Afghan

Afghanistan, a landlocked country between South and Central Asia, is amongst the largest and populous countries of the world. With a history dating back to the Middle Paleolithic Era, Afghanistan has since then been home to multiple cultures, traditions, ethnicity and military campaigns. Its strategic location as a crossroads helped this Islamic country build up a multi-ethnic society that has people from diverse cultures and background. The ancient Afghanistan’s turn to modernization began during the 18th century. Afghanistan boasts of a long list of peope who have put in their bit to build a nation rich in culture and heritage. Right from Hamid Karzai who served as the first President of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan to Fatema Akbari who founded the Gulistan Sasaqat Company, the list is endless. Abdul Ahad Mohmand, an astronaut, was the first Afghan and the fourth Muslim to travel in the outer space. In the field of administrative work too, Afghans made a name for themselves. Mohammad Humayon Qayoumi, once the President of San Jose State University, today serves as the Chief Adviser on Infrastructure and technology to the President of Afghanistan. This section provides you details about the life and works of famous Afghans.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Rumi

Rumi
16
Listed In: Writers
Famous As: Great Poet
Birthdate: September 30, 1207
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Balk (present-day Afghanistan)
Died: December 17, 1273

Rumi was a Persian poet and Sufi mystic whose spiritual legacy has been attracting praises for the past 800 years! Often described as the best-selling and most popular poet in the US, Rumi's poems are widely read today in many countries. His poetry has influenced the literary traditions of many languages, such as Pashto, Urdu, Chagatai, and Ottoman Turkish.

 2 Annet Mahendru

Annet Mahendru
6
Famous As: Actress
Birthdate: August 21, 1989
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Kabul, Afghanistan

Afghan-American actress Annet Mahendru is best known for her role in the FX period drama series The Americans. Born in Afghanistan, she moved to USA as a young woman and studied improv at The Groundlings. She began acting by taking up small roles in TV shows. Since her debut, she has acted in many films and TV shows.

 3 Ahmad Shah Massoud

Ahmad Shah Massoud
26
Listed In: Leaders
Famous As: Former Afghan Military & Political Leader
Birthdate: September 2, 1953
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Bazarak, Panjshir, Afghanistan
Died: September 9, 2001

Ahmad Shah Massoud was an Afghan military commander and politician. From 1979 to 1989, he played an important role in the Soviet-Afghan War, where he served as a powerful guerrilla commander. He was nicknamed Lion of Panjshir for his role in the war. Massoud was assassinated by Al-Qaeda in 2001. His death anniversary is observed as a national holiday in Afghanistan.

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 4 Mohammed Zahir Shah

Mohammed Zahir Shah
2
Famous As: Former King of Afghanistan
Birthdate: October 15, 1914
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Kabul
Died: July 23, 2007

Mohammed Zahir Shah was the last king of Afghanistan, in power from 1933 until he was deposed in 1973. During his reign, he focused on modernizing the economy, improving Afghanistan’s relations with other countries, and creating a new constitution. Following his deposition, he remained in exile for many years before returning to Afghanistan.

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 5 Al-Farabi

Al-Farabi
0
Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: 0872 AD
Birthplace: Farab
Died: 0950 AD

Al-Farabi was an early Islamic philosopher who explored various fields, such as metaphysics, political philosophy, logic, and ethics. A multi-talented man, Al-Farabi was also a jurist, mathematician, cosmologist, scientist, and music theorist. Al-Farabi is credited with influencing other important philosophers like Moses ben Maimon and Ibn Sina. His work made him famous in the East as well as the West.

 6 Mohammed Daoud Khan

Mohammed Daoud Khan
0
Listed In: Leaders
Famous As: Politician, Diplomat
Birthdate: July 18, 1909
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Kabul
Died: April 28, 1978

 7 Amānullāh Khān

Amānullāh Khān
0
Listed In: Leaders
Famous As: Sovereign
Birthdate: June 1, 1892
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Paghman
Died: April 25, 1960
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 8 Hafizullah Amin

Hafizullah Amin
0
Listed In: Leaders
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: August 1, 1929
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Paghman
Died: December 27, 1979

 9 Nadia Nadim

Nadia Nadim
3
Listed In: Sportspersons
Famous As: Association football player
Birthdate: January 2, 1988
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Herat, Afghanistan

 10 Fereshteh Hosseini

Fereshteh Hosseini
2
Famous As: Actress
Birthdate: April 26, 1997
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Tehran, Iran
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 11 Akhtar Mohammad Mansour

