Aries Leaders

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 1 
Otto von Bismarck
(Chancellor of the German Empire (1871 - 1890))
Otto von Bismarck
45
Birthdate: April 1, 1815
Birthplace: Schönhausen, Germany
Died: July 30, 1898
Otto von Bismarck was a German statesman. Bismarck is credited with masterminding the unification of Germany and served as its first chancellor. He is also credited with creating the first modern welfare state in the world. Regarded as a hero by German nationalists, Otto von Bismarck's life has inspired a couple of TV series.
 2 
Benito Juarez
(Lawyer, Politician)
Benito Juarez
13
Birthdate: March 21, 1806
Birthplace: San Pablo Guelatao, Mexico
Died: July 18, 1872

Benito Juarez was a Mexican lawyer and politician. He served as the 26th president of Mexico from 1858 to 1872, becoming the first president of Mexico who was of indigenous origin. He died of a heart attack in 1872. To date,  he is revered as "a preeminent symbol of Mexican nationalism and resistance to foreign intervention." 

 3 
Erich Ludendorff
(German General, Politician and Military Theorist)
Erich Ludendorff
15
Birthdate: April 9, 1865
Birthplace: Kruszewnia, Poland
Died: December 20, 1937

German military leader Erich Ludendorff gained fame with the victories at Liège and Tannenberg during World War I. He promoted the theory that Marxists, Jews, and Freemasons were responsible for Germany’s defeat in the war. He later became a military theorist, writing books such as The Total War.

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 4 
Thomas Jefferson
(3rd President of the United States)
Thomas Jefferson
81
Birthdate: April 13, 1743
Birthplace: Shadwell, Virginia, United States
Died: July 4, 1826

The 2nd Vice President and the 3rd President of America, Thomas Jefferson was one of the Founding Fathers of USA and the principal draftsman of the Declaration of Independence. Jefferson was a staunch advocate of democracy and a strong believer of individual rights and religious freedom, despite the fact that he himself owned nearly 600 slaves.

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 5 
Helmut Kohl
(Former Chancellor of Germany)
Helmut Kohl
16
Birthdate: April 3, 1930
Birthplace: Ludwigshafen
Died: June 16, 2017
Christian Democratic Union politician Helmut Kohl was the Chancellor of Germany from 1982 to 1998. He had also served as the chairman of the CDU earlier. His tenure witnessed the end of the Cold War, the fall of the Berlin Wall, and the formation of the European Union.
 6 
Charlemagne
(Holy Roman Emperor (800-814))
Charlemagne
17
Birthdate: April 2, 0747
Birthplace: Aachen, Germany
Died: January 28, 0814

Also known as Charles the Great, Charlemagne ruled as the king of the Franks, king of the Lombards, and emperor of the Romans at different time periods. Not surprisingly, he had a major impact during the Early Middle Ages as he went about uniting the majority of central and western Europe, for which he is called the Father of Europe.

 7 
Rodrigo Duterte
(President of Philippines)
Rodrigo Duterte
141
Birthdate: March 28, 1945
Birthplace: Maasin, Philippines

The current president of the Philippines Rodrigo Duterte took office at age 71, making him the oldest president of the country. His war on drugs has had a major impact in the Philippines. Known for his straightforward attitude in public, Duterte has admitted to killing three men in 1988 in an attempt to save a girl from being raped.

 8 
William Wallace
(Military Leader, Knight)
William Wallace
18
Birthdate: April 3, 1270
Birthplace: Elderslie, Renfrewshire, Scotland
Died: August 23, 1305

William Wallace was a Scottish knight who played an important role in the First War of Scottish Independence. Since his death, Wallace has been viewed as an iconic figure whose story of bravery and valor has inspired several works of art, including the Academy Award-winning film Braveheart. Wallace has also inspired video games and brewery companies, such is his popularity.

 9 
Colin Powell
(The First African-American Secretary of State)
Colin Powell
22
Birthdate: April 5, 1937
Birthplace: Harlem, New York, United States
Died: October 18, 2021

A veteran politician who served as the 65th United States Secretary of State, Colin Powell was the first African-American Secretary of State. A member of the Republican Party, he was an army man prior to entering politics. He was a  four-star general at the time of his retirement. After leaving politics, he pursued a career as a public speaker.

 10 
B. R. Ambedkar
(One of the Architects of the Indian Constitution)
B. R. Ambedkar
47
Birthdate: April 14, 1891
Birthplace: Madhya Pradesh, India
Died: December 6, 1956

India's first Minister of Law and Justice, B. R. Ambedkar inspired the Dalit Buddhist movement. He also fought against social discrimination prevalent in India at that time. Widely regarded as the chief architect of the Constitution of India, Ambedkar was posthumously honored with India's highest civilian award - The Bharat Ratna.

