Famous People Born In 1837

Discover the most famous people born in 1837. The list includes people like Grover Cleveland, J. P. Morgan, Wild Bill Hickok, Mary Harris Jones, Johannes van der Waals and many more. This list of celebrities is loosely sorted by popularity. People featured on this list, include political leaders, physicists, soldiers and poets born in 1837. This list includes people from United States, France and many more countries.
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 1 
Grover Cleveland
(The 22nd and 24th President of the United States)
Grover Cleveland
17
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 18th March
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Caldwell, New Jersey, United States
Died: June 24, 1908

Grover Cleveland, a Democratic Party member, was the President of the United States from 1885 to 1889 and then again from 1893 to 1897. He is known for his campaign for political reform and fiscal conservatism. However, he was unable to deal with the economic depression in his second term as President, which led to massive decline in his popularity.

 2 
J. P. Morgan
(Financier)
J. P. Morgan
38
Listed In: Bankers
Birthdate: 17th April
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Hartford, Connecticut, United States
Died: March 31, 1913
J.P. Morgan was an iconic figure of the economic boom of the Gilded Age and established the investment banking firm J.P. Morgan & Co. He also controlled companies such as U.S. Steel, General Electric, and AT&T. He prevented the American economy from collapsing during the Panic of 1907.
 3 
Empress Elisabeth of Austria
(Empress of Austria and Queen of Hungary from 1854 to 1898)
Empress Elisabeth of Austria
8
Birthdate: 24th December
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Munich, Germany
Died: September 10, 1898

Empress Elisabeth of Austria was Queen of Hungary and Empress of Austria from 1854 to 1898, making her the longest-reigning Austrian empress. Often visiting Hungary for its relaxed environment, Elisabeth developed a deep kinship with Hungary, which in turn helped her influence the rise of the dual monarchy of Austria–Hungary in 1867.

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 4 
Robert Gould Shaw
(American Officer in the Union Army During the American Civil War)
Robert Gould Shaw
7
Listed In: Military Leaders
Birthdate: 10th October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
Died: July 18, 1863
Union Army officer Robert Gould Shaw commanded an all-Black regiment, the 54th Massachusetts, during the American Civil War. A staunch abolitionist, he died in the Second Battle of Fort Wagner in 1863, but became a hero after his death, especially among the Black community. He inspired the 1989 film Glory.
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 5 
James Murray
(Lexicographer)
James Murray
5
Birthdate: 7th February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Denholm, Scotland
Died: July 26, 1915

James Murray was a Scottish philologist and lexicographer. He is best remembered as the main editor of the famous Oxford English Dictionary from 1879 until his demise in 1915. Murray's contribution to the dictionary and his collaboration with lexicographical researcher William Chester Minor inspired the 2019 film The Professor and the Madman, where the former was portrayed by Mel Gibson.

 6 
George Dewey
(Military Leader)
George Dewey
2
Listed In: Military Leaders
Birthdate: 26th December
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Montpelier, Vermont, United States
Died: January 16, 1917
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 7 
Vasil Levski
(Bulgarian Revolutionary & Freedom Fighter Who was Executed by the Ottoman Authorities)
Vasil Levski
1
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 18th July
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Karlovo, Bulgaria
Died: February 18, 1873

Vasil Levski was a Bulgarian revolutionary who is considered a national hero in Bulgaria. Nicknamed the Apostle of Freedom, Vasil Levski strategized a revolutionary movement to free Bulgaria from the Ottoman rule. In a nationwide television poll conducted in 2007, Levski was voted as the greatest Bulgarian of all time.

 8 
Tokugawa Yoshinobu
(15th and Last ShōGun of the Tokugawa Shogunate of Japan)
Tokugawa Yoshinobu
3
Listed In: Military Leaders
Birthdate: 28th October
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Tokyo, Japan
Died: November 22, 1913

Tokugawa Yoshinobu was the 15th and last shōgun of the Tokugawa shogunate of Japan. During his tenure, he aimed to reform the shogunate but was largely unsuccessful. He resigned in 1867 and went into retirement, choosing to lead a private life away from the public eye. He had multiple hobbies, including photography, oil painting, archery, hunting, and cycling.

