Italy has a rich tradition in science and technology with Italians advancing the scientific community through the past several centuries. Italian inventors, discoverers and scientists have enriched the world’s understanding and knowledge in varied scientific fields like biology, physics, chemistry, mathematics, astronomy and the other sciences. Italy has produced some of the most brilliant minds since the Renaissance and the Roman era. Italian Galileo Galilei was called not only the "father of observational astronomy", but also the "father of modern physics", and the "father of science”. He was one of the major figures who played a significant role in the scientific revolution during the Renaissance. Polymath Leonardo da Vinci was another genius who epitomized the Renaissance ideal. Astronomer Giovanni Domenico Cassini, physicist Alessandro Volta, the mathematicians Giuseppe Peano, Lagrange, Fibonacci worked in Italy in the early modern era. Even though science and technology in Italy has predominantly been a male arena, women like Giuseppa Eleonora Barbapiccola, Maria Magdalena Petraccin, Caterina Scarpellini, and Anna Morandi Manzolini prove that Italian women have never been far behind men in terms of scientific accomplishments. This section provides you information about the life and works of famous Italian scientists.
Galileo GalileiGalileo Galilei
15 February 1564
Astronomer
Guglielmo MarconiGuglielmo Marconi
25 April 1874
Inventor

Enrico FermiEnrico Fermi
29 September 1901
Nobel Laureate in Physics

Maria MontessoriMaria Montessori
31 August 1870
Physician and Educator

Evangelista TorricelliEvangelista Torricelli
15 October 1608
Physicist

Amedeo AvogadroAmedeo Avogadro
09 August 1776
Chemist and Physicist
Rita Levi-MontalciniRita Levi-Montalcini
22 April 1909
Neurologist

Carlo UrbaniCarlo Urbani
19 October 1956
Epidemiologist

Giovanni Domenico CassiniGiovanni Domenico Cassini
08 June 1625
Astronomer and Mathematician
Camillo GolgiCamillo Golgi
07 July 1843
Physician, Pathologist, Biologist

Franco ModiglianiFranco Modigliani
10 June 1918
Economist
Maria Gaetana AgnesiMaria Gaetana Agnesi
16 May 1718
Mathematician, Philosopher, Theologian

Salvatore Edoardo LuriaSalvador Luria
13 August 1912
Microbiologist

Marcello MalpighiMarcello Malpighi
10 March 1628
Physician

Joseph Louis LagrangeJoseph Louis Lagrange
25 January 1736
Mathematician and Astronomer

Emilio Gino SegrèEmilio Segrè
30 January 1905
Physicist
Carlo Rubbia Carlo Rubbia
31 March 1934
Physicist

Girolamo FracastoroGirolamo Fracastoro
1478 AD
Physician, scholar, poet

Renato DulbeccoRenato Dulbecco
22 February 1914
Virologist

Giulio NattaGiulio Natta
25 February 1903
Chemist
Daniel Bovet Daniel Bovet
23 March 1907
Pharmacologist

Leonardo FibonacciLeonardo Fibonacci
1170 AD
Mathematician
Count Alessandro VoltaCount Alessandro Volta
18 February 1745
 

Alessandro VoltaAlessandro Volta
18 February 1745
Physicist, Inventor, University teacher

Vilfredo ParetoVilfredo Pareto
15 July 1848
Economist, Writer, Philosopher, Sociologist,
Joseph-Louis LagrangeJoseph-Louis Lagrange
25 January 1736
Mathematician

Luca PacioliLuca Pacioli
1445 AD
Mathematician
Jim CantoreJim Cantore
16 February 1964
Meteorologists

Gerolamo CardanoGerolamo Cardano
24 September 1501
Philosopher, Mathematician, Astronomer, Inventor,

Piero della FrancescaPiero della Francesca
1415 AD
Mathematician
Luigi GalvaniLuigi Galvani
09 September 1737
Anatomist, Physicist, Physician, University

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Carlo RovelliCarlo Rovelli
03 May 1956
Physicist, Writer
Matteo RicciMatteo Ricci
06 October 1552
explorer, cartographer, writer, missionary,

Ettore MajoranaEttore Majorana
05 August 1906
Physicist

Carlo Azeglio CiampiCarlo Azeglio Ciampi
09 December 1920
Economist, Politician, Banker

Roger Joseph BoscovichRoger Joseph Boscovich
18 May 1711
Physicist
Giovanni Battista BelzoniGiovanni Battista Belzoni
05 November 1778
Explorer, Antiquarian, Egyptologist,
Federico FagginFederico Faggin
01 December 1941
Physicist, Inventor, Computer scientist, Engineer,

Andrew ViterbiAndrew Viterbi
09 March 1935
Engineer, Entrepreneur, Computer scientist

