Famous People Born In 1809

Discover the most famous people born in 1809. The list includes people like Abraham Lincoln, Edgar Allan Poe, Charles Darwin, William Ewart Gladstone, Kit Carson and many more. This list of celebrities is loosely sorted by popularity. People featured on this list, include military leaders, poets, political leaders and soldiers born in 1809. This list includes people from United States, United Kingdom and many more countries.
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 1 
Abraham Lincoln
(16th President of the United States (1861-1865))
Abraham Lincoln
339
Listed In: Lawyers & Judges
Birthdate: 12th February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Larue County, Kentucky, United States
Died: April 15, 1865

A self-educated lawyer, Abraham Lincoln rose from modest background to become one of the greatest presidents of America. The 16th president of the country, who is also known as Honest Abe and the Great Emancipator, played a crucial role in establishing a truly democratic government, abolished slavery, modernised economy and led the country during the American Civil War.

 2 
Charles Darwin
(Naturalist known for His Contributions to Evolutionary Biology)
Charles Darwin
89
Birthdate: 12th February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: The Mount House, Shrewsbury, England
Died: April 19, 1882

Widely regarded as one of the most influential personalities in the history of mankind, Charles Darwin was an English biologist, naturalist, and geologist. He is credited with publishing the Theory of Evolution, which explains the evolution of life from a unicellular organism to human beings. A prolific writer, Charles Darwin also wrote important books on plants and barnacles.

 3 
Edgar Allan Poe
(Writer and Poet - Widely Regarded as a Central Figure of Romanticism in the United States)
Edgar Allan Poe
244
Birthdate: 19th January
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Died: October 7, 1849

American writer Edgar Allan Poe is regarded as the architect of modern short story, the inventor of the detective-fiction genre and a major contributor towards science fiction genre. The influential writer is recognised for his tales of mystery and macabre. His notable works include The Raven (poem), The Tell-Tale Heart and The Fall of the House of Usher (short stories).

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 4 
Alfred Lord Tennyson
(19th Century English Poet Who was the Poet Laureate During Much of Queen Victoria's Reign)
Alfred Lord Tennyson
1
Listed In: Poets
Birthdate: 6th August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Somersby, Lincolnshire, England
Died: October 6, 1892

Alfred, Lord Tennyson was a British poet. One of the most famous British poets of all time, Tennyson served as the Poet Laureate during Queen Victoria's reign. His poetry, which is renowned for its powerful visual imagery, served as an important influence on the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood, a group of English poets and painters.

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 5 
Felix Mendelssohn
(Best Known for His Solo Piano Composition 'Songs Without Words' and Founder of 'Leipzig Conservatory')
Felix Mendelssohn
5
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: 3rd February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Hamburg, Germany
Died: November 4, 1847

Felix Mendelssohn was a German composer of the early Romantic period. He was also a skilled organist, pianist, and conductor. He composed symphonies, concertos, chamber music, and organ music. His collection of lyrical piano songs Songs Without Words is among his best-known works. He was the founder of the public university The Leipzig Conservatory. He died aged just 38. 

 6 
Kit Carson
(Explorer & Soldier)
Kit Carson
6
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 24th December
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Madison County
Died: May 23, 1868

A frontiersman and a fur-trapper, Kit Carson played a major role in the US’s westward expansion. Mostly known for guiding explorer John C. Frémont, he was criticized for his contribution to the displacement of native Americans as an Indian agent. He became part of folk legend for his exploits as a fighter, too.

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 7 
Louis Braille
(Inventor of Braille)
Louis Braille
40
Birthdate: 4th January
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Coupvray
Died: January 6, 1852
A 3-year-old Louis Braille accidentally injured himself in the eye while playing with a tool at his father’s harness shop. While the child lost his eyesight, his relentless spirit made him create a unique system made of dots and dashes, now known as the Braille, to help the blind read.
 8 
William Ewart Gladstone
(Prime Minister)
William Ewart Gladstone
7
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 29th December
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Liverpool, Lancashire, England
Died: May 19, 1898

William Ewart Gladstone was a British politician and statesman. During a career that spanned six decades, Gladstone served as prime minister of the UK for 12 years, which included four different terms. Often counted among Britain's greatest leaders, Gladstone has been portrayed in several films and television series, such as Parnell, The Prime Minister, Edward the Seventh, and Number 10.

