Jack Swigert Biography
Birthday: August 30, 1931 (Virgo)
Born In: Denver, Colorado
John Leonard "Jack" Swigert Jr. was an American astronaut who was one of the 24 people who had traversed to the Moon. A test-pilot, US Air Force pilot, and mechanical and aerospace engineer, he served in the military from 1953 to 1965. Swigert grew up in the 1930s and early 1940s, deeply fascinated by aviation. Earning money as a newspaper boy, he started taking flying lessons and by the time he turned 16, he was already a licensed private pilot. After graduating from college, he joined the Air Force in 1953 and served as a fighter pilot in Japan and Korea. He experienced his first aeroplane crash in the latter country. Following the completion of his active service, he became a jet fighter pilot with the Massachusetts and Connecticut Air National Guard. Prior to joining the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) in 1966, he also worked as a test pilot for North American Aviation. A specialist on the Apollo Command Module, he was one of the three crew members of the ill-fated Apollo 13, which came across several technical problems before it could reach its destination, leading to the abortion of the mission. In his later years, he held the position of the executive director of the Committee on Science and Astronautics, U.S. House of Representatives. Swigert was elected as a congressman before his untimely death at the age of 51.