Famous People Born In 1849

Discover the most famous people born in 1849. The list includes people like Ivan Pavlov, Jacob Riis, August Strindberg, William Osler, Edmund Barton and many more. This list of celebrities is loosely sorted by popularity. People featured on this list, include political leaders, diplomats, journalists and poets born in 1849. This list includes people from United States, Germany, United Kingdom & France and many more countries.
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 1 
Ivan Pavlov
(Physiologist)
Ivan Pavlov
9
Listed In: Psychologists
Birthdate: 26th September
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Ryazan, Russia
Died: February 27, 1936
Russian physiologist Ivan Pavlov is best remembered for his research in classical conditioning. He became the first Russian Nobel laureate after winning the 1904 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for his study of the physiology of digestion. His experiment on conditioned reflex using dogs is still studied in colleges.
 2 
Jacob Riis
(Danish-American Social Reformer & Social Documentary Photographer)
Jacob Riis
5
Birthdate: 3rd May
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Ribe
Died: May 26, 1914
 3 
Edmund Barton
(1st Prime Minister of Australia)
Edmund Barton
21
Listed In: Lawyers & Judges
Birthdate: 18th January
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Glebe, Australia
Died: January 7, 1920

The first prime minister of Australia, Edmund Barton had also been a senior judge at the High Court of Australia. The federation movement leader was also a major force behind the drafting of the constitution of his country. After rejecting the knighthood thrice, he finally accepted the honor in 1902.

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 4 
Seth Bullock
(Politician)
Seth Bullock
2
Listed In: Business People
Birthdate: 23rd July
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Amherstburg, Canada
Died: September 23, 1919

Canadian-American frontiersman, hardware store owner, sheriff, U.S. Marshal, horse breeder and hotel owner Seth Bullock is best known for building the Bullock Hotel, the oldest hotel in Deadwood. Bullock was appointed the first sheriff of the then lawless Dakota where he eventually emerged as a prominent figure civilizing the rowdy camp without killing anyone.

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 5 
August Strindberg
(Father of Modern Swedish Literature)
August Strindberg
4
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 22nd January
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Stockholm, Sweden
Died: May 14, 1912

August Strindberg was a Swedish playwright, painter, essayist, novelist, and poet. He wrote over 30 works of fiction and more than 60 plays in an illustrious career that spanned 40 years. Widely regarded as the father of modern Swedish literature, Strindberg is best remembered for his work The Red Room, which is considered the first modern Swedish novel.

 6 
Blanche Monnier
(Prisoner)
Blanche Monnier
7
Listed In: Socialites
Birthdate: 1st March
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Poitiers, France
Died: October 13, 1913
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 7 
William Osler
(Canadian Physician and Co-Founder of ‘Johns Hopkins Hospital’)
William Osler
4
Birthdate: 12th July
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Bradford West Gwillimbury, Canada
Died: December 29, 1919

Johns Hopkins Hospital co-founder William Osler was also an avid historian. He redefined medical education with his emphasis on clinical experience and his book The Principles and Practice of Medicine. Born to a missionary father in Canada, he was to follow in his father’s footsteps but decided to study medicine instead.

 8 
Ida Straus
(Businessperson)
Ida Straus
1
Birthdate: 6th February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Worms, Germany Worms, Germany
Died: April 15, 1912
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 9 
Henry Clay Frick
(Industrialist)
Henry Clay Frick
4
Birthdate: 19th December
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: West Overton, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: December 2, 1919
 10 
August von Mackensen
(Military Leader)
August von Mackensen
6
Listed In: Military Leaders
Birthdate: 6th December
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Trossin, Germany
Died: November 8, 1945

August von Mackensen was a German field marshal during the First World War. He was considered one of the German Empire's most prominent military leaders. Following his retirement, he became a Prussian state councilor. He supported right-wing monarchists and nationalist groups. His attitude towards the Nazi regime was ambiguous. He died in 1945 at the age of 95. 

