Famous Afghan Leaders

Find out more about the greatest Afghan Leaders, including Mohammed Omar, Mohammad Najibullah, Ahmad Shah Massoud, Ashraf Ghani and Hamid Karzai.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Ahmad Shah Durrani

Ahmad Shah Durrani
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Famous As: King
Birthdate: 1722 AD
Nationality: Afghan
Died: October 16, 1772

 2 Ashraf Ghani

Ashraf Ghani
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Famous As: 13th President of Afghanistan
Birthdate: February 12, 1949
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Afghan

Afghan politician, academic, and economist Ashraf Ghani is currently serving as the president of Afghanistan. This is his second term. Previously, he held the office of minister of finance. Prior to joining politics, he was a professor of anthropology at numerous institutions. He is also one of the co-founders of the NGO the Institute for State Effectiveness.

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 3 Ahmad Shah Massoud

Ahmad Shah Massoud
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Famous As: Former Afghan Military & Political Leader
Birthdate: September 2, 1953
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: Afghan
Died: September 9, 2001

Ahmad Shah Massoud was an Afghan military commander and politician. From 1979 to 1989, he played an important role in the Soviet-Afghan War, where he served as a powerful guerrilla commander. He was nicknamed Lion of Panjshir for his role in the war. Massoud was assassinated by Al-Qaeda in 2001. His death anniversary is observed as a national holiday in Afghanistan.

 4 Hamid Karzai

Hamid Karzai
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Famous As: Former President of Afghanistan
Birthdate: December 24, 1957
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: Afghan
While he initially fought with the mujahideen in the Afghan War against the Soviets and later served as the deputy foreign minister, Hamid Karzai resigned in the wake of internal issues and the rise of the Taliban. Following the US-led mission against the Taliban, he became the Afghan president. 
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 5 Mohammad Najibullah

Mohammad Najibullah
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Famous As: President of Afghanistan
Birthdate: August 6, 1947
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: Afghan
Died: September 27, 1996

Mohammad Najibullah was an Afghan politician. From 1987 to 1992, he served as the president of Afghanistan before resigning in 1992. Throughout his tenure as president and leader of Afghanistan, Najibullah preferred nationalism over socialism, abolished the one-party state, and made Islam an official religion. In 1996, he was publicly hanged by the Taliban after they captured Kabul.

 6 Mohammed Daoud Khan

Mohammed Daoud Khan
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Famous As: Politician, Diplomat
Birthdate: July 18, 1909
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: Afghan
Died: April 28, 1978

 7 Abdullah Abdullah

Abdullah Abdullah
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Famous As: Politician, Ophthalmologist, Diplomat
Birthdate: September 5, 1960
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: Afghan
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 8 Amānullāh Khān

Amānullāh Khān
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Famous As: Sovereign
Birthdate: June 1, 1892
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: Afghan
Died: April 25, 1960

 9 Burhanuddin Rabbani

Burhanuddin Rabbani
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Famous As: Politician, Educationist, University teacher
Birthdate: September 20, 1940
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: Afghan
Died: September 20, 2011

 10 Akhtar Mohammad Mansour

Akhtar Mohammad Mansour
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Famous As: Militant
Birthdate: 1968 AD
Nationality: Afghan
Died: May 21, 2016

 11 Hafizullah Amin

Hafizullah Amin
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: August 1, 1929
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: Afghan
Died: December 27, 1979

 12 Babrak Karmal

Babrak Karmal
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Famous As: Politician, Diplomat, Lawyer
Birthdate: January 6, 1929
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: Afghan
Died: December 3, 1996

 13 Nur Muhammad Taraki

Nur Muhammad Taraki
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: July 15, 1917
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: Afghan
Died: October 8, 1979

 14 Abdur Rahman Khan

Abdur Rahman Khan
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Famous As: Emir of Afghanistan
Birthdate: 1844 AD
Nationality: Afghan
Died: October 1, 1901

 15 Sebüktigin

Sebüktigin
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Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0942 AD
Nationality: Afghan
Died: August 5, 0997

 16 Dost Mohammad Khan

Dost Mohammad Khan
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Birthdate: December 23, 1793
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: Afghan
Died: June 9, 1863

 17 Sher Ali Khan

Sher Ali Khan
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Famous As: Emirs
Birthdate: 1825 AD
Nationality: Afghan
Died: February 21, 1879

 18 Abbas I of Persia

Abbas I of Persia
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: January 27, 1571
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Afghan
Died: January 1, 1628

 19 Sibghatullah Mojaddedi

Sibghatullah Mojaddedi
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Famous As: Former President of Afghanistan
Birthdate: 1926 AD
Nationality: Afghan

 20 Malalai Joya

Malalai Joya
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Famous As: Politician, Feminist
Birthdate: April 25, 1978
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: Afghan

 21 Abdul Haq

Abdul Haq
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Famous As: Military commander
Birthdate: April 23, 1958
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: Afghan
Died: October 26, 2001

 22 Mohammad Rabbani

Mohammad Rabbani
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Famous As: Political leader
Birthdate: August 31, 1955
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: Afghan
Died: April 15, 2001

 23 Al-Muqanna

Al-Muqanna
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Famous As: Religious leader
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Nationality: Afghan
Died: 0783 AD

 24 Ahmed Wali Karzai

Ahmed Wali Karzai
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: 1961 AD
Nationality: Afghan
Died: July 12, 2011

 25 Mullah Dadullah

Mullah Dadullah
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Famous As: Guerrilla commander
Birthdate: 1966 AD
Nationality: Afghan
Died: March 13, 2007

 26 Munir Mangal

Munir Mangal
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Famous As: Military officer
Birthdate: 1950 AD
Nationality: Afghan
Died: May 2, 2020

 27 Mohammed Omar

Mohammed Omar
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Famous As: Terrorist
Birthdate: 1960 AD
Nationality: Afghan
Died: April 23, 2013