Pope Leo XIII Biography
Birthday: March 2, 1810 (Pisces)
Born In: Carpineto Romano, Italy
Leo XIII served as the pope, or the head of the ‘Catholic Church,’ from 1878 to 1903. He was the second-longest-reigning pope, after Pius IX, and also the longest-living pope. Although he continued to adhere to some of the traditional features of the papacy, he refused to completely reject the modern facets of the then-society. He mended diplomatic ties with Italy, Germany, and France, among others, by adopting a softer stance than his predecessors. He refused to merge Christianity with politics and also denounced Americanism. He was also a staunch follower of Thomas Aquinas. Though he did not agree with the views of liberal economists about the issue of labor exploitation, he believed that labor issues could be solved by mutual cooperation of business owners and their workers. His cyclicals showcase his belief in mediation as a path to solving social issues.