Famous People Who Died In 1865

Discover the most famous people died who died in the year 1865. This list includes people like Abraham Lincoln, John Wilkes Booth, Elizabeth Gaskell, Edward Everett, Isabella Beeton and many more. This list of celebrities is loosely sorted by popularity. People featured on this list, include political leaders, physicists, prime ministers and educators who died in 1865. This list includes people from United Kingdom, United States and many more countries.
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 1 
Abraham Lincoln
(16th President of the United States (1861-1865))
Abraham Lincoln
348
Listed In: Lawyers & Judges
Birthdate: February 12, 1809
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Larue County, Kentucky, United States
Died: April 15

A self-educated lawyer, Abraham Lincoln rose from modest background to become one of the greatest presidents of America. The 16th president of the country, who is also known as Honest Abe and the Great Emancipator, played a crucial role in establishing a truly democratic government, abolished slavery, modernised economy and led the country during the American Civil War.

 2 
Ignaz Semmelweis
(Physician)
Ignaz Semmelweis
9
Listed In: Physicians
Birthdate: July 1, 1818
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Tabán, Budapest, Hungary
Died: August 13

Almost 2 decades before germ theory was laid down, Ignaz Semmelweis became the first physician to suggest that hand-washing could prevent the spread of puerperal fever and related deaths. Ironically, after being ridiculed for his theory, he died in a mental asylum, due to an infection from a wound.

 3 
Leopold I of Belgium
(First King of the Belgians (1831 - 1865))
Leopold I of Belgium
7
Birthdate: December 16, 1790
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Coburg, Germany
Died: December 10
Leopold I, the youngest son of Duke Francis of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, was the first king of Belgium and reigned from 1831 to 1865. He fought against Napoleon during the Napoleonic Wars. He rejected the throne of Greece. His reign is known for establishing Belgium's first railway and for its modernization.
 4 
Elizabeth Gaskell
1
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: September 29, 1810
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Chelsea, England
Died: November 12
 5 
Sir William Rowan Hamilton
(Irish Mathematician and Astronomer Who Contributed to the Development of ‘Optics’, ‘Classical Mechanics’ and ‘Abstract Algebra’)
Sir William Rowan Hamilton
1
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: August 4, 1805
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Dublin, Ireland
Died: September 2

Son of a Dublin solicitor, Sir William Rowan Hamilton was raised and educated by his priest uncle from age 3. Initially a master of languages such as Latin, Greek, and Persian, Hamilton began deviating to math at 16. He is remembered for his contribution to optics, Hamiltonian mechanics, and algebra.

 6 
Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston
(Politician)
Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston
4
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: October 20, 1784
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Westminster, Middlesex, England
Died: October 18
 7 
James Barry
(military physician, Surgeon)
James Barry
2
Listed In: Physicians
Birthdate: November 9, 1795
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Belfast
Died: July 25

Military surgeon James Miranda Steuart Barry is most noted for making medical reforms and performing one of the first known successful Caesarean sections in Africa. Although during adulthood Barry lived as a man, at birth Barry was named Margaret Ann Bulkley and was known as a girl-child. Barry's birth sex became public after a post-mortem examination.     

 8 
Joseph Paxton
(Gardener & Architect)
Joseph Paxton
0
Listed In: Architects
Birthdate: August 3, 1803
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Bedfordshire
Died: June 8

Landscape gardener Joseph Paxton initially worked for the duke of Devonshire, serving as a head gardener at the duke’s Chatsworth estate. However, his greatest contribution perhaps remains the Crystal Palace for the 1851 Great Exhibition in London. He also represented Coventry as a member of parliament.

 9 
Isabella Beeton
5
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: March 12, 1836
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: London
Died: February 6
 10 
Edward Everett
(Former American senator)
Edward Everett
1
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: April 11, 1794
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Boston, Massachusetts
Died: January 15

Edward Everett was an American politician, diplomat, educator, pastor, and orator. Widely regarded as one of the great orators of the Civil War and antebellum eras, Everett is remembered for his two-hour speech at the Soldiers' National Cemetery in Gettysburg in 1863, where Abraham Lincoln delivered his popular Gettysburg Address. Edward Everett also taught ancient Greek literature at Harvard University.

 11 
Anna Pavlovna of Russia
(Queen Consort of the Netherlands)
Anna Pavlovna of Russia
1
Birthdate: January 18, 1795
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: March 1

Born as the youngest daughter of Paul I of Russia, Anna Pavlovna was given in a political marriage to William II of the Netherlands, becoming the Queen Consort when her husband ascended the throne. Never at home in Netherlands, which was more egalitarian than Russia, she always identified herself as a Russian Grand Duchess rather than as a Dutch queen.

 12 
Richard Cobden
(Politician)
Richard Cobden
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: June 3, 1804
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Heyshott, United Kingdom
Died: April 2
 13 
Nicholas Alexandrovich, Tsesarevich of Russia
(Prince)
Nicholas Alexandrovich, Tsesarevich of Russia
1
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: September 20, 1843
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Alexander Palace, Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: April 24
 14 
Heinrich Lenz
(Russian Physicist Best Known for Formulating 'Lenz's Law')
Heinrich Lenz
0
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: February 12, 1804
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Tartu
Died: February 10

Heinrich Lenz was a Russian physicist best remembered for formulating Lenz's law in electrodynamics. Lenz started his career as a teacher and later became the Dean of Mathematics and Physics at the University of St. Petersburg. From 1863 until his demise in 1865, Heinrich Lenz served as a Rector at the institution.

