Afghan

Afghanistan, a landlocked country between South and Central Asia, is amongst the largest and populous countries of the world. With a history dating back to the Middle Paleolithic Era, Afghanistan has since then been home to multiple cultures, traditions, ethnicity and military campaigns. Its strategic location as a crossroads helped this Islamic country build up a multi-ethnic society that has people from diverse cultures and background. The ancient Afghanistan’s turn to modernization began during the 18th century. Afghanistan boasts of a long list of peope who have put in their bit to build a nation rich in culture and heritage. Right from Hamid Karzai who served as the first President of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan to Fatema Akbari who founded the Gulistan Sasaqat Company, the list is endless. Abdul Ahad Mohmand, an astronaut, was the first Afghan and the fourth Muslim to travel in the outer space. In the field of administrative work too, Afghans made a name for themselves. Mohammad Humayon Qayoumi, once the President of San Jose State University, today serves as the Chief Adviser on Infrastructure and technology to the President of Afghanistan. This section provides you details about the life and works of famous Afghans.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Rumi

Rumi.
11
Listed In: Writers
Famous As: Great Poet
Birthdate: September 30, 1207
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Balk (present-day Afghanistan)
Died: December 17, 1273

Rumi was a Persian poet and Sufi mystic whose spiritual legacy has been attracting praises for the past 800 years! Often described as the best-selling and most popular poet in the US, Rumi's poems are widely read today in many countries. His poetry has influenced the literary traditions of many languages, such as Pashto, Urdu, Chagatai, and Ottoman Turkish.

 2 Mahmud of Ghazni

Mahmud of Ghazni.
1
Famous As: Ruler of the Ghaznavid Dynasty
Birthdate: November 2, 0971
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Ghazni, Afghanistan
Died: April 30, 1030

Mahmud of Ghazni was the sultan of the Ghaznavid Empire on two separate occasions. He first ascended the throne upon the death of his father, Mahmud, in 1030. However, he was soon overthrown by his twin brother Ma'sud I. Years later, he was reinstated as sultan but was soon executed by his nephew Maw'dud. His entire family was also killed. 

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 3 Annet Mahendru

Annet Mahendru.
0
Famous As: Actress
Birthdate: August 21, 1989
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Kabul, Afghanistan

Afghan-American actress Annet Mahendru is best known for her role in the FX period drama series The Americans. Born in Afghanistan, she moved to USA as a young woman and studied improv at The Groundlings. She began acting by taking up small roles in TV shows. Since her debut, she has acted in many films and TV shows.

 4 Ahmad Shah Durrani

Ahmad Shah Durrani.
0
Listed In: Leaders
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 1722 AD
Birthplace: Herat, Afghanistan
Died: October 16, 1772
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 5 Ashraf Ghani

Ashraf Ghani.
1
Listed In: Leaders
Famous As: 13th President of Afghanistan
Birthdate: February 12, 1949
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Logar, Afghanistan

Afghan politician, academic, and economist Ashraf Ghani is currently serving as the president of Afghanistan. This is his second term. Previously, he held the office of minister of finance. Prior to joining politics, he was a professor of anthropology at numerous institutions. He is also one of the co-founders of the NGO the Institute for State Effectiveness.

 6 Ahmad Shah Massoud

Ahmad Shah Massoud.
0
Listed In: Leaders
Famous As: Former Afghan Military & Political Leader
Birthdate: September 2, 1953
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Bazarak, Panjshir, Afghanistan
Died: September 9, 2001

Ahmad Shah Massoud was an Afghan military commander and politician. From 1979 to 1989, he played an important role in the Soviet-Afghan War, where he served as a powerful guerrilla commander. He was nicknamed Lion of Panjshir for his role in the war. Massoud was assassinated by Al-Qaeda in 2001. His death anniversary is observed as a national holiday in Afghanistan.

 7 Muhammad of Ghor

Muhammad of Ghor
0
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 1149 AD
Birthplace: Ghor, Afghanistan
Died: March 15, 1206
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 8 Hamid Karzai

Hamid Karzai.
1
Listed In: Leaders
Famous As: Former President of Afghanistan
Birthdate: December 24, 1957
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Karz
While he initially fought with the mujahideen in the Afghan War against the Soviets and later served as the deputy foreign minister, Hamid Karzai resigned in the wake of internal issues and the rise of the Taliban. Following the US-led mission against the Taliban, he became the Afghan president. 

