The 2nd century saw the Roman Empire expand exponentially under the emperor Trajan who is listed in the annals of history as one of the most influential personalities of the time. The period also saw the reign and death of the philosopher emperor Marcus Aurelius. The prominent Chinese scholar Cai Yong lived during this era, as did Nagarjuna, the founder of Madhyamaka Buddhism. The period was significant from a literary point of view as well with important writers like Aulus Gellius, Chariton, and Juvenal enriching the world with their works. Check out this section to know more about the famous people of the 2nd century.