Famous People Born In 1865

Discover the most famous people born in 1865. The list includes people like Rudyard Kipling, Warren G. Harding, Jean Sibelius, Lala Lajpat Rai, John Monash and many more. This list of celebrities is loosely sorted by popularity. People featured on this list, include political leaders, poets, composers and nurses born in 1865. This list includes people from United States, Germany, United Kingdom & France and many more countries.
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 1 
Rudyard Kipling
(Journalist, Poet & Novelist)
Rudyard Kipling
46
Birthdate: 30th December
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Mumbai, India
Died: January 18, 1936

English journalist, short-story writer, poet, and novelist Rudyard Kipling is best remembered for his fiction work The Jungle Book. He was born in India and many of his works are inspired by his life in the country. He was one of the most popular English writers in the late 19th and early 20th century.

 2 
George V
(King of the United Kingdom (1910-36))
George V
62
Listed In: Emperors & Kings
Birthdate: 3rd June
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: London, England
Died: January 20, 1936

George V became the King of Great Britain and the British Dominions in 1910. During the World War I, he played an active role in supporting the troops. The rise of socialism, communism, fascism and the Indian independence movement was witnessed during his rule. His reign also saw the supremacy of the elected British House of Commons established by the Parliament.

 3 
W B Yeats
(One of the Greatest English-Language Poets of the 20th Century and 1923 Nobel Prize for Literature Winner)
W B Yeats
21
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 13th June
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Sandymount, Ireland
Died: January 28, 1939
Nobel Prize-winning Irish poet, playwright, and prose writer W. B. Yeats is remembered as one of the most significant literary figures of the 20th century. Known for works such as The Tower, he also helped establish the Abbey Theatre. An occult enthusiast, he was also part of The Ghost Club.
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 4 
Warren G. Harding
(29th President of the United States (1921–1923))
Warren G. Harding
28
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 2nd November
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Blooming Grove, Ohio, United States
Died: August 2, 1923

The 29th President of the United States, Warren G. Harding assumed office in 1921 shortly after the end of WWI and became very popular. He died in 1923 while still in office. Later, various scandals that occured during his presidency were uncovered and his image suffered a serious setback. His presidency is today ranked amongst the worst in the American history.

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 5 
Jean Sibelius
(Finnish Composer Known for His 'Seven Symphonies' and His Tone Poem 'Tapiola')
Jean Sibelius
21
Listed In: Composers
Birthdate: 8th December
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Hämeenlinna, Finland
Died: September 20, 1957

Jean Sibelius was a Finnish violinist and composer. Widely regarded as Finland's greatest composer, Sibelius' music is credited with having kindled nationalism in Finland during the country's struggle for independence from Russia. His work has inspired other important composers like Douglas Lilburn. The International Jean Sibelius Violin Competition, which is held every five years, is named after him.

 6 
Erich Ludendorff
(German General, Politician and Military Theorist)
Erich Ludendorff
8
Listed In: Military Leaders
Birthdate: 9th April
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Kruszewnia, Poland
Died: December 20, 1937

German military leader Erich Ludendorff gained fame with the victories at Liège and Tannenberg during World War I. He promoted the theory that Marxists, Jews, and Freemasons were responsible for Germany’s defeat in the war. He later became a military theorist, writing books such as The Total War.

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 7 
Benjamin Guggenheim
(Businesspeople)
Benjamin Guggenheim
2
Birthdate: 26th October
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: April 15, 1912
 8 
Edith Cavell
(British Nurse Who Saved the Lives of Soldiers from Both Sides During the First World War)
Edith Cavell
7
Listed In: Nurses
Birthdate: 4th December
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Swardeston, Norfolk, England
Died: October 12, 1915

Edith Cavell was a British nurse best remembered for saving the lives of many soldiers from both camps without discrimination. She helped nearly 200 Allied soldiers escape from Belgium during World War I. Her decision to help both German and Allied soldiers without discrimination landed her in trouble; Edith Cavell was accused of treason and sentenced to death.

