Afghan

Afghanistan, a landlocked country between South and Central Asia, is amongst the largest and populous countries of the world. With a history dating back to the Middle Paleolithic Era, Afghanistan has since then been home to multiple cultures, traditions, ethnicity and military campaigns. Its strategic location as a crossroads helped this Islamic country build up a multi-ethnic society that has people from diverse cultures and background. The ancient Afghanistan’s turn to modernization began during the 18th century. Afghanistan boasts of a long list of peope who have put in their bit to build a nation rich in culture and heritage. Right from Hamid Karzai who served as the first President of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan to Fatema Akbari who founded the Gulistan Sasaqat Company, the list is endless. Abdul Ahad Mohmand, an astronaut, was the first Afghan and the fourth Muslim to travel in the outer space. In the field of administrative work too, Afghans made a name for themselves. Mohammad Humayon Qayoumi, once the President of San Jose State University, today serves as the Chief Adviser on Infrastructure and technology to the President of Afghanistan. This section provides you details about the life and works of famous Afghans.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Rumi

Rumi
25
Listed In: Writers
Famous As: Persian Poet
Birthdate: September 30, 1207
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Balkh, Afghanistan
Died: December 17, 1273

Rumi was a Persian poet and Sufi mystic whose spiritual legacy has been attracting praises for the past 800 years! Often described as the best-selling and most popular poet in the US, Rumi's poems are widely read today in many countries. His poetry has influenced the literary traditions of many languages, such as Pashto, Urdu, Chagatai, and Ottoman Turkish.

 2 Ahmad Shah Massoud

Ahmad Shah Massoud
34
Listed In: Leaders
Famous As: Minister of Defense of Afghanistan (1992-2001)
Birthdate: September 2, 1953
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Bazarak, Afghanistan
Died: September 9, 2001

Ahmad Shah Massoud was an Afghan military commander and politician. From 1979 to 1989, he played an important role in the Soviet-Afghan War, where he served as a powerful guerrilla commander. He was nicknamed Lion of Panjshir for his role in the war. Massoud was assassinated by Al-Qaeda in 2001. His death anniversary is observed as a national holiday in Afghanistan.

 3 Mahmud of Ghazni

Mahmud of Ghazni
14
Famous As: Sultan of the Ghaznavid Empire (998-1030)
Birthdate: November 2, 0971
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Ghazni, Afghanistan
Died: April 30, 1030

Mahmud of Ghazni was the sultan of the Ghaznavid Empire on two separate occasions. He first ascended the throne upon the death of his father, Mahmud, in 1030. However, he was soon overthrown by his twin brother Ma'sud I. Years later, he was reinstated as sultan but was soon executed by his nephew Maw'dud. His entire family was also killed. 

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 4 Annet Mahendru

Annet Mahendru
15
Famous As: Actress
Birthdate: August 21, 1989
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Kabul, Afghanistan

Afghan-American actress Annet Mahendru is best known for her role in the FX period drama series The Americans. Born in Afghanistan, she moved to USA as a young woman and studied improv at The Groundlings. She began acting by taking up small roles in TV shows. Since her debut, she has acted in many films and TV shows.

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 5 Ahmad Shah Durrani

Ahmad Shah Durrani
7
Listed In: Leaders
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 1722 AD
Birthplace: Herat, Afghanistan
Died: October 16, 1772

 6 Khaled Hosseini

Khaled Hosseini
3
Listed In: Writers
Famous As: Novelist
Birthdate: March 4, 1965
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Kabul, Afghanistan

 7 Muhammad of Ghor

Muhammad of Ghor
8
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 1149 AD
Birthplace: Ghor, Afghanistan
Died: March 15, 1206

Muhammad of Ghor of the Ghurid Empire went down in history as the man who established Muslim rule in the Indian subcontinent and set the tone for the upcoming Mughal dynasty. He ruled over a vast area, which included India, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Iran, among others, along with his brother, Ghiyath ad-Din Muhammad.

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 8 Mohammed Zahir Shah

Mohammed Zahir Shah
11
Famous As: King of Afghanistan (1933-73)
Birthdate: October 15, 1914
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Kabul, Afghanistan
Died: July 23, 2007

Mohammed Zahir Shah was the last king of Afghanistan, in power from 1933 until he was deposed in 1973. During his reign, he focused on modernizing the economy, improving Afghanistan’s relations with other countries, and creating a new constitution. Following his deposition, he remained in exile for many years before returning to Afghanistan.

 9 Mohammad Najibullah

Mohammad Najibullah
21
Listed In: Leaders
Famous As: President of Afghanistan (1987-92)
Birthdate: August 6, 1947
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Gardez, Afghanistan
Died: September 27, 1996

Mohammad Najibullah was an Afghan politician. From 1987 to 1992, he served as the president of Afghanistan before resigning in 1992. Throughout his tenure as president and leader of Afghanistan, Najibullah preferred nationalism over socialism, abolished the one-party state, and made Islam an official religion. In 1996, he was publicly hanged by the Taliban after they captured Kabul.