 15 
Stephen Allen Benson
(Politician)
Stephen Allen Benson
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: May 21, 1816
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Cambridge, Maryland, United States
Died: January 24
 16 
Christian Jürgensen Thomsen
(Danish Antiquarian Who Developed Early Archaeological Techniques and Methods)
Christian Jürgensen Thomsen
0
Birthdate: December 29, 1788
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Copenhagen, Denmark
Died: May 21

Christian Jürgensen Thomsen was a Danish antiquarian best remembered for developing early archaeological methods and techniques. In 1816, he was selected as the head of an organization, which later became the National Museum of Denmark. Christian Jürgensen Thomsen is credited with mentoring future archaeologists like Bror Emil Hildebrand and J. J. A. Worsaae.  

 17 
Lewis Powell
(Soldier, Murder)
Lewis Powell
3
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: April 22, 1844
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Randolph County, Alabama, United States
Died: July 7
 18 
John Lindley
(British Botanist, Gardener and Orchidologist)
John Lindley
0
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: February 5, 1799
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Old Catton, England
Died: November 1

The son of a nurseryman, British botanist John Lindley revolutionized the plant classification system by introducing a method of considering all characters of plants. Known for his iconic work The Vegetable Kingdom, he also had a wide collection of orchids, which eventually found a place at the Kew Gardens.

 19 
Fredrika Bremer
(Swedish Writer and Feminist Reformer)
Fredrika Bremer
0
Listed In: Activists
Birthdate: August 17, 1801
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Turku, Finland
Died: December 31
Fredrika Bremer was a Finnish-born Swedish feminist reformer and writer. She is credited with popularizing literary realism in Sweden. Bremer is best remembered for her 1856 novel Hertha, which inspired Sophie Adlersparre to start Sweden's first women's magazine, Home Review. In 1884, Sweden's first women's rights organization was named after Fredrika Bremer.
 20 
Tom Sayers
(Boxer)
Tom Sayers
1
Listed In: Sportspersons
Birthdate: May 25, 1826
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Brighton, England
Died: November 8
Height: 5'8" (173 cm)
 21 
Alexandros Mavrokordatos
(Statesman)
Alexandros Mavrokordatos
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: February 11, 1791
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Constantinople, Turkey
Died: August 18

Alexandros Mavrokordatos was a Greek statesman, politician, diplomat, and member of the famous Mavrocordatos family of Phanariotes. He served as the President of the Provisional Administration of Greece from 1822 to 1823. An influential politician, who played a key role during the Greek Revolution, Mavrokordatos also served as the Prime Minister of Greece on four occasions between 1833 and 1855.

 22 
Princess Sophie of Sweden
(Princess)
Princess Sophie of Sweden
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: May 21, 1801
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Stockholm, Sweden
Died: July 6
 23 
William Jackson Hooker
(British Botanist and Botanical Illustrator Best Known for Expanding and Developing the Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew)
William Jackson Hooker
0
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: July 6, 1785
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Norwich, England
Died: August 12

Botanist William Jackson Hooker made history as the first director of the Kew Gardens, or the Royal Botanic Gardens. Born to a merchant’s clerk who was also an amateur botanist, Hooker developed an interest in insects, birds, and plants at an early age. He was also known for his plant illustrations.

 24 
Giuditta Pasta
(Italian Opera Singer)
Giuditta Pasta
0
Listed In: Singers
Birthdate: October 26, 1797
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Saronno, Italy
Died: April 1

Giuditta Pasta was an Italian opera singer. Such was her popularity that several roles were written specifically for her. Pasta is credited with originating iconic roles, such as Donizetti's Anna Bolena, Bellini's Amina in La sonnambula, and the title role in Norma. Giuditta Pasta also worked as a teacher and among her well-known pupils are Emma Albertazzi and Adelaide Kemble.

 25 
Robert Remak
(German Physiologist Known for Discovering the Three Germ Layers of Embryo: 'Ectoderm', 'Mesoderm' and 'Endoderm')
Robert Remak
0
Listed In: Physicians
Birthdate: July 26, 1815
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Poznań, Poland
Died: August 29

German embryologist and neurologist Robert Remak is known for pathbreaking scientific feats such as the discovery of the Remak’s ganglia and the use of electrotherapy to treat nervous ailments. He also named the three layers of the embryo, the ectoderm, mesoderm, and endoderm. His Jewish origin deprived him from valid recognition.

 26 
Thomas Corwin
(Politician)
Thomas Corwin
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: July 29, 1794
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Bourbon County, Kentucky, United States
Died: December 18
 27 
Ferdinand Georg Waldmüller
(Painter)
Ferdinand Georg Waldmüller
1
Birthdate: January 15, 1793
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: August 23

One of the most important Austrian painters of the Biedermeier period, Ferdinand Georg Waldmüller is best known for his landscape paintings, which he drew from close observation, highlighting not only his unique sense of color, but also his deep knowledge of nature. Equally known are his portraits, genre scenes, and still lifes, which are appreciated for their detailed descriptions and accurate characterizations.  