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 9 
John Monash
(One of the Best Allied Generals of the First World War & the Most Famous Commander in Australian History)
John Monash
6
Listed In: Engineers
Birthdate: 27th June
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Melbourne, Australia
Died: October 8, 1931

John Monash was an Australian military commander during World War I. He played a major role in the Gallipoli campaign, which took place from February 1915 to January 1916 on the Gallipoli peninsula. John Monash is widely regarded as the most popular commander in Australian history and one of the most prominent allied generals of World War I.

 10 
Lala Lajpat Rai
(Indian Author, Freedom Fighter, Politician and One of the Three Members of the ‘Lal Bal Pal’ Trimurti)
Lala Lajpat Rai
10
Listed In: Activists
Birthdate: 28th January
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Punjab, India
Died: November 17, 1928

Lala Lajpat Rai was an Indian politician who played a major role in the Indian Independence movement. He is credited with inspiring many young men, including Bhagat Singh and Chandrasekhar Azad, to join the freedom struggle through journalistic writings and activism. He was popularly known as Punjab Kesari

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 11 
Charles G. Dawes
(Vice President of the United States)
Charles G. Dawes
0
Birthdate: 27th August
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Marietta, Ohio
Died: April 23, 1951
 12 
Anandi Gopal Joshi
(First Indian Female Doctor)
Anandi Gopal Joshi
11
Birthdate: 31st March
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Kalyan, Maharashtra, India
Died: February 26, 1887

Though she was married off at age 9 and had had a baby by 14, Anandi Gopal Joshi rose to become one of the first female doctors in India and the first Indian-origin woman to graduate with a medical degree in the US. Unfortunately, she died of tuberculosis shortly before her 22nd birthday.

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 13 
Gifford Pinchot
(First Chief of the US Forest Service & Former Governor of Pennsylvania)
Gifford Pinchot
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 11th August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Simsbury, Connecticut, United States
Died: October 4, 1946

Gifford Pinchot was an American politician and forester. He is best remembered for his service as the first chief of the US Forest Service from February 1905 to January 1910. Gifford Pinchot also served as the Governor of Pennsylvania on two occasions; from 16 January 1923 to 18 January 1927 and again from 20 January 1931 to 15 January 1935.

 14 
Ferdinand I of Romania
(King of Romania (1914 - 1927))
Ferdinand I of Romania
2
Listed In: Emperors & Kings
Birthdate: 24th August
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Sigmaringen, Germany
Died: July 20, 1927

Ferdinand I of Romania reigned as the King of Romania from 10 October 1914 until his death on 20 July 1927. He chose to support the Triple Entente during World War I and managed to annex Transylvania, Bukovina, Bessarabia, and parts of Maramureș, Crișana, and Banat, which resulted in the establishment of Greater Romania.

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 15 
Susan La Flesche Picotte
(American doctor)
Susan La Flesche Picotte
1
Birthdate: 17th June
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Omaha Reservation, Nebraska, United States
Died: September 18, 1915
 16 
Suzanne Valadon
(Painter)
Suzanne Valadon
1
Listed In: Artists
Birthdate: 23rd September
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Bessines-sur-Gartempe, France
Died: April 7, 1938
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 17 
Paul Dukas
(French Composer Best Known for the Orchestral Piece 'The Sorcerer's Apprentice')
Paul Dukas
1
Birthdate: 1st October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: May 17, 1935

Best known for his masterpiece The Sorcerer's Apprentice, French composer Paul Dukas was admired by both conservative and progressive French musicians. Born to a pianist mother, Dukas had begun composing while recovering from an ailment at age 14. Shortly before his death, he destroyed most of his manuscripts.

 18 
Charles Horace Mayo
1
Listed In: Physicians
Birthdate: 19th July
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Rochester
Died: May 26, 1939

Part of the Mayo medical family of the U.S., Charles Horace Mayo had established the Mayo Clinic with his brother William James Mayo and others. He specialized in varied medical fields, mastering neurosurgery, goitre surgery, cataract operations, and other procedures. He later served the U.S. Army surgical team.

