Paul Dukas’s was a noted French music composer whose works comprised of the overlapping elements of Romantic and Modern periods. Dukas was highly self-critic, and had attempted various varieties of music in his career. He also wrote music reviews for about five French journals. He was not only a composer, but also a scholar and teacher. Being appointed at the Conservatoire de Paris, Paul Dukas also taught at the Ecole Normale de Musique as professor of music. This position had been a substantial part of his life. He was strictly compulsive and self-critic, and being not satisfied with most of his own works, destroyed them. This unique personality, beyond doubt, made remarkable contributions in orchestration and was considered to be one among the most subtle and the perceptive critics of his time. Read through this biography and learn more about this musical maestro.
By 1912, Dukas stopped composing and publishing them except for a single piano piece which was written in the loving memory of his friend, Claude Debussy. It was also stated that he had destroyed numerous musical manuscripts of his during the last weeks of his life. Dukas also collaborated with a publishing firm of Durand in Paris and hence, indulged in preparing modern editions of the works of Jean–Philippe Rameau, Francois Couperin and Domenico Scarlatti and also the piano works of Beethoven.
Towards the end of his life, Dukas gained great reverence as a teacher of composition. In the year 1927, when Charles-Marie Widor retired from the position of the professor of composition at the Paris Conservatoire, Dukas was recommended for the post. He had also been at the Ecole Normale de Musique in Paris, as a teacher. Some of the famous musicians like Jehan Alain, Elsa Barraine, Francis Chagrin, Carlos Chávez, Maurice Duruflé, Georges Hugon, Jean Langlais, Olivier Messiaen, Manuel Ponce, Joaquín Rodrigo, David Van Vactor and Xian Xinghai were his students. Though he was conservative as a teacher, he never failed to encourage his talented pupils. In the last years of his life, he was elected member of the Academie des Beaux – Arts. Dukas respected the progressive and the conservative factions of the French musicians belonging to the same era. Dukas died at the age of 69 in Paris, in the year 1935. Paul Dukas was thus cremated and his ashes were placed in the columbarium at Pere Lachaise Cemetery, Paris.
- Symphony in C (1895–6)
- L'apprenti sorcier ("The Sorcerer's Apprentice"), for orchestra (1897)
- Piano Sonata in E-flat minor (1899–1900)
- Variations, Interlude and Finale on a Theme by Rameau, for piano (c.1899–1902)
- Villanelle, for horn and piano (1906)
- Amours, sonnet for voice and piano (1924)
- Allegro, for piano (1925)
PAUL DUKAS TIMELINE
1 October, Paul Dukas was born.
Dukas started composing music.
Entered Conservatoire de Paris.
Won second place in prestigious award, the Prix de Rome.
Composed 'the Symphony in C'.
Composed ‘The Sorcerer's Apprentice’.
Joined Paris Conservatoire as ‘Professor of Orchestra’.
Stopped compositions except for a single piano piece dedicated to Claude Debussy.
Started second term as Orchestral Professor at Paris Conservatoire.
17 May, Dukas died.
How To Cite
People Also Viewed