Akhtar Mohammad Mansour
1
Listed In: Criminals
Famous As: Militant
Birthdate: 1968 AD
Birthplace: Maiwand, Afghanistan
Died: May 21, 2016

 12 Mohammad Nabi

Mohammad Nabi
0
Listed In: Sportspersons
Famous As: Cricketer
Birthdate: January 1, 1985
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Logar Province

 13 Nur Jahan

Nur Jahan
2
Famous As: Empress
Birthdate: May 31, 1577
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Kandahar, Afghanistan
Died: December 18, 1645

Nur Jahan was the chief consort of Mughal emperor Jahangir. She reigned as Badshah Begum of the empire from 1620 to 1627. Nur Jahan is often credited with influencing Jahangir's decisions for much of his reign. She is also remembered for her strength and courage and her skills in hunting ferocious tigers. Her life has inspired many books and movies.

 14 Rashid Khan

Rashid Khan
8
Listed In: Sportspersons
Famous As: Cricketer
Birthdate: September 20, 1998
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Nangarhar, Afghanistan

Rashid Khan is an Afghan professional cricket player. Over the years, he has been instrumental in the success of the Afghanistan men's national team and is credited with popularizing cricket in Afghanistan. Widely regarded as one of the best bowlers in twenty20 cricket, Rashid Khan was adjudged the 'ICC Men's T20I Player of the Decade' in 2020.

 15 Babrak Karmal

Babrak Karmal
1
Listed In: Lawyers & Judges
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: January 6, 1929
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Kabul , Afghanistan
Died: December 3, 1996

 16 Mohammad Shahzad

Mohammad Shahzad
0
Listed In: Sportspersons
Famous As: Cricketer
Birthdate: January 31, 1988
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Jalalabad

 17 Mohammed Nadir Shah

Mohammed Nadir Shah
1
Famous As: Diplomat
Birthdate: April 9, 1883
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Dehradun
Died: November 9, 1933

 18 Mujeeb Zadran

Mujeeb Zadran
0
Listed In: Sportspersons
Famous As: Afghan cricketer
Birthdate: March 28, 2001
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Khost

 19 Aryana Sayeed

Aryana Sayeed
0
Famous As: Singer
Birthdate: July 14, 1985
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Kabul, Afghanistan

 20 Abdullah Abdullah

Abdullah Abdullah
2
Listed In: Leaders
Famous As: Politician, Ophthalmologist, Diplomat
Birthdate: September 5, 1960
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Kabul

 21 Nur Muhammad Taraki

Nur Muhammad Taraki
1
Listed In: Leaders
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: July 15, 1917
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Nawa, Ghazni Province, Afghanistan
Died: October 8, 1979

 22 Abbas I of Persia

Abbas I of Persia
2
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: January 27, 1571
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Herat
Died: January 1, 1628

 23 Azita Ghanizada

Azita Ghanizada
0
Famous As: Afghan-American actress
Birthdate: November 17, 1979
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Kabul

 24 Habibullah Khan

Habibullah Khan
0
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: June 3, 1872
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Tashkent
Died: February 20, 1919

 25 Sibghatullah Mojaddedi

Sibghatullah Mojaddedi
0
Listed In: Leaders
Famous As: Former President of Afghanistan
Birthdate: 1926 AD
Birthplace: Kabul

 26 Ahmad Shah Durrani

Ahmad Shah Durrani
1
Listed In: Leaders
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 1722 AD
Birthplace: Herat, Afghanistan
Died: October 16, 1772

 27 Asghar Stanikzai

Asghar Stanikzai
0
Listed In: Sportspersons
Famous As: Afghan cricketer
Birthdate: February 22, 1987
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Kabul

 28 Sonita Alizadeh

Sonita Alizadeh
0
Listed In: Activists
Famous As: Rapper
Birthdate: 1996 AD
Birthplace: Herat, Afghanistan

 29 Mahmud of Ghazni

Mahmud of Ghazni
9
Famous As: Ruler of the Ghaznavid Dynasty
Birthdate: November 2, 0971
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Ghazni, Afghanistan
Died: April 30, 1030

Mahmud of Ghazni was the sultan of the Ghaznavid Empire on two separate occasions. He first ascended the throne upon the death of his father, Mahmud, in 1030. However, he was soon overthrown by his twin brother Ma'sud I. Years later, he was reinstated as sultan but was soon executed by his nephew Maw'dud. His entire family was also killed. 