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 9 
Wild Bill Hickok
(Gunfighter, Law enforcement officer)
Wild Bill Hickok
7
Birthdate: 27th May
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Illinois, United States
Died: August 2, 1876
Wild Bill Hickok was a Kansas sheriff and later became a Western folk hero, famous for his gunfights. He was a Union Army spy during the American Civil War. He was shot dead while playing poker. His last hand of cards came to be known as “the dead man's hand.”
 10 
Cosima Wagner
(Composer)
Cosima Wagner
2
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: 24th December
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Bellagio, Italy
Died: April 1, 1930
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 11 
Thomas Moran
(American Explorer and Painter)
Thomas Moran
0
Listed In: Artists
Birthdate: 12th February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Bolton, Lancashire, England
Died: August 25, 1926

Landscape painter Thomas Moran is best known for his paintings that depicted the Rocky Mountains. After being part of a government surveying expedition to the then-uncharted Yellowstone area, he documented the woods and thus motivated the authorities to establish the US’s first national park in the area.

 12 
Ion Creanga
(Romanian Author Who Was a Prominent Member of the Junimea Literary Society)
Ion Creanga
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 1st March
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Târgu Neamț, Moldavia
Died: December 31, 1889

Romanian author Ion Creanga is best remembered for his pioneering contribution to children’s literature, Childhood Memories. He was associated with the Romanian literary society Junimea and the realist art movement. He also enriched the folklore of Romania, drawing on the fairy tales of his land.

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 13 
Washington Roebling
(American Civil Engineer Who Supervised the Construction of the Brooklyn Bridge)
Washington Roebling
0
Listed In: Civil Engineers
Birthdate: 26th May
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Saxonburg, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: July 21, 1926

Engineer Washington Roebling is largely remembered for co-designing the Brooklyn Bridge with his father, John Augustus. He also worked as part of the Union Army during the Civil War. A perfectionist, he was once found unconscious in a compressed-air chamber at work, and that affected him permanently.

 14 
John Newlands
(Chemist)
John Newlands
0
Listed In: Chemists
Birthdate: 26th November
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Lambeth, London, England
Died: July 29, 1898

Best remembered for his work on the periodic table and his law of octaves, British chemist John Newlands, was home-schooled as a kid. A significant figure in analytical chemistry, he later won the Davy Medal for his achievements. His studied were later collated in On the Discovery of the Periodic Law.

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 15 
William Dean Howells
(Novelist)
William Dean Howells
1
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 1st March
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Martins Ferry, Ohio, U.S.
Died: May 11, 1920
 16 
P. B. S. Pinchback
(Politician)
P. B. S. Pinchback
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 10th May
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Macon, Georgia, United States
Died: December 21, 1921
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 17 
Ilia Chavchavadze
(Journalist)
Ilia Chavchavadze
1
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 8th November
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Kvareli, Georgia
Died: September 12, 1907
 18 
Olive Oatman
(White Girl Abducted By Native Americans)
Olive Oatman
5
Birthdate: 7th September
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Illinois
Died: March 20, 1903

Olive Oatman was an American woman who was abducted by a group of Native American tribe when she was 14 years old. She was enslaved by the tribe and later traded to the Mohave people. After her release at the age of 19, Oatman became the subject of several novels, movies, plays, and poetry.

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 19 
Abraham Kuyper
(Prime Minister of the Netherlands (1901 - 1905))
Abraham Kuyper
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 29th October
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Maassluis, Netherlands
Died: November 8, 1920

After studying subjects such as literature and theology, Abraham Kuyper became a pastor and founded the Calvinist paper De Standaard. He later established the Anti-Revolutionary Party and also served the Netherlands as prime minister. He was also the founder of the Reformed Churches in the Netherlands.

 20 
Prince Philippe, Count of Flanders
(Belgian Noble and Son of King Leopold I of Belgium)
Prince Philippe, Count of Flanders
2
Listed In: Emperors & Kings
Birthdate: 24th March
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Castle of Laeken, Brussels, Belgium
Died: November 17, 1905

Prince Philippe, Count of Flanders was the son of King Leopold I of Belgium. Although he was the heir presumptive to the royal  Belgian throne, Philippe refused to be named the new Romanian sovereign when Alexandru Ioan Cuza stepped down as the domnitor of the Romanian Principalities in 1866. In 1909, his son Albert I ascended the Belgian throne.

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 21 
Amanda Smith
(American Methodist Preacher and Former Slave Who Opened an Orphanage for African-American Girls)
Amanda Smith
2
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 23rd January
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Long Green, Maryland, United States
Died: February 24, 1915

Born into slavery, Amanda Smith later stepped into freedom after her father bought his and his family’s freedom. Starting as a domestic help, she later became a missionary and a Holiness movement leader, who invested in women’s education wholeheartedly and even established an orphanage for Black girls.