Alfonso BialettiAlfonso Bialetti
1888 AD
inventor, entrepreneur, engineer

Francesco RediFrancesco Redi
18 February 1626
Physician, Naturalist, Poet, Writer, Painter,
Giuseppe PeanoGiuseppe Peano
27 August 1858
Mathematician, Philosopher, University teacher

Fabiola GianottiFabiola Gianotti
29 October 1962
physicist

Lazzaro SpallanzaniLazzaro Spallanzani
10 January 1729
Biologist, Zoologist, Scientist, Naturalist,

Santorio SantorioSantorio Santorio
29 March 1561
Physiologist

Mario CapecchiMario Capecchi
06 October 1937
Molecular Geneticist
Chiara NappiChiara Nappi
 

Laura BassiLaura Bassi
31 October 1711
Italian physicist, Academic
Giovanni SchiaparelliGiovanni Schiaparelli
14 March 1835
Astronomer

Galileo FerrarisGalileo Ferraris
30 October 1847
physicist, engineer, inventor

Niccolò Fontana TartagliaNiccolò Fontana Tartaglia
1499 AD
Mathematician
Gregorio Ricci-CurbastroGregorio Ricci-Curbastro
12 January 1853
Mathematician

Riccardo GiacconiRiccardo Giacconi
06 October 1931
Astrophysicist
Luigi Luca Cavalli-SforzaLuigi Luca Cavalli-Sforza
25 January 1922
Geneticist

Gabriele FalloppioGabriele Falloppio
1523 AD
surgeon, university teacher, physician

Margherita HackMargherita Hack
12 June 1922
Astrophysicist

Gian-Carlo RotaGian-Carlo Rota
27 April 1932
Mathematician

Enrico BombieriEnrico Bombieri
26 November 1940
Mathematician
Gerard of CremonaGerard of Cremona
1114 AD
Italian scholar

Bruno PontecorvoBruno Pontecorvo
22 August 1913
Physicist, Nuclear scientist

Giuseppe PiazziGiuseppe Piazzi
16 July 1746
Astronomer, University teacher, Mathematician

Bonaventura CavalieriBonaventura Cavalieri
1598 AD
Mathematician
Vito VolterraVito Volterra
03 May 1860
Mathematician

Giovanni Battista MorgagniGiovanni Battista Morgagni
25 February 1682
Anatomist
Guarino GuariniGuarino Guarini
17 January 1624
Architect

Mikhail TsvetMikhail Tsvet
14 May 1872
Botanist

Stanislao CannizzaroStanislao Cannizzaro
13 July 1826
chemist
Angelo SecchiAngelo Secchi
28 June 1818
Astronomer

Friedrich MohsFriedrich Mohs
29 January 1773
German geologist
Andrea CesalpinoAndrea Cesalpino
06 June 1519
Physician

Paolo RuffiniPaolo Ruffini
22 September 1765
Italian mathematician

Giovanni Alfonso BorelliGiovanni Alfonso Borelli
28 January 1608
Physicist, Mathematician, Astronomer, Historian of
Giovanni GiorgiGiovanni Giorgi
27 November 1871
Physicist

Eugenio BeltramiEugenio Beltrami
16 November 1835
Mathematician
Aloysius LiliusAloysius Lilius
1510 AD
Astronomer

Ugo FanoUgo Fano
28 July 1912
Physicist

Scipione del FerroScipione del Ferro
06 February 1465
Mathematician

Lodovico FerrariLodovico Ferrari
02 February 1522
Mathematician
Ardito DesioArdito Desio
18 April 1897
Explorer
Franco MalerbaFranco Malerba
10 October 1946
Astronaut

Emilio G. SegrèEmilio G. Segrè
30 January 1905
American-Italian physicist

Enrico BettiEnrico Betti
21 October 1823
Mathematician

Prospero AlpiniProspero Alpini
23 November 1553
Scientist
Paul-Émile BottaPaul-Émile Botta
06 December 1802
Scientist

Vannoccio BiringuccioVannoccio Biringuccio
20 October 1480
Metallurgist

Agostino BassiAgostino Bassi
25 September 1773
Entomologist

Quintino SellaQuintino Sella
07 July 1827
Politician

Giovanni CevaGiovanni Ceva
07 December 1647
Mathematician
Annibale de GasparisAnnibale de Gasparis
09 November 1819
Astronomer

Luigi CremonaLuigi Cremona
07 December 1830
Mathematician
Giulio BizzozeroGiulio Bizzozero
20 March 1846
Doctor

Giovanni Battista AmiciGiovanni Battista Amici
25 March 1786
Astronomer
Niccolò ZucchiNiccolò Zucchi
06 December 1586
Astronomer
Giacomo DoriaGiacomo Doria
01 November 1840
Naturalist