Famous People Born In 1743

Discover the most famous people born in 1743. The list includes people like Thomas Jefferson, Toussaint Louverture, Antoine Lavoisier, Jean-Paul Marat, Joseph Banks and many more. This list of celebrities is loosely sorted by popularity. People featured on this list, include philosophers, poets, political leaders and chemists born in 1743. This list includes people from France, United States, England and many more countries.
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 1 
Thomas Jefferson
(3rd President of the United States)
Thomas Jefferson
85
Listed In: Lawyers & Judges
Birthdate: 13th April
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Shadwell, Virginia, United States
Died: July 4, 1826

The 2nd Vice President and the 3rd President of America, Thomas Jefferson was one of the Founding Fathers of USA and the principal draftsman of the Declaration of Independence. Jefferson was a staunch advocate of democracy and a strong believer of individual rights and religious freedom, despite the fact that he himself owned nearly 600 slaves.

 2 
Toussaint Louverture
(Leader of the Haitian Revolution)
Toussaint Louverture
20
Listed In: Revolutionaries
Birthdate: 20th May
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Saint-Dominigue (present day Haiti)
Died: April 7, 1803

Haitian general,  Toussaint Louverture, was the most prominent leader of the Haitian Revolution. A revolutionary leader, he was devoted to the cause of Haitian independence and fought hard until he was killed by the French in a treacherous manner. The revolution continued after his death, leading to Haiti’s independence. He is now known as the Father of Haiti.

 3 
Antoine Lavoisier
(French Chemist Who Discovered the Role of Oxygen in Combustion)
Antoine Lavoisier
22
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 26th August
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: May 8, 1794

Antoine Lavoisier was a French chemist and nobleman. He played a crucial role during the chemical revolution of the 18th-century. Widely regarded as the father of modern chemistry, Lavoisier had a major influence on the history of biology as well as the history of chemistry. He also helped build the metric system. 

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 4 
Joseph Banks
(British Explorer, Naturalist and Botanist)
Joseph Banks
6
Birthdate: 24th February
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: London, England
Died: June 19, 1820

British naturalist Joseph Banks is remembered for accompanying Captain James Cook on his voyage across places such as Brazil and Tahiti. He had also been the president of the Royal Society for over 40 years. Both his herbarium and library now find a place at the British Museum.

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 5 
Jean-Paul Marat
(French Politician and Journalist During French Politician)
Jean-Paul Marat
6
Birthdate: 24th May
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Boudry, Switzerland
Died: July 13, 1793

French political theorist, scientist, and physician Jean-Paul Marat was a key figure of the French Revolution. He published his radical views in pamphlets and newspapers, such as L'Ami du people. He was held responsible for the September massacres. His assassination by a Girondin supporter made him a Jacobin martyr.

 6 
Marquis de Condorcet
(French Philosopher and Mathematician)
Marquis de Condorcet
1
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: 17th September
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Ribemont, France
Died: March 29, 1794

French mathematician and philosopher Marquis de Condorcet was a champion for liberal economy and women’s rights. He was a significant contributor of the Encyclopédie and was part of the Academy of Sciences. He is also remembered for his political activities in the wake of the French Revolution.

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 7 
Luigi Boccherini
(Italian Composer and Cellist of the Classical Era)
Luigi Boccherini
1
Listed In: Composers
Birthdate: 19th February
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Lucca, Italy
Died: May 28, 1805

Italian-Spanish composer and cellist Luigi Boccherini of Classical era is noted for his influence in developing string quartet as a musical genre. Two of his best-known works include String Quintet in E major, Op. 11, No. 5 (G 275) that became famous for its minuet third movement; and Cello Concerto, No. 9 in B-flat Major, G. 482.

 8 
Alessandro Cagliostro
(Adventurer)
Alessandro Cagliostro
1
Listed In: Magicians
Birthdate: 2nd June
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Palermo, Italy
Died: August 26, 1795
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 9 
Edmund Cartwright
6
Birthdate: 24th April
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Nottinghamshire
Died: October 30, 1823
 10 
Joseph Brant
(Military leader)
Joseph Brant
0
Listed In: Leaders
Birthdate: 28th February
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Ohio Country
Died: November 24, 1807
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 11 
Madame du Barry
(Mistress of Louis XV of France)
Madame du Barry
2
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 19th August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Vaucouleurs, France
Died: December 8, 1793
Born as an illegitimate child to a seamstress, Madame du Barry spent her initial days as a prostitute of aristocratic men. She ended up being the official mistress of King Louis XV of France and was executed during the Reign of Terror. Her cauliflower-like wig inspired many food names.
 12 
John Fitch
(American Inventor, Clockmaker and Entrepreneur)
John Fitch
0
Listed In: Inventors
Birthdate: 21st January
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Windsor, Connecticut, United States
Died: July 2, 1798
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 13 
Martin Heinrich Klaproth
(Chemist, Pharmacist, University teacher)
Martin Heinrich Klaproth
0
Listed In: Chemists
Birthdate: 1st December
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Wernigerode
Died: January 1, 1817
 14 
William Paley
(Christian apologist, philosopher, and utilitarian)
William Paley
0
Birthdate: 30th June
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Peterborough, England
Died: May 25, 1805
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 15 
Nicolai Abildgaard
(Danish Neoclassical Painter and Sculptor)
Nicolai Abildgaard
1
Birthdate: 11th September
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Copenhagen, Denmark
Died: June 4, 1809

Nicolai Abildgaard was a Danish neoclassical sculptor, history painter, and architect. He also served as a professor of anatomy, mythology, and painting at the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts in Copenhagen. Abildgaard also served as a royal history painter and was commissioned by the Danish government to produce large monumental pieces to decorate the Knights' Room at Christiansborg Palace. 

