Famous People Born In 1810

Discover the most famous people born in 1810. The list includes people like Frédéric Chopin, Robert Schumann, Theodor Schwann, Margaret Fuller, Elizabeth Gaskell and many more. This list of celebrities is loosely sorted by popularity. People featured on this list, include composers, journalists, novelists and poets born in 1810. This list includes people from United States, Germany, Poland and many more countries.
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 1 
P. T. Barnum
(Mayor of Bridgeport, Connecticut from 1875 to 1876)
P. T.  Barnum
37
Birthdate: 5th July
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Bethel, Connecticut, United States
Died: April 7, 1891

P. T. Barnum was an American politician, showman, and businessman. He is credited with founding the famous Barnum & Bailey Circus, which ran for 146 years. He is also credited with co-founding the Bridgeport & Port Jefferson Steamboat Company, which is one of the oldest American ferry companies. His life and work have inspired many films, including The Greatest Showman.

 2 
Frédéric Chopin
(Polish Composer and Virtuoso Pianist of the Romantic Period)
Frédéric Chopin
23
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: 1st March
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Żelazowa Wola, Poland
Died: October 17, 1849

Romantic Era virtuoso pianist and composer Frédéric Chopin, nicknamed The Poet of the Piano, is remembered as the inventor of the instrumental ballade. The legendary composer mostly created solo piano masterpieces but also experimented with piano concertos and chamber pieces. He was influenced by Bach, Mozart, and Polish folk music.

 3 
Robert Schumann
(One of the Greatest Composer of the Romantic Era which include 'Carnaval, Symphonic Studies and Kinderszenen')
Robert Schumann
10
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: 8th June
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Zwickau, Germany
Died: July 29, 1856
Robert Schumann was a German pianist, music critic, and composer. An influential musician of the Romantic era, Schumann is considered one of the greatest composers of the era. Schumann was initially focused on becoming the finest pianist in Europe. However, a hand injury brought an end to his dream, forcing him to focus on composing.
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 4 
Hammurabi
(Babylon King)
Hammurabi
8
Listed In: Emperors & Kings
Birthdate: 30th November
Birthplace: Babylon, Iraqi
Died: 1750 BC

Hammurabi reigned as the first Babylonian dynasty's sixth king from 1792 BC to 1750 BC. During his reign, Hammurabi conquered the city-states of Eshnunna, Larsa, and Mari and brought nearly all of Mesopotamia under Babylonian rule. He is also known for issuing the Code of Hammurabi, which is one of the first law codes to establish the presumption of innocence.

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 5 
Elizabeth Gaskell
1
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 29th September
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Chelsea, England
Died: November 12, 1865
 6 
Theodor Schwann
(Physiologist)
Theodor Schwann
1
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: 7th December
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Neuss, Germany
Died: January 11, 1882

Theodor Schwann was a German physiologist and physician best remembered for his important contributions to biology. He is credited with discovering the Schwann cells, which is named after him. He is also credited with discovering pepsin and the organic nature of yeast. Theodor Schwann also invented the term metabolism.

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 7 
William Armstrong, 1st Baron Armstrong
(English Engineer and Industrialist Who is Regarded as the Inventor of Modern Artillery)
William Armstrong, 1st Baron Armstrong
4
Listed In: Inventors
Birthdate: 26th November
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Newcastle upon Tyne, England
Died: December 27, 1900

The founder of the Armstrong Whitworth manufacturing company, William George Armstrong, also known as Baron Armstrong, redefined the design of guns and also invented the high-pressure hydraulic mechanism. Initially a lawyer, he later quit his practice to devote more time to engineering. He was also knighted for his feats.

 8 
Oliver Fisher Winchester
(Businessman)
Oliver Fisher Winchester
1
Birthdate: 30th November
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Boston, Massachusetts
Died: December 11, 1880
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 9 
Eliphas Levi
(French Ceremonial Magician, Occultist and Author of 19th Century Book 'Transcendental Magic')
Eliphas Levi
1
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 8th February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: May 31, 1875
Alphonse Louis Constant, better known by his pseudonym, Eliphas Levi, had abandoned his wish to become a Catholic priest to become a famed magician, occultist, and author of the 19th century. He is best remembered for his iconic work Transcendental Magic, its Doctrine and Ritual and his theory of magic. 
 10 
Alfred de Musset
(French Writer Best Known for His Autobiographical Novel ‘The Confession of a Child of the Century’)
Alfred de Musset
2
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 11th December
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: May 2, 1857

French playwright and author Alfred de Musset is best remembered for his autobiographical The Confession of a Child of the Century. Though he was supposedly part of the Romantic movement, many of his works satirized the movement. He stopped allowing his plays to be staged after The Venetian Night flopped.

