17th Century Philosophers
Find out more about the greatest 17th Century Philosophers, including John Locke, Voltaire, René Déscartes, Thomas Hobbes and Francis Bacon.
Galileo GalileiGalileo Galilei
15 February 1564, Italian
Astronomer
Francis BaconFrancis Bacon
22 January 1561, British
Philosopher

John LockeJohn Locke
29 August 1632, British
Father of Classical Liberalism

VoltaireVoltaire
21 November 1694, French
Writer

Baruch SpinozaBaruch Spinoza
24 November 1632, Dutch
Dutch philosopher

Thomas HobbesThomas Hobbes
05 April 1588, British
Philosopher
Blaise PascalBlaise Pascal
19 June 1623, French
French Mathematician, Physicist, Inventor, Writer

Robert HookeRobert Hooke
28 July 1635, British
Philosopher

William PennWilliam Penn
14 October 1644, British
Founder of the Province of Pennsylvania
Baron de MontesquieuMontesquieu
18 January 1689, French
Philosopher

John DeeJohn Dee
13 July 1527, British
Mathematician, Philosopher
Robert BoyleRobert Boyle
25 January 1627, Irish, British
Founder of Modern Chemistry, Boyle's Law

George BerkeleyGeorge Berkeley
12 March 1685, Irish, British
philosopher

Alphonsus LiguoriAlphonsus Liguori
27 September 1696, Italian
Philisopher, Spiritual Writer, Theologian

Gottfried W. LeibnizGottfried W. Leibniz
01 July 1646, German
Philosopher, Mathematician

René DéscartesRené Déscartes
31 March 1596, French
Mathematician, Philosopher and Writer
Gottfried Wilhelm LeibnizGottfried Wilhelm Leibniz
01 July 1646, German
Philosopher

Juana Inés de la CruzJuana Inés de la Cruz
12 November 1651, Mexican
Poet, Nun, Writer, Mathematician, Philosopher,

Giambattista VicoGiambattista Vico
23 June 1668, Italian
Philosopher

John Amos ComeniusJohn Amos Comenius
28 March 1592, Czech
Writer, Linguist, Presbyter, Theologian,
Thomas BrowneThomas Browne
19 October 1605, British
Author

Jakob AmmannJakob Ammann
12 February 1644, Swiss
Tailor
François QuesnayFrançois Quesnay
04 June 1694, French
Philosopher, Economist, Physician,

Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle-upon-TyneMargaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle-upon-Tyne
1623 AD, British
philosopher, scientist, poet, science fiction

Nicolas MalebrancheNicolas Malebranche
06 August 1638, French
Philosopher, Writer, Theologian
Gerrard WinstanleyGerrard Winstanley
19 October 1609, British
Religious Reformer

Francisco SuárezFrancisco Suárez
05 January 1548, Spanish
Priest
Marin MersenneMarin Mersenne
08 September 1588, French
Philosopher, Theologian, Mathematician,

Dimitrie CantemirDimitrie Cantemir
26 October 1673, Romanian
Soldier

Henry St John, 1st Viscount BolingbrokeHenry St John, 1st Viscount Bolingbroke
16 September 1678, British
Politician
William PettyWilliam Petty
26 May 1623, British
Economist

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Tommaso CampanellaTommaso Campanella
06 September 1568, Italian
philosopher, writer, poet, astrologer
Pierre BaylePierre Bayle
18 November 1647, French
Philosopher, Writer, University teacher,

Algernon SidneyAlgernon Sidney
15 January 1623, British
Diplomat, Politician, Writer

Pierre GassendiPierre Gassendi
22 January 1592, French
Philosopher, Mathematician, Astronomer, Professor,

Bernard MandevilleBernard Mandeville
15 November 1670, Dutch
Philosopher
Yamamoto TsunetomoYamamoto Tsunetomo
11 June 1659, Japanese
Philosopher, Writer
Samuel von PufendorfSamuel von Pufendorf
08 January 1632, German, Swedish
Jurist, Philosopher, Historian, University

John AubreyJohn Aubrey
12 March 1626, British
Antiquary

Justus LipsiusJustus Lipsius
18 October 1547, Belgian
Philosopher

Ludvig HolbergLudvig Holberg
03 December 1684, Danish, Norwegian
Writer
Mary AstellMary Astell
12 November 1666, British
Writer, Philosopher, Feminist

Herman BoerhaaveHerman Boerhaave
31 December 1668
Philosopher, Botanist, Physician, Anatomist,