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 9 
Hannibal Hamlin
(15th Vice President of the U.S.A)
Hannibal Hamlin
5
Birthdate: 27th August
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Paris
Died: July 4, 1891

Hannibal Hamlin was an American politician and attorney whose public service career spanned more than five decades. The 15th vice president of the US, Hamlin is often counted among the most influential politicians from the state of Maine. Several places in the US, especially in Maine, have been named in his honor. There are also statues in Hannibal Hamlin's likeness.  

 10 
William Barret Travis
(Military Leader)
William Barret Travis
11
Listed In: Military Leaders
Birthdate: 1st August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Saluda County, South Carolina, United States
Died: March 6, 1836
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 11 
Cyrus McCormick
(Inventor of mechanical reaper)
Cyrus McCormick
6
Birthdate: 15th February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Shenandoah Valley
Died: May 13, 1884
 12 
Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr.
(Physician & Poet)
Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr.
2
Listed In: Poets
Birthdate: 29th August
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States
Died: October 7, 1894
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 13 
James Glaisher
(Meteorologists)
James Glaisher
0
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: 7th April
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Rotherhithe, London, England
Died: February 7, 1903

Renowned meteorologist and aeronaut James Glaisher was a pioneer of balloon flights and had penned the iconic book Travels in the Air. He had also contributed to the formation of the Meteorological Society and the Aeronautical Society of Britain. The 2019 movie The Aeronauts depicts his exploits as a balloonist.

 14 
Samuel Ajayi Crowther
(The First Ever African-Anglican Bishop of West Africa)
Samuel Ajayi Crowther
0
Listed In: Priests
Birthdate: 30th November
Birthplace: Osogun, Nigeria
Died: December 31, 1891

Nigerian linguist and clergyman Samuel Ajayi Crowther was the first African Anglican bishop of West Africa. Sold into slavery during childhood, Crowther was eventually freed by West Africa Squadron of Royal Navy. He resettled in Sierra Leone, received his education in English, adopted Christianity and was ordained as a minister in England, being consecrated a bishop on St Peter's day

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 15 
Henry Louis Vivian Derozio
(Indian Poet and Educator Who Disseminate Western Learning and Science Among the Young Men of Bengal)
Henry Louis Vivian Derozio
13
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 18th April
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Kolkata, India
Died: December 26, 1831

Henry Louis Vivian Derozio was an Anglo-Indian poet who became the assistant headmaster of Hindu College, Kolkata. He was born to a Christian Indo-Portuguese father and an English mother in British India. A brilliant young man, he was a radical thinker of his time, and his activities kindled the intellectual revolution in Bengal. Unfortunately, he died at the age of 22.  

 16 
Robert Cornelius
(American Photographer and Pioneer in the History of Photography)
Robert Cornelius
1
Listed In: Investors
Birthdate: 1st March
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: August 10, 1893
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 17 
Fanny Kemble
(Actress)
Fanny Kemble
1
Listed In: Actresses
Birthdate: 27th November
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: London, England
Died: January 15, 1893
 18 
Juliusz Słowacki
(Polish Romantic Poet)
Juliusz Słowacki
0
Listed In: Poets
Birthdate: 4th September
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Kremenets', Ukraine
Died: April 3, 1849

Juliusz Słowacki was a Polish Romantic poet. Counted among the Three Bards of Polish literature, Słowacki is often referred to as the father of modern Polish drama. However, Juliusz Słowacki was not popular during his lifetime and none of his dramas were performed on stage. His works were popularized after his death by the writers of the Young Poland period.

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 19 
Joseph Jenkins Roberts
(President)
Joseph Jenkins Roberts
2
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 15th March
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Norfolk, Virginia, United States
Died: February 24, 1876
 20 
Bruno Bauer
(German Philosopher and Theologian Known for His Association and Sharp Break With ‘Karl Marx’ and ‘Friedrich Engels')
Bruno Bauer
2
Birthdate: 6th September
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Eisenberg, Germany
Died: April 13, 1882

German philosopher Bruno Bauer is best remembered as a student of legendary German philosopher G. W. F. Hegel. Part of the group of intellectuals known as Young Hegelians, he was also a staunch Rationalist. He not only questioned the origin of Christ but was also accused of anti-semitism.

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 21 
Hermann Grassmann
(German Polymath Best Known for His Work as a Mathematician)
Hermann Grassmann
0
Birthdate: 15th April
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Szczecin, Poland
Died: September 26, 1877

Hermann Grassmann was a German polymath remembered for his work in linear algebra, although he wasn’t acknowledged as a mathematician for most part of his life. His work Die lineale Ausdehnungslehre, ein neuer Zweig der Mathematik was revolutionary in the field of mathematics and was far ahead of its time. During his lifetime, he was only known as a linguist.