 10 Al-Farabi

Al-Farabi
1
Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: 0872 AD
Birthplace: Farab
Died: 0950 AD

Al-Farabi was an early Islamic philosopher who explored various fields, such as metaphysics, political philosophy, logic, and ethics. A multi-talented man, Al-Farabi was also a jurist, mathematician, cosmologist, scientist, and music theorist. Al-Farabi is credited with influencing other important philosophers like Moses ben Maimon and Ibn Sina. His work made him famous in the East as well as the West.

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 11 Muḥammad Shah

Muḥammad Shah
3
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Famous As: Mughal emperor
Birthdate: August 7, 1702
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Ghaznī, Afghanistan
Died: April 6, 1748

 12 Amānullāh Khān

Amānullāh Khān
7
Listed In: Leaders
Famous As: Sovereign
Birthdate: June 1, 1892
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Paghman
Died: April 25, 1960

 13 Rashid Khan

Rashid Khan
16
Listed In: Sportspersons
Famous As: Cricketer
Birthdate: September 20, 1998
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Nangarhar, Afghanistan

Rashid Khan is an Afghan professional cricket player. Over the years, he has been instrumental in the success of the Afghanistan men's national team and is credited with popularizing cricket in Afghanistan. Widely regarded as one of the best bowlers in twenty20 cricket, Rashid Khan was adjudged the 'ICC Men's T20I Player of the Decade' in 2020.

 14 Hafizullah Amin

Hafizullah Amin
3
Listed In: Leaders
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: August 1, 1929
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Paghman
Died: December 27, 1979

 15 Nadia Nadim

Nadia Nadim
12
Listed In: Sportspersons
Famous As: Association football player
Birthdate: January 2, 1988
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Herat, Afghanistan

 16 Mujeeb Zadran

Mujeeb Zadran
4
Listed In: Sportspersons
Famous As: Afghan cricketer
Birthdate: March 28, 2001
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Khost

 17 Mohammad Nabi

Mohammad Nabi
6
Listed In: Sportspersons
Famous As: Cricketer
Birthdate: January 1, 1985
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Logar Province

 18 Mohammed Daoud Khan

Mohammed Daoud Khan
6
Listed In: Leaders
Famous As: Politician, Diplomat
Birthdate: July 18, 1909
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Kabul
Died: April 28, 1978

 19 Babrak Karmal

Babrak Karmal
5
Listed In: Lawyers & Judges
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: January 6, 1929
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Kabul , Afghanistan
Died: December 3, 1996

 20 Nur Jahan

Nur Jahan
0
Famous As: Chief wife of the Mughal emperor Jahangir
Birthdate: 1577 AD
Birthplace: Kandahar, Afghanistan
Died: December 17, 1645

 21 Arshi Khan

Arshi Khan
0
Famous As: Arshi joined the Indian National Congress party to contest the 2019 elections for Mumbai
Birthdate: November 29, 1987
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Afghanistan

 22 Mohammed Nadir Shah

Mohammed Nadir Shah
5
Famous As: Diplomat
Birthdate: April 9, 1883
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Dehradun
Died: November 9, 1933

 23 Asghar Stanikzai

Asghar Stanikzai
2
Listed In: Sportspersons
Famous As: Afghan cricketer
Birthdate: February 22, 1987
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Kabul

 24 Ahmad Zahir

Ahmad Zahir
2
Listed In: Singers
Famous As: Singer
Birthdate: June 14, 1946
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Kabul, Afghanistan
Died: June 14, 1979

 25 Jami

Jami
0
Listed In: Writers
Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: November 7, 1414
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Greater Khorasan
Died: November 9, 1492

 26 Abu Sa'id Mirza

Abu Sa'id Mirza
0
Famous As: Ruler of the Timurid Empire
Birthdate: 1424 AD
Birthplace: Herat, Afghanistan
Died: February 8, 1469

 27 Ahmad Shah Khan, Crown Prince of Afghanistan

Ahmad Shah Khan, Crown Prince of Afghanistan
0
Famous As: King
Birthdate: September 23, 1934
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Kabul, Afghanistan

 28 Azita Ghanizada

Azita Ghanizada
2
Famous As: Actress
Birthdate: November 17, 1979
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Kabul, Afghanistan

 29 Sebüktigin

Sebüktigin
1
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0942 AD
Birthplace: Barskhan, Afghanistan
Died: August 5, 0997

 30 Sibghatullah Mojaddedi

Sibghatullah Mojaddedi
2
Listed In: Leaders
Famous As: Former President of Afghanistan
Birthdate: 1926 AD
Birthplace: Kabul