 11 
Isoroku Yamamoto
(Japanese Naval Officer Who Conceived The Pearl Harbor Attack in 1941)
Isoroku Yamamoto
24
Birthdate: April 4, 1884
Birthplace: Nagaoka, Niigata, Japan
Died: April 18, 1943
Isoroku Yamamoto was a Marshal Admiral of the Imperial Japanese Navy. During World War II, he served as the commander-in-chief of the Combined Fleet and oversaw operations such as the Pearl Harbor attack. He died when his fighter plane was shot down by the U.S. Air Forces
 12 
John Tyler
(10th President of the United States (1841-1845))
John Tyler
15
Birthdate: March 29, 1790
Birthplace: Charles City, Virginia, United States
Died: January 18, 1862

The tenth president of the United States, John Tyler was dubbed His Accidency as he became the president after the sudden death of President William Henry Harrison when the former was serving as the vice president. Tyler's acceptance of full presidential powers set a prominent precedent and served as a model for succession to the future presidents.

Booker T. Washington
4
Birthdate: April 5, 1856
Birthplace: Westlake Corner, Virginia, United States
Died: November 14, 1915
Booker T. Washington was born into slavery but rose to be an advisor to many U.S. presidents and also became the director of the Tuskegee Institute. His Atlanta Compromise, initially accepted and later rejected by black leaders, urged the blacks to work for their freedom through education and not revolt.
 14 
Kofi Annan
(Former UN Secretary General)
Kofi Annan
11
Birthdate: April 8, 1938
Birthplace: Kumasi, Ghana
Died: August 18, 2018

Ghanaian diplomat Kofi Annan served as the seventh Secretary-General of the United Nations from 1997 to 2006. He was the founder and chairman of the Kofi Annan Foundation and a co-recipient of the 2001 Nobel Peace Prize. During his stint with the UN, he launched the UN Global Compact and worked to combat HIV/AIDS. 

 15 
Mehmed II
9
Birthdate: March 30, 1432
Birthplace: Edirne, Rumelia Eyalet, Ottoman Sultanate
Died: May 3, 1481
 16 
Betty Ford
(Former First Lady of the United States)
Betty Ford
5
Birthdate: April 8, 1918
Birthplace: Chicago, Illinois, United States
Died: July 8, 2011

Betty Ford served as the First Lady of the US from 1974 to 1977. One of the most popular First Ladies in history, Ford was a passionate supporter of abortion rights and worked towards raising breast cancer awareness. She commented on topics like sex, drugs, abortion, and equal pay. In 1991, she was honored with the Presidential Medal of Freedom.

 17 
Julius Nyerere
(Politician)
Julius Nyerere
8
Birthdate: April 13, 1922
Birthplace: Butiama, Tanzania
Died: October 14, 1999
 18 
Cosimo de' Medici
6
Birthdate: April 10, 1389
Birthplace: Florence, Italy
Died: August 1, 1464

One of the main patriarchs of the famed Medici family that ruled Florence, Italian banker Cosimo de' Medici was one of the richest men of his time. Medici was also a great patron of art and architecture. He also arranged a search for ancient manuscripts and opened a public library.

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 19 
Samuel Alito
(Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States)
Samuel Alito
4
Birthdate: April 1, 1950
Birthplace: Trenton, New Jersey, United States

The current associate justice of the Supreme Court of the US, Samuel Alito is only the second Italian American to serve on the court. Samuel Alito's journey from being an adjunct professor to one of the most powerful men in the American justice system is quite inspirational.

Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester
7
Birthdate: March 31, 1900
Birthplace: York Cottage, England
Died: June 10, 1974

Son of King George V and Queen Mary, Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester, was educated at Eton, becoming the first son of a monarch in Britain to attend school. He made headlines with his affair with Beryl Markham. Owing to his multiple strokes, he was wheelchair-bound in his final years.

 21 
Septimius Severus
(Roman Emperor (193-211))
Septimius Severus
6
Birthdate: April 11, 0145
Birthplace: Leptis Magna, Libya
Died: February 4, 0211
Roman emperor Septimius Severus reigned from 193 to 211. He worked in the senate under Marcus Aurelius and gained strength following the death of Pertinax. He killed incumbent emperor Didius Julianus and annexed many kingdoms, such as Osroene. While on an invasion of Scotland, he died of an infectious disease.
 22 
Henry Clay
(Political Leader)
Henry Clay
6
Birthdate: April 12, 1777
Birthplace: Hanover County, Virginia, United States
Died: June 29, 1852

Henry Clay was an American statesman who represented Kentucky in the US House of Representatives as well as US Senate. Considered one of the most important political figures of his era, Clay helped found the Whig Party and the National Republican Party. He is also considered one of the greatest speakers in the history of the US House of Representatives.

