Italy has a rich tradition in science and technology with Italians advancing the scientific community through the past several centuries. Italian inventors, discoverers and scientists have enriched the world’s understanding and knowledge in varied scientific fields like biology, physics, chemistry, mathematics, astronomy and the other sciences. Italy has produced some of the most brilliant minds since the Renaissance and the Roman era. Italian Galileo Galilei was called not only the "father of observational astronomy", but also the "father of modern physics", and the "father of science”. He was one of the major figures who played a significant role in the scientific revolution during the Renaissance. Polymath Leonardo da Vinci was another genius who epitomized the Renaissance ideal. Astronomer Giovanni Domenico Cassini, physicist Alessandro Volta, the mathematicians Giuseppe Peano, Lagrange, Fibonacci worked in Italy in the early modern era. Even though science and technology in Italy has predominantly been a male arena, women like Giuseppa Eleonora Barbapiccola, Maria Magdalena Petraccin, Caterina Scarpellini, and Anna Morandi Manzolini prove that Italian women have never been far behind men in terms of scientific accomplishments. This section provides you information about the life and works of famous Italian scientists.
Galileo GalileiGalileo Galilei
15 February 1564
Astronomer
Guglielmo MarconiGuglielmo Marconi
25 April 1874
Inventor

Enrico FermiEnrico Fermi
29 September 1901
Nobel Laureate in Physics

Carlo UrbaniCarlo Urbani
19 October 1956
Epidemiologist

Maria MontessoriMaria Montessori
31 August 1870
Physician and Educator

Rita Levi-MontalciniRita Levi-Montalcini
22 April 1909
Neurologist
Amedeo AvogadroAmedeo Avogadro
09 August 1776
Chemist and Physicist

Evangelista TorricelliEvangelista Torricelli
15 October 1608
Physicist

Giovanni Domenico CassiniGiovanni Domenico Cassini
08 June 1625
Astronomer and Mathematician
Franco ModiglianiFranco Modigliani
10 June 1918
Economist

Maria Gaetana AgnesiMaria Gaetana Agnesi
16 May 1718
Mathematician, Philosopher, Theologian
Camillo GolgiCamillo Golgi
07 July 1843
Physician, Pathologist, Biologist

Marcello MalpighiMarcello Malpighi
10 March 1628
Physician

Salvatore Edoardo LuriaSalvador Luria
13 August 1912
Microbiologist

Girolamo FracastoroGirolamo Fracastoro
1478 AD
Physician, scholar, poet

Joseph Louis LagrangeJoseph Louis Lagrange
25 January 1736
Mathematician and Astronomer
Emilio Gino SegrèEmilio Segrè
30 January 1905
Physicist

Carlo Rubbia Carlo Rubbia
31 March 1934
Physicist

Renato DulbeccoRenato Dulbecco
22 February 1914
Virologist

Leonardo FibonacciLeonardo Fibonacci
1170 AD
Mathematician
Giulio NattaGiulio Natta
25 February 1903
Chemist

Daniel Bovet Daniel Bovet
23 March 1907
Pharmacologist
Count Alessandro VoltaCount Alessandro Volta
18 February 1745
 

Alessandro VoltaAlessandro Volta
18 February 1745
Physicist, Inventor, University teacher

Vilfredo ParetoVilfredo Pareto
15 July 1848
Economist, Writer, Philosopher, Sociologist,
Luca PacioliLuca Pacioli
1445 AD
Mathematician

Gerolamo CardanoGerolamo Cardano
24 September 1501
Philosopher, Mathematician, Astronomer, Inventor,
Ettore MajoranaEttore Majorana
05 August 1906
Physicist

Luigi GalvaniLuigi Galvani
09 September 1737
Anatomist, Physicist, Physician, University

Piero della FrancescaPiero della Francesca
1415 AD
Mathematician
Matteo RicciMatteo Ricci
06 October 1552
explorer, cartographer, writer, missionary,

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Jim CantoreJim Cantore
16 February 1964
Meteorologists
Carlo RovelliCarlo Rovelli
03 May 1956
Physicist, Writer

Carlo Azeglio CiampiCarlo Azeglio Ciampi
09 December 1920
Economist, Politician, Banker

Santorio SantorioSantorio Santorio
29 March 1561
Physiologist

Francesco RediFrancesco Redi
18 February 1626
Physician, Naturalist, Poet, Writer, Painter,
Federico FagginFederico Faggin
01 December 1941
Physicist, Inventor, Computer scientist, Engineer,
Andrew ViterbiAndrew Viterbi
09 March 1935
Engineer, Entrepreneur, Computer scientist

Lazzaro SpallanzaniLazzaro Spallanzani
10 January 1729
Biologist, Zoologist, Scientist, Naturalist,