 30 Anjuman

Anjuman
0
Famous As: Actress
Birthdate: July 24, 1955
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Multan, Pakistan

 31 Abdul Ahad Mohmand

Abdul Ahad Mohmand
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Famous As: Aviator
Birthdate: January 1, 1959
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Ghazni Province, Afghanistan

 32 Naghma

Naghma
0
Listed In: Singers
Famous As: Singer
Birthdate: April 23, 1954
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Kandahar

 33 Mohammed Omar

Mohammed Omar
28
Listed In: Leaders
Famous As: Terrorist
Birthdate: 1960 AD
Birthplace: Kandahar, Afghanistan
Died: April 23, 2013

 34 Muhammad of Ghor

Muhammad of Ghor
3
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 1149 AD
Birthplace: Ghor, Afghanistan
Died: March 15, 1206

 35 Ahmad Zahir

Ahmad Zahir
0
Listed In: Singers
Famous As: Singer
Birthdate: June 14, 1946
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Kabul
Died: June 14, 1979

 36 Jami

Jami
0
Listed In: Writers
Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: November 7, 1414
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Greater Khorasan
Died: November 9, 1492

 37 Sebüktigin

Sebüktigin
0
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0942 AD
Birthplace: Barskhan, Afghanistan
Died: August 5, 0997

 38 Mozhdah Jamalzadah

Mozhdah Jamalzadah
0
Listed In: Singers
Famous As: Singer
Birthdate: December 7, 1985
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Kabul

 39 Muḥammad Shah

Muḥammad Shah
1
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Famous As: Mughal emperor
Birthdate: August 7, 1702
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Ghaznī, Afghanistan
Died: April 6, 1748

 40 Dost Mohammad Khan

Dost Mohammad Khan
0
Birthdate: December 23, 1793
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Kandahar
Died: June 9, 1863

 41 Ashraf Ghani

Ashraf Ghani
43
Listed In: Leaders
Famous As: 13th President of Afghanistan
Birthdate: February 12, 1949
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Logar, Afghanistan

Afghan politician, academic, and economist Ashraf Ghani is currently serving as the president of Afghanistan. This is his second term. Previously, he held the office of minister of finance. Prior to joining politics, he was a professor of anthropology at numerous institutions. He is also one of the co-founders of the NGO the Institute for State Effectiveness.

 42 Malalai of Maiwand

Malalai of Maiwand
0
Listed In: Activists
Famous As: Activist
Birthdate: 1861 AD
Birthplace: Kandahar, Afghanistan
Died: July 27, 1880

 43 Hamid Karzai

Hamid Karzai
10
Listed In: Leaders
Famous As: Former President of Afghanistan
Birthdate: December 24, 1957
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Karz
While he initially fought with the mujahideen in the Afghan War against the Soviets and later served as the deputy foreign minister, Hamid Karzai resigned in the wake of internal issues and the rise of the Taliban. Following the US-led mission against the Taliban, he became the Afghan president. 

 44 Sher Ali Khan

Sher Ali Khan
0
Listed In: Leaders
Famous As: Emirs
Birthdate: 1825 AD
Birthplace: Kabul, Afghanistan
Died: February 21, 1879

 45 Saif al-Adel

Saif al-Adel
0
Listed In: Criminals
Famous As: Al-Qaeda
Birthdate: April 11, 1960
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Menofia Governorate, Egypt

 46 Mohammad Najibullah

Mohammad Najibullah
16
Listed In: Leaders
Famous As: President of Afghanistan
Birthdate: August 6, 1947
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Gardez
Died: September 27, 1996

Mohammad Najibullah was an Afghan politician. From 1987 to 1992, he served as the president of Afghanistan before resigning in 1992. Throughout his tenure as president and leader of Afghanistan, Najibullah preferred nationalism over socialism, abolished the one-party state, and made Islam an official religion. In 1996, he was publicly hanged by the Taliban after they captured Kabul.

 47 Rohullah Nikpai

Rohullah Nikpai
0
Listed In: Sportspersons
Famous As: Taekwondo practitioner
Birthdate: June 15, 1987
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Wardak, Afghanistan

 48 Demetrius I of Bactria

Demetrius I of Bactria
0
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0222 AD
Birthplace: Bactria, Afghanistan
Died: 0180 AD

 49 Zekeria Ebrahimi

Zekeria Ebrahimi
0
Famous As: Actor
Birthdate: January 9, 1996
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Afghanistan

 50 Fatima Aziz

Fatima Aziz
0
Listed In: Physicians
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: 1973 AD
Birthplace: Kunduz, Kingdom of Afghanistan Afghanistan
Died: March 12, 2021