Italy has a rich tradition in science and technology with Italians advancing the scientific community through the past several centuries. Italian inventors, discoverers and scientists have enriched the world’s understanding and knowledge in varied scientific fields like biology, physics, chemistry, mathematics, astronomy and the other sciences. Italy has produced some of the most brilliant minds since the Renaissance and the Roman era. Italian Galileo Galilei was called not only the "father of observational astronomy", but also the "father of modern physics", and the "father of science”. He was one of the major figures who played a significant role in the scientific revolution during the Renaissance. Polymath Leonardo da Vinci was another genius who epitomized the Renaissance ideal. Astronomer Giovanni Domenico Cassini, physicist Alessandro Volta, the mathematicians Giuseppe Peano, Lagrange, Fibonacci worked in Italy in the early modern era. Even though science and technology in Italy has predominantly been a male arena, women like Giuseppa Eleonora Barbapiccola, Maria Magdalena Petraccin, Caterina Scarpellini, and Anna Morandi Manzolini prove that Italian women have never been far behind men in terms of scientific accomplishments. This section provides you information about the life and works of famous Italian scientists.
Galileo GalileiGalileo Galilei
15 February 1564
Astronomer, Mathematician, Philosopher, Rebel
Guglielmo MarconiGuglielmo Marconi
25 April 1874
Inventor

Enrico FermiEnrico Fermi
29 September 1901
Nobel Laureate in Physics

Maria MontessoriMaria Montessori
31 August 1870
Physician and Educator

Evangelista TorricelliEvangelista Torricelli
15 October 1608
Physicist

Amedeo AvogadroAmedeo Avogadro
09 August 1776
Chemist and Physicist
Rita Levi-MontalciniRita Levi-Montalcini
22 April 1909
Neurologist

Giovanni Domenico CassiniGiovanni Domenico Cassini
08 June 1625
Astronomer and Mathematician

Franco ModiglianiFranco Modigliani
10 June 1918
Economist

Camillo GolgiCamillo Golgi
07 July 1843
Physician, Pathologist, Biologist
Emilio Gino SegrèEmilio Segrè
30 January 1905
Physicist

Salvatore Edoardo LuriaSalvador Luria
13 August 1912
Microbiologist
Maria Gaetana AgnesiMaria Gaetana Agnesi
16 May 1718
Mathematician, Philosopher, Theologian

Carlo Rubbia Carlo Rubbia
31 March 1934
Physicist

Joseph Louis LagrangeJoseph Louis Lagrange
25 January 1736
Mathematician and Astronomer
Marcello MalpighiMarcello Malpighi
10 March 1628
Physician

Renato DulbeccoRenato Dulbecco
22 February 1914
Virologist
Girolamo FracastoroGirolamo Fracastoro
1478 AD
Physician, scholar, poet

Leonardo FibonacciLeonardo Fibonacci
1170 AD
Mathematician

Daniel Bovet Daniel Bovet
23 March 1907
Pharmacologist
Giulio NattaGiulio Natta
25 February 1903
Chemist

Carlo UrbaniCarlo Urbani
19 October 1956
Epidemiologist
Count Alessandro VoltaCount Alessandro Volta
18 February 1745
 

Alessandro VoltaAlessandro Volta
18 February 1745
Physicist, Inventor, University teacher

Jim CantoreJim Cantore
16 February 1964
Meteorologists

Luca PacioliLuca Pacioli
1445 AD
Mathematician
Vilfredo ParetoVilfredo Pareto
15 July 1848
Economist, Writer, Philosopher, Sociologist,
Luigi GalvaniLuigi Galvani
09 September 1737
Anatomist, Physicist, Physician, University

Gerolamo CardanoGerolamo Cardano
24 September 1501
Philosopher, Mathematician, Astronomer, Inventor,

Matteo RicciMatteo Ricci
06 October 1552
explorer, cartographer, writer, missionary,

Piero della FrancescaPiero della Francesca
1415 AD
Mathematician
Carlo RovelliCarlo Rovelli
03 May 1956
Physicist, Writer

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Ettore MajoranaEttore Majorana
05 August 1906
Physicist

Andrew ViterbiAndrew Viterbi
09 March 1935
Engineer, Entrepreneur, Computer scientist

Francesco RediFrancesco Redi
18 February 1626
Physician, Naturalist, Poet, Writer, Painter,

Laura BassiLaura Bassi
31 October 1711
Italian physicist, Academic
Federico FagginFederico Faggin
01 December 1941
Physicist, Inventor, Computer scientist, Engineer,

Lazzaro SpallanzaniLazzaro Spallanzani
10 January 1729
Biologist, Zoologist, Scientist, Naturalist,
Giuseppe PeanoGiuseppe Peano
27 August 1858
Mathematician, Philosopher, University teacher

Fabiola GianottiFabiola Gianotti
29 October 1962
physicist

Carlo Azeglio CiampiCarlo Azeglio Ciampi
09 December 1920
Economist, Politician, Banker
Giovanni Battista BelzoniGiovanni Battista Belzoni
05 November 1778
Explorer, Antiquarian, Egyptologist,

Alfonso BialettiAlfonso Bialetti
1888 AD
inventor, entrepreneur, engineer
Mario CapecchiMario Capecchi
06 October 1937
Geneticist

Giovanni SchiaparelliGiovanni Schiaparelli
14 March 1835
Astronomer

Bruno PontecorvoBruno Pontecorvo
22 August 1913
Physicist, Nuclear scientist

Gregorio Ricci-CurbastroGregorio Ricci-Curbastro
12 January 1853
Mathematician

Giuseppe PiazziGiuseppe Piazzi
16 July 1746
Astronomer, University teacher, Mathematician
Luigi Luca Cavalli-SforzaLuigi Luca Cavalli-Sforza
25 January 1922
Geneticist

Chiara NappiChiara Nappi
 

Galileo FerrarisGalileo Ferraris
30 October 1847
physicist, engineer, inventor

Riccardo GiacconiRiccardo Giacconi
06 October 1931
Astrophysicist
Bonaventura CavalieriBonaventura Cavalieri
1598 AD
Mathematician

Gabriele FalloppioGabriele Falloppio
1523 AD
surgeon, university teacher, physician
Vito VolterraVito Volterra
03 May 1860
Mathematician

Giovanni Alfonso BorelliGiovanni Alfonso Borelli
28 January 1608
Physicist, Mathematician, Astronomer, Historian of

Stanislao CannizzaroStanislao Cannizzaro
13 July 1826
chemist
Friedrich MohsFriedrich Mohs
29 January 1773
German geologist

Giovanni CassiniGiovanni Cassini
08 June 1625
 
Lodovico FerrariLodovico Ferrari
02 February 1522
Mathematician

Aloysius LiliusAloysius Lilius
1510 AD
Astronomer

Emilio G. SegrèEmilio G. Segrè
30 January 1905
American-Italian physicist
Annibale de GasparisAnnibale de Gasparis
09 November 1819
Astronomer

Mondino de LiuzziMondino de Liuzzi
1270 AD
Physician, Anatomist, Professor of surgery
Ernst Wilhelm Leberecht TempelErnst Wilhelm Leberecht Tempel
04 December 1821
German astronomer