17th Century Philosophers
Find out more about the greatest 17th Century Philosophers, including John Locke, Voltaire, René Déscartes, Thomas Hobbes and Francis Bacon.
Galileo GalileiGalileo Galilei
15 February 1564, Italian
Astronomer
VoltaireVoltaire
21 November 1694, French
Writer

Francis BaconFrancis Bacon
22 January 1561, British
Philosopher

John LockeJohn Locke
29 August 1632, British
Father of Classical Liberalism

René DéscartesRené Déscartes
31 March 1596, French
Mathematician, Philosopher and Writer

Thomas HobbesThomas Hobbes
05 April 1588, British
Philosopher
Baruch SpinozaBaruch Spinoza
24 November 1632, Dutch
Dutch philosopher

Blaise PascalBlaise Pascal
19 June 1623, French
French Mathematician, Physicist, Inventor, Writer

Gottfried W. LeibnizGottfried W. Leibniz
01 July 1646, German
Philosopher, Mathematician
Baron de MontesquieuMontesquieu
18 January 1689, French
Philosopher

Robert HookeRobert Hooke
28 July 1635, British
Philosopher
William PennWilliam Penn
14 October 1644, British
Founder of the Province of Pennsylvania

John DeeJohn Dee
13 July 1527, British
Mathematician, Philosopher

George BerkeleyGeorge Berkeley
12 March 1685, Irish, British
philosopher

Robert BoyleRobert Boyle
25 January 1627, Irish, British
Founder of Modern Chemistry, Boyle's Law

Alphonsus LiguoriAlphonsus Liguori
27 September 1696, Italian
Philisopher, Spiritual Writer, Theologian
Gottfried Wilhelm LeibnizGottfried Wilhelm Leibniz
01 July 1646, German
Philosopher

Emmanuel SwedenborgEmmanuel Swedenborg
29 January 1688, Swedish
Scientist

Juana Inés de la CruzJuana Inés de la Cruz
12 November 1651, Mexican
Poet, Nun, Writer, Mathematician, Philosopher,

Shaykh Aḥmad SirhindīShaykh Aḥmad Sirhindī
26 June 1564, Indian
Islamic scholar
John Amos ComeniusJohn Amos Comenius
28 March 1592, Czech
Writer, Linguist, Presbyter, Theologian,

Jakob AmmannJakob Ammann
12 February 1644, Swiss
Tailor
Giambattista VicoGiambattista Vico
23 June 1668, Italian
Philosopher

Thomas BrowneThomas Browne
19 October 1605, British
Author

Christian WolffChristian Wolff
24 January 1679, German
Philosopher
Elena Cornaro PiscopiaElena Cornaro Piscopia
05 June 1646, Italian
Philosopher

Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle-upon-TyneMargaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle-upon-Tyne
1623 AD, British
philosopher, scientist, poet, science fiction
Francisco SuárezFrancisco Suárez
05 January 1548, Spanish
Priest

Gerrard WinstanleyGerrard Winstanley
19 October 1609, British
Religious Reformer

Elisabeth of the PalatinateElisabeth of the Palatinate
26 December 1618, German
Philosopher
François QuesnayFrançois Quesnay
04 June 1694, French
Philosopher, Economist, Physician,

Continue Reading Below
Baltasar GracianBaltasar Gracian
08 January 1601, Spanish
Prose writer
William PettyWilliam Petty
26 May 1623, British
Economist

Mary AstellMary Astell
12 November 1666, British
Writer, Philosopher, Feminist

Henry St John, 1st Viscount BolingbrokeHenry St John, 1st Viscount Bolingbroke
16 September 1678, British
Politician

Dimitrie CantemirDimitrie Cantemir
26 October 1673, Romanian
Soldier
Nicolas MalebrancheNicolas Malebranche
06 August 1638, French
Philosopher, Writer, Theologian
Marin MersenneMarin Mersenne
08 September 1588, French
Philosopher, Theologian, Mathematician,

Yamamoto TsunetomoYamamoto Tsunetomo
11 June 1659, Japanese
Philosopher, Writer

Bernard MandevilleBernard Mandeville
15 November 1670, Dutch
Philosopher

Francis HutchesonFrancis Hutcheson
08 August 1694, Irish, British
philosopher, economist
Pierre BaylePierre Bayle
18 November 1647, French
Philosopher, Writer, University teacher,

Tommaso CampanellaTommaso Campanella
06 September 1568, Italian
philosopher, writer, poet, astrologer

John AubreyJohn Aubrey
12 March 1626, British
Antiquary

Pierre GassendiPierre Gassendi
22 January 1592, French
Philosopher, Mathematician, Astronomer, Professor,

