Famous People Born In 1854

Discover the most famous people born in 1854. The list includes people like Oscar Wilde, Arthur Rimbaud, Henri Poincare, George Eastman, Paul Ehrlich and many more. This list of celebrities is loosely sorted by popularity. People featured on this list, include composers, political leaders, poets and journalists born in 1854. This list includes people from United States, United Kingdom, France & Germany and many more countries.
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 1 
Oscar Wilde
(One of the Greatest Playwrights of the 'Victorian Era')
Oscar Wilde
78
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 16th October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Dublin, Ireland
Died: November 30, 1900

Widely regarded as one of the most popular writers of all time, Oscar Wilde is best remembered for his plays and epigrams. He was also one of the best-known personalities during his time as he was popular for his conversational skills, flamboyant dressing sense, and biting wit. Imprisoned in 1895 for consensual homosexual acts, Oscar Wilde was pardoned posthumously in 2017.

 2 
Arthur Rimbaud
(French Poet Known for His Works: ‘The Drunken Boat’, ‘A Season in Hell’ and ‘Illuminations’)
Arthur Rimbaud
4
Listed In: Poets
Birthdate: 20th October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Charleville-Mézières, France
Died: November 10, 1891

French poet Arthur Rimbaud is remembered for his influence on Dadaism, surrealism, and symbolism. Known for works such as Le Soleil Etait Encore Chaud and Voyelles, he later got involved in a relationship with poet Paul Verlaine. He also traveled as a merchant and explorer, before dying of cancer.

 3 
John Philip Sousa
(Conductor, Composer)
John Philip Sousa
4
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: 6th November
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Washington, D.C., United States
Died: March 6, 1932
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 4 
George Eastman
(Inventor of Roll Film)
George Eastman
13
Birthdate: 12th July
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Waterville
Died: March 14, 1932

George Eastman revolutionized the world of photography with his Eastman Kodak Company and the roll film, which also came to be used in movies. Initially a banker, he later devoted himself to his camera company. A dedicated philanthropist, too, he contributed financially to music, dentistry, and medicine.

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 5 
Henri Poincare
(French Polymath and Mathematician Known as One of the Founders of the 'Field of Topology')
Henri Poincare
4
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: 29th April
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Nancy, France
Died: July 17, 1912
Known as The Last Universalist for his expertise in a variety of domains, French mathematician Henri Poincare conducted research that formed the basis of the modern chaos theory. Apart from his work on relativity and the three-body problem, he also laid the foundation of algebraic topology.
 6 
Lady Randolph Churchill
(Socialite, Mother of Winston Churchill)
Lady Randolph Churchill
4
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 9th January
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Cobble Hill, New York, United States
Died: June 29, 1921
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 7 
Paul Ehrlich
(Scientist)
Paul Ehrlich
2
Listed In: Physicians
Birthdate: 14th March
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Strzelin, Poland
Died: August 20, 1915

German scientist Paul Ehrlich is remembered for his contribution to immunology, which also won him a Nobel Prize. Known as the pioneer of chemotherapy, he also discovered the first-known treatment of syphilis. Born into a business family, he was introduced to the method of studying cells by his pathologist uncle.

 8 
C. W. Post
(Nutritionist)
C. W. Post
1
Listed In: Nutritionists
Birthdate: 26th October
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Springfield, Illinois, United States
Died: May 9, 1914
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 9 
Engelbert Humperdinck
(Composer)
Engelbert Humperdinck
2
Listed In: Composers
Birthdate: 1st September
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Siegburg, Germany
Died: September 27, 1921
 10 
Leos Janacek
(One of the Most Important Czech Composers of the 20th Century)
Leos Janacek
2
Listed In: Composers
Birthdate: 3rd July
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Hukvaldy, Czechia
Died: August 12, 1928

Leos Janacek was a Czech composer, musical theorist, folklorist, and teacher. He is credited to have created an original, modern musical style inspired by Moravian and other Slavic folk music. He was deeply influenced by folklore and by the works of his contemporary and friend,  Antonín Dvořák. The Janáček Philharmonic Orchestra is named in his honor. 

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 11 
Milan I of Serbia
(King of Serbia (1882 - 1889))
Milan I of Serbia
0
Listed In: Emperors & Kings
Birthdate: 22nd August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Mărășești, Romania
Died: February 11, 1901

Milan I of Serbia reigned as the King of Serbia from 1882 until his sudden abdication in 1889. He abdicated in favor of Alexander I of Serbia, which was unexpected at that time. During his reign, Milan focused on developing natural resources and improving the means of communication. However, he was largely unpopular due to reckless extravagance and heavy taxation. 

