Famous Swedish Scientists

Sweden has had a long history of inventions and discoveries. Ever since the 17th century, Swedish scientists have played an instrumental role in the industrial, economic and cultural development of the country and the world at large. From Anders Celsius and his invention of the 100 point thermometer scale to the current day Adam Dunkels and his invention of MicroIP that allows car keys and credit cards to communicate using Internet Protocol, Sweden has had a bevy of scientists who have been breeding on innovation and invention. The pacemaker that regulates the heartbeat was invented by the Swedish scientist Rune Elmqvist and so was ultrasound by Swedish physician and scientist Inge Edler. Motor vehicle safety reached a new level with the invention of the three-point seat belt. Do you know that Swedish inventor Nil Bohlin’s safety belt safeguards one life every six minutes? Thanks to the revolutionary paper packing system of TetraPak, we no longer have to carry our liquids and semi-liquids in glass bottles. Conceptualised by Erik Wallenberg and produced by Ruben Rausing, TetraPak has highly influenced modern lifestyle. To know more interesting facts about famous Swedish scientists, their life, their discoveries and findings and their research, read further.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Carl Linnaeus

Carl Linnaeus
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Famous As: Botanist
Birthdate: May 23, 1707
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: Swedish
Died: January 10, 1778

Swedish botanist and lecturer Carl Linnaeus, who established the concept of binomial nomenclature, or the system of naming organisms, is also known as the father of modern taxonomy. His system of classification is known as Linnaean taxonomy. He was the first to include humans and apes under the header Anthropomorpha.

 2 Alfred Nobel

Alfred Nobel
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Birthdate: October 21, 1833
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: Swedish
Died: December 10, 1896

Alfred Nobel was a Swedish chemist, engineer, and inventor. A prolific inventor, he held 355 different patents. Most popular as the inventor of dynamite, he was concerned with how he would be remembered after his death and bequeathed his fortune to the Nobel Prize institution. A wide traveler, he was proficient in several languages.

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 3 Eva Ekeblad

Eva Ekeblad
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Famous As: Scientist
Birthdate: July 10, 1724
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: Swedish
Died: May 15, 1786

 4 Emmanuel Swedenborg

Emmanuel Swedenborg
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Famous As: Scientist
Birthdate: January 29, 1688
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Swedish
Died: March 29, 1772
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 5 Nick Bostrom

Nick Bostrom
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Famous As: Philosopher, University teacher, Computer scientist
Birthdate: March 10, 1973
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: Swedish

 6 Anders Celsius

Anders Celsius
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Famous As: Astronomer, Physicist, Mathematician
Birthdate: November 27, 1701
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: Swedish
Died: April 25, 1744
Inventor of the centigrade or the Celcius scale of temperature, Swedish astronomer and scientist Anders Celsius was no stranger to science, being the son of an astronomy professor and the grandson of mathematician Magnus Celsius. His expeditions confirmed Isaac Newton's belief that the earth was flattened at the poles.
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 7 Max Tegmark

Max Tegmark
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Famous As: Physicist, Astronomer, Astrophysicist
Birthdate: May 5, 1967
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: Swedish, American
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 8 Jöns Jacob Berzelius

Jöns Jacob Berzelius
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Famous As: Chemist, Non-fiction writer, University teacher
Birthdate: August 20, 1779
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: Swedish
Died: August 7, 1848

 9 Niklas Zennström

Niklas Zennström
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Famous As: Entrepreneur, Businessperson, Computer scientist
Birthdate: February 16, 1966
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Swedish

 10 Torsten Wiesel

Torsten Wiesel
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Famous As: Neurophysiologist
Birthdate: June 3, 1924
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: Swedish

 11 Hannes Alfvén

Hannes Alfvén
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Famous As: Physicist, Astronomer, Astrophysicist, Engineer, University teacher
Birthdate: May 30, 1908
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: Swedish
Died: April 2, 1995

 12 Christer Fuglesang

Christer Fuglesang
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Famous As: Physicist, Astronaut, Blogger, Author
Birthdate: March 18, 1957
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: Swedish

 13 Lennart Nilsson

Lennart Nilsson
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Famous As: Photographer
Birthdate: August 24, 1922
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: Swedish
Died: January 28, 2017

 14 Arvid Carlsson

Arvid Carlsson
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Famous As: Neuropharmacologist
Birthdate: January 25, 1923
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Swedish
Died: June 29, 2018

 15 Ivar Jacobson

Ivar Jacobson
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Famous As: Computer scientist, Engineer, Inventor
Birthdate: September 2, 1939
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: Swedish

 16 Anders Jonas Ångström

Anders Jonas Ångström
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Famous As: Swedish physicist
Birthdate: August 13, 1814
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: Swedish
Died: June 21, 1874

 17 Kai Siegbahn

Kai Siegbahn
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Famous As: Physicist
Birthdate: April 20, 1918
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: Swedish
Died: July 20, 2007

 18 Johannes Rydberg

Johannes Rydberg
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Famous As: Physicist
Birthdate: November 8, 1854
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Swedish
Died: December 28, 1919