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 19 
Archduke Otto of Austria
(Archduke of Austria)
Archduke Otto of Austria
3
Listed In: Noblemen
Birthdate: 21st April
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Graz, Austria
Died: November 1, 1906
 20 
Robert W. Chambers
(Novelist)
Robert W. Chambers
1
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 26th May
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Brooklyn, New York, United States
Died: December 16, 1933
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 21 
Archibald Butt
(Military Leader)
Archibald Butt
1
Listed In: Military Leaders
Birthdate: 26th September
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Augusta, Georgia, United States
Died: April 15, 1912
 22 
Alexander Glazunov
(Composer)
Alexander Glazunov
1
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 10th August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: March 21, 1936
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 23 
Andranik
(Armenian Statesman and Military Commander Who Played an Important Role in the Armenian Liberation Movement)
Andranik
1
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 25th February
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Şebinkarahisar, Turkey
Died: August 31, 1927

Andranik was an Armenian statesman and military commander. He played an important role in the Armenian national liberation movement and took part in the military campaigns as part of Armenia's fight for independence. He also took part in the First Balkan War and World War I. Today, Andranik is considered a national hero in Armenia.

 24 
Akseli Gallen-Kallela
(Finnish Painter, Remembered for His Landscapes and Illustrations on the Epic Poetry 'Kalevala')
Akseli Gallen-Kallela
1
Birthdate: 26th April
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Pori, Finland
Died: March 7, 1931

Painter Akseli Gallen-Kallela developed a love for the Finnish countryside as a child and later depicted the beauty of the Finnish landscape through his works. Chiefly known for his illustrations of the epic Kalevala, he merged many artistic concepts such as outdoor painting and symbolism.

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 25 
Valentin Serov
(Russian Painter and One of the Premier Portrait Artists of His Era)
Valentin Serov
0
Listed In: Artists
Birthdate: 19th January
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: December 5, 1911

Valentin Serov was a Russian painter best remembered as a master of portraiture. Apart from painting the portraits of prominent personalities, Serov also painted several self-portraits. From 1897 to 1909, he taught painting at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture where he taught future painters like Pavel Kuznetsov, Martiros Saryan, N. N. Sapunov, Konstantin Yuon, and Kuzma Petrov-Vodkin.

 26 
Gabriel Narutowicz
(First President of Poland)
Gabriel Narutowicz
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 29th March
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Telšiai, Lithuania
Died: December 16, 1922

Polish professor of hydroelectric engineering and statesman Gabriel Narutowicz served as first President of Poland after the country regained sovereignty from partitioning powers. A pioneer of electrification, Narutowicz served as the Minister of Public Works and as the Minister of Foreign Affairs before becoming the first president of the Second Polish Republic. He was assassinated five days after assuming office as the head of state.

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 27 
Félix Vallotton
(Swiss and French Painter and Printmaker)
Félix Vallotton
1
Listed In: Artists
Birthdate: 28th December
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Lausanne, Switzerland
Died: December 29, 1925

Born in Switzerland, Félix Vallotton later moved to Paris to study art and grew to be one of the prominent members of the Les Nabis. Renowned for his woodcuts, he mostly focused on nudes and interiors. Politically conscious, he often infused political themes in his art, such as The Demonstration.

 28 
Mary Gilmore
(Journalist, Poet, Writer)
Mary Gilmore
1
Birthdate: 16th August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Goulburn
Died: December 3, 1962

Mary Gilmore was an Australian writer and journalist. She wrote both prose and poetry and is recognized for her tremendous contribution to Australian literature. As a young woman, she became a school teacher and held utopian socialist views. She eventually started writing and gained fame as an author and poet later in life. 