 12 
Aletta Jacobs
(Physician)
Aletta Jacobs
0
Listed In: Feminists
Birthdate: 9th February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Sappemeer, Netherlands
Died: August 10, 1929

Apart from being the first female university graduate in the Netherlands, the first Dutch female physician, and the first female to get a medical doctorate in her country, Aletta Jacobs was also a pioneering women’s suffrage activist. She traveled the world for her feminist mission with fellow suffragette Carrie Chapman.

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 13 
David Dunbar Buick
(American Inventor Best Known for Founding the 'Buick Motor Company')
David Dunbar Buick
0
Birthdate: 17th September
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Arbroath, Angus, Scotland
Died: March 5, 1929

David Dunbar Buick was a Scottish-born American inventor best remembered for establishing the popular Buick Motor Company, which went on to become the basis of the General Motors empire. In 1974, Buick was inducted into the Automotive Hall of Fame for his immense contribution to the automobile industry in the United States of America.

 14 
Charles Radbourn
(Baseball player)
Charles Radbourn
1
Listed In: Baseball Players
Birthdate: 11th December
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Rochester, New York, United States
Died: February 5, 1897
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 15 
James George Frazer
(Anthropologist, Writer, Historian, Mythographer)
James George Frazer
2
Birthdate: 1st January
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Glasgow
Died: May 7, 1941
British anthropologist James George Frazer is best known for his book The Golden Bough, which details his study of ancient cults and myths. He also taught social anthropology at Cambridge. He was also knighted for his achievements and was also made a Fellow of The Royal Society.
 16 
Charles Algernon Parsons
(Anglo-Irish Engineer Best Known for His Invention of the 'Compound Steam Turbine')
Charles Algernon Parsons
0
Birthdate: 13th June
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: London, England
Died: February 11, 1931

Copley Medal-winning engineer Charles Algernon Parsons revolutionized marine transport with his invention of a multi-stage steam turbine. His other inventions include a mechanical reducing gear. Apart from being named a Fellow of the Royal Society, he was also knighted and awarded an Order of Merit for his contributions.

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 17 
Christiaan de Wet
(Boer General, Rebel Leader and Politician)
Christiaan de Wet
1
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 7th October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Smithfield, South Africa
Died: February 3, 1922

Christiaan de Wet was a Boer general, rebel leader, and politician. He served as a field cornet in the First Anglo-Boer War of 1880–81. Following the war, he became a member of the Volksraad. In the Second Boer War, he took part in the Siege of Ladysmith and the surprise attack on Sanna's Post near Bloemfontein. 

 18 
Duchess Marie of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
(Queen)
Duchess Marie of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
3
Birthdate: 14th May
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Ludwigslust Palace, Ludwigslust, Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, German Confederation
Died: September 6, 1920

Duchess Marie of Mecklenburg-Schwerin was the daughter of Grand Duke Frederick Francis II. Renowned for her sense of style and attractiveness, Marie was also popular for her sociability and wittiness. Marie was widely recognized and she received honors from several kingdoms and empires, including the Russian Empire.

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 19 
Thomas R. Marshall
(Politician, Lawyer)
Thomas R. Marshall
1
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 14th March
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: North Manchester
Died: June 1, 1925
 20 
Bill Traylor
(Artist)
Bill Traylor
0
Birthdate: 1st April
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Benton, Alabama, United States
Died: October 23, 1949
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 21 
Hertha Ayrton
(British Engineer, Mathematician, Physicist and Inventor Known for Her Work With the 'Electric Arcs')
Hertha Ayrton
0
Birthdate: 28th April
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Portsea, Portsmouth, Hampshire, England
Died: August 26, 1923

Hertha Ayrton was a British engineer,  physicist, mathematician, and inventor. She is remembered for her work on electric arcs and ripple marks in sand and water, for which she was awarded the Hughes Medal by the Royal Society. As a woman in the 19th century, she had to face innumerable struggles in her career. She was also a passionate suffragist. 

 22 
Stefan Stambolov
(9th Prime Minister of Bulgaria (1887 - 1894))
Stefan Stambolov
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 31st January
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Veliko Tarnovo, Bulgaria
Died: July 19, 1895

Stefan Stambolov was a Bulgarian journalist, revolutionary, politician, and poet who served as the Prime Minister of Bulgaria from 1 September 1887 to 31 May 1894. Counted among the most popular and prominent founders of modern Bulgaria, Stambolov played a key role during the Balkan Wars; he helped initiate the cultural and economic progress in Bulgaria.

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 23 
Bill Tilghman
(Politician)
Bill Tilghman
1
Listed In: Cinematographers
Birthdate: 4th July
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Fort Dodge
Died: November 1, 1924

Bill Tilghman was a gunfighter, career lawman, and politician in Kansas and Oklahoma. He was active during the late 19th century and became a legendary figure after he single-handedly captured the notorious bandit Bill Doolin and killed many members of his gang. He became a politician later in his career and served as an Oklahoma state senator. 

