Famous Italian Physicians

Surviving without food for a day can be possible but an hour without medicine on a sick day is practically impossible. That is the kind of significance doctors or physicians hold in our life. We may forget them on our good healthy days, but one bad cough or a degree more than normal body temperature can make us turn to them as our saviours. Physicians, all over the world, are tagged as god-send angels who nip the illness at the bud. Their contribution in the field of medical science has been huge. Their passion for servitude and commitment towards eradication of diseases big and small have made a strong impact on the society, helping every individual move en route to hale and hearty life. Italy has given the world some of the top-notch physicians whose contribution to the field of medical science has been immense. Their medical ingeniousness and ground-breaking accomplishments have created a strong foothold in treating and curbing various illnesses and diseases. While Italian epidemiologist Carlo Urbani made the breakthrough by identifying SARS as a highly contagious disease, it was Camillo Golgi who discovered several anatomical and physiological phenomenas. Italian women such as Maria Montessori had the audacity to defy the norms by standing tall in the profession which was male-dominated once. Check this segment to find out about famous Italian physicians.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Rita Levi-Montalcini

Rita Levi-Montalcini
3
Famous As: Neurologist
Birthdate: April 22, 1909
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Turin, Italy
Died: December 30, 2012

Rita Levi-Montalcini was an Italian neurologist whose discovery of nerve growth factor earned her the 1986 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. Throughout her life, Levi-Montalcini's work in neurobiology earned her several other honors and awards, including the Golden Plate Award from the American Academy of Achievement and the European Academy of Sciences' Leonardo da Vinci Award.

 2 Luigi Galvani

Luigi Galvani
3
Famous As: Anatomist, Physicist, Physician, University teacher
Birthdate: September 9, 1737
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Bologna
Died: December 4, 1798

Luigi Galvani was an Italian physician, biologist, physicist, and philosopher. He is credited with the discovery of animal electricity and is considered a pioneer of bioelectromagnetics. He and his wife made one of the first forays into the study of bioelectricity when they discovered that the muscles of dead frogs' legs twitched when struck by an electrical spark.  

 3 Andrea Dotti

Andrea Dotti
4
Famous As: psychiatrist
Birthdate: March 18, 1938
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Naples
Died: September 30, 2007

Andrea Dotti was an Italian psychiatrist. He specialized in treating women with depression and was the assistant director of Rome University's psychiatric department. He was also a skier, tennis player, dancer, and art collector. He was married to famous actress Audrey Hepburn from 1969 to 1982, and the couple had one son. Dotti had several affairs during their marriage. 

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 4 Carlo Urbani

Carlo Urbani
3
Famous As: Epidemiologist
Birthdate: October 19, 1956
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Castelplanio
Died: March 29, 2003
Microbiologist Carlo Urbani, a parasitic infections expert, was working at the WHO Hanoi office when the deadly and contagious disease SARS had started to spread across the world in 2003. He alerted the WHO headquarters in Geneva about the disease, thus saving many lives, though he eventually succumbed to it.
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 5 Gerolamo Cardano

Gerolamo Cardano
3
Famous As: Polymath
Birthdate: September 24, 1501
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Pavia, Italy
Died: September 21, 1576

Italian polymath Gerolamo Cardano is best known for his iconic work Ars magna, or The Great Art, which contributed immensely to the field of algebra. Throughout his illustrious life, he had been a physician, a math lecturer, and an astrologer. He was also the first to describe typhus fever clinically.

 6 Cesare Lombroso

Cesare Lombroso
4
Famous As: Criminologist, Phrenologist, Physician
Birthdate: November 6, 1835
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Verona, Italy
Died: October 19, 1909

Cesare Lombroso was an Italian criminologist, phrenologist, and physician. He founded the Italian School of Positivist Criminology at the end of the 19th century. Initially an army surgeon, he later became a professor of forensic medicine and hygiene. His works drew from the concepts of physiognomy, degeneration theory, and psychiatry. Later in life, be became interested in spirituality.

 7 Girolamo Fracastoro

Girolamo Fracastoro
2
Famous As: Physician, Poet
Birthdate: 1478 AD
Birthplace: Verona, Italy
Died: August 6, 1553

Girolamo Fracastoro was an Italian poet, physician, and scholar in astronomy, geography and mathematics. He is credited with authoring a theory, which is regarded as a precursor to germ theory; his theory was influential for almost three centuries. He is also credited with inventing terms, such as syphilis. 

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 8 Gianna Beretta Molla

Gianna Beretta Molla
3
Famous As: Pediatrician
Birthdate: October 4, 1922
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Magenta, Italy
Died: April 28, 1962

Gianna Beretta Molla was a Roman Catholic pediatrician, canonized as a saint for saving her unborn child’s life at the expense of her own. Although she knew that the removal of only the fibroma would endanger her life, she refused have an abortion, thus upholding the Roman Catholic doctrine that even an unborn child has a fundamental right to life.