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 29 
Charles Proteus Steinmetz
(German Mathematician and Engineer Whose Research on AC Systems Revolutionized the US Electric Industry)
Charles Proteus Steinmetz
0
Listed In: Engineers
Birthdate: 9th April
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Wrocław
Died: October 26, 1923

Though German-born American mathematician and engineer Charles Proteus Steinmetz suffered from a deformed back since childhood, he excelled in math, physics, and classical literature. His ideas on alternating current (AC) systems initiated the electrical era in the US. By the time he died, he had over 200 patents under his name.

 30 
Mary White Ovington
(American Journalist and Co-founder of the 'National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)')
Mary White Ovington
1
Listed In: Activists
Birthdate: 11th April
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Brooklyn, New York, United States
Died: July 15, 1951

Mary White Ovington was an American journalist and suffragist. She is best remembered as one of the founders of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). Throughout her life, Mary White Ovington remained active in the fight for women's suffrage in the United States of America. She also wrote several articles and books including an autobiography. 

 31 
Pieter Zeeman
(Discovered the 'Zeeman Effect')
Pieter Zeeman
0
Listed In: Physicists
Birthdate: 25th May
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Zonnemaire, Netherlands
Died: October 9, 1943

Pieter Zeeman was a Dutch physicist whose discovery of the Zeeman effect earned him the prestigious Nobel Prize in Physics in 1902, which he shared with Hendrik Lorentz. Over the course of his career, Zeeman received several other awards, such as the Matteucci Medal in 1912, Henry Draper Medal in 1921, Rumford Medal in 1922, and Franklin Medal in 1925.

 32 
Carl Nielsen
(Danish Composer Known for for His Six Symphonies, Wind Quintet and Concertos for Violin, Flute and Clarinet)
Carl Nielsen
0
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: 9th June
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Nørre Lyndelse, Denmark
Died: October 3, 1931

Carl Nielsen was a Danish violinist, composer, and conductor. He is widely regarded as the most important Danish composer of all time. Nielsen also taught music at the Royal Academy and served as its director in 1931. Thanks to his teaching career, he has had considerable influence on Denmark's classical music. Among his pupils were Thorvald Aagaard and Harald Agersnap. 

 33 
Frederick Cook
(American Explorer, Physician, and Ethnographer)
Frederick Cook
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 10th June
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Hortonville, New York, United States
Died: August 5, 1940

Apart from being a qualified physician, Frederick Cook was also a passionate explorer. He was initially the surgeon on explorer Robert E. Peary’s team. He later created controversy by conflicting with Peary, saying it was him and not Peary who had first explored the North Pole, though his claims were denounced.

 34 
Philipp Scheidemann
(Politician)
Philipp Scheidemann
1
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 26th July
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Kassel
Died: November 29, 1939

Social Democratic Party of Germany member Philipp Scheidemann was the man who declared the formation of the Weimar Republic and also served as its chancellor. Born into a working-class family, he initially apprenticed as a printer. The rise of the Nazi power caused him to move to Denmark later.

 35 
Karl Blossfeldt
(German Photographer and Sculptor Best Known for His Close-up Photographs of Plants and Living Things)
Karl Blossfeldt
0
Listed In: Sculptors
Birthdate: 13th June
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Schielo, Germany
Died: December 9, 1932

Karl Blossfeldt was a German photographer, artist, sculptor, and teacher. He is best remembered for his work Urformen der Kunst, a collection of close-up photos of animals and plants. The book became highly influential and Blossfeldt's works were used as teaching tools in Berlin. Blossfeldt also served as a professor at the United State Schools for Fine and Applied Art. 

 36 
Elsie de Wolfe
(Actor, Architect, Socialite)
Elsie de Wolfe
1
Listed In: Architects
Birthdate: 20th December
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: New York City
Died: July 12, 1950

One of the first female interior designers of her time, Elsie de Wolfe was largely known for her anti-Victorian elements in her designs. She was also a professional stage actor and had also launched her own theater company. Her works include the Colony Club, New York’s first women’s club.