 22 
Khama III
(Ngwato Chief)
Khama III
0
Birthdate: 30th November
Birthplace: Mosu, Botswana
Died: February 21, 1923

Khama III was the Kgosi (king) of the Bangwato people. He was also referred to by missionaries as Khama the Good and Khama the Great. As a young man, he had considerable wealth and was well-traveled. He also spoke fluent Dutch. He was baptized into the Lutheran church in 1860 and is remembered as the founder of a Christian state. 

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 23 
Anderson Ruffin Abbott
(Physician)
Anderson Ruffin Abbott
0
Birthdate: 7th April
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Toronto, Canada
Died: December 29, 1913

Anderson Ruffin Abbott was the first Canadian-born Black doctor. He had been a surgeon for the Union Army and was also in charge of treating President Abraham Lincoln in his final moments. He had also headed the Provident Hospital, which was the first American training hospital for Black nurses.

 24 
Gabriel Dumont
(Political figure)
Gabriel Dumont
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 1st December
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Red River Settlement, Canada
Died: May 19, 1906
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 25 
Algernon Charles Swinburne
(Poet, Writer)
Algernon Charles Swinburne
2
Listed In: Poets
Birthdate: 5th April
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: London
Died: April 10, 1909
 26 
William Williams Keen
(American Physician and the First Brain Surgeon in the United States)
William Williams Keen
0
Listed In: Surgeons
Birthdate: 19th January
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: June 7, 1932

William Williams Keen pioneered brain surgery in the U.S. Working on neurological injuries as an army surgeon, he discovered many previously unknown neurological ailments. He was also part of a secret operation on a yacht to remove a tumor from the upper jaw of U.S. president Grover Cleveland.

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 27 
Johannes van der Waals
(Theoretical Physicist)
Johannes van der Waals
1
Listed In: Physicists
Birthdate: 23rd November
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Leiden, Netherlands
Died: March 8, 1923
Nobel Prize-winning physicist Johannes Diderik van der Waals, born to a carpenter, was largely self-taught in his early days. His pathbreaking research on the gaseous and liquid states of matter influenced later studies on molecular dynamics. He was the man behind the van der Waals equation.
 28 
John Ernst Worrell Keely
(Inventor)
John Ernst Worrell Keely
1
Listed In: Inventors
Birthdate: 3rd September
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Chester, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: November 18, 1898
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 29 
Princess Maria Anna of Anhalt-Dessau
(Princess)
Princess Maria Anna of Anhalt-Dessau
0
Birthdate: 14th September
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Dessau, Dessau-Roßlau, Germany
Died: May 12, 1906
 30 
Stephanie of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
(Queen)
Stephanie of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
0
Birthdate: 15th July
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Krauchenwies, Sigmaringen, Germany
Died: July 17, 1859
 31 
Jorge Isaacs
(Colombian Novelist, Poet, and Writer of the Romantic Genre)
Jorge Isaacs
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 1st April
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Cali, Colombia
Died: April 17, 1895

Jorge Isaacs was a Colombian novelist, poet, and writer of the romantic genre. His only novel María was among the most popular Spanish-language works of the Romantic Movement. The novel, which was published in 1867, was translated into 31 languages. Jorge Isaacs achieved popularity in Colombia as well as other Latin American countries, which helped his political and journalistic career.

 32 
Hilary R. W. Johnson
(Politician)
Hilary R. W. Johnson
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 1st June
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Monrovia, Liberia
Died: 1901 AD
 33 
Charlotte Forten Grimké
(Poet)
Charlotte Forten Grimké
1
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 17th August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Died: July 23, 1914
 34 
Fredrik Bajer
(Writer and pacifist politician who received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1908 together with Klas Pontus Arnoldson)
Fredrik Bajer
1
Birthdate: 21st April
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Næstved, Denmark
Died: January 22, 1922
 35 
Charles Yerkes
(Financier)
Charles Yerkes
1
Listed In: Business People
Birthdate: 25th June
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: December 29, 1905
 36 
Itagaki Taisuke
(Soldier)
Itagaki Taisuke
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 21st May
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Tosa Domain, Japan
Died: July 16, 1919

Initially the commander of the Tosa troops, Itagaki Taisuke participated in the Meiji Restoration. He was the founder of the Liberal Party, which was the first Japanese political party. Itagaki was later stabbed by a right-wing militant, to whom he reacted by saying “Itagaki may die, but liberty, never.”