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 23 
Francis Xavier
(Missionary)
Francis Xavier
5
Birthdate: April 7, 1506
Birthplace: Javier, Spain
Died: December 3, 1552
Navarrese Catholic missionary and saint Francis Xavier co-founded the Society of Jesus. His mission focused on the Portuguese Empire in Asia. He is remembered for his efforts to spread Christianity in Goa. He extended his mission to Japan and Borneo but died before he could preach in China.
 24 
Rex Tillerson
(Businessperson)
Rex Tillerson
11
Birthdate: March 23, 1952
Birthplace: Wichita Falls, Texas, United States
 25 
Jair Bolsonaro
(President of Brazil )
Jair Bolsonaro
24
Birthdate: March 21, 1955
Birthplace: Glicério, State of São Paulo, Brazil

The 38th president of Brazil, Jair Bolsonaro started his career in the military, serving in the army's field artillery and parachutist units. He then overcame false accusations and first-degree conviction to become the president of Brazil. Over the years, Jair Bolsonaro has also received criticisms for voicing against homosexuality, secularism, abortion, and same-sex marriage.

 26 
Michael Higgins
(President of Ireland)
Michael Higgins
9
Birthdate: April 18, 1941
Birthplace: Limerick

Irish politician, Michael Higgins, took office as the ninth president of Ireland in November 2011. Previously, he served as minister for arts, culture, and the Gaeltacht and mayor of Galway. As the president, he has actively addressed issues related to justice, social equality, social inclusion, anti-sectarianism, and anti-racism. He is also a poet, writer, and sociologist.

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 27 
Angus King
(Politician)
Angus King
4
Birthdate: March 31, 1944
Birthplace: Alexandria, Virginia, U.S.
 28 
Nikita Khrushchev
(Former Premier of the Soviet Union)
Nikita Khrushchev
25
Birthdate: April 15, 1894
Birthplace: Kalinovka, Dmitriyevsky Uyezd, Kursk Governorate, Russian Empire
Died: September 11, 1971

Nikita Khrushchev was the Soviet Premier from 1958 to 1964 and the first Communist Party secretary of the Soviets. He initially supported Stalin’s “purges” but denounced them in the Secret Speech to the 20th Party Congress. His reign saw the Suez Crisis, the Sputnik launch, and the 1960 U-2 incident.

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 29 
Erich Hartmann
(Aviator, Officer)
Erich Hartmann
5
Birthdate: April 19, 1922
Birthplace: Weissach
Died: September 20, 1993

Remembered as the most successful fighter pilot in the history of aerial warfare, Erich Hartmann completed 1,400 missions in his Messerschmitt Bf 109 and shot down 352 Allied planes. Known for his dogfighting strategy, he inspired the popular biography The Blond Knight of Germany and became a flight instructor post-retirement.

 30 
Sweyn Forkbeard
(King of Denmark)
Sweyn Forkbeard
4
Birthdate: April 17, 0963
Birthplace: Denmark
Died: February 10, 1014
 31 
Robert Smalls
(Politician)
Robert Smalls
4
Birthdate: April 5, 1839
Birthplace: Beaufort, South Carolina, United States
Died: February 23, 1915
 32 
Angela Rayner
(Politician)
Angela Rayner
7
Birthdate: March 28, 1980
Birthplace: Stockport, England
 33 
Louis The Pious
(King of Aquitaine, King of Franks & Co-Emperor (Holy Roman Empire))
Louis The Pious
5
Birthdate: April 16, 0778
Birthplace: Chasseneuil-du-Poitou
Died: June 20, 0840
Son of Charlemagne, Louis The Pious, became the king of Aquitaine at age 3. He crowned himself the emperor of the Franks immediately after his father’s death. His reign was riddled with three civil wars, while his death caused another civil war, which finally culminated in the Treaty of Verdun.
 34 
Elaine Chao
(18th United States Secretary of Transportation (2017 - 2021))
Elaine Chao
31
Birthdate: March 26, 1953
Birthplace: Taipei, Taiwan
Elaine Chao has served as the U.S. secretary of transportation under Donald Trump and has also previously been the secretary of labor. A Harvard alumna and a recipient of 37 honorary doctorates, she became the first Asian-American female and the first Chinese/Taiwanese American to be part of the U.S. cabinet.
 35 
Sergey Lavrov
(Minister of Foreign Affairs of Russia (Since 2004))
Sergey Lavrov
4
Birthdate: March 21, 1950
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia

Sergey Lavrov is a Russian diplomat and politician. Since 2004, he has been serving as the foreign minister of Russia. An alumnus of the Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO), he began his diplomatic career in 1972. Considered a brilliant diplomat, he was later appointed to the post of minister of foreign affairs. He is multi-lingual. 

