Famous People Who Died In 1954

Discover the most famous people died who died in the year 1954. This list includes people like Frida Kahlo, Alan Turing, Henri Matisse, Robert Capa, Enrico Fermi and many more. This list of celebrities is loosely sorted by popularity. People featured on this list, include political leaders, artists, journalists and novelists who died in 1954. This list includes people from United States, France, Germany & Italy and many more countries.
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 1 
Alan Turing
(English Mathematician Who is Considered as the Father of Theoretical Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence)
Alan Turing
144
Birthdate: June 23, 1912
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Maida Vale, London, England
Died: June 7

Regarded as the father of computer science and artificial intelligence, Alan Turing was a distinguished mathematician and logician. During WWII, he successfully broke the challenging German Enigma machine codes thereby reducing the duration of war by a couple of years. The scientist, who was convicted for being gay, has been an inspiration for numerous films, plays and novels.

 2 
Frida Kahlo
(Mexican Painter Known for Her Brilliantly Coloured Self-Portraits)
Frida Kahlo
188
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: July 6, 1907
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Coyoacán, Mexico City, Mexico
Died: July 13

Mexican painter, Frida Kahlo, was known for her many portraits and self-portraits. Her work is said to have been inspired by the nature, artifacts and popular culture of Mexico. Her work was not much known until the late 1970s, when it was rediscovered by art historians and political activists. By early 1990s, she became a recognized figure in art history.

 3 
Henri Matisse
(French Visual Artist Known for His Paintings: ‘Woman with a Hat’, 'The Dance', and 'Red Room’)
Henri Matisse
7
Birthdate: December 31, 1869
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Le Cateau-Cambrésis, France
Died: November 3

Henri Matisse was a French artist. Although he was known for his skills as a painter, Matisse was also a renowned sculptor, printmaker, and draughtsman. Along with Picasso, Matisse is regarded as one of the artists who contributed immensely to the revolutionary developments in visual arts. His works also influenced other painters who would adopt a technique called intense colorism.

 4 
Lionel Barrymore
(Actor & Director Best Known for His Role as ‘Mr. Potter’ in the Film ‘It's a Wonderful Life’)
Lionel Barrymore
6
Birthdate: April 28, 1878
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Philadelphia
Died: November 15

One of the earliest members of the famous Barrymore family of actors, Lionel Barrymore remains best known for his portrayal of Mr. Potter in the 1946 film It's a Wonderful Life. Unlike many of his descendants, Barrymore also composed music. For his contribution to motion picture and radio, Barrymore was honored with two stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.

 5 
Enrico Fermi
(Italian Physicist, Nobel Laureate and Creator of the World's First Nuclear Reactor)
Enrico Fermi
10
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: September 29, 1901
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: November 28
Italian physicist Enrico Fermi created the Chicago Pile-1, the world's first nuclear reactor. Known widely as the "architect of the atomic bomb," he was equally proficient in theoretical and experimental physics, and won the 1938 Nobel Prize in Physics for his work on radioactivity and for discovering transuranium elements.
 6 
The French Angel
(French Professional Wrestler)
The French Angel
5
Listed In: Sportspersons
Birthdate: October 23, 1903
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Ural Mountains, Russia
Died: September 4

Maurice Tillet was a Russian professional wrestler. A two-time AWA World Heavyweight Champion, Tillet was a very successful and popular wrestler at that time. He even appeared as The Swedish Angel in the 1949 American fantasy film Mighty Joe Young. Maurice Tillet was posthumously inducted into the Professional Wrestling Hall of Fame in 2012.

 7 
Colette
(Best Known for Her Novel 'Gigi')
Colette
6
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: January 28, 1873
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Saint-Sauveur-en-Puisaye, France
Died: August 3

Colette was a French author who received a nomination for the prestigious Nobel Prize in Literature in 1948. She is remembered for her novella Gigi, which inspired the 1958 movie and the 1973 musical of the same name. Her life and work have inspired several films, including the 2018 biographical drama film Colette, where Keira Knightley played the title role.