 37 
Henry Draper
(American Physician and Amateur Astronomer Who Made the First Photograph of the Spectrum of a Star)
Henry Draper
0
Listed In: Astronomers
Birthdate: 7th March
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Prince Edward County, Virginia, United States
Died: November 20, 1882

A practicing physician, Henry Draper later taught at the New York University medical school. However, he later devoted all his time to his passion, astronomy, photographing celestial bodies and following in his doctor and amateur astronomer father’s footsteps. He was the first to photograph a stellar spectrum and a nebula.

 38 
Barghash bin Said of Zanzibar
(Sultan)
Barghash bin Said of Zanzibar
0
Listed In: Emperors & Kings
Birthdate: 30th November
Birthplace: Unguja ( also known as Zanzibar Island), Tanzania
Died: March 26, 1888
 39 
Ivan Kramskoi
(Russian Painter and Art Critic)
Ivan Kramskoi
0
Birthdate: 8th June
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Ostrogozhsk, Russia
Died: April 6, 1887

Ivan Kramskoi was a Russian art critic and painter. Kramskoi played an important role as an intellectual leader of a popular Russian art movement called The Itinerants between 1860 and 1880. He was also considered an eccentric as he would not charge money for expensive frames while giving his works to his customers.

 40 
Whitelaw Reid
(Diplomat)
Whitelaw Reid
0
Listed In: Diplomats
Birthdate: 27th October
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Cedarville
Died: December 15, 1912
 41 
Donald Dinnie
(Scottish Strongman)
Donald Dinnie
0
Listed In: Strongmen
Birthdate: 30th November
Birthplace: Birse, Scotland
Died: 1916 AD
 42 
Vladimir Vasilyevich Markovnikov
(Russian Chemist Who Contributed to Structural Theory)
Vladimir Vasilyevich Markovnikov
2
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: 25th December
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Knyaginino, Russia
Died: February 11, 1904

 Russian chemist Vladimir Vasilyevich Markovnikov is best remembered for formulating the Markovnikov's rule or Markownikoff's rule, which elucidates the outcome of some addition reactions. His other contributions in the field of organic chemistry include finding carbon rings with over six carbon atoms and also displaying that although butyric and isobutyric acids have different structures, they have the same chemical formula (C4H8O2).

 43 
Edward Miner Gallaudet
(Educator)
Edward Miner Gallaudet
0
Listed In: Educators
Birthdate: 5th February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Hartford, Connecticut, United States
Died: September 26, 1917
 44 
Pierre Auguste Cot
(Former painter of the Academic Classicism school)
Pierre Auguste Cot
0
Listed In: Artists
Birthdate: 17th February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Bédarieux, France
Died: August 2, 1883
 45 
José Burgos
(Priest)
José Burgos
2
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 9th February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Vigan City, Philippines
Died: February 17, 1872
 46 
Rosalía de Castro
(Spanish Poet)
Rosalía de Castro
0
Listed In: Poets
Birthdate: 24th February
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Santiago de Compostela, Spain
Died: July 15, 1885

Legendary Galician poet Rosalía de Castro was a significant figure of the Galician Romantic movement and mostly wrote on themes such as nostalgia and melancholy. She had also written quite a few novels but remains best known for her poetry collections such as Cantares Gallegos and Follas novas.

 47 
William Henry Fitzhugh Lee
(Politician)
William Henry Fitzhugh Lee
1
Birthdate: 31st May
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Arlington, Virginia, United States
Died: October 15, 1891
 48 
Michael Hicks Beach, 1st Earl St Aldwyn
(British statesman)
Michael Hicks Beach, 1st Earl St Aldwyn
0
Birthdate: 23rd October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: London, England
Died: April 30, 1916
 49 
Alphonse Legros
(French-British Painter, Etcher and Sculptor)
Alphonse Legros
0
Birthdate: 8th May
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Dijon, France
Died: December 8, 1911

Alphonse Legros was a painter, sculptor, etcher, and medalist. He played a major role in accentuating the re-emergence of etching by serving as a teacher of etching at institutions like the South Kensington School of Art and University College London. He is credited with teaching several female artists like the Casella sisters, who were later recognized as the Slade Girls.

 50 
Morell Mackenzie
(Physician)
Morell Mackenzie
0
Birthdate: 7th July
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Leytonstone, England
Died: February 3, 1892