Egyptologist)
E. A. Wallis Budge
0
Birthdate: July 27, 1857
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Bodmin, England
Died: November 23
 34 
Gustav Ritter von Kahr
(German Jurist and Politician)
Gustav Ritter von Kahr
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: November 29, 1862
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Weissenburg, Germany
Died: June 30
 35 
Oemar Said Tjokroaminoto
(A Pioneer of the Trade Union Movement in Indonesia and the Founder of Sarekat Islam)
Oemar Said Tjokroaminoto
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: August 16, 1882
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Desa Bakur, Indonesia
Died: December 17

Omar Said Tjokroaminoto led the Indonesian nationalist movement in its early years. He was also closely associated with the Sarekat Islam, or Islamic Association, through which he pioneered the trade union movement in Indonesia. The Dutch called him the Crownless King of Java. He taught Sukarno, who later married his daughter.

 36 
Elías García Martínez
(Painter)
Elías García Martínez
0
Birthdate: July 20, 1858
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Requena, Valencia, Spain
Died: August 1

Spanish painter Elías García Martínez was trained at an art academy in Barcelona and then served as a professor of ornamental and portrait painting throughout his life. One of his popular frescos in Borja, Ecce Homo, was destroyed by a woman because it needed to be restored, causing international uproar.

 37 
William Monroe Trotter
(Editor)
William Monroe Trotter
0
Listed In: Activists
Birthdate: April 7, 1872
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Chillicothe, Ohio, United States
Died: April 7
 38 
William Morris Davis
(American Geographer, Geologist. Meteorologist, and Geomorphologist)
William Morris Davis
3
Birthdate: February 12, 1850
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: February 5

William Morris Davis was an American geologist, geographer, meteorologist, and geomorphologist. Often referred to as the father of American geography, Davis is credited with founding the Association of American Geographers. He is also remembered for his association with the Geological Society of America, where he served as the president. In 1919, he was awarded the Royal Geographical Society's Gold Medal.

Alexander I of Yugoslavia
7
Birthdate: December 16, 1888
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Cetinje, Montenegro
Died: October 9

Alexander I of Yugoslavia reigned as the king of Yugoslavia from 1921 until his death in 1934. During a state visit to France, Alexander was murdered by Bulgarian Vlado Chernozemski. The assassination inspired the opening of Christopher Hyde's book, The Second Assassin. Alexander's life and career inspired a TV series titled Alexander of Yugoslavia.

 40 
Raymond Hood
(Architect)
Raymond Hood
1
Listed In: Architects
Birthdate: March 29, 1881
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Pawtucket, Rhode Island, United States
Died: August 14
Raymond Hood was an American aechitect who worked in the Neo-Gothic and Art Deco styles and is known for his outsized influence on 20th-century architecture. An early proponent of a “city of towers”, Hood advocated for larger assemblages of land. He was noted for skyscraper designs in Chicago and New York City and is known for designing Tribune Tower, Rockefeller Center, and American Radiator Building.
 41 
James Mark Baldwin
(Philosopher, Psychologist, University teacher)
James Mark Baldwin
0
Birthdate: January 12, 1861
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Columbia
Died: November 8
 42 
Prince Randian
(Actor and Circus performer)
Prince Randian
1
Birthdate: October 12, 1871
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Demerara, British Guiana
Died: December 19
 43 
Prince Alfonso, Count of Caserta
(Aristocrat)
Prince Alfonso, Count of Caserta
0
Birthdate: March 28, 1841
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Caserta, Kingdom of Two Sicilies Two Sicilies
Died: May 26
 44 
Franz Schreker
(Composer)
Franz Schreker
0
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: March 23, 1878
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Monaco
Died: March 21
 45 
Charles Francis Jenkins
(Inventor)
Charles Francis Jenkins
0
Birthdate: August 22, 1867
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Dayton
Died: June 6
 46 
Adrien de Gerlache
(Belgian Officer in the Belgian Royal Navy Who Led the Belgian Antarctic Expedition of 1897–99)
Adrien de Gerlache
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: August 2, 1866
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Hasselt, Belgium
Died: December 4

Adrien de Gerlache was a Belgian Royal Navy officer best remembered for leading the famous Belgian Antarctic Expedition of 1897–99. It was the first winter expedition to the Antarctic region and is also considered the maiden voyage of the Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration. Several geographical features like Mount Gerlache and Cape Gerlache have been named in his honor.

 47 
Fritz Gerlich
(German Historian and Journalist)
Fritz Gerlich
0
Birthdate: February 15, 1883
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: West Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland
Died: June 30
 48 
Raymond Poincaré
(President of France from 1913 to 1920)
Raymond Poincaré
1
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: August 20, 1860
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Bar-le-Duc, France
Died: October 15

Former French president and three-time prime minister Raymond Poincaré was a qualified lawyer and the co-founder of the Democratic Republican Alliance. He suggested a retrial in the Dreyfus Affair and was also largely responsible for France’s entry into World War II. He also introduced a highly debated denaturalization law.

 49 
Carlos Chagas
(Physician)
Carlos Chagas
1
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: July 9, 1879
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Oliveira, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil
Died: November 8

Carlos Chagas was a Brazilian sanitary physician and bacteriologist. Also a clinician and researcher, he discovered Chagas disease, also called American trypanosomiasis, in 1909. He was working at the Oswaldo Cruz Institute in Rio de Janeiro at that time. He was also the first to discover the parasitic fungal genus Pneumocystis. He founded a nursing school as well. 

 50 
Willem de Sitter
(Dutch Mathematician, Physicist, and Astronomer)
Willem de Sitter
0
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: May 6, 1872
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Sneek, Netherlands
Died: November 20

Willem de Sitter was a Dutch physicist, mathematician, and astronomer. A respected figure, Willem de Sitter served as the director of the famous Leiden Observatory from 1919 to 1934. He worked alongside Albert Einstein and made important discoveries in the field of physical cosmology. He was the recipient of the James Craig Watson Medal, Bruce Medal, and Prix Jules Janssen.