Communism is an ideology which emphasizes on equality among members of a community and eradication of a class/hierarchical structure. Several famous leaders have been enlightening the masses about the importance of communism and how the ideology can change governance and lead to a better society. The word was derived from the title of a book titled ‘Projet de communauté philosophe’, penned by a French writer and philosopher named Victor d’Hupay. Eminent personalities like Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels, Vladimir Lenin, Ho Chi Minh, Josef Stalin and even Fidel Castro are a few individuals who are responsible for the worldwide popularity of communism. Ardent followers of these legends and the ideology of communism are called communists. Marx and Friedrich Engels are the men who coined the term ‘Marxism’ and sparked off a revolution which addressed the issue of the capitalist-working class conflict. While followers of Marx are known as Marxists, admirers of Lenin and his ideology are called Leninists. The masses, however, consider both these factions as ‘communists’. Vladmir Lenin and Josef Stalin are two communist stalwarts from Russia (formerly known as Soviet Union) who inspired thousands of leaders and set outstanding examples of leadership. The rise of the legendary Cuban leader, Fidel Castro, who passed away recently, is a perfect example of what communism is. He overthrew Fulgencio Batista, the former president of Cuba, who was considered more of a dictator in a military coup. The legendary leader then ruled the country for several decades.
Xi JinpingXi Jinping
15 June 1953, Chinese
General Secretary of the Communist Party of China
Fidel CastroFidel Castro
13 August 1926, Cuban
Cuban Revolutionary Leader

Leon TrotskyLeon Trotsky
07 November 1879, Russian, Ukrainian, Russian
Founder and first leader of the Red Army

Nikita KhrushchevNikita Khrushchev
15 April 1894, Russian, Russian
Prime Minister of Soviet Union

Pol PotPol Pot
19 May 1925, Cambodian
Dictator, War Criminal

W. E. B. Du BoisW. E. B. Du Bois
23 February 1868, Ghanaian
Civil Rights Activists
John SteinbeckJohn Steinbeck
27 February 1902, American
Author

Albert CamusAlbert Camus
07 November 1913, Algerian, French
Philosopher

Ho Chi MinhHo Chi Minh
19 May 1890, Vietnamese
Former PM and President of Democratic Republic of

Deng XiaopingDeng Xiaoping
22 August 1904, Chinese
 
Leonid BrezhnevLeonid Brezhnev
19 December 1906, Russian, Ukrainian, Russian
 

Josip Broz TitoJosip Broz Tito
07 May 1892, Yugoslav
 
Nicolae CeaușescuNicolae Ceaușescu
26 January 1918, Romanian
Former President of Romania

Hu JintaoHu Jintao
21 December 1942, Chinese
Former General Secretary of the Communist Party of

Kim Il-sungKim Il-sung
15 April 1912, North Korean
Former President of North Korea
Angela Davis Angela Davis
26 January 1944, American
Political Activist

Simone de BeauvoirSimone de Beauvoir
09 January 1908, French
Writer
Pablo NerudaPablo Neruda
12 July 1904, Chilean
Chilean poet

Antonio GramsciAntonio Gramsci
22 January 1891, Italian
Politician, Philosopher

Valentina TereshkovaValentina Tereshkova
06 March 1937, Russian
Pilot
Stieg LarssonStieg Larsson
15 August 1954, Swedish
Swedish Journalist & Writer

Enver HoxhaEnver Hoxha
16 October 1908, Albanian
Former Communist Leader of Albania
José SaramagoJosé Saramago
16 November 1922, Portuguese
Writer

Amiri BarakaAmiri Baraka
07 October 1934, American
Writer

Dalia GrybauskaitėDalia Grybauskaitė
01 March 1956, Lithuanian
President of Lithuania

Gustáv HusákGustáv Husák
10 January 1913, Slovak
Slovak Politician
Raul CastroRaul Castro
03 June 1931, Cuban
President of the Council of State of Cuba
Prachanda Prachanda
11 December 1954, Nepalese
Prime Minister of Nepal

J.B.S. HaldaneJ.B.S. Haldane
05 November 1892, British
Geneticist

Slobodan MilosevicSlobodan Milosevic
20 August 1941, Serbian
Former President of Serbia & the Federal Republic

John GatesJohn Gates
1913 AD, American
American Communist
Jiang QingJiang Qing
19 March 1914, Chinese
Actress

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Miuccia PradaMiuccia Prada
10 May 1948, Italian
entrepreneur, fashion designer

J. B. S. HaldaneJ. B. S. Haldane
05 November 1892, Indian, British
Biologist, Geneticist, University teacher

Alejo CarpentierAlejo Carpentier
26 December 1904, Swiss, Cuban
Writer, Journalist, Essayist, Musicologist,

Aime CesaireAime Cesaire
26 June 1913, French, Martiniquan