Famous People Born In 1845

Discover the most famous people born in 1845. The list includes people like Alexander III of Russia, Georg Cantor, Gabriel Fauré, Gabriel Lippmann, Mary Eliza Mahoney and many more. This list of celebrities is loosely sorted by popularity. People featured on this list, include political leaders, mathematicians, emperors & kings and physicists born in 1845. This list includes people from United Kingdom, United States, Russia & France and many more countries.
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 1 
George I of Greece
(Former King of Greece (1863 - 1916))
George I of Greece
6
Listed In: Emperors & Kings
Birthdate: 24th December
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Copenhagen, Denmark
Died: March 18, 1913

George I of Greece reigned as the king of Greece from 1863 until his murder in 1913. During his reign of nearly 50 years, which is the longest in the history of modern Greece, George helped expand Greece's territory significantly. During his reign, Greece also became increasingly prosperous and attained a popular place on the European stage.

 2 
Wilhelm Rontgen
(German Mechanical Engineer and Winner of the 1901 Nobel Prize in Physics)
Wilhelm Rontgen
5
Listed In: Engineers
Birthdate: 27th March
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Lennep, Remscheid, Germany
Died: February 10, 1923

Wilhelm Rontgen was a German physicist and mechanical engineer. He is best remembered for producing and detecting X-rays for which he was honored with the first Nobel Prize in Physics in 1901. His discovery of X-rays remains one of the greatest achievements in the field of medical science.

 3 
Georg Cantor
(Mathematician)
Georg Cantor
18
Listed In: Mathematicians
Birthdate: 3rd March
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire
Died: January 6, 1918
Georg Cantor is remembered as the man behind the set theory of mathematics. Not known to many, he was a skilled violinist, too. He was one of the first to explore infinity. His final years were riddled with mental ailments, when he believed Shakespeare’s plays were written by Francis Bacon.
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 4 
Alexander III of Russia
(Emperor of Russia (1881 - 1894))
Alexander III of Russia
11
Listed In: Emperors & Kings
Birthdate: 10th March
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: November 1, 1894
Alexander III ruled as the emperor of Russia, the king Poland, and the grand duke of Finland, from 1881 to 1894. He reversed many liberal policies that had been implemented by his father, Alexander II, earlier. He passed the “May Laws” and did not participate in any major war.
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 5 
Gabriel Fauré
(One of the Major French Composers Associated With the End of Romanticism.)
Gabriel Fauré
5
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: 22nd October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Pamiers, France
Died: June 4, 1924

One of the greatest composers of all time, French pianist and organist Gabriel Fauré is best remembered for his masterpieces such as Requiem. His music career began at 9, when he was sent to Paris to become a choirmaster. At 75, he was awarded the Grand-Croix of the Légion d'honneur.

 6 
Isidor Straus
(U.S. House Representative from New York (1894-1895))
Isidor Straus
16
Birthdate: 6th February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Otterberg, Germany
Died: April 15, 1912
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 7 
Edmond James de Rothschild
(Businessperson)
Edmond James de Rothschild
14
Listed In: Business People
Birthdate: 19th August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Boulogne-Billancourt, France
Died: November 2, 1934

Edmond James de Rothschild was a French businessman with deep connections to the Rothschild banking family. He was a strong supporter of Zionism and donated significant amounts that went towards the establishment of the State of Israel. He also provided funds for the foundation of the Friends of the French National Museum of Natural History Society. 

 8 
Mary Eliza Mahoney
(First African-American to Work as a Trained Nurse in the USA)
Mary Eliza Mahoney
3
Listed In: Nurses
Birthdate: 16th April
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Dorchester, Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Died: January 4, 1926

Mary Eliza Mahoney was an African-American nurse. In 1879, she became the first African American to successfully complete her course from an American school of nursing. She helped eliminate racial discrimination in the nursing profession. Mahoney was made an inductee of the American Nurses Association Hall of Fame and the National Women's Hall of Fame in 1976 and 1993 respectively.