 9 Francesco Redi

Francesco Redi
3
Famous As: Physician, naturalist, biologist and poet
Birthdate: February 18, 1626
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Arezzo, Italy
Died: March 1, 1697

Called the founder of experimental biology and father of modern parasitology, Italian physician, biologist, naturalist and poet Francesco Redi did the first major experiment to challenge spontaneous generation. His book Esperienze intorno alla generazione degl'insetti includes most of his famous experiments, while his poem book Bacco in Toscana is counted among the finest works of 17th-century Italian poetry.   

 10 Michele Ferrari

Michele Ferrari
3
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: March 26, 1953
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Ferrara, Italy

Michele Ferrari is an Italian physician and cycling coach notorious for his role in supplying bicycle racers with performance-enhancing drugs. He received his degree in medicine and surgery at the University of Ferrara and became a specialist in sports medicine at the Sapienza University of Rome. His clients include Lance Armstrong, Michael Rogers, and Alexander Vinokourov. 

 11 Camillo Golgi

Camillo Golgi
3
Famous As: Physician, Pathologist, Biologist
Birthdate: July 7, 1843
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Corteno, Kingdom of Lombardy–Venetia, Italy
Died: January 21, 1926

Nobel Prize-winning cytologist and physician Camillo Golgi is remembered for his contribution to the study of the central nervous system. He revolutionized medical science with his staining technique and discoveries such as the Golgi cell, the Golgi tendon organ, and the Golgi apparatus, apart from his research on malaria.

 12 Carlo Levi

Carlo Levi
2
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: November 29, 1902
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Turin, Italy
Died: January 4, 1975

Best known for his iconic documentary novel Christ Stopped at Eboli, Italian painter and author Carlo Levi had also studied medicine. His anti-fascist ideals and political activism got him exiled to Lucania. He was part of the neorealist and contemporary movements. He had also been a senator of the Italian parliament.

 13 Pietro Bembo

Pietro Bembo
2
Famous As: Former Renaissance cardinal who wrote one of the earliest Italian grammars and assisted in establishing the Italian literary language
Birthdate: May 20, 1470
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Venice, Italy
Died: January 18, 1547

Pietro Bembo was an Italian scholar, poet, and literary theorist. He was also a cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church and a member of the Knights Hospitaller, a Catholic military order. He played a key role in the development of the Tuscan dialect as a literary language. As a priest, he promoted the Christian perfection of Renaissance humanism. 

 14 Gabriele Falloppio

Gabriele Falloppio
4
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: 1523 AD
Birthplace: Modena, Italy
Died: October 9, 1562

Sixteenth-century Italian anatomist Gabriele Falloppio was also a Catholic priest. Of his many discoveries, the most well-known are the tubes which link the ovaries to the uterus, named fallopian tubes. He was also the first to offer written description of a condom as a protective measure against syphilis.

 15 Dino Risi

Dino Risi
2
Famous As: Film Director
Birthdate: December 23, 1916
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Milan, Italy
Died: June 7, 2008

 16 Giovanni Alfonso Borelli

Giovanni Alfonso Borelli
2
Famous As: Physicist, Mathematician, Astronomer, Historian of mathematics, Entomologist
Birthdate: January 28, 1608
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Naples
Died: December 31, 1679

While he matriculated in math and taught the subject later, Giovanni Alfonso Borelli also made pioneering discoveries as a physicist and physiologist. With works such as De Motu Animalium, he revolutionized the field of biomechanics, explaining muscular movements with the help of statics and dynamics.

 17 Constantine The African

Constantine The African
2
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Carthage, Tunisia
Died: 1099 AD

 18 Giovanni Battista Morgagni

Giovanni Battista Morgagni
2
Famous As: Anatomist
Birthdate: February 25, 1682
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Forlì, Italy
Died: December 6, 1771

 19 Charles Borromeo

Charles Borromeo
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Famous As: Cardinal
Birthdate: October 2, 1538
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Arona, Italy
Died: November 3, 1584

 20 Cecile Kyenge

Cecile Kyenge
4
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: August 28, 1964
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Kambove, DR Congo

 21 Santorio Santorio

Santorio Santorio
2
Famous As: Physiologist
Birthdate: March 29, 1561
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Koper, Slovenia
Died: February 22, 1636

 22 Bernardino Ramazzini

Bernardino Ramazzini
2
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: October 3, 1633
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Carpi, Italy
Died: November 5, 1714

 23 Hieronymus Fabricius ab Aquapendente

Hieronymus Fabricius ab Aquapendente
2
Famous As: Surgeon
Birthdate: May 20, 1533
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Acquapendente, Italy
Died: May 21, 1619

