Famous People Who Died In 1900

Discover the most famous people died who died in the year 1900. This list includes people like Oscar Wilde, Friedrich Nietzsche, Birsa Munda, John Ruskin, Gottlieb Daimler and many more. This list of celebrities is loosely sorted by popularity. People featured on this list, include philosophers, novelists, political leaders and poets who died in 1900. This list includes people from United States, Germany, United Kingdom and many more countries.
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 1 
Oscar Wilde
(One of the Greatest Playwrights of the 'Victorian Era')
Oscar Wilde
75
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: October 16, 1854
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Dublin, Ireland
Died: November 30

Widely regarded as one of the most popular writers of all time, Oscar Wilde is best remembered for his plays and epigrams. He was also one of the best-known personalities during his time as he was popular for his conversational skills, flamboyant dressing sense, and biting wit. Imprisoned in 1895 for consensual homosexual acts, Oscar Wilde was pardoned posthumously in 2017.

 2 
Friedrich Nietzsche
(German Philosopher, Cultural Critic and Philologist)
Friedrich Nietzsche
48
Birthdate: October 15, 1844
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Röcken, Lützen, Germany
Died: August 25

German philosopher, cultural critic, composer, and poet Friedrich Nietzsche has had a profound influence on modern intellectual history. He held the Chair of Classical Philology at the University of Basel. His work spanned philosophical polemics, poetry, cultural criticism, and fiction. He suffered from numerous health problems from a young age and died at the age of 55.

 3 
John Ruskin
(Art Critic and Painter)
John Ruskin
10
Birthdate: February 8, 1819
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: England
Died: January 20

The leading English art critic of the Victorian era, John Ruskin was a hugely influential figure in the latter half of the 19th century. Also a philosopher and prominent social thinker, he wrote on varied subjects like geology, architecture, education, botany, myth, ornithology, literature, and political economy. He founded the charitable trust Guild of St George.

 4 
Gottlieb Daimler
5
Birthdate: March 17, 1834
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Schorndorf, Germany
Died: March 6

Gottlieb Daimler was a German engineer, industrialist, and industrial designer. A pioneer of automobile development and internal combustion engines, Daimler is credited with inventing the liquid petroleum-fueled engine. In 1978, Gottlieb Daimler was inducted into the Automotive Hall of Fame.

 5 
Birsa Munda
(Tribal Leader Who Revolted Against the British Rule)
Birsa Munda
52
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: November 15, 1875
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Ulihatu, Khunti, India
Died: June 9

In spite of his short life, which ended at age 24, Birsa Munda is remembered for spearheading the tribal movement against the British. He also made the British introduce new laws for the protection of the tribal land rights. He died in prison while undergoing trials.

 6 
Stephen Crane
(Writer, Journalist, Poet, Baseball player, Novelist, Screenwriter)
Stephen Crane
5
Listed In:
Birthdate: November 1, 1871
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Newark
Died: June 5
 7 
Arthur Sullivan
(Composer)
Arthur Sullivan
6
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: May 13, 1842
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Lambeth, London
Died: November 22
 8 
Princess Adelheid of Hohenlohe-Langenburg
(Aristocrat)
Princess Adelheid of Hohenlohe-Langenburg
0
Birthdate: July 20, 1835
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Langenburg, Germany
Died: January 25
 9 
Wilhelm Steinitz
(American Chess Player and the First World Chess Champion)
Wilhelm Steinitz
3
Listed In: Sportspersons
Birthdate: May 14, 1836
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Prague, Czechia
Died: August 12

Wilhelm Steinitz was an Austrian-born American chess player. He is recognized as the first World Chess Champion, having reigned from 1886 to 1894. A multi-talented personality, Wilhelm Steinitz was also an influential chess theoretician and writer. Steinitz is also remembered for having a huge impact on the game and was a well-known player during his time.

 10 
Ivan Aivazovsky
(Painter)
Ivan Aivazovsky
1
Birthdate: July 29, 1817
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Feodosia, Russia
Died: May 2

Remembered for his awe-inspiring marine art, Russian painter Ivan Aivazovsky was the son of an Armenian merchant. His 60-year career had seen him produce around 6,000 works, most of which were seascapes. He had been the Russian navy’s official painter and inspired Anton Chekhov’s phrase worthy of Aivazovsky’s brush.