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 11 
Frances Hodgson Burnett
7
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 24th November
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Cheetham, Manchester, England
Died: October 29, 1924
 12 
Felix Christian Klein
(Mathematician)
Felix Christian Klein
2
Listed In: Mathematicians
Birthdate: 25th April
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Düsseldorf
Died: June 22, 1925

Felix Christian Klein was a German mathematician and educator remembered for his work on complex analysis, group theory, and non-Euclidean geometry. He is also popular for his work on the relationship between group theory and geometry. He is credited with teaching advanced courses to students like Gregorio Ricci-Curbastro, who went on to become a renowned mathematician in his own right.

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 13 
Emma Lazarus
(Poet, Writer, Journalist)
Emma Lazarus
2
Listed In:
Birthdate: 22nd July
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: New York City
Died: November 19, 1887
 14 
William Ernest Henley
(English Poet Best Known for His Poem 'Invictus' (1875))
William Ernest Henley
2
Birthdate: 23rd August
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Gloucester, England
Died: July 11, 1903

Best known for his short poem Invictus, William Ernest Henley was a Victorian-era British poet and author. A disease he contracted in childhood caused one of his legs to be amputated. It is believed, he was the inspiration behind the crippled character Long John Silver in RL Stevenson’s Treasure Island.

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 15 
Georg Luger
(Austrian Firearms Designer)
Georg Luger
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 6th March
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Steinach am Brenner, Tyrol, Austria
Died: December 22, 1923
 16 
Édouard-Henri Avril
(French Painter, Commercial Artist and Illustrator of Erotic Literature)
Édouard-Henri Avril
4
Listed In: Illustrators
Birthdate: 21st May
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Algiers, French Algeria
Died: July 28, 1928

Before he revolutionized 19th-century erotica as Paul Avril, Édouard-Henri Avril was a soldier. An injury sustained in the Franco-Prussian War cut short his military life, and he was pushed into Paris sex salons to study art. His most notable works, such as the illustrations for Fanny Hill, were largely banned.

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 17 
James Whitcomb Riley
(Author)
James Whitcomb Riley
2
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 7th October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Greenfield, Indiana, United States
Died: July 22, 1916
 18 
Henry Fielding Dickens
(English Lawyer and Son of Novelist Charles Dickens)
Henry Fielding Dickens
1
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 16th January
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: London, England
Died: December 21, 1933

One of the 10 children of legendary English author Charles Dickens, Henry Fielding Dickens was named after author Henry Fielding. A Cambridge alumnus, he had initially studied math. However, he later took up law and became a successful barrister. He had also been a Liberal Party member.

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 19 
Albert Spalding
(American Baseball Pitcher, Manager and Co-founder of 'A.G. Spalding' Sporting Goods Company)
Albert Spalding
1
Listed In: Baseball Players
Birthdate: 2nd September
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Illinois, United States
Died: September 9, 1915

Apart from being a baseball player, A. G. Spalding was also sports goods manufacturer who co-owned A.G. Spalding and Brothers. Named to the Baseball Hall of Fame, he also penned the annual Spalding’s Official Baseball Guide and the history of baseball named America’s National Game.

 20 
Herbert von Bismarck
(Politician)
Herbert von Bismarck
1
Birthdate: 28th December
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: September 18, 1904
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 21 
Blind Tom Wiggins
(Music Performer)
Blind Tom Wiggins
3
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: 25th May
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Harris County, Georgia, United States
Died: June 14, 1908
 22 
Big Nose Kate
(Prostitute)
Big Nose Kate
8
Birthdate: 9th November
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Nové Zámky, Slovakia
Died: November 2, 1940
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 23 
We'wha
(Artist)
We'wha
2
Birthdate: 30th November
Birthplace: New Mexico, United States
Died: 1896 AD
 24 
Sergei Witte
(1st Prime Minister of Russia)
Sergei Witte
1
Birthdate: 29th June
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Tbilisi, Georgia
Died: March 13, 1915
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 25 
Benjamin Holt
(Inventor)
Benjamin Holt
0
Listed In: Inventors
Birthdate: 1st January
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Concord
Died: December 5, 1920
 26 
Saionji Kinmochi
(Former Prime Minister of Japan (1906 - 1909, 1911 - 1912))
Saionji Kinmochi
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 7th December
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Kyoto, Japan
Died: November 24, 1940