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 11 
Eliza McCardle Johnson
(U.S. First Lady)
Eliza McCardle Johnson
2
Listed In: First Ladies
Birthdate: 4th October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Telford, Tennessee, United States
Died: January 15, 1876
 12 
Cassius Marcellus Clay
(Politician)
Cassius Marcellus Clay
7
Birthdate: 19th October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Madison County, Kentucky, United States
Died: July 22, 1903
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 13 
Ole Bull
(Norwegian Virtuoso Violinist and Composer)
Ole Bull
2
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: 5th February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Bergen, Norway
Died: August 17, 1880

Legendary Norwegian violinist Ole Bull had started training in the violin at age 5. He had his own style of playing multiple tones at once. He later developed a colony of his own in Pennsylvania and named it New Norway, also known as the Ole Bull Colony.

 14 
Pope Leo XIII
8
Listed In: Priests
Birthdate: 2nd March
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Carpineto Romano, Italy
Died: July 20, 1903
Pope Leo XIII is best remembered for writing the Prayer to St. Michael and his encyclicals on the Rosary, which earned him the nickname Rosary Pope. He advocated for age-old Christian ways and means and was the first pope to have no authority over the Papal States.
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 15 
Morning Star
(Chief)
Morning Star
1
Birthdate: 30th November
Birthplace: Montana, United States
Died: 1883 AD
 16 
Howard Staunton
(English Chess Master)
Howard Staunton
1
Listed In: Chess Players
Birthdate: 1st April
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: London, England, United Kingdom
Died: June 22, 1874
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 17 
Dimitar Miladinov
(Legendary Bulgarian Poet and Folklorist Known for His Collection 'Bulgarian Folk Songs' Alongside His Brother Konstantin)
Dimitar Miladinov
2
Listed In: Poets
Birthdate: 30th November
Birthplace: Struga
Died: January 11, 1862

Initially a teacher, Dimitar Miladinov later established himself as a major Bulgarian poet and folklorist. He was also a major pillar of the Bulgarian national movement, or the Bulgarian Renaissance. His collection of folk songs is also considered crucial to the growth of Macedonian literature and culture.

 18 
Ferdinand David
(Violinist)
Ferdinand David
0
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: 19th June
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Hamburg, Germany
Died: July 18, 1873
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 19 
Ernestine Rose
(American Suffragist and Abolitionist)
Ernestine Rose
1
Listed In: Activists
Birthdate: 13th January
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Piotrków Trybunalski, Poland
Died: August 4, 1892

Born to a Polish rabbi, Ernestine Rose was much ahead of her times. As a teenager, she spoke up against the regressive Jewish customs that hindered women’s freedom. She later became a pioneering feminist and suffragist from her community and was also inducted into the National Women's Hall of Fame.

 20 
Justin Smith Morrill
(Politician)
Justin Smith Morrill
2
Birthdate: 14th April
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Strafford, Vermont, United States
Died: December 28, 1898
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 21 
Syarif Masahor
(Rebel)
Syarif Masahor
0
Listed In: Revolutionaries
Birthdate: 30th November
Birthplace: Bruneian Empire
Died: 1890 AD
 22 
John McCloskey
(American Archbishop)
John McCloskey
1
Listed In: Priests
Birthdate: 10th March
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Brooklyn, New York, United States
Died: October 10, 1885

The second archbishop of New York, John McCloskey was also the first American cardinal. An accident in which he was buried under logs and had almost gone blind led to a spiritual awakening in him, and he stepped into priesthood. He also notably renewed the construction of St. Patrick’s Cathedral.

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 23 
Karel Hynek Mácha
(Czech Poet Credited With Writing One of the Finest Czech Poems, 'Máj')
Karel Hynek Mácha
0
Listed In: Poets
Birthdate: 16th November
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Prague, Czechia
Died: November 5, 1836

Karel Hynek Mácha was a Czech poet whose work Máj is widely regarded as one of the finest Czech poems ever written. Mácha's works were recognized and glorified posthumously as he died at age 25, one day before his wedding. Karel Hynek Mácha's life and career, including his romance with his fiancée Eleonora Šomková, inspired the 1937 eponymous biographical film.