 11 
Belle Boyd
(Confederate Spy in the American Civil War)
Belle Boyd
8
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: May 9, 1844
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Martinsburg, Virginia
Died: June 11

Belle Boyd was a Confederate spy who was active during the American Civil War. Operating from her father's hotel in Virginia, Boyd provided key information to Confederate Commander Stonewall Jackson in 1862. Belle Boyd's life and career inspired a series of silent films called The Girl Spy.

 12 
Naim Frasheri
(Historian)
Naim Frasheri
2
Birthdate: May 25, 1846
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Fraşer, Yanya Eyalet, Ottoman Empire (now Frashër, Albania)
Died: October 20
 13 
Max Müller
(Scholar, Philologist)
Max Müller
4
Birthdate: December 6, 1823
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Dessau, Duchy of Anhalt, German Confederation
Died: October 28

Max Müller was a German-born Orientalist and philologist. Müller is credited with co-founding the western academic disciplines of religious studies and Indian studies. In 1874, he was honored with the Pour le Mérite. He received the prestigious Bavarian Maximilian Order for Science and Art in 1875. In India, the Goethe Institutes are named in his honor.

 14 
Collis Potter Huntington
(Industrialist and railway magnate)
Collis Potter Huntington
2
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: October 22, 1821
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Harwinton, Connecticut, United States
Died: August 13
 15 
Isaac Levitan
(One of the Best Classical Russian Landscape Painters of the 19th Century )
Isaac Levitan
1
Birthdate: August 30, 1860
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Kibartay, Lithuania
Died: August 4

Isaac Levitan was a Russian landscape painter remembered for his work that popularized the mood landscape genre. One of the most important landscape painters of his generation, Levitan was elected to the Russian Academy of Arts in 1897. The following year, Levitan was chosen as the head of the Landscape Studio at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture.

 16 
John Sherman
(Former Secretary of State)
John Sherman
1
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: May 10, 1823
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Lancaster, Ohio, U.S.
Died: October 22
 17 
Henry Sidgwick
(British Philosopher and Economist Best Known in Philosophy for His Utilitarian Treatise 'The Methods of Ethics')
Henry Sidgwick
0
Birthdate: May 31, 1838
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Skipton, Yorkshire, England
Died: August 28

An influential English ethical philosopher and economist of the Victorian era, Henry Sidgwick is perhaps best known for his utilitarian treatise The Methods of Ethics. He promoted higher education of women and co-founded Newnham College. He remained a member of the Metaphysical Society and co-founded and served as first president of the Society for Psychical Research.

 18 
William Armstrong, 1st Baron Armstrong
(English Engineer and Industrialist Who is Regarded as the Inventor of Modern Artillery)
William Armstrong, 1st Baron Armstrong
4
Birthdate: November 26, 1810
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Newcastle upon Tyne, England
Died: December 27

The founder of the Armstrong Whitworth manufacturing company, William George Armstrong, also known as Baron Armstrong, redefined the design of guns and also invented the high-pressure hydraulic mechanism. Initially a lawyer, he later quit his practice to devote more time to engineering. He was also knighted for his feats.

 19 
Vladimir Solovyov
(Philosopher)
Vladimir Solovyov
3
Birthdate: January 28, 1853
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: August 13
 20 
Mary Kingsley
(British Ethnographer, Scientific Writer and Explorer Known for Her Travels and Writings on West Africa)
Mary Kingsley
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: October 13, 1862
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Islington, London, England
Died: June 3

English ethnographer and traveler Mary Kingsley was the daughter of renowned physician and traveler George Kingsley and the niece of Charles Kingsley. Unlike girls of her era, she was well-educated and later ventured on an exploratory trip to West Africa, becoming the first European to enter remote areas such as Gabon.

 21 
Étienne Lenoir
(Inventor, Engineer)
Étienne Lenoir
0
Birthdate: January 12, 1822
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Luxembourg
Died: August 4

Étienne Lenoir was a Belgian-French engineer. He is credited with developing the internal combustion engine which was commercialized in sufficient quantities. Lenoir is also credited with inventing such electrical devices as an improved electric telegraph which played a key role during the Franco-Prussian War. 