Born into nobility, Saionji Kinmochi came to prominence early in his life when he took part in the Meiji Restoration. He later entered politics and eventually rose to become the Prime Minister of Japan. During his reign, he tried to curtail military expenditure and keep the cabinet under party control. He wielded a moderating influence in Japanese politics even after retirement.

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 27 
Maria Theresa of Austria-Este
(Queen)
Maria Theresa of Austria-Este
1
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 2nd July
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Brno, Czechia
Died: February 3, 1919
 28 
Alfred von Tirpitz
(Politician, Officer)
Alfred von Tirpitz
2
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 19th March
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Kostrzyn nad Odrą
Died: March 6, 1930
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 29 
Basil Zaharoff
(Greek Arms Dealer and Industrialist)
Basil Zaharoff
1
Listed In: Philanthropists
Birthdate: 6th October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Mugla, Turkey
Died: November 27, 1936

Basil Zaharoff was a Greek industrialist and arms dealer. Dubbed the mystery man of Europe and merchant of death, Zaharoff is remembered as a cunning and manipulative businessman who employed corrupt business tactics during the First World War. Interestingly, he was also a philanthropist, and his life inspired several fictional characters, including Ian Fleming's Ernst Stavro Blofeld.

 30 
Luther Burbank
(Horticulturist, Geneticist, Botanist, Gardener, Academic, Non-fiction writer)
Luther Burbank
0
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: 7th March
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Santa Rosa
Died: April 11, 1926

Luther Burbank was an American horticulturist and botanist. A pioneer in agricultural science, Luther Burbank developed over 800 varieties of plants and strains in an illustrious career that spanned 55 years. He is also credited with developing a spineless cactus that served as cattle feed. In 1986, Luther Burbank was made an inductee of the National Inventors Hall of Fame.

 31 
Vera Zasulich
(Writer)
Vera Zasulich
0
Listed In: Revolutionaries
Birthdate: 8th August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Gzhatsky Uyezd
Died: August 8, 1919
 32 
William Merritt Chase
(Painter)
William Merritt Chase
0
Listed In: Artists
Birthdate: 1st November
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Nineveh
Died: October 25, 1916
 33 
Alfred Kleiner
(Physicist)
Alfred Kleiner
1
Listed In: Physicists
Birthdate: 24th April
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Maschwanden
Died: July 3, 1916

Swiss physicist Alfred Kleiner is best remembered for his studies on statistical physics. A physics professor at the University of Zurich, he was later also associated with ETH Zurich. He also became the doctoral thesis supervisor of Albert Einstein after Einstein had major differences with his previous advisor, Heinrich F. Weber.

 34 
Edmund Gosse
(British Poet, Author and Critic)
Edmund Gosse
1
Birthdate: 21st September
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: London, England
Died: May 16, 1928

Edmund Gosse was an English author, poet, and critic. His book Father and Son inspired the popular TV play Where Adam Stood as well as Peter Carey's novel Oscar and Lucinda. Gosse also helped promote the works of Norwegian playwright Henrik Ibsen in England. He is also credited with helping James Joyce and W. B. Yeats establish themselves as writers.

 35 
Max Nordau
(Physician, Author and Co-founder of World Zionist Organization)
Max Nordau
0
Listed In: Psychiatrists
Birthdate: 29th July
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Pest, Budapest, Hungary
Died: January 23, 1923

Hungarian physician and author Max Nordau was the son of a rabbi. After practicing medicine in Budapest for a while, he went to Paris and began writing for Neue Freie Presse. A major figure behind the Zionist Organization, he penned The Conventional Lies of Our Civilization, which was banned in several countries.