António VieiraAntónio Vieira
06 February 1608, Portuguese
Diplomat

Elena Cornaro PiscopiaElena Cornaro Piscopia
05 June 1646, Italian
Philosopher

Antoine ArnauldAntoine Arnauld
06 February 1612, French
Philosopher
Georg Ernst StahlGeorg Ernst Stahl
22 October 1659, German
Chemist

Henry MoreHenry More
12 October 1614, British
Philosopher
Kenelm DigbyKenelm Digby
11 July 1603, British
Philosopher

Joseph GlanvillJoseph Glanvill
1636 AD, British
Philosopher

Ralph CudworthRalph Cudworth
1617 AD, British
Philosopher
Hermann Samuel ReimarusHermann Samuel Reimarus
22 December 1694, German
Philosopher

Pieter van MusschenbroekPieter van Musschenbroek
14 March 1692, Dutch
Scientist
Christian ThomasiusChristian Thomasius
01 January 1655, German
Jurist

Hayashi RazanHayashi Razan
1583 AD, Japanese
Philosopher

Abd al-Rahman al-KawakibiAbd al-Rahman al-Kawakibi
1855 AD, Syrian
Religious scholar

Huang ZongxiHuang Zongxi
24 September 1610, Chinese
Naturalist

Henry Home, Lord KamesHenry Home, Lord Kames
1696 AD, Scottish
Advocate
Anthony CollinsAnthony Collins
21 June 1676, British
Philosopher

Andrea CesalpinoAndrea Cesalpino
06 June 1519, Italian
Physician

Baltasar GracianBaltasar Gracian
08 January 1601, Spanish
Prose writer

Vasily TatishchevVasily Tatishchev
19 April 1686, Russian
Statesman
William WollastonWilliam Wollaston
26 March 1659, British
Philosopher

Johannes AlthusiusJohannes Althusius
1557 AD, German
Jurist
Wang FuzhiWang Fuzhi
07 October 1619, Chinese
Essayist

William AmesWilliam Ames
1576 AD, British
Theologian

Arnold GeulincxArnold Geulincx
31 January 1624, Dutch
Philosopher
Firmin AbauzitFirmin Abauzit
11 November 1679, French
Scholar

Francisco SanchesFrancisco Sanches
1550 AD, Spanish, Portuguese
Philosopher
Kaibara EkkenKaibara Ekken
17 December 1630, Japanese
Philosopher

Thomas ChubbThomas Chubb
29 September 1679, British
Theologian

Anthim the IberianAnthim the Iberian
1650 AD, Georgian
Theologian
John BulwerJohn Bulwer
16 May 1606, British
Physician

Pierre CharronPierre Charron
1541 AD, French
Theologian
Yamaga SokōYamaga Sokō
21 September 1622, Japanese
Philosopher

Theophan ProkopovichTheophan Prokopovich
18 June 1681, Ukrainian, Russian
Theologian

John of St. ThomasJohn of St. Thomas
09 June 1589, Portuguese
Philosopher

Ogyū SoraiOgyū Sorai
21 March 1666, Japanese
Philosopher
François de La Mothe Le VayerFrançois de La Mothe Le Vayer
01 August 1588, French
Writer
Kumazawa BanzanKumazawa Banzan
1619 AD, Japanese
Painter

Yamazaki AnsaiYamazaki Ansai
24 January 1619, Japanese
Philosopher

Itō JinsaiItō Jinsai
30 August 1627, Japanese
Philosopher

Wawrzyniec Grzymała GoślickiWawrzyniec Grzymała Goślicki
1530 AD, Polish
Philosopher
Pietro GiannonePietro Giannone
07 May 1676, Italian
Philosopher

Géraud de CordemoyGéraud de Cordemoy
06 October 1626, French
Philosopher

Christian WolffChristian Wolff
24 January 1679, German, Polish
jurist, mathematician, philosopher, university

Simon FoucherSimon Foucher
01 March 1644, French
Philosopher

Georg Bernhard BilfingerGeorg Bernhard Bilfinger
23 January 1693, German
Philosopher
Arthur CollierArthur Collier
12 October 1680, British
Priest

Ishida BaiganIshida Baigan
12 October 1685, Japanese
Philosopher
Claude BuffierClaude Buffier
25 May 1661, French, Polish
Philosopher

Nakae TōjuNakae Tōju
21 April 1608, Japanese
Philosopher
Jean-Pierre de CrousazJean-Pierre de Crousaz
13 April 1663, Swiss
Theologian
John NorrisJohn Norris
1657 AD, British
British priest and philosopher