 22 
Washakie
(American Saints)
Washakie
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 1808 AD
Birthplace: United States
Died: February 20

Washakie was an influential leader of the Shoshone people, a Native American tribe. He was recognized as the head of the Eastern Shoshones for a major part of his life by the representatives of the US government. He was inducted into the Hall of Great Westerners in 1979.

 23 
Casey Jones
(Railroad Worker)
Casey Jones
4
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: March 14, 1863
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Kentucky, United States
Died: April 30
 24 
Osman Nuri Pasha
(Military Commander)
Osman Nuri Pasha
1
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 1832 AD
Birthplace: Tokat, Turkey
Died: April 5
 25 
Emil Škoda
(Engineer)
Emil Škoda
1
Listed In: Engineers
Birthdate: November 18, 1839
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Pilsen, Czechia
Died: August 8
 26 
John Bidwell
(Soldier)
John Bidwell
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: August 5, 1819
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Chautauqua, New York, United States
Died: April 4
 27 
Marcus Daly
(Businessman)
Marcus Daly
0
Listed In: Business People
Birthdate: December 5, 1841
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Ballyjamesduff, Ireland
Died: November 12

Born into a poor peasant family, Marcus Daly was 14 when he arrived in New York as an Irish refugee. He started his career unloading ships and then worked as a ranch boy and a railroad worker, eventually taking over the copper mining industry and emerging as a Copper King of Montana.

 28 
Elizabeth Van Lew
(Abolitionist Known for Operating a Spy Ring for ‘Union Army’ During the ‘American Civil War’)
Elizabeth Van Lew
1
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: October 12, 1818
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Richmond, Virginia, United States
Died: September 25

American abolitionist Elizabeth Van Lew is best-known for developing and running an extensive and efficient spy-ring for Union Army during American Civil War. She was the first person in Richmond who raised the US flag in the city after it fell to US forces in April 1865. She later served as Postmaster General of Richmond and modernized the city's postal-system.

 29 
Henry Wellesley, 3rd Duke of Wellington
(Politician)
Henry Wellesley, 3rd Duke of Wellington
3
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: April 5, 1846
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Apsley House, London, England
Died: June 8
 30 
Frederic Edwin Church
(Painter)
Frederic Edwin Church
1
Birthdate: May 4, 1826
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Hartford
Died: April 7
 31 
Harriet E. Wilson
(American Novelist)
Harriet E. Wilson
2
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: March 15, 1825
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Milford, New Hampshire, United States
Died: June 28
 32 
Mihály Munkácsy
(Former Painter who earned international reputation with his genre pictures and large-scale biblical paintings)
Mihály Munkácsy
0
Birthdate: February 20, 1844
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Mukachevo, Ukraine
Died: May 1
 33 
Kuroda Kiyotaka
(Former Prime Minister of Japan)
Kuroda Kiyotaka
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: November 9, 1840
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Shinyashikicho, Kagoshima, Japan
Died: August 23

Kuroda Kiyotaka, also known as Kuroda Ryōsuke, played a significant role in the Meiji Restoration. Apart from being president of the Privy Council, he had been the prime minister of Japan, too. He introduced Western agricultural methods in Hokkaido but reigned in the wake of controversies related to unequal treaties.

 34 
R. D. Blackmore
(Novelist)
R. D. Blackmore
1
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: June 9, 1825
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Longworth, England, United Kingdom
Died: January 20
 35 
Piet Joubert
(General)
Piet Joubert
2
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: January 20, 1831
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Oudtshoorn, South Africa
Died: March 28
 36 
E. R. Squibb
(Inventor)
E. R. Squibb
1
Birthdate: July 4, 1819
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Wilmington, Delaware, United States
Died: October 25
 37 
James Edward Keeler
(American Astronomer Who Discovered the First 'Pulsar' and Observed the 'Rings of Saturn')
James Edward Keeler
1
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: September 10, 1857
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: La Salle, Illinois, United States
Died: August 12

James Edward Keeler initially worked at the Lick Observatory and later proved that the rings of Saturn aren’t solid but are made of tiny particles. He used the reflecting telescope for his astrophotography projects. He had also been the director of the Allegheny Observatory and had co-founded Astrophysical Journal.