 9 Mohammad Najibullah

Mohammad Najibullah.
3
Listed In: Leaders
Famous As: President of Afghanistan
Birthdate: August 6, 1947
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Gardez
Died: September 27, 1996

Mohammad Najibullah was an Afghan politician. From 1987 to 1992, he served as the president of Afghanistan before resigning in 1992. Throughout his tenure as president and leader of Afghanistan, Najibullah preferred nationalism over socialism, abolished the one-party state, and made Islam an official religion. In 1996, he was publicly hanged by the Taliban after they captured Kabul.

 10 Mohammed Zahir Shah

Mohammed Zahir Shah.
0
Famous As: Former King of Afghanistan
Birthdate: October 15, 1914
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Kabul
Died: July 23, 2007

Mohammed Zahir Shah was the last king of Afghanistan, in power from 1933 until he was deposed in 1973. During his reign, he focused on modernizing the economy, improving Afghanistan’s relations with other countries, and creating a new constitution. Following his deposition, he remained in exile for many years before returning to Afghanistan.

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 11 Muḥammad Shah

Muḥammad Shah
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Famous As: Mughal emperor
Birthdate: August 7, 1702
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Ghaznī, Afghanistan
Died: April 6, 1748

 12 Al-Farabi

Al-Farabi.
0
Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: 0872 AD
Birthplace: Farab
Died: 0950 AD

Al-Farabi was an early Islamic philosopher who explored various fields, such as metaphysics, political philosophy, logic, and ethics. A multi-talented man, Al-Farabi was also a jurist, mathematician, cosmologist, scientist, and music theorist. Al-Farabi is credited with influencing other important philosophers like Moses ben Maimon and Ibn Sina. His work made him famous in the East as well as the West.

 13 Roxana

Roxana.
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Listed In: Miscellaneous
Famous As: Alexander The Great's Wife
Birthdate: 0340 BC
Birthplace: Balkh
Died: 0310 BC

Roxana was a Bactrian or a Sogdian princess who married Alexander the Great after the latter defeated Darius and invaded Persia. Roxana played a significant role in the life of Alexander. Hence, she is often included in the tales and stories that narrate Alexander's greatness and valor. In the 2004 epic historical film Alexander, Roxana is portrayed by Rosario Dawson.

 14 Layla Alizada

Layla Alizada.
0
Famous As: Actress
Birthdate: August 11, 1977
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Kabul
Kabul-born Canadian actor Layla Alizada impressed her fans with her roles in Shut Eye and Jane the Virgin, and in the Academy Award-nominated short film Day One. She is married to Shameless star Noel Fisher. A polyglot, she knows four languages. She is also an avid animal lover.

 15 Mujeeb Zadran

Mujeeb Zadran
0
Listed In: Sportspersons
Famous As: Afghan cricketer
Birthdate: March 28, 2001
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Khost

 16 Mohammed Daoud Khan

Mohammed Daoud Khan
0
Listed In: Leaders
Famous As: Politician, Diplomat
Birthdate: July 18, 1909
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Kabul
Died: April 28, 1978

 17 Amānullāh Khān

Amānullāh Khān
0
Listed In: Leaders
Famous As: Sovereign
Birthdate: June 1, 1892
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Paghman
Died: April 25, 1960

 18 Abdullah Abdullah

Abdullah Abdullah
0
Listed In: Leaders
Famous As: Politician, Ophthalmologist, Diplomat
Birthdate: September 5, 1960
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Kabul

 19 Hafizullah Amin

Hafizullah Amin
0
Listed In: Leaders
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: August 1, 1929
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Paghman
Died: December 27, 1979

 20 Burhanuddin Rabbani

Burhanuddin Rabbani
0
Listed In: Leaders
Famous As: Politician, Educationist, University teacher
Birthdate: September 20, 1940
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Badakhshan Province
Died: September 20, 2011

 21 Akhtar Mohammad Mansour

Akhtar Mohammad Mansour
0
Listed In: Criminals
Famous As: Militant
Birthdate: 1968 AD
Birthplace: Maiwand, Afghanistan
Died: May 21, 2016

 22 Babrak Karmal

Babrak Karmal
0
Listed In: Leaders
Famous As: Politician, Diplomat, Lawyer
Birthdate: January 6, 1929
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Kamari
Died: December 3, 1996

 23 Mohammad Nabi

Mohammad Nabi
0
Listed In: Sportspersons
Famous As: Cricketer
Birthdate: January 1, 1985
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Logar Province

 24 Paul Lukas

Paul Lukas
0
Famous As: Actor
Birthdate: May 26, 1894
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Budapest, Hungary
Died: August 15, 1971

 25 Mohammad Shahzad

Mohammad Shahzad
0
Listed In: Sportspersons
Famous As: Cricketer
Birthdate: January 31, 1988
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Jalalabad

 26 Nur Muhammad Taraki

Nur Muhammad Taraki
0
Listed In: Leaders
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: July 15, 1917
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Nawa, Ghazni Province, Afghanistan
Died: October 8, 1979

 27 Rashid Khan

Rashid Khan.
5
Listed In: Sportspersons
Famous As: Cricketer
Birthdate: September 20, 1998
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Nangarhar, Afghanistan

Rashid Khan is an Afghan professional cricket player. Over the years, he has been instrumental in the success of the Afghanistan men's national team and is credited with popularizing cricket in Afghanistan. Widely regarded as one of the best bowlers in twenty20 cricket, Rashid Khan was adjudged the 'ICC Men's T20I Player of the Decade' in 2020.