 24 Philip Mazzei

Philip Mazzei
2
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: December 25, 1730
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Poggio a Caiano, Italy
Died: March 19, 1816

 25 Trota of Salerno

Trota of Salerno
2
Famous As: Medical practitioner
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Salerno, Italy

 26 Realdo Colombo

Realdo Colombo
1
Famous As: Professor
Birthdate: 1515 AD
Birthplace: Cremona, Italy
Died: 1559 AD

 27 Paolo Giovio

Paolo Giovio
1
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: April 19, 1483
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Como, Italy
Died: December 11, 1552

Paolo Giovio was an Italian historian, physician, biographer, and prelate. He is best remembered for his work which chronicles the Great Wars of Italy. Giovio is also remembered for authoring Historiarum sui temporis libri XLV, an acclaimed work of contemporary history.

 28 Andrea Cesalpino

Andrea Cesalpino
1
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: June 6, 1519
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Arezzo, Italy
Died: February 23, 1603

 29 Mondino de Luzzi

Mondino de Luzzi
1
Famous As: Italian physician
Birthdate: 1270 AD
Birthplace: Bologna, Italy
Died: 1326 AD

 30 Aloysius Lilius

Aloysius Lilius
1
Famous As: Astronomer
Birthdate: 1510 AD
Birthplace: Cirò, Calabria, Italy
Died: 1576 AD

Aloysius Lilius, also known as Luigi Lilio, is best remembered as the main author of the Gregorian Calendar. Well-versed in medicine and astronomy, Lilius hailed from Calabria, Italy, though not much is known about his life. His calendar was presented to Pope Gregory XIII by his brother Antonio.

 31 Prospero Alpini

Prospero Alpini
1
Famous As: Scientist
Birthdate: November 23, 1553
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Marostica, Italy
Died: February 6, 1617

 32 Severino Antinori

Severino Antinori
1
Famous As: Gynecologist and embryologist
Birthdate: September 6, 1945
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Rome, Italy

 33 Girolamo Mercuriale

Girolamo Mercuriale
0
Famous As: Philologist
Birthdate: September 30, 1530
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Forli, Italy
Died: November 8, 1606

 34 Jacopo Berengario da Carpi

Jacopo Berengario da Carpi
1
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: 1460 AD
Birthplace: Carpi, Italy
Died: 1530 AD

 35 Alessandro Achillini

Alessandro Achillini
1
Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: October 20, 1463
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Bologna, Italy
Died: August 2, 1512

 36 Luigi Carlo Farini

Luigi Carlo Farini
1
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: October 22, 1812
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Russi, Italy
Died: August 1, 1866

 37 Peter Chrysologus

Peter Chrysologus
2
Famous As: Saint
Birthdate: 0406 AD
Birthplace: Imola, Italy
Died: July 31, 0450

 38 Giulio Bizzozero

Giulio Bizzozero
1
Famous As: Doctor
Birthdate: March 20, 1846
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Varese, Italy
Died: April 8, 1901

 39 Giulio Giorello

Giulio Giorello
1
Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: May 14, 1945
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Milan, Italy
Died: June 15, 2020

A highly intellectual scholar and a reputed epistemologist, Giulio Giorello graduated from the University of Milan with philosophy and mathematics. He later taught physics and natural science in a number of reputed universities across Italy before being appointed as professor of philosophy of science at his alma mater. A prolific writer, he published around twenty major works in his lifetime.

 40 Antonio Franconi

Antonio Franconi
1
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: 1737 AD
Birthplace: Venice, Italy
Died: December 6, 1836

 41 Giovanni Maria Lancisi

Giovanni Maria Lancisi
6
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: October 26, 1654
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: January 20, 1720

 42 Giorgio Biandrata

Giorgio Biandrata
0
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: 1516 AD
Birthplace: Saluzzo, Italy
Died: May 5, 1588

 43 Hillel ben Samuel

Hillel ben Samuel
0
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: 1220 AD
Birthplace: Verona, Italy
Died: 1295 AD

 44 Lorenzo Bellini

Lorenzo Bellini
0
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: September 3, 1643
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Florence, Italy
Died: January 8, 1704

 45 Gaspare Aselli

Gaspare Aselli
1
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: 1581 AD
Birthplace: Cremona, Italy
Died: September 9, 1625

 46 Agostino Bertani

Agostino Bertani
0
Famous As: Revolutionary
Birthdate: October 19, 1812
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Milan, Italy
Died: April 10, 1886

 47 Domenico Guglielmini

Domenico Guglielmini
0
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: September 27, 1655
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Bologna, Italy
Died: July 27, 1710

Domenico Guglielmini is regarded as the pioneer of the Italian school of hydraulics, though he initially worked on astronomy. Apart from being a professor of hydrometry and mathematics, he was also a part-time physician, but eventually quit his research on hydraulics to focus on medicine full-time.