 22 
Prince Albert of Prussia
(Prince)
Prince Albert of Prussia
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 4th October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Königsberg, Germany
Died: October 14, 1872
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 23 
Raphael Semmes
(Confederate naval officer)
Raphael Semmes
1
Listed In: Military Leaders
Birthdate: 27th September
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Charles County, Maryland
Died: August 30, 1877
 24 
Owen Jones
(architect)
Owen Jones
0
Birthdate: 15th February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: London
Died: April 19, 1874
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 25 
Bénédict Morel
(French Psychiatrist)
Bénédict Morel
0
Listed In: Psychiatrists
Birthdate: 22nd November
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: March 30, 1873

Bénédict Morel was a French psychiatrist born in Austria. He was abandoned by his parents and had a difficult childhood. He worked hard to earn a medical doctorate and worked alongside psychiatrist Jean-Pierre Falret. He soon became an influential psychiatrist himself and was a key figure in the field of degeneration theory in the mid-19th century. 

 26 
Heinrich Hoffmann
(German physician and writer)
Heinrich Hoffmann
0
Listed In: Psychiatrists
Birthdate: 13th June
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Frankfurt am Main, Germany
Died: September 20, 1894

A qualified physician and psychiatrist, Heinrich Hoffmann managed the state mental hospital of Frankfurt on Main. However, he is best known as an author of children’s books and for his creation Struwwelpeter, or Slovenly Peter, a character with a naughty personality and a weird appearance, initially created for his son.

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 27 
Benjamin Robbins Curtis
(Jurist)
Benjamin Robbins Curtis
0
Listed In: Lawyers & Judges
Birthdate: 4th November
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Watertown, Massachusetts, United States
Died: September 15, 1874
 28 
Khachatur Abovian
(Writer)
Khachatur Abovian
2
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 15th October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Yerevan, Armenia
Died: April 14, 1848
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 29 
Louis Charles Delescluze
(French Revolutionary Figure Who Participated in the Uprisings of 1830 and 1848)
Louis Charles Delescluze
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 2nd October
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Dreux, France
Died: May 25, 1871

Revolutionary leader Louis Charles Delescluze was a significant figure of the Paris Commune. As a student activist, he joined the Amis du Peuple and briefly fled to Brussels after being accused of plotting to kill King Louis-Philippe. He was eventually shot to death at the Commune barricades.

 30 
Edward FitzGerald
(Poet, Writer)
Edward FitzGerald
0
Listed In: Poets
Birthdate: 31st March
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Bredfield House
Died: June 14, 1883
 31 
Elizabeth Greenfield
(American Singer Who was Considered the Best-Known Black Concert Artist of Her Time)
Elizabeth Greenfield
1
Listed In: Opera Singers
Birthdate: 30th November
Birthplace: Natchez, Mississippi, United States
Died: 1876 AD

Elizabeth Greenfield was an American singer best remembered for her performances of music composed by Gaetano Donizetti, Vincenzo Bellini, and George Frideric Handel. Nicknamed The Black Swan, Elizabeth Greenfield is regarded as the most popular black concert artist of her generation. Among her pupils was Thomas Bowers, who went on to become a famous concert artist.

 32 
Cornelia Connelly
(Religious Leader)
Cornelia Connelly
1
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 15th January
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: April 18, 1879
 33 
Fredrik Pacius
(Known as the 'Father of Finnish Music' and Composer of De facto National Anthem of Finland)
Fredrik Pacius
0
Listed In: Musicians
Birthdate: 19th March
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Hamburg, Germany
Died: January 8, 1891

German-Finnish composer- conductor Fredrik Pacius, reputed as "Father of Finnish music" is best-known for composing music of Maamme, the de facto national anthem of Finland, with lyrics written by Johan Ludvig Runeberg, Melody of the piece was used for national anthem of Estonia, Mu isamaa, mu õnn ja rõõm; as also for the Livonian ethnic anthem Min izāmō, min sindimō.