 24 
Juan Bautista Alberdi
(Former Member of the Chamber of Deputies of Argentina and Diplomat)
Juan Bautista Alberdi
1
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 29th August
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: San Miguel de Tucumán, Argentina
Died: June 19, 1884

Initially a member of the Generation of ’37 intellectual movement, Juan Bautista Alberdi opposed Argentine dictator Juan Manuel de Rosas and was thus exiled. He later studied law in Uruguay. He is best remembered for his iconic book Bases and Starting Points for the Political Organization of the Argentine Republic.

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 25 
Ernst Kummer
(Mathematician)
Ernst Kummer
0
Listed In: Mathematicians
Birthdate: 29th January
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Żary, Poland
Died: May 14, 1893
 26 
Paul Kane
(Canadian Painter Famous for His Paintings of First Nations Peoples)
Paul Kane
0
Listed In: Artists
Birthdate: 3rd September
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Mallow, County Cork, Ireland
Died: February 20, 1871

Irish-Canadian painter Paul Kane was known for his paintings of subjects ranging from Native Americans, missionaries, and landscapes, and his attention to detail, especially the jewelry and attire of his subjects. Specializing in portraits, he also later released Wanderings of an Artist, which was a collection of his travel experiences.

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 27 
Ferenc Erkel
(Hungarian Composer, Conductor and Pianist)
Ferenc Erkel
2
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: 7th November
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Gyula, Hungary
Died: June 15, 1893

Regarded as the founding father of Hungary’s grand opera, pianist and conductor Ferenc Erkel also composed Hungary’s national anthem. Born into a German-origin family of musicians, Erkel was initially trained in music by his father. He was later associated with the Academy of Music in Budapest as a director and piano teacher.

 28 
Fanny Elssler
(Austrian Ballet Dancer of the Romantic Period)
Fanny Elssler
1
Listed In: Ballet Dancers
Birthdate: 23rd June
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Gumpendorf, Vienna, Austria
Died: November 27, 1884

Fanny Elssler was an Austrian ballet dancer of the Romantic Period. Renowned for her beauty and dancing skills, Elssler captivated hearts wherever she performed. Her life and career inspired an eponymous silent film in 1920, where she was played by Lya Mara. Fanny Elssler was also portrayed by Lilian Harvey in the 1937 eponymous film.

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 29 
Giovanni Matteo Mario
(Italian Nobleman and Opera Singer)
Giovanni Matteo Mario
0
Listed In: Opera Singers
Birthdate: 17th October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Cagliari, Italy
Died: December 11, 1883

Italian nobleman Giovanni Matteo Mario was a talented opera singer who had a flourishing career in London and Paris. He was the opera partner of popular soprano Giulia Grisi. Initially an officer in the Piedmontese Guard, he later left the army for his passion, opera. However, he suffered in poverty in his final days.

 30 
Otto Nicolai
(German Composer, Conductor and One of the Founders of the Vienna Philharmonic)
Otto Nicolai
0
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: 9th June
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Königsberg, Russia
Died: May 11, 1849
 31 
Jules Perrot
(French Dancer and Choreographer Known for Creating Some of the Most Enduring Ballets of the Romantic Period)
Jules Perrot
1
Listed In: Dancers
Birthdate: 18th August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Lyon, France
Died: August 29, 1892

Jules Perrot was a French dancer and choreographer who served as the ballet master of the prestigious Imperial Russian Ballet. Perrot is credited with creating some of the 19th century's most popular ballets, such as La Esmeralda, Pas de Quatre, Giselle, and Ondine. During his illustrious career, Jules Perrot coached famous ballerinas like Carlotta Grisi and Fanny Cerrito.

 32 
Félicien David
(Composer)
Félicien David
0
Listed In: Composers
Birthdate: 13th April
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Cadenet, France
Died: August 29, 1876
 33 
Benjamin Day
(Newspaper Publisher)
Benjamin Day
1
Birthdate: 10th April
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Springfield, Massachusetts, United States
Died: December 21, 1889
 34 
Martin Farquhar Tupper
(Poet, Writer)
Martin Farquhar Tupper
1
Listed In: Poets
Birthdate: 17th July
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Greater London
Died: November 1, 1889
 35 
Henri Martin
(Historian)
Henri Martin
0
Listed In: Historians
Birthdate: 20th February
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Saint-Quentin, France
Died: December 14, 1883
 36 
Ann S. Stephens
(Author)
Ann S. Stephens
0
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 30th March
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Seymour, Connecticut, United States
Died: August 20, 1886
 37 
Hector Lefuel
(Architect)
Hector Lefuel
0
Birthdate: 14th November
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Palace of Versailles, Versailles, France
Died: December 31, 1880

Hector Lefuel was a French architect best remembered for his outstanding work on the Louvre Palace, including the reconstruction of the Pavillon de Flore and Napoleon III's Louvre expansion. Hector Lefuel is also credited with designing funerary monuments of important and influential personalities like François Bazin and Daniel-François-Esprit Auber.