 31 Mohammad Shahzad

Mohammad Shahzad
5
Listed In: Sportspersons
Famous As: Cricketer - Wicket-keeper-batsman
Birthdate: January 10, 1988
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Jalalabad, Afghanistan

 32 Habibullah Khan

Habibullah Khan
2
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: June 3, 1872
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Tashkent
Died: February 20, 1919

 33 Ashraf Ghani

Ashraf Ghani
53
Listed In: Leaders
Famous As: 2nd and Last President of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
Birthdate: May 19, 1949
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Logar, Afghanistan

Afghan politician, academic, and economist Ashraf Ghani is currently serving as the president of Afghanistan. This is his second term. Previously, he held the office of minister of finance. Prior to joining politics, he was a professor of anthropology at numerous institutions. He is also one of the co-founders of the NGO the Institute for State Effectiveness.

 34 Demetrius I of Bactria

Demetrius I of Bactria
1
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0222 AD
Birthplace: Bactria, Afghanistan
Died: 0180 AD

 35 Hamid Karzai

Hamid Karzai
22
Listed In: Leaders
Famous As: Former President of Afghanistan
Birthdate: December 24, 1957
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Karz
While he initially fought with the mujahideen in the Afghan War against the Soviets and later served as the deputy foreign minister, Hamid Karzai resigned in the wake of internal issues and the rise of the Taliban. Following the US-led mission against the Taliban, he became the Afghan president. 

 36 Nur Jahan

Nur Jahan
6
Famous As: Empress
Birthdate: May 31, 1577
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Kandahar, Afghanistan
Died: December 18, 1645

Nur Jahan was the chief consort of Mughal emperor Jahangir. She reigned as Badshah Begum of the empire from 1620 to 1627. Nur Jahan is often credited with influencing Jahangir's decisions for much of his reign. She is also remembered for her strength and courage and her skills in hunting ferocious tigers. Her life has inspired many books and movies.

 37 Sonita Alizadeh

Sonita Alizadeh
1
Listed In: Activists
Famous As: Rapper
Birthdate: 1996 AD
Birthplace: Herat, Afghanistan

 38 Abdul Ahad Mohmand

Abdul Ahad Mohmand
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Famous As: Aviator
Birthdate: January 1, 1959
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Ghazni Province, Afghanistan

 39 Muin al-Din Chishti

Muin al-Din Chishti
0
Famous As: Persian Sunni Muslim preacher and Sayyid
Birthdate: February 1, 1143
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Herat, Ghaznavid Empire
Died: March 15, 1236

 40 Zeenat Karzai

Zeenat Karzai
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: 1970 AD
Birthplace: Kandahar

 41 Zarifa Ghafari

Zarifa Ghafari
0
Listed In: Activists
Famous As: Activist, Politician
Birthdate: 1992 AD
Birthplace: Paktia, Afghanistan

 42 Sayed Sadaat

Sayed Sadaat
1
Listed In: Leaders
Famous As: Former politician who currently works as a Lieferando delivery man in Leipzig
Birthdate: 1971 AD
Birthplace: Afghanistan

 43 Abdullah Abdullah

Abdullah Abdullah
10
Listed In: Leaders
Famous As: Politician, Ophthalmologist, Diplomat
Birthdate: September 5, 1960
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Kabul

 44 Sanai

Sanai
1
Listed In: Poets
Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: 1080 AD
Birthplace: Ghazni, Afghanistan
Died: 1131 AD

Sanai was a Persian poet whose magnum opus The Walled Garden of Truth is considered the first mystical epic of Sufism in the Persian language. The book expresses Sanai's ideas on God, philosophy, love, and reason. His poetry had a major influence on Persian literature. Sanai’s work also inspired several celebrated poets like Rumi.

 45 Khalil Sultan

Khalil Sultan
0
Famous As: Monarch
Birthdate: September 14, 1384
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Herat, Afghanistan
Died: November 4, 1411

 46 Nur Muhammad Taraki

Nur Muhammad Taraki
6
Listed In: Leaders
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: July 15, 1917
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Nawa, Ghazni Province, Afghanistan
Died: October 8, 1979

 47 Kandahari Begum

Kandahari Begum
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Famous As: First wife of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan
Birthdate: 1593 AD
Birthplace: Kandahar, Afghanistan

 48 Burhanuddin Rabbani

Burhanuddin Rabbani
9
Listed In: Leaders
Famous As: Politician, Educationist, University teacher
Birthdate: September 20, 1940
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Badakhshan Province
Died: September 20, 2011

 49 Rohullah Nikpai

Rohullah Nikpai
0
Listed In: Sportspersons
Famous As: Taekwondo practitioner
Birthdate: June 15, 1987
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Wardak, Afghanistan

 50 Mozhdah Jamalzadah

Mozhdah Jamalzadah
3
Listed In: Singers
Famous As: Singer
Birthdate: December 7, 1985
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Kabul