 34 
Thomas Story Kirkbride
(Physician)
Thomas Story Kirkbride
0
Listed In: Psychiatrists
Birthdate: 31st July
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Morrisville, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: December 16, 1883
 35 
James David Forbes
(Scottish Physicist and Glaciologist Known for His Research on Heat Conduction and Glaciers)
James David Forbes
0
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: 20th April
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Edinburgh, Scotland
Died: December 31, 1868

Scottish physicist James David Forbes is best remembered for his research on glaciers and heat conduction and for his invention of the seismometer. A University of Edinburgh professor, he later won both the Rumford Medal and the Gold Medal of The Royal Society for his achievements.

 36 
Jules Favre
(Statesman)
Jules Favre
0
Birthdate: 21st March
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Lyon, France
Died: January 20, 1880
 37 
Leopoldo O'Donnell, duke de Tetuán
(Spanish Grandee and General)
Leopoldo O'Donnell, duke de Tetuán
0
Listed In: Prime Ministers
Birthdate: 12th January
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Spain
Died: November 5, 1867
 38 
Karl Bodmer
(Swiss Artist Best Known for His Participation in Prince Maximilian Zu Wied-Neuwied’s Missouri River Expedition)
Karl Bodmer
0
Listed In: Artists
Birthdate: 11th February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Zurich, Switzerland
Died: October 30, 1893

Best known for his expedition to North America, accompanying explorer Prince Maximilian, artist Karl Bodmer created realistic illustrations of various North American natives for Maximilian’s book. Initially trained in art by his engraver uncle, he later became a major figure of the French Barbizon School of art.

 39 
Frederick Augustus Porter Barnard
(Scientist)
Frederick Augustus Porter Barnard
0
Listed In: Educators
Birthdate: 5th May
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Sheffield, Massachusetts, United States
Died: April 27, 1889
 40 
Benjamin Peirce
(Mathematician)
Benjamin Peirce
0
Listed In: Mathematicians
Birthdate: 4th April
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Salem, Massachusetts, United States
Died: October 6, 1880
 41 
George Engelmann
(Known for His Study of Phylloxera Vastatrix)
George Engelmann
0
Listed In: Botanists
Birthdate: 2nd February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Frankfurt, Germany
Died: February 4, 1884

German-American botanist, physician, and meteorologist George Engelmann is known for his study of Phylloxera Vastatrix. He is also noted for his botanical monographs, particularly his two major works on cacti and A Monography of North American Cuscutineae. He played vital role in elucidating flora of the west of North America that till such time was not much known to Europeans.

 42 
James Burke
(Boxer)
James Burke
0
Listed In: Boxers
Birthdate: 8th December
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: St. Giles, England
Died: January 8, 1845
 43 
Edwin, Freiherr von Manteuffel
(Military general)
Edwin, Freiherr von Manteuffel
0
Listed In: Military Leaders
Birthdate: 24th February
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Dresden, Germany
Died: June 17, 1885
 44 
Pierre-Joseph van Beneden
(Paleontologist)
Pierre-Joseph van Beneden
0
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: 19th December
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Mechelen, Belgium
Died: January 8, 1894
 45 
Manuel Montt
(Former President of Chile (1851 - 1861))
Manuel Montt
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 4th September
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Petorca, Chile
Died: September 21, 1880

Two-time president of Chile, Manuel Montt was not just a qualified lawyer but also gained repute as a distinguished scholar. He had also held the ministries of foreign affairs and public instruction and supported academic growth of Chile. Post-retirement, he served as the president of the Supreme Court.

 46 
Nikolai Gogol
(Russian Novelist, Short Story Writer and Playwright)
Nikolai Gogol
107
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 1st April
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Velyki Sorochyntsi, Ukraine
Died: March 4, 1852

Nikolai Gogol was a Ukrainian author who redefined Russian literature with his novels such as Dead Souls and his short stories such as The Overcoat and Diary of a Madman. Most of his works were influenced by Ukrainian folklore. He was typically fond of the grotesque as a literary element.

 47 
Shimazu Nariakira
(Feudal Lord)
Shimazu Nariakira
0
Birthdate: 28th April
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Edo, Japan
Died: July 16, 1858
 48 
François Certain de Canrobert
(Military Leader)
François Certain de Canrobert
0
Listed In: Military Leaders
Birthdate: 27th June
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Saint-Céré, France
Died: January 28, 1895
 49 
Albert Pike
(Military Leader)
Albert Pike
5
Listed In: Lawyers & Judges
Birthdate: 29th December
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Died: April 2, 1891
 50 
Theodor Benfey
(Philologist)
Theodor Benfey
0
Birthdate: 28th January
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Nörten-Hardenberg, Germany
Died: June 26, 1881