 38 
Mary Gove Nichols
(Advocate)
Mary Gove Nichols
1
Listed In: Activists
Birthdate: 10th August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Goffstown, New Hampshire, United States
Died: May 30, 1884
 39 
Nikolay Pirogov
(Physician, Scientist)
Nikolay Pirogov
1
Birthdate: 25th November
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: December 5, 1881
Known for his pioneering use of field surgery, physician Nikolay Pirogov was the first to use anaesthesia in a field operation. A pioneer in the use of ether, too, he started his medical education at 14 and later taught surgery as a professor. He also reduced limp amputations significantly with his techniques.
 40 
Clarina I. H. Nichols
(Journalist)
Clarina I. H. Nichols
1
Birthdate: 25th January
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Townshend, Vermont, United States
Died: January 11, 1885
 41 
Emmanuel d'Alzon
(Religious Leaders)
Emmanuel d'Alzon
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 30th August
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Le Vigan, France
Died: November 21, 1880
 42 
Ferdinand Philippe, Duke of Orléans
(Duke)
Ferdinand Philippe, Duke of Orléans
1
Listed In: Emperors & Kings
Birthdate: 3rd September
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Palermo, Italy
Died: July 13, 1842
 43 
Alexandre Colonna-Walewski
(Statesman)
Alexandre Colonna-Walewski
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 4th May
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Walewice, Poland
Died: September 27, 1868

Widely known as the illegitimate son of Napoleon Bonaparte and his Polish noblewoman mistress, Countess Marie Walewska, Alexandre Colonna-Walewski was a French diplomat and politician. Apart from serving as a foreign minister, he is also believed to have collaborated with Alexandre Dumas on an opera.

 44 
James W. Marshall
(Joiner, Carpenter)
James W. Marshall
1
Listed In: Inventors
Birthdate: 8th October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Hopewell Township
Died: August 10, 1885
 45 
Theodore Parker
(American Transcendentalist and Reforming Minister of the Unitarian Church)
Theodore Parker
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 24th August
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Lexington, Massachusetts, United States
Died: May 10, 1860

Theodore Parker was an American transcendentalist minister whose words and quotations would later help inspire popular speeches of the likes of Martin Luther King Jr. and Abraham Lincoln. A reformer and abolitionist, Parker played a key role in fighting against such laws as the Fugitive Slave Act.

 46 
Abraham Geiger
(German Rabbi and Scholar)
Abraham Geiger
1
Listed In: Historians
Birthdate: 24th May
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Frankfurt, Germany
Died: October 23, 1874

Abraham Geiger was a German rabbi and scholar credited to be the founding father of Reform Judaism. He emphasized Judaism’s constant evolution over the years and sought to reformulate the tenets of the religion to make it compliant with contemporary times. He was responsible for much of the reform doctrine of the mid-19th century. 

 47 
Camillo Benso, Count of Cavour
(Prime Minister of Italy from March 1861 to June 1861)
Camillo Benso, Count of Cavour
3
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 10th August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Turin, Italy
Died: June 6, 1861
 48 
Robert A. Toombs
(Politician)
Robert A. Toombs
1
Listed In: Lawyers & Judges
Birthdate: 2nd July
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Wilkes, Georgia, United States
Died: December 15, 1885
 49 
Maria Kinnaird
(Socialite)
Maria Kinnaird
0
Listed In: Socialites
Birthdate: 30th November
Birthplace: Saint Vincent, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Died: 1891 AD
 50 
Margaret Fuller
(American Journalist, Critic, Editor, and Women's Rights Advocate)
Margaret Fuller
58
Listed In: Activists
Birthdate: 23rd May
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States
Died: July 19, 1850

Margaret Fuller was an American journalist, critic, editor, women's rights advocate, and translator. She is best remembered for her association with the transcendentalism movement. Her 1843 book Woman in the Nineteenth Century is widely regarded as the first major feminist book in the USA. An advocate of women's rights, Margaret Fuller was the first female war correspondent in the USA.