Jean MeslierJean Meslier
15 June 1664, French
Priest
Justus LipsiusJustus Lipsius
18 October 1547, Belgian
Philosopher

Algernon SidneyAlgernon Sidney
15 January 1623, British
Diplomat, Politician, Writer
Samuel von PufendorfSamuel von Pufendorf
08 January 1632, German, Swedish
Jurist, Philosopher, Historian, University

Ludvig HolbergLudvig Holberg
03 December 1684, Danish, Norwegian
Writer

James HarringtonJames Harrington
03 January 1611, British
British philosopher
Edward Herbert, 1st Baron HerbertEdward Herbert, 1st Baron Herbert
03 March 1582, British
Soldier

Herman BoerhaaveHerman Boerhaave
31 December 1668
Philosopher, Botanist, Physician, Anatomist,
António VieiraAntónio Vieira
06 February 1608, Portuguese
Diplomat

Anna Maria van SchurmanAnna Maria van Schurman
05 November 1607, German
Painter

Kenelm DigbyKenelm Digby
11 July 1603, British
Philosopher

Baha' al-din al-'AmiliBaha' al-din al-'Amili
18 February 1547, Iranian, Lebanese
islamic Scholar

Henry MoreHenry More
12 October 1614, British
Philosopher
Joseph GlanvillJoseph Glanvill
1636 AD, British
Philosopher

Antoine ArnauldAntoine Arnauld
06 February 1612, French
Philosopher

Georg Ernst StahlGeorg Ernst Stahl
22 October 1659, German
Chemist

Abd al-Rahman al-KawakibiAbd al-Rahman al-Kawakibi
1855 AD, Syrian
Religious scholar
Ralph CudworthRalph Cudworth
1617 AD, British
Philosopher

Hermann Samuel ReimarusHermann Samuel Reimarus
22 December 1694, German
Philosopher
Pieter van MusschenbroekPieter van Musschenbroek
14 March 1692, Dutch
Scientist

Henry Home, Lord KamesHenry Home, Lord Kames
1696 AD, Scottish
Advocate

Hayashi RazanHayashi Razan
1583 AD, Japanese
Philosopher
Mīr DāmādMīr Dāmād
1561 AD, Iraqi
Islamic philosopher

Christian ThomasiusChristian Thomasius
01 January 1655, German
Jurist
Arnold GeulincxArnold Geulincx
31 January 1624, Dutch
Philosopher

Huang ZongxiHuang Zongxi
24 September 1610, Chinese
Naturalist

Anthony CollinsAnthony Collins
21 June 1676, British
Philosopher
Johannes AlthusiusJohannes Althusius
1557 AD, German
Jurist

Andrea CesalpinoAndrea Cesalpino
06 June 1519, Italian
Physician
John of St. ThomasJohn of St. Thomas
09 June 1589, Portuguese
Philosopher

William AmesWilliam Ames
1576 AD, British
Theologian

Francisco SanchesFrancisco Sanches
1550 AD, Spanish, Portuguese
Philosopher

Yamaga SokōYamaga Sokō
21 September 1622, Japanese
Philosopher
Kaibara EkkenKaibara Ekken
17 December 1630, Japanese
Philosopher
Ogyū SoraiOgyū Sorai
21 March 1666, Japanese
Philosopher

John BulwerJohn Bulwer
16 May 1606, British
Physician

Theophan ProkopovichTheophan Prokopovich
18 June 1681, Ukrainian, Russian
Theologian

Anthim the IberianAnthim the Iberian
1650 AD, Georgian
Theologian
Pierre CharronPierre Charron
1541 AD, French
Theologian

William WollastonWilliam Wollaston
26 March 1659, British
Philosopher

Thomas ChubbThomas Chubb
29 September 1679, British
Theologian

John NorrisJohn Norris
1657 AD, British
British priest and philosopher

François de La Mothe Le VayerFrançois de La Mothe Le Vayer
01 August 1588, French
Writer
Kumazawa BanzanKumazawa Banzan
1619 AD, Japanese
Painter

Yamazaki AnsaiYamazaki Ansai
24 January 1619, Japanese
Philosopher
Firmin AbauzitFirmin Abauzit
11 November 1679, French
Scholar

Itō JinsaiItō Jinsai
30 August 1627, Japanese
Philosopher
Wawrzyniec Grzymała GoślickiWawrzyniec Grzymała Goślicki
1530 AD, Polish
Philosopher
Johann ClaubergJohann Clauberg
24 February 1622, German
Theologian