 8 
Sydney Greenstreet
(Actor)
Sydney Greenstreet
7
Birthdate: December 27, 1879
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Sandwich, Kent, England
Died: January 18
Height: 5'9" (175 cm)
 9 
Robert Capa
(Photographer, Photojournalist)
Robert Capa
8
Birthdate: October 22, 1913
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Budapest, Hungary
Died: May 25

Robert Capa was a Hungarian-American photojournalist and war photographer. Regarded as the greatest adventure and combat photographer of all time, Robert Capa is best remembered for covering five major wars, namely Second Sino-Japanese War, Spanish Civil War, World War II, First Indochina War, and the 1948 Arab–Israeli War. In 1947, he was honored with the prestigious Medal of Freedom.

 10 
Charles Ives
(Composer)
Charles Ives
3
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: October 20, 1874
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Danbury, Connecticut, United States
Died: May 19
 11 
Pierre S. du Pont
(Entrepreneur)
Pierre S. du Pont
1
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: January 15, 1870
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Wilmington, Delaware, United States
Died: April 4
 12 
Pop Warner
(American Football coach)
Pop Warner
3
Listed In: Sportspersons
Birthdate: April 5, 1871
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: New York, United States
Died: September 7
 13 
Edwin Howard Armstrong
(American Electrical Engineer and Inventor, Who Developed FM Radio and the Superheterodyne Receiver System)
Edwin Howard Armstrong
1
Birthdate: December 18, 1890
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Chelsea, New York, United States
Died: February 1

Edwin Howard Armstrong was an American inventor and electrical engineer. He is credited with developing the superheterodyne receiver system as well as the frequency modulation (FM) radio. During his illustrious career, Armstrong received several awards including the IEEE Medal of Honor, Franklin Medal, and Edison Medal. He was inducted into the National Inventors Hall of Fame in 1980.

 14 
Agnes Macphail
(Member of Ontario Provincial Parliament (1943-45, 1948-51))
Agnes Macphail
3
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: March 24, 1890
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Dundalk, Canada
Died: February 13
 15 
Mary Church Terrell
(African-American Suffragist, Civil Rights Activist)
Mary Church Terrell
2
Listed In: Activists
Birthdate: September 23, 1863
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Memphis, Tennessee, United States
Died: July 24

Mary Church Terrell was an African-American suffragist and civil rights activist. She was one of the first women of African-American heritage to earn a college degree. Terrell helped establish the National Association of Colored Women and served as its first president. Mary Church Terrell was made an inductee of the National Women's Hall of Fame in 2020.

 16 
Andre Derain
(French Artist, Painter, Sculptor and Co-founder of 'Fauvism')
Andre Derain
1
Birthdate: June 10, 1880
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Garches, France
Died: September 8

Andre Derain is considered a co-founder of Fauvism, along with fellow artist Henri Matisse, who was one of his classmates at the Académie Carriere. He also created theatrical décor for Ballets Russes and woodcut book illustrations for authors such as Antonin Artaud and André Breton.

 17 
Claude Cahun
(French Photographer Known for Her Self-Portraits and Tableaux That Incorporated a Surrealist Style and Gender Fluidity)
Claude Cahun
3
Birthdate: October 25, 1894
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Nantes, France
Died: December 8

Claude Cahun was a French sculptor, surrealist photographer, and writer. He is best remembered for his work as a self-portraitist and writer. Apart from his primary career, Claude Cahun also played a major role in the Second World War, serving as a propagandist and resistance worker.

 18 
Gladys George
(Actress)
Gladys George
5
Birthdate: September 13, 1904
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Patten, Maine, U.S.
Died: December 8
 19 
Günther Quandt
(German industrialist who founded an industrial empire that today includes BMW and Altana (chemicals))
Günther Quandt
0
Listed In: Business People
Birthdate: July 28, 1881
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Pritzwalk, Germany
Died: December 30
 20 
Grantland Rice
(Sports writer)
Grantland Rice
1
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: November 1, 1880
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Murfreesboro, Tennessee, United States
Died: July 13
 21 
Alain LeRoy Locke
(American Writer and Philosophe)
Alain LeRoy Locke
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: September 13, 1886
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: June 9
 22 
Linda Lee Thomas
(American Socialite)
Linda Lee Thomas
1
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: November 17, 1883
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Louisville, Kentucky, United States
Died: May 20
Charles Edward, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
2
Birthdate: July 19, 1884
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Claremont House, Surrey, England
Died: March 6
Charles Edward, a grandson of Queen Victoria, was the Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, part of Germany, since age 13. Named a traitor for fighting in the German Army during World War II, he was stripped of his British wealth and charged with war crimes. He died a poor man.
 24 
Marguerite Steinheil
(Salonnière)
Marguerite Steinheil
0
Listed In: Business People
Birthdate: April 16, 1869
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Beaucourt, France
Died: July 17