 24 
Robert Borden
(8th Prime Minister of Canada (1911 - 1920))
Robert Borden
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 26th June
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Grand Pré, Canada
Died: June 10, 1937

Robert Borden was a Canadian lawyer and politician. He served as the eighth prime minister of Canada from 1911 to 1920. World War I started during his tenure, and he received much admiration for his leadership throughout the war. As the prime minister, he introduced women's suffrage for federal elections. 

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 25 
Emil Adolf von Behring
(German physiologist)
Emil Adolf von Behring
1
Listed In: Physiologists
Birthdate: 15th March
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Ławice
Died: March 31, 1917

Nobel Prize-winning German physiologist Emil Adolf von Behring is remembered as a pioneer of immunology for his research on serum therapy developed an antitoxin to cure diphtheria. One of the 13 children of his parents, he had studied medicine at a military academy due to lack of funds.

 26 
Percy French
(Songwriter)
Percy French
1
Birthdate: 1st May
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Roscommon, Ireland
Died: January 24, 1920
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 27 
Victor Babeș
(Romanian Bacteriologist Who is Regarded as the Co-Founder of Modern Microbiology)
Victor Babeș
0
Listed In: Bacteriologists
Birthdate: 28th July
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: October 19, 1926

Victor Babeș was a Romanian bacteriologist, physician, academician, and professor. Widely regarded as the co-founder of modern microbiology, Babeș is credited with authoring one of the world's first treatises of bacteriology, Bacteria and their role in pathological anatomy and histology of infectious diseases. Victor Babeș also made important contributions to the study of leprosy, rabies, tuberculosis, and diphtheria.

 28 
Henri La Fontaine
(Socialist, Senator, and Nobel Peace Prize Winner)
Henri La Fontaine
1
Birthdate: 22nd April
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Brussels, Belgium
Died: May 14, 1943

Henri La Fontaine was a Belgian lawyer who served as the president of the International Peace Bureau (IPB), one of the oldest international peace federations. In 1913, Henri La Fontaine was honored with the prestigious Nobel Prize for Peace for his efforts to lead the peace movement in Europe.

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 29 
Benjamin Tucker
(Journalist, Philosopher, Economist, Translator, Anarchist)
Benjamin Tucker
3
Birthdate: 17th April
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Dartmouth
Died: June 22, 1939
 30 
Patrick Geddes
(Scottish Biologist, Sociologist and Pioneering Town Planner Who Coined the Term 'Conurbation')
Patrick Geddes
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 2nd October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Ballater, Aberdeenshire, Scotland
Died: April 17, 1932

Apart from being a sociologist and biologist, Patrick Geddes was known for his impeccable sense of town planning. While he initially taught botany in Dundee, he later turned to sociology and conducted studies in India, Mexico, and other countries. He was eventually knighted for his achievements.

 31 
Johannes Rydberg
(Swedish Physicist Known for Devising the Rydberg Formula to Describe the Wavelengths of Photons)
Johannes Rydberg
0
Listed In: Physicists
Birthdate: 8th November
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Halmstad, Sweden
Died: December 28, 1919

Renowned Swedish physicist Johannes Rydberg is most recognised for devising the Rydberg formula, a mathematical formula used to determine the wavelengths of photons. He was twice nominated for the Nobel Prize and was inducted as a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1919. He worked at the Lund University as a provisional professor of physics before becoming a full professor.

 32 
Charles Vance Millar
(Lawyer, Businessperson)
Charles Vance Millar
1
Listed In: Lawyers
Birthdate: 28th June
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Aylmer, Ontario Aylmer, Ontario, Canada
Died: October 31, 1926
 33 
Takahashi Korekiyo
(Politician, Accountant, Economist)
Takahashi Korekiyo
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 27th July
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Edo
Died: February 26, 1936

Born an illegitimate son of an official painter of the shogunate, Takahashi Korekiyo was later adopted by a samurai. He went to the U.S. and worked there for a while, before returning to Japan. He eventually stepped into politics and later became the prime minister of Japan.

 34 
E. W. Scripps
(Publisher)
E. W. Scripps
0
Birthdate: 18th June
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Rushville, Illinois, United States
Died: March 12, 1926
 35 
William C. Gorgas
(United States Army Physician and 22nd Surgeon General of the U.S. Army)
William C. Gorgas
0
Listed In: Surgeons
Birthdate: 3rd October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Toulminville, Alabama, United States
Died: July 3, 1920

U.S. Army physician William C. Gorgas was in charge of the sanitation of Panama and successfully eradicated both malaria and yellow fever from the zone, thus paving the way for the construction of the Panama Canal. He was later made part of the Hall of Fame For Great Americans.