 38 
Eça de Queiroz
(One of the Greatest Portuguese Writers in the Realist Style)
Eça de Queiroz
0
Birthdate: November 25, 1845
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Póvoa de Varzim, Portugal
Died: August 16

José Maria de Eça de Queirós was a Portuguese writer and novelist. Widely regarded as the greatest exponent of literary realism in the Portuguese language, Eça's works have been translated into many languages, including English. Many of his works have also been adapted into films, TV series, and theatrical plays.

 39 
Paddy Ryan
(Irish American Boxer, and Became the Bare-Knuckle American Heavyweight Champion)
Paddy Ryan
1
Listed In: Sportspersons
Birthdate: March 15, 1851
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Thurles, Tipperary, Ireland
Died: December 14
Height: 5'11" (180 cm)
 40 
Isaac Mayer Wise
(American Reform Rabbi Who Served as The Rabbi of the Congregation Beth-El of Albany)
Isaac Mayer Wise
0
Birthdate: March 29, 1819
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Lomnička, Czechia
Died: March 26

Isaac Mayer Wise was an American Reform rabbi, author, and editor. He is best remembered for his service as the rabbi of the congregation Beth-El of Albany. In this capacity, Isaac Mayer Wise effected many changes, such as the consent for having a mixed-sex choir, allowing women and men to sit together in family pews, and elimination of Bar Mitzvah.

 41 
Jasper Francis Cropsey
(Artist)
Jasper Francis Cropsey
0
Birthdate: February 18, 1823
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: New York City, New York, United States
Died: June 22
 42 
Augustus Pitt Rivers
(Archaeologist)
Augustus Pitt Rivers
1
Birthdate: April 14, 1827
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Bramham cum Oglethorpe, England
Died: May 4
 43 
Jacob Dolson Cox
(Former 28th Governor of Ohio (1866 - 1868), 10th United States Secretary of the Interior (1869 - 1870))
Jacob Dolson Cox
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: October 27, 1828
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Montreal, Canada
Died: August 4

Apart from being a lawyer and a war historian, Jacob Dolson Cox had served as the governor of Ohio and as a US representative from Ohio's 6th district. During the American Civil War, he was a Union general. As the Secretary of the Interior, he introduced a civil service merit system.

 44 
Alexandre Falguiere
(Sculptor)
Alexandre Falguiere
1
Birthdate: September 7, 1831
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Toulouse, France
Died: April 19
 45 
Gustav Meyer
(Linguist, Educator)
Gustav Meyer
0
Birthdate: November 25, 1850
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Strzelce Opolskie, Poland
Died: August 28
 46 
Frank Hamilton Cushing
(Anthropologist)
Frank Hamilton Cushing
0
Birthdate: July 22, 1857
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: North East Township, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: April 10
 47 
Eugenio Beltrami
(Italian Mathematician Known for His Description of Non-euclidean Geometry)
Eugenio Beltrami
0
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: November 16, 1835
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Cremona, Italy
Died: February 18

Eugenio Beltrami was an Italian mathematician, whose work on the differential geometry of curves and surfaces helped to establish the soundness of non-Euclidean geometry. A faculty of University of Bologna, he dealt in wide range of subjects, establishing Beltrami equation, Beltrami identity, Beltrami's theorem, Laplace–Beltrami operator, Beltrami vector field and Beltrami–Klein model, publishing several works including Opere Matematiche.

 48 
St. George Jackson Mivart
(Biologist)
St. George Jackson Mivart
0
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: November 30, 1827
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: London, England
Died: April 1
 49 
Joseph Bertrand
(French Mathematician Known for His Elegant Applications of 'Differential Equations' to 'Analytical Mechanics')
Joseph Bertrand
0
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: March 11, 1822
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: April 5

Joseph Bertrand was a 19th-century French mathematician. He is remembered for his work in the fields of number theory, economics, differential geometry, probability theory,  and thermodynamics. A brilliant individual, he completed his Ph.D. with a thesis on the mathematical theory of electricity as a teenager. He was elected a foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.  

 50 
Jesse William Lazear
(Physician)
Jesse William Lazear
0
Listed In: Physicians
Birthdate: May 2, 1866
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Baltimore, Maryland, United States
Died: September 26