Marguerite Steinheil was a French woman best remembered for having love affairs with prominent men, including President Félix Faure. Interestingly, it is said that Steinheil was involved in a sexual encounter with Félix Faure at the time of his death in 1899. Steinheil achieved notoriety after the incident; her character was portrayed in a TV series titled Paris Police 1900.

 25 
Viktor Abakumov
(Russian Minister of State Security 1946 to 1951)
Viktor Abakumov
1
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: April 24, 1908
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: December 19
 26 
Robert H. Jackson
1
Listed In: Lawyers & Judges
Birthdate: February 13, 1892
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Spring Creek Township, Warren County, Pennsylvania
Died: October 9
 27 
Auguste Perret
(French Architect)
Auguste Perret
0
Listed In: Architects
Birthdate: February 12, 1874
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Ixelles, Belgium
Died: February 25

Auguste Perret was a French architect who developed the architectural use of reinforced concrete. Perret is credited with designing many important edifices like the Théâtre des Champs-Élysées and Church of Notre-Dame du Raincy. In 1948, Perret was honored with the Royal Gold Medal and he won the AIA Gold Medal in 1952. He also influenced younger architects like Le Corbusier.

 28 
Oscar Charleston
(Former Baseball Player Center fielder)
Oscar Charleston
1
Listed In: Sportspersons
Birthdate: October 14, 1896
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Indianapolis, Indiana, United States
Died: October 5
 29 
Clyde Cessna
(Aviator)
Clyde Cessna
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: December 5, 1879
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Montgomery County, Iowa, United States
Died: November 20
 30 
Charles Albert Bender
(Baseball Player)
Charles Albert Bender
1
Listed In: Sportspersons
Birthdate: May 5, 1884
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Crow Wing County, Minnesota, United States
Died: May 22
 31 
Rabbit Maranville
(Baseball manager)
Rabbit Maranville
0
Listed In: Sportspersons
Birthdate: November 11, 1891
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Springfield, Massachusetts, United States
Died: January 6
 32 
Dziga Vertov
(Soviet Documentary Filmmaker and Cinema Theorist)
Dziga Vertov
0
Birthdate: January 2, 1896
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Białystok
Died: February 12

Dziga Vertov was a Soviet documentary filmmaker and cinema theorist. His theories and filming practices had a significant impact on the cinéma vérité style of documentary filmmaking. Dziga Vertov's independent and exploratory style of filmmaking inspired and influenced numerous filmmakers including Guy Debord.

 33 
William Van Alen
(Architect)
William Van Alen
0
Listed In: Architects
Birthdate: August 10, 1883
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Brooklyn
Died: May 24
William Van Alen was an American architect best remembered for overseeing the design of the famous Chrysler Building in New York City. Many of his innovations, such as curved glass corner windows and storefront windows, went on to become a standard practice in American architecture. Van Alen Institute, an independent nonprofit architectural organization, is named in his honor. 
 34 
James Hilton
(English Novelist and Screenwriter, Best Known for His Novels 'Lost Horizon', 'Goodbye', 'Mr. Chips' and 'Random Harvest')
James Hilton
2
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: September 9, 1900
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Leigh, United Kingdom
Died: December 20

James Hilton was an English novelist and screenwriter. Many of his books such as Lost Horizon, Knight Without Armour, We Are Not Alone, The Story of Dr. Wassell, and Rage in Heaven were adapted into films. A well-known screenwriter in Hollywood, James Hilton received the prestigious Academy Award for his work in Mrs. Miniver in 1942.

 35 
Seebohm Rowntree
(British Sociologist and Philanthropist Known for His Studies of Poverty and Welfare)
Seebohm Rowntree
0
Birthdate: July 7, 1871
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: York, England
Died: October 7

Though he initially studied chemistry, Seebohm Rowntree soon joined his family cocoa business. He soon introduced employee-friendly policies, such as the 5-day work week and a pension plan, in the company. His pioneering study of working-class homes in York became an iconic sociological treatise on the poor.

