Andre Breton Biography
(Writer, Co-Founder of Surrealism)
Birthday: February 18, 1896 (Aquarius)
Born In: Tinchebray, Tinchebray-Bocage, France
Andre Breton was a distinguished writer and poet from France. He was one of the few personalities who reinforced and led the Surrealist movement along with other avant-gardes. He is best-known for his ‘Surrealist Manifesto’, encouraging free expression and release of the subconscious mind. He is also known for his volumes of essays and poetry. After a brief stint in the army during World War I, he joined the Dadaist group and began delving into ‘surrealistic automatism’. He studied a number of psychoanalytical theories and studied the concept of the ‘unconsciousness’ that helped him with his writing. Through most part of his career, he wrote radical and metaphysical tracts, one of them being ‘Nadja’. The recurrent themes in most of his novels indicate a sort of ‘liberation of the mind’ and include the hackneyed as well as fantasy elements. In addition to his career, he mentored many budding Surrealists and continued to advocate the Surrealist movement through literature and art. Career apart, he married thrice, indulged in Freudian psychology and was known for his idiosyncratic dressing habits.