 36 
Alexandru Marghiloman
(Statesman)
Alexandru Marghiloman
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 4th July
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Buzău, Romania
Died: May 10, 1925
 37 
Dugald Clerk
(Scottish Engineer Known for Designing the World’s First Successful 'Two-Stroke Engine')
Dugald Clerk
1
Birthdate: 31st March
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Glasgow, Scotland
Died: November 12, 1932

Scottish engineer Dugald Clerk is best known for his invention of the two-stroke engine, used widely in motorcycles and other machines. He also headed engineering research of the British Admiralty as its director and was knighted, too. He also co-established the intellectual property service provider Marks & Clerk.

 38 
Johan Ludvig Heiberg
(Philologist)
Johan Ludvig Heiberg
0
Birthdate: 27th November
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Denmark
Died: January 4, 1928

Johan Ludvig Heiberg was a Danish historian and philologist. Heiberg is best remembered for discovering previously unknown texts in the famous Archimedes Palimpsest. In 1912, Johan Ludvig Heiberg was honored with the Prix Binoux by the French Academy of Sciences.

 39 
Joseph Jacobs
(Literary critic, Literary historian, Folklorist, Historian, Children's writer)
Joseph Jacobs
1
Listed In: Historians
Birthdate: 29th August
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Sydney
Died: January 30, 1916

Joseph Jacobs was an Australian literary critic, folklorist, social scientist, translator, writer, and historian. A notable publisher of English folklore, Jacobs' work is credited with popularizing some of the most renowned versions of English fairy tales like Jack the Giant Killer and Jack and the Beanstalk. Jacobs was widely regarded as one of the world's leading experts on English folklore.

 40 
Moritz Moszkowski
(German Composer and Pianist)
Moritz Moszkowski
1
Listed In: Composers
Birthdate: 23rd August
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Wrocław, Poland
Died: March 4, 1925

Moritz Moszkowski was a pianist, teacher, and composer of Polish-Jewish descent. He achieved popularity during the late 19th century and was well respected by his peers. Moritz Moszkowski is credited with teaching future composers like Ernest Schelling, Joaquín Nin, Carl Lachmund, and Joaquín Turina.

 41 
Paul von Rennenkampf
(Commander of the Vilna Military District)
Paul von Rennenkampf
0
Listed In: Military Leaders
Birthdate: 29th April
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Rapla County, Estonia
Died: April 1, 1918
 42 
Paul Natorp
(Philosopher)
Paul Natorp
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 24th January
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Düsseldorf, Germany
Died: August 17, 1924
 43 
George Whitefield Chadwick
(Composer)
George Whitefield Chadwick
0
Listed In: Composers
Birthdate: 13th November
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Lowell, Massachusetts, United States
Died: April 4, 1931
 44 
Alfredo Catalani
(Composer)
Alfredo Catalani
0
Listed In: Composers
Birthdate: 19th June
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Lucca, Italy
Died: August 7, 1893
 45 
Takamine Jōkichi
(Japanese Chemist Who Was the First Person to Isolate Epinephrine in 1901)
Takamine Jōkichi
0
Birthdate: 3rd November
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Takaoka, Toyama, Japan
Died: July 22, 1922

Jokichi Takamine was a Japanese chemist best remembered as the first person to isolate epinephrine in 1901. He is credited with founding the Tokyo Artificial Fertilizer Company in Japan as well as the Nippon Club of New York City in the USA. Jokichi Takamine's life and career inspired a couple of films, namely Sakura, Sakura and Takamine.

 46 
Bradley A. Fiske
(Innovator)
Bradley A. Fiske
0
Birthdate: 13th June
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Lyons, New York, United States
Died: April 6, 1942
 47 
Alphonse Allais
(Writer, Poet, Journalist, Screenwriter, Painter, Science fiction writer, Composer, Comedian)
Alphonse Allais
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 20th October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Honfleur
Died: October 28, 1905

French writer Alphonse Allais, also a journalist and humorist, wrote many collections of whimsical writings. He is known for writing the earliest example of a completely silent musical composition. The small house where he was born was later turned into a museum named Alphonse Allais Museum. The Académie Alphonse-Allais has been awarding an annual prize in his honor since 1954.

 48 
Paul Sabatier
(Chemist)
Paul Sabatier
0
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: 5th November
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Carcassonne, France
Died: August 14, 1941

Paul Sabatier was a French chemist known for his work improving the hydrogenation of organic species in the presence of metals. Along with Victor Grignard, he was jointly awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1912. He is also remembered for developing what is now known as the Sabatier process and the Sabatier principle of catalysis. 

 49 
Charles Sumner Tainter
(Inventor)
Charles Sumner Tainter
0
Birthdate: 25th April
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Watertown, Massachusetts
Died: April 20, 1940
 50 
Georges Eekhoud
(Writer)
Georges Eekhoud
0
Listed In: Novelists
Birthdate: 27th May
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Antwerp, Belgium
Died: May 29, 1927