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 9 
Amadeo I of Spain
(King)
Amadeo I of Spain
0
Listed In: Emperors & Kings
Birthdate: 30th May
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Royal Palace of Turin, Turin, Italy
Died: January 18, 1890
 10 
Arthur MacArthur Jr.
(General)
Arthur MacArthur Jr.
1
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 2nd June
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Chicopee, Massachusetts, United States
Died: September 5, 1912
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 11 
Robert Wood Johnson I
(Industrialist)
Robert Wood Johnson I
0
Listed In: CEOs
Birthdate: 20th February
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Carbondale, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: February 7, 1910
 12 
Gabriel Lippmann
(French Physicist and Winner of the 1908 Nobel Prize in Physics)
Gabriel Lippmann
0
Listed In: Physicists
Birthdate: 16th August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Bonnevoie, Luxembourg
Died: July 13, 1921

Gabriel Lippmann was a Franco-Luxembourgish inventor and physicist who won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1908. He is also remembered for inventing an astronomical tool called the coelostat. Lippmann was an influential physicist from Luxembourg; an Institute for scientific research in Luxembourg City was named after him. The Institute was later renamed Luxembourg Institute for Science and Technology (LIST). 

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 13 
Élie Metchnikoff
(Former zoologist best known for his pioneering research in immunology)
Élie Metchnikoff
0
Listed In: Zoologists
Birthdate: 15th May
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Ukraine
Died: July 15, 1916
 14 
Nikola Pašić
(Former Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Serbia and the Kingdom of Yugoslavia)
Nikola Pašić
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 18th December
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Zaječar, Serbia
Died: December 10, 1926

Nikola Pašić was a Serbian and Yugoslav diplomat and politician. A leading political figure for nearly four decades, Pašić served as the Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Serbia on several occasions between 1891 and 1918. Nikola Pašić is also remembered for his service as the Prime Minister of Yugoslavia on three occasions between 1918 and 1926.

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 15 
Leopold Auer
(Hungarian Composer, Conductor and Violinist)
Leopold Auer
0
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: 7th June
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Veszprém, Hungary
Died: July 15, 1930

Legendary Hungarian-American violinist and composer Leopold Auer was born into a family of painters but chose to learn the violin instead. He initially played for the music-loving bling king of Hanover and later taught violin at Russia’s Saint Petersburg Conservatory. His students include Mischa Elman and Jascha Heifetz.

 16 
Thomas John Barnardo
(Doctor)
Thomas John Barnardo
1
Listed In: Philanthropists
Birthdate: 4th July
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Dublin, Ireland
Died: September 19, 1905
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Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran
0
Birthdate: 18th June
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: May 18, 1922

Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran was a French physician whose discoveries of certain parasitic protozoans earned him the prestigious Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1907. A well-known philanthropist, Laveran donated half of the money obtained from his Nobel Prize to set up the Laboratory of Tropical Medicine. He is also credited with founding the Société de Pathologie Exotique.

 18 
Henry Sweet
(English Phonetician, Philologist, and Grammarian)
Henry Sweet
0
Birthdate: 15th September
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: London, United Kingdom
Died: April 30, 1912
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 19 
Ahmet Tevfik Pasha
(Former Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire)
Ahmet Tevfik Pasha
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 11th February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Istanbul, Turkey
Died: October 8, 1936

Ahmet Tevfik Pasha had been the Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire for 3 terms and was the last Ottoman to hold the post. He had also been the Ottoman Empire’s foreign minister. He supported revolutionary Mustafa Kemal’s nationalist movement which opposed the Allied occupation of Anatolia following World War I.

 20 
Ulises Heureaux
(Politician)
Ulises Heureaux
1
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 21st October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Puerto Plata, Dominican Republic
Died: July 26, 1899
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 21 
William Kingdon Clifford
(Mathematician)
William Kingdon Clifford
0
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: 4th May
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Exeter, England
Died: March 3, 1879
 22 
Walter Crane
(Painter, Illustrator)
Walter Crane
0
Listed In: Artists
Birthdate: 15th August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Liverpool
Died: March 14, 1915
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 23 
Paul Vidal de La Blache
(French Geographer Who Pioneered Modern French Geography)
Paul Vidal de La Blache
0
Listed In: Geographers
Birthdate: 22nd January
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Pézenas, France
Died: April 5, 1918

French geographer Paul Vidal de La Blache is largely considered the founding father of modern French geography. He originated the concept of genre de vie. Apart from working as a geography professor at Sorbonne, he penned iconic works such as Tableau de la géographie de la France.

