Birthday: May 15, 1923
Died At Age: 81
Sun Sign: Taurus
Also Known As: Richard Avedon
Born in: New York City
Spouse/Ex-: Doe Avedon (m. 1944–1949), Evelyn Franklin (m. 1951–2004)
father: Jacob Israel Avedon
Died on: October 1, 2004
place of death: San Antonio
City: New York City
U.S. State: New Yorkers
Diseases & Disabilities: Schizophrenia
Founder/Co-Founder: The Richard Avedon Foundation
education: The New School, DeWitt Clinton High School, Columbia University
awards: 1989 - Lifetime Achievement Award from the Council of Fashion Designers of America
1993 - The International Center of Photography Master of Photography Award
1994 - Prix Nadar for his photobook Evidence
2003 - National Arts Award for Lifetime Achievement
2003 - The Royal Photographic Society 150th Anniversary Medal
2010 - Record price of £719
000 for a unique seven foot high print of model Dovima
Till date, Richard Avedon is remembered as the photographer who shaped and defined America’s sense of fashion and style in the late 20th century, captivating energy, freedom and excitement through his clicks. Best known for his minimalistic and probing portraits, Avedon acted as the driving force who added a sense of vibrancy into the realm of fashion photography. His breath-taking and awe-inspiring photographs have filled the pages of numerous prestigious magazines in the United States of America. One of the most renowned photographers in the world, Avedon was endowed with a brilliant sense of imagery and insight. He delved deep into the subjects he shot and created some of the most intensive and creative photographs for the world to behold. He gave photographers around the world a new vision in portrait photography, something that was quintessentially seen in his works. Avedon’s large gamut of work has been exhibited at various prestigious exhibitions all over the world including the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, the Museum of Modern Art, National Museum of American History, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris and the like. To learn more interesting and intriguing facts about his childhood, personal life and achievements in the field of photography and fashion, scroll down and continue to read this biography.
Childhood & Early Life
Richard Avedon was born in New York City to a retail businessman, Jacob Israel Avedon and Anna Avedon. It is believed that it was his mother who inculcated in him a love for art and fashion.
By the time he turned 12, his interest in photography grew by leaps and in order to pursue his interest, he became a member of the Young Men’s Hebrew Association Camera Club. Soon, he began taking photographs using a Kodak Box Brownie. His first muse was his younger sister, Louise.
Academically, he attained his basic education from DeWitt Clinton High School in Bedford Park, Bronx. It was at high school that he developed a fancy for poetry and started penning some. In 1941, he was named, ‘Poet Laureate of New York City High Schools’.
He enrolled at the Columbia University in 1941. However, his growing passion for photography and fashion led him to drop out of the university after his first year.
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In 1942, he began his career as a photographer with Merchant Marines. He was appointed to take photographs of crewmen for the purpose of identification.
In 1944, he was employed as an advertisement photographer for a department store. However, impressed by his work, Alexey Brodovitch, who was serving as the art director for the fashion magazine ‘Harper’s Bazaar’, recruited him.
From 1944 until 1950, he studied the technique and detail of photography from Brodovitch, at the latter’s Design Laboratory at the New School for Social Research.
In 1946, he founded his own studio and began to work with various magazines including ‘Vogue’ and ‘Life’. Soon he was appointed as the chief photographer for ‘Harper’s Bazaar’.
In 1952, he was appointed as the staff editor and chief photographer of the ‘Theatre Arts Magazine’. The following year he took a famous picture of Italian socialite, Marella Agnelli.
What made his work different from the rest was unlike others, he captured his models while in action, like laughing, smiling and even moving. Also, he mostly shot them at outdoor locations, a concept which was revolutionary at those times. However, at the beginning of the 60s decade, he switched to strobe lighting of the studio than outdoors.
In 1962, he worked as a staff photographer with ‘Vogue’ and he subsequently became the magazine’s lead photographer. As a lead photographer, he photographed most of the magazine’s cover pages.
Later on in the 1960s, he began to make studio portraits for cultural dissidents, politicians and other civil rights workers. He also took pictures Vietnam War protesters and the fall of the Berlin Wall.
In the 1960’s he also created two sets of well-known portraits for the English rock band, ‘The Beatles’. One of the portraits consisted of psychedelic portraits of the band members.
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In 1979, he worked on the ‘In The American West’, which was a project that focused on the lives of the working class people. It took him five years to complete this project.
In 1982, he created a set of creative and light-heartedly innovative films for the still advertisement campaigns for the fashion label, ‘Christian Dior’. The advertisement included a series of colourful photographs.
In 1992, at the age of 69 he was appointed as the first ever staff photographer with the ‘The New Yorker’.
In 1995, his project titled, ‘In Memory of the Late Mr. and Mrs. Comfort’ was published. It was during this time that he came up with some of his most controversial photographs.
In 1999, he captured the cover photo for the Japanese-American singer Hikaru Utada’s ‘Addicted To You’
His magnum opus project, ‘In The American West’ was a collection of photographs of the working class people. This project was a turning point in his career.
The famous ‘Versace’ campaign ‘Pile of Beautiful People’, photographed by him, brought him immense fame and recognition in the fashion world.
Awards & Achievements
In 1989, he was the recipient of the Lifetime Achievement Award which was conferred to him by the Council of Fashion Designers of America.
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In 1993, he was awarded the Master of Photography Award from the International Center of Photography.
He was elected as a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 2001.
In 2003, he was the recipient of the National Arts Award for Lifetime Achievement. Same year, he won The Royal Photographic Society's Special 150th Anniversary Medal and Honorary Fellowship for his contribution in the field of photography.
He received honorary graduate degrees from various institutions including the Royal College of Art, Kenyon College, and Parsons School of Design.
Personal Life & Legacy
During his teenage years he was diagnosed with schizophrenia, for which he received psychiatric treatment.
In 1944, he married Dorcas Marie Nowel. The couple did not have any children and divorced in 1949.
In 1951, he married Evelyn Franklin, with whom he had a son.
In 1974, his work was greatly affected after he was diagnosed with heart inflammations.
In October 2004, he died at the age of 81 in San Antonio, Texas due to brain haemorrhage.
In 2009, his collection of political portraits titled, ‘Richard Avedon: Portraits of Power’, were posthumously exhibited at the Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, DC.
A famous fashion and portrait American photographer of the 20th century, he is best remembered for his work, ‘In The American West’ which was a collection of photographs of the working class people.