 36 
Thaddeus Stevens
(Former United States Representative)
Thaddeus Stevens
4
Birthdate: April 4, 1792
Birthplace: Danville
Died: August 11, 1868
Thaddeus Stevens was member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania and a Radical Republican leader. He played a major role in ending slavery and chaired the House Ways and Means Committee during the American Civil War. He was also known for ill-treating the ex-Confederates during Reconstruction.
 37 
Ken Howard
(Actor)
Ken Howard
5
Birthdate: March 28, 1944
Birthplace: El Centro, California, United States
Died: March 23, 2016
 38 
Ian Smith
(Prime Minister of Zimbabwe (1964-79))
Ian Smith
5
Birthdate: April 8, 1919
Birthplace: Shurugwi, Zimbabwe
Died: November 20, 2007

Ian Smith was a politician who served as the prime minister of Rhodesia (today known as Zimbabwe) from 1964 to 1979. Born to British immigrants in  the Southern Rhodesian Midlands, he was a controversial figure who personified “White Rhodesia.” While his detractors denounced him as "an unrepentant racist," his supporters hailed him as "a political visionary.” 

 39 
William M. Tweed
(Member of the New York Senate from the 4th District (1868 - 1873))
William M. Tweed
3
Birthdate: April 3, 1823
Birthplace: New York, New York, United States
Died: April 12, 1878

William M. Tweed was an American politician best known for serving as the boss of Tammany Hall, which had a major influence on the political scene of 19th-century New York State. He was later convicted for stealing millions of dollars from New York City taxpayers. His life and career inspired several films, such as Up in Central Park and Liberty.

 40 
François Duvalier
(Politician, Physician)
François Duvalier
4
Birthdate: April 14, 1907
Birthplace: Port-au-Prince
Died: April 21, 1971

François Duvalier was a Haitian politician. From 1957 to 1971, he served as the president of Haiti. Over the course of his political career, Duvalier's regime became despotic and totalitarian. In 1964, Duvalier declared himself President for Life and remained in power until his death. Since his demise, several books have been written about his rule in Haiti. 

Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany
4
Birthdate: April 7, 1853
Birthplace: Buckingham Palace, United Kingdom
Died: March 28, 1884
 42 
John Hanson
(Politician)
John Hanson
5
Birthdate: April 14, 1721
Birthplace: Port Tobacco, Maryland, United States
Died: November 15, 1783
 43 
Matthew C. Perry
(Naval Officer)
Matthew C. Perry
4
Birthdate: April 10, 1794
Birthplace: Newport, Rhode Island, United States
Died: March 4, 1858
 44 
Edward Wood, 1st Earl of Halifax
(British Ambassador to the United States (1940-46))
Edward Wood, 1st Earl of Halifax
4
Birthdate: April 16, 1881
Birthplace: Powderham Castle, Devon, England
Died: December 23, 1959
 45 
Joe Scarborough
(Member of the U.S. House of Representatives From Florida's 1st District (1995 - 2001))
Joe Scarborough
10
Birthdate: April 9, 1963
Birthplace: Atlanta, Georgia, United States
Joe Scarborough has represented Florida’s 1st district from 1995 to 2001. He co-hosts Morning Joe on MSNBC, with his wife. He has written several books, hosted a radio show, and also released an EP. Earlier, as an attorney, he had represented Michael F. Griffin, accused of murdering physician David Gunn.
 46 
James Bowie
(Pioneer)
James Bowie
4
Birthdate: April 10, 1796
Birthplace: The Alamo, San Antonio, Texas, United States
Died: March 6, 1836
 47 
Jon Huntsman Jr.
(Politician)
Jon Huntsman Jr.
4
Birthdate: March 26, 1960
Birthplace: Redwood City, California, U.S.
 48 
David Eisenhower
(Writer and Grandson of Former American President Dwight D. Eisenhower)
David Eisenhower
4
Birthdate: March 31, 1948
Birthplace: West Point, New York, United States

Author, academic, and public policy fellow David Eisenhower teaches at the University of Pennsylvania. Best known for his Pulitzer Prize-shortlisted book Eisenhower at War: 1943-1945, he is the grandson of former U.S. president Dwight D. Eisenhower and the son of John Eisenhower. He is also the son-in-law of Richard Nixon.

 49 
Thomas E. Dewey
(47th Governor of New York)
Thomas E. Dewey
4
Birthdate: March 24, 1902
Birthplace: Owosso, Michigan, United States
Died: March 16, 1971

Thomas E. Dewey was an American politician, prosecutor, and lawyer. A member of the Republican Party, Dewey held the office of the governor of New York between 1943 and 1954. In 1952, Dewey played a major role in helping Dwight D. Eisenhower win the presidential election. After retiring from politics, Dewey served as a corporate lawyer from 1955 to 1971.

 50 
Braxton Bragg
(Military Leader)
Braxton Bragg
4
Birthdate: March 22, 1817
Birthplace: Warrenton, North Carolina, United States
Died: September 27, 1876