 28 Abdur Rahman Khan

Abdur Rahman Khan
0
Famous As: Emir of Afghanistan
Birthdate: 1844 AD
Birthplace: Kabul, Afghanistan
Died: October 1, 1901

 29 Jamal al-Din al-Afghani

Jamal al-Din al-Afghani
0
Listed In: Activists
Famous As: Activist
Birthdate: 1838 AD
Birthplace: Asadabad
Died: March 9, 1897

 30 Asghar Stanikzai

Asghar Stanikzai
0
Listed In: Sportspersons
Famous As: Afghan cricketer
Birthdate: February 22, 1987
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Kabul

 31 Mohammed Nadir Shah

Mohammed Nadir Shah
0
Famous As: Diplomat
Birthdate: April 9, 1883
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Dehradun
Died: November 9, 1933

 32 Aryana Sayeed

Aryana Sayeed
0
Famous As: Afghan singer
Birthdate: July 14, 1986
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Kabul

 33 Naghma

Naghma
0
Listed In: Singers
Famous As: Singer
Birthdate: April 23, 1954
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Kandahar

 34 Ahmad Zahir

Ahmad Zahir
0
Listed In: Singers
Famous As: Singer
Birthdate: June 14, 1946
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Kabul
Died: June 14, 1979

 35 Jami

Jami
0
Listed In: Writers
Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: November 7, 1414
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Greater Khorasan
Died: November 9, 1492

 36 Sebüktigin

Sebüktigin
0
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0942 AD
Birthplace: Barskhan, Afghanistan
Died: August 5, 0997

 37 Dost Mohammad Khan

Dost Mohammad Khan
0
Birthdate: December 23, 1793
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Kandahar
Died: June 9, 1863

 38 Saif al-Adel

Saif al-Adel
0
Listed In: Criminals
Famous As: Al-Qaeda
Birthdate: April 11, 1960
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Menofia Governorate, Egypt

 39 Sher Ali Khan

Sher Ali Khan
0
Listed In: Leaders
Famous As: Emirs
Birthdate: 1825 AD
Birthplace: Kabul, Afghanistan
Died: February 21, 1879

 40 Demetrius I of Bactria

Demetrius I of Bactria
0
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0222 AD
Birthplace: Bactria, Afghanistan
Died: 0180 AD

 41 Azita Ghanizada

Azita Ghanizada
0
Famous As: Afghan-American actress
Birthdate: November 17, 1979
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Kabul

 42 Abbas I of Persia

Abbas I of Persia
1
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: January 27, 1571
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Herat
Died: January 1, 1628

 43 Sibghatullah Mojaddedi

Sibghatullah Mojaddedi
0
Listed In: Leaders
Famous As: Former President of Afghanistan
Birthdate: 1926 AD
Birthplace: Kabul

 44 Habibullah Khan

Habibullah Khan
0
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: June 3, 1872
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Tashkent
Died: February 20, 1919

 45 Humam Khalil Abu-Mulal al-Balawi

Humam Khalil Abu-Mulal al-Balawi
0
Listed In: Physicians
Famous As: Jordanian doctor
Birthdate: December 25, 1977
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Kuwait
Died: December 30, 2009

 46 Abdul Ahad Mohmand

Abdul Ahad Mohmand
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Famous As: Aviator
Birthdate: January 1, 1959
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Ghazni Province, Afghanistan

 47 Sanai

Sanai
0
Listed In: Writers
Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: 1080 AD
Birthplace: Ghazni, Afghanistan
Died: 1131 AD

 48 Mohammed Omar

Mohammed Omar
2
Listed In: Leaders
Famous As: Terrorist
Birthdate: 1960 AD
Birthplace: Kandahar, Afghanistan
Died: April 23, 2013

 49 Mozhdah Jamalzadah

Mozhdah Jamalzadah
0
Listed In: Singers
Famous As: Singer
Birthdate: December 7, 1985
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Kabul

 50 Vida Samadzai

Vida Samadzai
0
Famous As: Afghan-American actress
Birthdate: February 22, 1978
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Kabul, Afghanistan