 36 
Tom Tyler
(Actor)
Tom Tyler
1
Birthdate: August 9, 1903
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Port Henry, New York, United States
Died: May 1
Height: 6'2" (188 cm)
 37 
Aristides de Sousa Mendes
(Portuguese Consul During World War II)
Aristides de Sousa Mendes
1
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: July 19, 1885
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Cabanas de Viriato, Portugal
Died: April 3
 38 
Wilhelm Furtwängler
(Conductor)
Wilhelm Furtwängler
2
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: January 25, 1886
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Schöneberg, Berlin, Germany
Died: November 30
 39 
The French Angel
(French Professional Wrestler Who Was Twice World Heavyweight Champion)
The French Angel
3
Listed In: Sportspersons
Birthdate: October 23, 1903
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Ural Mountains, Russia
Died: September 4
Height: 5'9" (175 cm)
 40 
Pudge Heffelfinger
(Football player)
Pudge Heffelfinger
1
Listed In: Sportspersons
Birthdate: December 20, 1867
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States
Died: April 2
Height: 6'3" (190 cm)
 41 
Ivan Ilyin
(Russian Political Philosopher, Jurist, Orator, Publicist, and Conservative Monarchist)
Ivan Ilyin
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: April 9, 1883
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Moscow, Russian Empire
Died: December 21
 42 
Princess Antonia of Luxembourg
(Princess)
Princess Antonia of Luxembourg
2
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: October 7, 1899
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Schloss Hohenburg, Lenggries, Bavaria, Germany
Died: July 31
 43 
Kalki Krishnamurthy
(Indian Writer and Journalist Who Founded a Magazine, Which Was Also Named Kalki)
Kalki Krishnamurthy
1
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: September 9, 1899
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Manalmedu, Tamil Nadu, India
Died: December 5

Ramaswamy Krishnamurthy, better known by his pseudonym Kalki, is remembered for his immense contribution to Tamil literature, which included his short stories, novels, and novellas. His social novel Alai Osai won him a Sahitya Akademi award. He also used the pseudonym Karnatakam to write as a film and music critic.

 44 
Iseult Gonne
(Poet)
Iseult Gonne
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: August 6, 1894
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: March 22
 45 
Auguste Lumière
0
Birthdate: October 19, 1862
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Besançon, France
Died: April 10

Auguste Lumière was a French engineer, illusionist, industrialist, and biologist. Alongside his brother Louis Jean Lumière, Auguste is credited with inventing a projection device and animated photographic camera called the cinematograph, which attracted worldwide acclaim. He is also remembered for his innovations in military aircraft and his pioneering work in the use of X-rays.

 46 
Jacques Fath
(Dominant influences on postwar haute couture)
Jacques Fath
1
Listed In: Fashion
Birthdate: September 6, 1912
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Maisons-Laffitte, France
Died: November 13
 47 
M. N. Roy
(Indian Marxist Revolutionary, Political Theorist and a Noted Philosopher of the 20th Century)
M. N. Roy
4
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: March 21, 1887
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: West Bengal, India
Died: January 25

Apart from being one of the co-founders of the Communist Party of India, M. N. Roy also established the Mexican Communist Party. Jailed for his political activities, he penned the nine-volume Prison Manuscripts in prison. He later joined the Indian National Congress but quit it soon after.

 48 
Jacinto Benavente
(One of the Foremost Spanish Dramatists of the 20th Century)
Jacinto Benavente
5
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: August 12, 1866
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Died: July 14

Jacinto Benavente was one of the foremost Spanish dramatists of the 20th century. The son of a popular pediatrician, he developed an early interest in literature but was expected to pursue a more conventional professional. He began studying law but abandoned it to become a dramatist. He received the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1922. 

 49 
Andrey Vyshinsky
(Politician)
Andrey Vyshinsky
1
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: December 10, 1883
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Odesa, Ukraine
Died: November 22
 50 
Arthur Greenwood
(Politician)
Arthur Greenwood
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: February 8, 1880
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Hunslet, Leeds, England, United Kingdom
Died: June 9