Agnes Macphail Biography
(Member of Ontario Provincial Parliament (1943-45, 1948-51))
Birthday: March 24, 1890 (Aries)
Born In: Dundalk, Canada
Agnes Campbell Macphail was the first woman elected to the Canadian House of Commons. She was also was one of the first two women elected to the Legislative Assembly of Ontario. All through her life, Agnes was active in progressive Canadian politics and endorsed her ideas as an activist, column writing and legislation. She used to write columns for the Farmer’s Sun while working as a school teacher in Ontario. At the same time, she also started her active political career. She was always interested in problems related to agricultural sector. To fulfill her desire to represent the farmers of her region, she joined the United Farmers of Ontario. She even used to write agricultural columns for the Globe and Mail, a newspaper in Toronto. Apart from that, she openly expressed her displeasure regarding low standard of education provided at the Royal College of Canada. Regarded as a feminist, she also supported issues including international cooperation, old age pensions, prison reforms and disarmament. Due to her initiative, Archambault Commission was formed to investigate the condition of prisons in Canada. She played a significant role in the Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom. She was the first woman member of a Canadian delegation to the League of Nations.