 37 
James Henry Breasted
(Archaeologist)
James Henry Breasted
1
Birthdate: 27th August
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Rockford, Illinois, United States
Died: December 2, 1935
 38 
Robert Henri
(Painter)
Robert Henri
2
Listed In: Artists
Birthdate: 24th June
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Cincinnati
Died: July 12, 1929
 39 
Baroness Orczy
(British Novelist and Playwright Best Known for Her Series of Novels Featuring the Scarlet Pimpernel)
Baroness Orczy
1
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 23rd September
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Tarnaörs, Heves County, Hungary
Died: November 12, 1947

Best known for her historical novel The Scarlet Pimpernel, Hungarian-British novelist Emma Orczy was the only child of noted composer Baron Felix Orczy. While she initially studied art, she later took to writing. Apart from the Pimpernel sequels, she also penned several collections of detective stories, such as Lady Molly of Scotland Yard.

 40 
Frederick Augustus III of Saxony
(King)
Frederick Augustus III of Saxony
1
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 25th May
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Dresden, Germany
Died: February 18, 1932
 41 
Kaarlo Juho Ståhlberg
(The 1st President of Finland)
Kaarlo Juho Ståhlberg
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 28th January
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Suomussalmi, Finland
Died: September 22, 1952

Finland’s 1st president, Kaarlo Juho Ståhlberg was one of the first politicians to introduce republicanism in Finland. A lawyer and judge, he initially taught law and economics at the University of Helsinki. The National Progressive Party member is also remembered as one of the main figures behind the Finnish constitution.

 42 
Alfred Harmsworth
(British publisher)
Alfred Harmsworth
0
Listed In: Publishers
Birthdate: 15th July
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Chapelizod, Ireland
Died: August 14, 1922
 43 
Mrs. Patrick Campbell
(Actress)
Mrs. Patrick Campbell
1
Listed In: Actresses
Birthdate: 9th February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: London, England
Died: April 9, 1940
 44 
Rashīd Riḍā
(Sunni Islamic Scholar, Theologian, Reformer, and Revivalist)
Rashīd Riḍā
0
Listed In: Editors
Birthdate: 23rd September
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Lebanon
Died: August 22, 1935
 45 
Blanche Hoschede Monet
(Painter)
Blanche Hoschede Monet
0
Birthdate: 10th November
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: December 8, 1947
 46 
John Mott
(American Evangelist)
John Mott
0
Birthdate: 25th May
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Livingston Manor, New York, United States
Died: January 31, 1955

Nobel Peace Prize-winning Methodist evangelist John Mott was a leading member of the YMCA and the WSCF. He also co-organized the World Missionary Conference, which heralded the ecumenical movement. He had declined an invitation to travel on the doomed luxury liner Titanic, which sank in the Atlantic Ocean.

 47 
Émile Jaques-Dalcroze
(Swiss Composer, Musician and Music Educator Who Developed 'Dalcroze Eurhythmics' Method of Learning Music)
Émile Jaques-Dalcroze
0
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: 6th July
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: July 1, 1950

Remembered for pioneering the eurythmics approach of learning music, Swiss composer Émile Jaques-Dalcroze was a major figure of the modernist movement in music. Starting his career as a professor at the Geneva Conservatory, he later launched his own music school, which was later shut down by the Nazis.

 48 
Luisa Piccarreta
(Writer)
Luisa Piccarreta
0
Birthdate: 23rd April
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Corato, Italy
Died: March 4, 1947
 49 
Kate Gleason
(Mechanical Engineer)
Kate Gleason
0
Birthdate: 25th November
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Rochester
Died: January 9, 1933

Known as successful businesswoman, Catherine Anselm Gleason had many firsts to her credit. The first woman to study engineering at Cornell University, she later became the first female to become receiver of a bankrupt company and successfully restored it.  Later, she also became the first female president of a national bank, and member of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers.

 50 
Fay Templeton
(Singer and actress)
Fay Templeton
1
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: 25th December
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Little Rock, Arkansas, United States
Died: October 3, 1939