 28 
William Becknell
(Soldier)
William Becknell
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 1787 AD
Birthplace: Amherst County, Virginia, United States
Died: April 30
 29 
Lydia Sigourney
(Author)
Lydia Sigourney
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: September 1, 1791
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Norwich, Connecticut, United States
Died: June 10
 30 
Ludwig Schnorr von Carolsfeld
(Opera singer)
Ludwig Schnorr von Carolsfeld
0
Listed In: Singers
Birthdate: July 2, 1836
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Munich, Germany
Died: July 21
 31 
Joseph Emerson Worcester
(Lexicographer)
Joseph Emerson Worcester
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: August 24, 1784
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Bedford, New Hampshire, United States
Died: October 27
 32 
Madeleine Sophie Barat
(Saint)
Madeleine Sophie Barat
1
Birthdate: December 12, 1779
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Joigny, France
Died: May 25
 33 
Alecu Donici
(Poet)
Alecu Donici
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: January 19, 1806
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Donici, Orhei, Romania
Died: January 21
 34 
John Hutchinson
(Chemist, Businessperson)
John Hutchinson
1
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: February 6, 1825
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Liverpool, United Kingdom
Died: March 14
 35 
Rafael Carrera
(Politician)
Rafael Carrera
5
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: October 24, 1815
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Guatemala City, Guatemala
Died: April 14
 36 
Albert Oppel
(Paleontologist)
Albert Oppel
0
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: December 19, 1831
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Germany
Died: December 22
 37 
Manfredo Fanti
(Italian General Who is Credited With Founding the Royal Italian Army)
Manfredo Fanti
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: February 23, 1806
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Carpi, Italy
Died: April 5

Manfredo Fanti was an Italian general who is credited with founding the Regio Esercito, which came to be known as the Royal Italian Army. He played an important role in many battles, including the Second Italian War of Independence, where he commanded the 2nd division.   

 38 
David Claypoole Johnston
(Cartoonist)
David Claypoole Johnston
0
Birthdate: March 25, 1799
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: November 8
 39 
Heinrich Barth
(German Explorer and Geographer Known for His Expeditions in Africa)
Heinrich Barth
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: February 16, 1821
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Hamburg, Germany
Died: November 25

German explorer and geographer Heinrich Barth was a pioneering European explorer of Africa. A linguist, he was not just fluent in languages such as French and Arabic, but he also learned several African languages. He also penned a 4-volume account of his experiences in Africa and taught at the University of Berlin.

 40 
Amanz Gressly
(Geologist)
Amanz Gressly
0
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: July 17, 1814
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Bärschwil, Switzerland
Died: April 13
 41 
Nazju Falzon
(Cleric)
Nazju Falzon
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: July 1, 1813
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Valletta, Malta
Died: July 1
 42 
John Catron
(Jurist)
John Catron
0
Listed In: Lawyers & Judges
Birthdate: January 7, 1786
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Pennsylvania, United States
Died: May 30
 43 
Nicholas Wiseman
(British Cardinal and the First Archbishop of Westminster)
Nicholas Wiseman
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: August 3, 1802
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Seville, Spain
Died: February 15

Remembered as one of the most significant figures behind the revival of Catholicism in the 19th century, Nicholas Wiseman was the first archbishop of Westminster. He was born to Irish immigrants in Spain and initially worked as a language professor. He also penned the iconic works Horae Syriacae and Fabiola.

 44 
Johann Martin Lappenberg
(German Historian and Diplomat)
Johann Martin Lappenberg
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: July 30, 1794
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Hamburg, Germany
Died: November 28
 45 
David Herold
(Accomplice of John Wilkes Booth, the Man Who Killed Abraham Lincoln)
David Herold
0
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: June 16, 1842
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Maryland, United States
Died: July 7

David Herold was an American pharmacist's assistant. He is best remembered as the accomplice of John Wilkes Booth, the man who killed Abraham Lincoln in 1865. David Herold was arrested and sentenced to death. He was hanged alongside three other conspirators on 7 July 1865 at the age of 23.   

 46 
Fitz Henry Lane
(Painter)
Fitz Henry Lane
1
Birthdate: December 19, 1804
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Gloucester, Massachusetts, United States
Died: August 14
 47 
Robert FitzRoy
(Scientist)
Robert FitzRoy
2
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: July 5, 1805
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Ampton
Died: April 30
 48 
Samuel David Luzzatto
(Scholar)
Samuel David Luzzatto
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: August 22, 1800
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Trieste, Italy
Died: September 30
 49 
Arthur Tappan
(Businessman)
Arthur Tappan
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: May 22, 1786
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Northampton, Massachusetts, United States
Died: July 23
 50 
Thomas Chandler Haliburton
(Politician)
Thomas Chandler Haliburton
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: December 17, 1796
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Windsor, Canada
Died: August 27