 19 Manne Siegbahn

Manne Siegbahn
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Famous As: Physicist
Birthdate: December 3, 1886
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: Swedish
Died: September 26, 1978

 20 Gösta Mittag-Leffler

Gösta Mittag-Leffler
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Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: March 16, 1846
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: Swedish
Died: July 7, 1927

 21 Ulf von Euler

Ulf von Euler
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Famous As: Physiologist and Pharmacologist
Birthdate: February 7, 1905
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Swedish
Died: March 9, 1983

 22 Lars Hörmander

Lars Hörmander
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Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: January 24, 1931
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Swedish
Died: November 25, 2012

 23 Helge von Koch

Helge von Koch
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Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: January 25, 1870
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Swedish
Died: March 11, 1924

 24 Theodor Svedberg

Theodor Svedberg
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: August 30, 1884
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: Swedish
Died: February 25, 1971

 25 Georg Brandt

Georg Brandt
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: June 26, 1694
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: Swedish
Died: April 29, 1768

 26 Christopher Polhem

Christopher Polhem
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Famous As: Scientist
Birthdate: December 18, 1661
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: Swedish
Died: August 30, 1751

 27 Lennart Carleson

Lennart Carleson
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Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: March 18, 1928
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: Swedish

 28 Arne Tiselius

Arne Tiselius
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Famous As: Biochemist
Birthdate: August 10, 1902
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: Swedish
Died: October 29, 1971

 29 Elias Magnus Fries

Elias Magnus Fries
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Famous As: Mycologist
Birthdate: August 15, 1794
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: Swedish
Died: February 8, 1878

 30 Sune Bergström

Sune Bergström
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Famous As: Biochemist
Birthdate: January 16, 1916
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: Swedish
Died: August 15, 2004

 31 Axel Fredrik Cronstedt

Axel Fredrik Cronstedt
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Famous As: Mineralogist and chemist
Birthdate: December 23, 1722
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: Swedish
Died: August 19, 1765

 32 Torbern Olof Bergman

Torbern Olof Bergman
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Famous As: Chemist and naturalist
Birthdate: March 20, 1735
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: Swedish
Died: July 8, 1784

 33 Vagn Walfrid Ekman

Vagn Walfrid Ekman
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Famous As: Oceanographer
Birthdate: May 3, 1874
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: Swedish
Died: March 9, 1954

 34 Otto Nordenskjöld

Otto Nordenskjöld
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Famous As: Geologist
Birthdate: December 6, 1869
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: Swedish
Died: June 2, 1928

 35 Bengt I. Samuelsson

Bengt I. Samuelsson
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Famous As: Biochemist
Birthdate: May 21, 1934
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: Swedish

 36 Hugo Theorell

Hugo Theorell
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Famous As: Swedish scientist
Birthdate: July 6, 1903
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: Swedish
Died: August 15, 1982

 37 Carl Edvard Johansson

Carl Edvard Johansson
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Famous As: Inventor
Birthdate: March 15, 1864
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: Swedish
Died: September 30, 1943

 38 Johan Gunnar Andersson

Johan Gunnar Andersson
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Famous As: Archaeologist
Birthdate: July 3, 1874
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: Swedish
Died: October 29, 1960

 39 Per Teodor Cleve

Per Teodor Cleve
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: February 10, 1840
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Swedish
Died: June 18, 1905

 40 Johan Gottlieb Gahn

Johan Gottlieb Gahn
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: August 19, 1745
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: Swedish
Died: December 8, 1818

 41 Carl-Gustaf Rossby

Carl-Gustaf Rossby
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Famous As: Meteorologist
Birthdate: December 28, 1898
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: Swedish, American
Died: August 19, 1957

 42 Carl Gustaf Mosander

Carl Gustaf Mosander
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: September 10, 1797
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: Swedish
Died: October 15, 1858

 43 Anders Retzius

Anders Retzius
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Famous As: Professor
Birthdate: October 13, 1796
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: Swedish
Died: April 18, 1860

 44 Erik Ivar Fredholm

Erik Ivar Fredholm
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Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: April 7, 1866
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: Swedish
Died: August 17, 1927

 45 Bert Bolin

Bert Bolin
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Famous As: Meteorologist
Birthdate: March 15, 1925
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: Swedish
Died: December 30, 2007

 46 Georg Stiernhielm

Georg Stiernhielm
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Famous As: Civil servant
Birthdate: August 7, 1598
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: Swedish
Died: April 22, 1672

 47 Charles De Geer

Charles De Geer
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Famous As: Industrialist
Birthdate: January 30, 1720
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Swedish
Died: March 7, 1778

 48 Peter Jacob Hjelm

Peter Jacob Hjelm
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: October 2, 1746
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: Swedish
Died: October 7, 1813

 49 Anders Gustav Ekeberg

Anders Gustav Ekeberg
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: January 16, 1767
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: Swedish
Died: February 11, 1813

 50 Tor Bergeron

Tor Bergeron
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Famous As: Meteorologist
Birthdate: August 15, 1891
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: Swedish
Died: June 13, 1977