 24 
Al Swearengen
(Entertainment Entrepreneur)
Al Swearengen
2
Birthdate: 8th July
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Oskaloosa, Iowa, United States
Died: November 15, 1904
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 25 
Eça de Queiroz
(One of the Greatest Portuguese Writers in the Realist Style)
Eça de Queiroz
0
Birthdate: 25th November
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Póvoa de Varzim, Portugal
Died: August 16, 1900

José Maria de Eça de Queirós was a Portuguese writer and novelist. Widely regarded as the greatest exponent of literary realism in the Portuguese language, Eça's works have been translated into many languages, including English. Many of his works have also been adapted into films, TV series, and theatrical plays.

 26 
George Darwin
(British Barrister, Astronomer and the Second Son of Naturalist Charles Darwin)
George Darwin
2
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: 9th July
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Down House, Downe, Kent, England
Died: December 7, 1912

Born to legendary biologist Charles Darwin, George Darwin initially studied law and became a barrister. However, his interest in science made him deviate to astronomy. He believed the Moon was one part of the Earth. He later also taught at Cambridge and was made a Fellow of The Royal Society.

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 27 
Émile Baudot
(French Telegraph Engineer and Inventor of the First Means of Digital Communication Baudot Code)
Émile Baudot
0
Listed In: Inventors
Birthdate: 11th September
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Magneux, France
Died: March 28, 1903
French telegraph engineer Émile Baudot was the inventor of Baudot code which was the first means of digital communication. One of the pioneers of telecommunications, Baudot invented a multiplexed printing telegraph system that used his code and allowed multiple transmissions over a single line. The symbol rate measurement is known as baudOffsite Link in Baudot's honor.
 28 
Khwaja Ghulam Farid
(poet)
Khwaja Ghulam Farid
0
Listed In: Poets
Birthdate: 30th November
Birthplace: Chachran
Died: 1901 AD

One of the greatest Punjabi Sufi poets, Khwaja Ghulam Farid was part of the Chishti Nizami Sufi order. Remembered for his iconic works such as Diwan-e-Farid and Fawaid Faridia, he wrote in various languages such as Urdu, Persian, and Sindhi. He was also a scholar of Arabic, Braj Bhasha, and other languages.

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 29 
Zemaite
(Writer)
Zemaite
0
Listed In: Educators
Birthdate: 31st May
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Bukantė , Kaunas County, Lithuania
Died: December 7, 1921
 30 
William Muldoon
(Athlete)
William Muldoon
0
Listed In: Wrestlers
Birthdate: 25th May
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Caneadea, New York, United States
Died: June 3, 1933
 31 
Prince Ludwig August of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
(Prince)
Prince Ludwig August of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 8th August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Château d'Eu, Eu, France
Died: September 14, 1907
 32 
Pherozeshah Mehta
(President of the Indian National Congress in 1890)
Pherozeshah Mehta
1
Listed In: Lawyers & Judges
Birthdate: 4th August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
Died: November 5, 1915

Sir Pherozeshah Mehta was an Indian lawyer and politician. In 1904, the British Government in India honored Mehta with a knighthood for his work and service to the law. Between 1884 and 1911, he was the president of the Bombay Municipality on four occasions. Pherozeshah Mehta also played an important role as a founding member of the Indian National Congress.

 33 
Béhanzin
(Eleventh King of Dahomey)
Béhanzin
0
Listed In: Emperors & Kings
Birthdate: 30th November
Birthplace: Benin
Died: December 10, 1906
 34 
Prince Ernest Augustus, 3rd Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale
(Prince)
Prince Ernest Augustus, 3rd Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale
1
Birthdate: 21st September
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Hanover, Germany
Died: November 14, 1923
 35 
Jan Baudouin de Courtenay
(Polish Linguist Best Known for His Theory of the 'Phoneme' and 'Phonetic Alternations')
Jan Baudouin de Courtenay
0
Listed In: Linguists
Birthdate: 13th March
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Radzymin, Poland
Died: November 3, 1929

Polish linguist Jan Niecisław Baudouin de Courtenay is best remembered for laying down the theory of the phoneme. His Essay on a Theory of Phonetic Alternation has contributed immensely to modern linguistic science. He spent his entire life teaching at reputed universities, such as St. Petersburg and Warsaw.