 16 
Johann David Wyss
(Author)
Johann David Wyss
0
Listed In: Novelists
Birthdate: 28th May
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Bern, Switzerland
Died: January 11, 1818

Best known for his classic The Swiss Family Robinson, originally written in German, Swiss author and pastor Johann David Wyss was apparently inspired by Defoe's Robinson Crusoe and decided to write a tale for his sons. The book was later edited and illustrated by 2 of his sons.

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 17 
Mary Jemison
(Frontierswoman)
Mary Jemison
0
Birthdate: 30th November
Birthplace: Atlantic Ocean
Died: September 19, 1833
 18 
Carl Peter Thunberg
(Botanist)
Carl Peter Thunberg
0
Listed In: Scientists
Birthdate: 11th November
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Jönköping, Sweden
Died: August 8, 1828

Carl Peter Thunberg was a Swedish naturalist best remembered as one of the apostles of Carl Linnaeus. Along with other students of Linnaeus, Thunberg spent seven years in Asia and southern Africa, gathering and describing animals and plants new to European science. Thanks to his extensive research on plants, Thunberg is referred to as the father of South African botany.      

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 19 
Thomas Stone
(Lawyer)
Thomas Stone
0
Birthdate: 30th November
Birthplace: Charles County, Maryland, United States
Died: October 5, 1787
 20 
Friedrich Heinrich Jacobi
(Philosopher)
Friedrich Heinrich Jacobi
1
Birthdate: 25th January
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Düsseldorf, Germany
Died: March 10, 1819
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 21 
Gavrila Romanovich Derzhavin
(Poet)
Gavrila Romanovich Derzhavin
0
Listed In: Poets
Birthdate: 14th July
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Kazan
Died: July 20, 1816
 22 
Yekaterina Vorontsova-Dashkova
(Political figure)
Yekaterina Vorontsova-Dashkova
0
Birthdate: 28th March
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: St. Petersburg, Russia
Died: January 15, 1810
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 23 
Louis-Claude de Saint-Martin
(Philosopher)
Louis-Claude de Saint-Martin
0
Birthdate: 18th January
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Amboise, France
Died: October 14, 1803
 24 
David Roentgen
(Cabinetmaker)
David Roentgen
0
Listed In: Designers
Birthdate: 11th August
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Herrnhaag
Died: February 12, 1807
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 25 
René-Just Haüy
(Priest)
René-Just Haüy
0
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 28th February
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Saint-Just-en-Chaussee, France
Died: June 3, 1822
 26 
Princess Carolina of Orange-Nassau
(Princess)
Princess Carolina of Orange-Nassau
1
Birthdate: 28th February
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Leeuwarden, Netherlands
Died: May 6, 1787
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 27 
Louis Jean Desprez
(French Painter and Architect)
Louis Jean Desprez
0
Listed In: Artists
Birthdate: 30th April
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Auxerre, France
Died: March 18, 1804

Louis-Jean Desprez was a French architect and painter who designed structures in a monumental, neoclassical style. Although his most significant project is considered to be the conservatory building in the University of Uppsala Botanical Garden, Desprez's greatest project was the one that never materialized: a palace planned by King Gustav III of Sweden.

 28 
Anna Laetitia Barbauld
(British Poet, Essayist, Literary Critic, Editor, and Author of Children’s Literature)
Anna Laetitia Barbauld
2
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 20th June
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Kibworth-Harcourt, Leicestershire, England
Died: March 9, 1825

Best known for including political and social themes in her writings, Anna Letitia Barbauld was a renowned poet, essayist, and children’s author. She was the only daughter of Unitarian John Aikin and taught at the Palgrave Academy. She is remembered for her iconic hymn “Life! I Know Not What Thou Art.”

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 29 
Jan Frans Vonck
(Lawyer)
Jan Frans Vonck
0
Listed In: Lawyers & Judges
Birthdate: 29th November
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Baardegem, Aalst, Belgium
Died: December 1, 1792

Jan Frans Vonck was a Belgian lawyer who played an important role during the Brabant Revolution. The revolution, which led to the establishment of the United States of Belgium, witnessed Vonck serving as the leader of a radical faction of revolutionaries. The faction that he led came to be known as Vonckists.

 30 
Costillares
(Spanish Bullfighter)
Costillares
0
Listed In: Bullfighters
Birthdate: 20th July
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Seville, Spain
Died: January 27, 1800
 31 
Marie-Madeleine Guimard
(French Ballerina)
Marie-Madeleine Guimard
3
Listed In: Ballet Dancers
Birthdate: 27th December
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: May 4, 1816

Marie-Madeleine Guimard is best remembered for her 30-year stint as the leading ballerina of the Paris Opéra. She began her dance career with Comédie-Française as a teenager. She was also a well-known courtesan who was kept by aristocrats and was herself a love child who was later legitimized.

 32 
Johannes Ewald
(Dramatist)
Johannes Ewald
1
Listed In: Writers
Birthdate: 18th November
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Copenhagen, Denmark
Died: March 17, 1781
 33 
Nicolas Jean Hugou de Basseville
(Journalist)
Nicolas Jean Hugou de Basseville
1
Listed In: Miscellaneous
Birthdate: 7th February
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Abbeville, France
Died: January 13, 1793