Communism is an ideology which emphasizes on equality among members of a community and eradication of a class/hierarchical structure. Several famous leaders have been enlightening the masses about the importance of communism and how the ideology can change governance and lead to a better society. The word was derived from the title of a book titled ‘Projet de communauté philosophe’, penned by a French writer and philosopher named Victor d’Hupay. Eminent personalities like Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels, Vladimir Lenin, Ho Chi Minh, Josef Stalin and even Fidel Castro are a few individuals who are responsible for the worldwide popularity of communism. Ardent followers of these legends and the ideology of communism are called communists. Marx and Friedrich Engels are the men who coined the term ‘Marxism’ and sparked off a revolution which addressed the issue of the capitalist-working class conflict. While followers of Marx are known as Marxists, admirers of Lenin and his ideology are called Leninists. The masses, however, consider both these factions as ‘communists’. Vladmir Lenin and Josef Stalin are two communist stalwarts from Russia (formerly known as Soviet Union) who inspired thousands of leaders and set outstanding examples of leadership. The rise of the legendary Cuban leader, Fidel Castro, who passed away recently, is a perfect example of what communism is. He overthrew Fulgencio Batista, the former president of Cuba, who was considered more of a dictator in a military coup. The legendary leader then ruled the country for several decades.
Angela Davis Angela Davis
26 January 1944, American
Political Activist
Leon TrotskyLeon Trotsky
07 November 1879, Russian, Ukrainian, Russian

W. E. B. Du BoisW. E. B. Du Bois
23 February 1868, Ghanaian
Civil Rights Activists

Nikita KhrushchevNikita Khrushchev
15 April 1894, Russian
Former Premier of the Soviet Union

Pol PotPol Pot
19 May 1925, Cambodian
Former Prime Minister of Cambodia

Albert CamusAlbert Camus
07 November 1913, Algerian, French
Leonid BrezhnevLeonid Brezhnev
19 December 1906, Russian, Ukrainian, Russian

Nicolae CeaușescuNicolae Ceaușescu
26 January 1918, Romanian
Former President of Romania

Deng XiaopingDeng Xiaoping
22 August 1904, Chinese
Josip Broz TitoJosip Broz Tito
07 May 1892, Yugoslav

Kim Il-sungKim Il-sung
15 April 1912, North Korean
Former President of North Korea
John SteinbeckJohn Steinbeck
27 February 1902, American

Ho Chi MinhHo Chi Minh
19 May 1890, Vietnamese
Former PM and President of Democratic Republic of

Hu JintaoHu Jintao
21 December 1942, Chinese
Former General Secretary of the Communist Party of

Simone de BeauvoirSimone de Beauvoir
09 January 1908, French

Antonio GramsciAntonio Gramsci
22 January 1891, Italian
Politician, Philosopher
Pablo NerudaPablo Neruda
12 July 1904, Chilean
Chilean poet

Valentina TereshkovaValentina Tereshkova
06 March 1937, Russian

Enver HoxhaEnver Hoxha
16 October 1908, Albanian
Former Communist Leader of Albania

Stieg LarssonStieg Larsson
15 August 1954, Swedish
Swedish Journalist & Writer
Amiri BarakaAmiri Baraka
07 October 1934, American

José SaramagoJosé Saramago
16 November 1922, Portuguese
Dalia GrybauskaitėDalia Grybauskaitė
01 March 1956, Lithuanian
President of Lithuania

Gustáv HusákGustáv Husák
10 January 1913, Slovak
Slovak Politician

Prachanda Prachanda
11 December 1954, Nepalese
Prime Minister of Nepal
Raul CastroRaul Castro
03 June 1931, Cuban
President of the Council of State of Cuba

J.B.S. HaldaneJ.B.S. Haldane
05 November 1892, British
Slobodan MilosevicSlobodan Milosevic
20 August 1941, Serbian
Former President of Serbia & the Federal Republic

John GatesJohn Gates
1913 AD, American
American Communist

Jiang QingJiang Qing
05 March 1914, Chinese
J. B. S. HaldaneJ. B. S. Haldane
05 November 1892, Indian, British
Biologist, Geneticist, University teacher

Miuccia PradaMiuccia Prada
10 May 1948, Italian
entrepreneur, fashion designer
Alejo CarpentierAlejo Carpentier
26 December 1904, Swiss, Cuban
Writer, Journalist, Essayist, Musicologist,

Aime CesaireAime Cesaire
26 June 1913, French