Roger Joseph BoscovichRoger Joseph Boscovich
18 May 1711
Physicist

Giuseppe PeanoGiuseppe Peano
27 August 1858
Mathematician, Philosopher, University teacher
Fabiola GianottiFabiola Gianotti
29 October 1962
physicist

Giovanni Battista BelzoniGiovanni Battista Belzoni
05 November 1778
Explorer, Antiquarian, Egyptologist,

Mario CapecchiMario Capecchi
06 October 1937
Molecular Geneticist

Alfonso BialettiAlfonso Bialetti
1888 AD
inventor, entrepreneur, engineer

Laura BassiLaura Bassi
31 October 1711
Italian physicist, Academic
Giovanni SchiaparelliGiovanni Schiaparelli
14 March 1835
Astronomer

Niccolò Fontana TartagliaNiccolò Fontana Tartaglia
1499 AD
Mathematician
Gregorio Ricci-CurbastroGregorio Ricci-Curbastro
12 January 1853
Mathematician

Chiara NappiChiara Nappi
 

Galileo FerrarisGalileo Ferraris
30 October 1847
physicist, engineer, inventor
Riccardo GiacconiRiccardo Giacconi
06 October 1931
Astrophysicist

Gabriele FalloppioGabriele Falloppio
1523 AD
surgeon, university teacher, physician
Enrico BombieriEnrico Bombieri
26 November 1940
Mathematician

Luigi Luca Cavalli-SforzaLuigi Luca Cavalli-Sforza
25 January 1922
Geneticist

Margherita HackMargherita Hack
12 June 1922
Astrophysicist

Giuseppe PiazziGiuseppe Piazzi
16 July 1746
Astronomer, University teacher, Mathematician

Bruno PontecorvoBruno Pontecorvo
22 August 1913
Physicist, Nuclear scientist
Gian-Carlo RotaGian-Carlo Rota
27 April 1932
Mathematician

Giovanni Battista MorgagniGiovanni Battista Morgagni
25 February 1682
Anatomist

Bonaventura CavalieriBonaventura Cavalieri
1598 AD
Mathematician

Vito VolterraVito Volterra
03 May 1860
Mathematician
Stanislao CannizzaroStanislao Cannizzaro
13 July 1826
chemist

Mikhail TsvetMikhail Tsvet
14 May 1872
Botanist
Giovanni Alfonso BorelliGiovanni Alfonso Borelli
28 January 1608
Physicist, Mathematician, Astronomer, Historian of

Friedrich MohsFriedrich Mohs
29 January 1773
German geologist

Paolo RuffiniPaolo Ruffini
22 September 1765
Italian mathematician
Guarino GuariniGuarino Guarini
17 January 1624
Architect

Andrea CesalpinoAndrea Cesalpino
06 June 1519
Physician
Angelo SecchiAngelo Secchi
28 June 1818
Astronomer

Aloysius LiliusAloysius Lilius
1510 AD
Astronomer

Franco MalerbaFranco Malerba
10 October 1946
Astronaut
Ugo FanoUgo Fano
28 July 1912
Physicist

Lodovico FerrariLodovico Ferrari
02 February 1522
Mathematician
Eugenio BeltramiEugenio Beltrami
16 November 1835
Mathematician

Giovanni GiorgiGiovanni Giorgi
27 November 1871
Physicist

Prospero AlpiniProspero Alpini
23 November 1553
Scientist

Emilio G. SegrèEmilio G. Segrè
30 January 1905
American-Italian physicist
Ardito DesioArdito Desio
18 April 1897
Explorer
Enrico BettiEnrico Betti
21 October 1823
Mathematician

Agostino BassiAgostino Bassi
25 September 1773
Entomologist

Vannoccio BiringuccioVannoccio Biringuccio
20 October 1480
Metallurgist

Paul-Émile BottaPaul-Émile Botta
06 December 1802
Scientist
Annibale de GasparisAnnibale de Gasparis
09 November 1819
Astronomer

Giovanni CevaGiovanni Ceva
07 December 1647
Mathematician

Luigi CremonaLuigi Cremona
07 December 1830
Mathematician

Giovanni Battista AmiciGiovanni Battista Amici
25 March 1786
Astronomer

Niccolò ZucchiNiccolò Zucchi
06 December 1586
Astronomer
Giulio BizzozeroGiulio Bizzozero
20 March 1846
Doctor

Quintino SellaQuintino Sella
07 July 1827
Politician
Guido PontecorvoGuido Pontecorvo
29 November 1907
Geneticist

Paolo FrisiPaolo Frisi
13 April 1728
Mathematician
Eustachio DiviniEustachio Divini
04 October 1610
Optician
Giovanni Battista DonatiGiovanni Battista Donati
16 December 1826
Astronomer