 36 
Madam Yoko
(Politician)
Madam Yoko
0
Birthdate: 30th November
Birthplace: Sierra Leone
Died: 1906 AD
 37 
Pavol Országh Hviezdoslav
(Poet)
Pavol Országh Hviezdoslav
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 2nd February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Vyšný Kubín, Slovakia
Died: November 8, 1921
 38 
Ferdinand Georg Frobenius
(Mathematician)
Ferdinand Georg Frobenius
1
Listed In: Mathematicians
Birthdate: 26th October
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Charlottenburg, Berlin, Germany
Died: August 3, 1917
 39 
Horace Lamb
(Mathematician)
Horace Lamb
0
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: 27th November
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Metropolitan Borough of Stockport, England
Died: December 4, 1934
 40 
Michael Ancher
(Former realist artist)
Michael Ancher
0
Listed In: Artists
Birthdate: 9th June
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Bornholm, Denmark
Died: September 19, 1927

Michael Ancher was a Danish realist artist best remembered for his portrayal of fishermen, lakes, and scenes from the fishing community in Skagen. In 1889, he was honored with the prestigious Eckersberg Medal. Today, many of Michael Ancher's paintings are preserved at the National Gallery of Denmark, Skagens Museum, and Ribe Art Museum.

 41 
Benjamin Godard
(Violinist)
Benjamin Godard
0
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: 18th August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: January 10, 1895
 42 
Friedrich von Bernhardi
(Prussian General and Military Historian Best Known for His Bellicose Book 'Deutschland und der Nächste Krieg')
Friedrich von Bernhardi
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 22nd November
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: December 11, 1930

Friedrich von Bernhardi was a Prussian general and author. A best-selling author prior to the First World War, Bernhardi is best remembered for his book. Germany and the Next War. A militarist, Bernhardi proposed that Germany should ignore treaties. As a general, he played an important role during World War I where he had success in the Eastern Front.

 43 
Clara Shortridge Foltz
(Lawyer)
Clara Shortridge Foltz
0
Listed In: Lawyers & Judges
Birthdate: 16th July
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Lafayette, Indiana, United States
Died: September 2, 1934
 44 
Oscar Hertwig
(Zoologist)
Oscar Hertwig
0
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: 21st April
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Friedberg, Germany
Died: October 25, 1922
 45 
Paul Rée
(Writer)
Paul Rée
2
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 21st November
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Bartelshagen, Germany
Died: October 28, 1901

German author and philosopher Paul Rée, whose writings influenced much of his friend Friedrich Nietzsche’s works, was born to affluent Jewish parents. While he initially studied philosophy and law, Rée later became a physician. He died while hiking on the Swiss Alps, though some feel he had committed suicide.

 46 
Rafael Reyes
(President)
Rafael Reyes
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 5th December
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Santa Rosa de Viterbo, Colombia
Died: February 18, 1921
 47 
Jean Richepin
(Poet)
Jean Richepin
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 4th February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Médéa, Algeria
Died: December 12, 1926
 48 
Karl Brugmann
(Linguist)
Karl Brugmann
0
Listed In: Linguists
Birthdate: 16th March
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Wiesbaden, Germany
Died: June 29, 1919
 49 
Elizabeth Harrison
(Educator)
Elizabeth Harrison
0
Listed In: Educators
Birthdate: 1st September
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Athens, Lexington, Kentucky, United States
Died: October 31, 1927
 50 
Infante Alfonso Carlos, Duke of San Jaime
(Carlist Claimant to the Spanish Throne)
Infante Alfonso Carlos, Duke of San Jaime
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 12th September
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: London, England
Died: September 29, 1936

Infante Alfonso Carlos, Duke of San Jaime was the Carlist claimant to the Spanish throne under the moniker Alfonso Carlos I. A popular military leader, Alfonso fought against the Italian Army and defended Rome in 1870. He also played an important role during the Third Carlist War from 1872 to 1874.