 36 
Ludwig II of Bavaria
(King of Bavaria (1864 - 1886))
Ludwig II of Bavaria
5
Listed In: Emperors & Kings
Birthdate: 25th August
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Nymphenburg Palace, Munich, Germany
Died: June 13, 1886

Ludwig II of Bavaria reigned as the King of Bavaria from 10 March 1864 until his death on 13 June 1886. He is best remembered for overseeing the construction of lavish palaces like Linderhof Palace, Neuschwanstein Castle, and Herrenchiemsee. This extravagance brought about his downfall as he was declared insane, which remains a subject of discussion.

 37 
Wilhelm Pfeffer
(Noted for His Work on Osmotic Pressure and Inventing ‘Pfeffer Zelle’)
Wilhelm Pfeffer
0
Listed In: Botanists
Birthdate: 9th March
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Grebenstein, Germany
Died: January 31, 1920

German botanist and plant-physiologist Wilhelm Pfeffer, considered a pioneer of modern plant-physiology, is noted for his work on osmotic pressure. He developed a semi-porous membrane to study osmosis phenomena while researching on plant-metabolism and invented Pfeffer Zelle (Pfeffer Cell Apparatus) to determine osmotic pressure of a solution. He held teaching positions at the Universities of Basel, Bonn, Tübingen and Leipzig.

 38 
Douglas Freshfield
(Lawyer)
Douglas Freshfield
0
Listed In: Lawyers & Judges
Birthdate: 27th April
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: London, England
Died: February 9, 1934
 39 
Infanta Antonia of Portugal
(Princess)
Infanta Antonia of Portugal
0
Birthdate: 17th February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Belém Palace, Lisbon, Kingdom of Portugal Portugal
Died: December 27, 1913
 40 
Théophile Ferré
(Revolutionary figure)
Théophile Ferré
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 6th May
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: November 28, 1871
 41 
Princess Marie of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
(Princess)
Princess Marie of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
0
Birthdate: 17th November
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Sigmaringen, Germany
Died: November 26, 1912
 42 
Ella Flagg Young
(Educator)
Ella Flagg Young
0
Listed In: Educators
Birthdate: 15th January
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Buffalo, New York, United States
Died: October 26, 1918
 43 
Quanah Parker
(Leader)
Quanah Parker
2
Birthdate: 30th November
Birthplace: Elk Valley
Died: February 24, 1911
 44 
Princess Eugenia Maximilianovna of Leuchtenberg
(Princess)
Princess Eugenia Maximilianovna of Leuchtenberg
0
Birthdate: 1st April
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: May 4, 1925
 45 
Antonin Mercie
(Sculptor)
Antonin Mercie
1
Listed In: Sculptors
Birthdate: 30th October
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Toulouse, France
Died: December 12, 1916
 46 
Sámuel Teleki
(Explorer)
Sámuel Teleki
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 1st November
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Dumbravioara, Romania
Died: March 10, 1916
 47 
Ludwig III of Bavaria
(Last King of Bavaria, reigning from 1913 to 1918)
Ludwig III of Bavaria
1
Listed In: Emperors & Kings
Birthdate: 7th January
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Munich, Germany
Died: October 18, 1921
 48 
Pyotr Nikolayevich Durnovo
(Lawyer)
Pyotr Nikolayevich Durnovo
0
Listed In: Lawyers & Judges
Birthdate: 30th November
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: September 24, 1915
 49 
Nellie Cashman
(Restaurateur)
Nellie Cashman
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 25th May
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Midleton, County Cork, Ireland
Died: January 4, 1925

Following the Irish Potato Famine, Irish-born Nellie Cashman and her family moved to the US. She launched a boarding house with her mother in Nevada and soon opened several restaurants. She led a rescue team to trapped gold miners in Cassiar and later became a gold prospector herself.

 50 
Thomas Edward Thorpe
(Chemist)
Thomas Edward Thorpe
0
Listed In: Chemists
Birthdate: 8th December
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Harpurhey, Manchester, England
Died: February 23, 1925