Famous People Of The 2nd Century
The 2nd century saw the Roman Empire expand exponentially under the emperor Trajan who is listed in the annals of history as one of the most influential personalities of the time. The period also saw the reign and death of the philosopher emperor Marcus Aurelius. The prominent Chinese scholar Cai Yong lived during this era, as did Nagarjuna, the founder of Madhyamaka Buddhism. The period was significant from a literary point of view as well with important writers like Aulus Gellius, Chariton, and Juvenal enriching the world with their works. Check out this section to know more about the famous people of the 2nd century.
Julius CaesarJulius Caesar
13 July 0100, Ancient Roman
Former Roman dictator
Marcus AureliusMarcus Aurelius
26 April 0121, Italian
Philosopher

CommodusCommodus
31 August 0161, Ancient Roman
Roman Emperor

HadrianHadrian
24 January 0076, Italian
Roman Emperor

TrajanTrajan
18 September 0053, Ancient Roman
Roman Emperor

Septimius SeverusSeptimius Severus
11 April 0145, Libyan
Roman Emperor
Cao CaoCao Cao
18 March 0155, Chinese
Chinese warlord

AntinousAntinous
29 November 0111, Greek, Turkish
Roman Emperor Hadrian’s Lover

Antoninus PiusAntoninus Pius
19 September 0086, Ancient Roman
Roman Emperor
TacitusTacitus
0056 AD, Ancient Roman
Historian

PertinaxPertinax
01 August 0126, Ancient Roman
Military Leader
OrigenOrigen
0184 AD, Egyptian
Theologian

GalenGalen
0130 AD, Greek
Physician

Mithridates VI of PontusMithridates VI of Pontus
0135 BC, Turkish
King of Pontus

Zhuge LiangZhuge Liang
0181 AD, Chinese
Military Strategist, Inventor

Liu BeiLiu Bei
0161 AD, Chinese
Founder of the Chinese Shu Han Dynasty
Gaius MariusGaius Marius
0157 BC, Ancient Roman
Roman General

TertullianTertullian
0160 AD, Tunisian
 

IrenaeusIrenaeus
0130 AD, Turkish, Ancient Roman
Bishop

Didius JulianusDidius Julianus
02 February 0137, Ancient Roman
Roman Emperor
Lucius VerusLucius Verus
15 December 0130, Ancient Roman
Roman Emperor

Justin MartyrJustin Martyr
0100 AD, Palestinian
Christian Apologist
NagarjunaNagarjuna
0150 AD, Indian
Philosopher

PolycarpPolycarp
0069 AD, Turkish
Saint

Cato the ElderCato the Elder
0234 BC, Ancient Roman
Historian
Tiberius GracchusTiberius Gracchus
0165 BC, Ancient Roman
Military Leader

Claudius PtolemyClaudius Ptolemy
0090 AD, Ancient Roman
Astronomer, Cartographer & Mathematician
Queen HimikoQueen Himiko
0170 AD, Japanese
Queen of Japan

PtolemyPtolemy
0100 AD, Egyptian
Writer

JasonJason
Israeli
High Priest
Guan YuGuan Yu
Chinese, Kosovar
 

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PatanjaliPatanjali
Indian
Hindu author, mystic, and philosopher
HimikoHimiko
0175 AD, Japanese
Queen

Hillel the ElderHillel the Elder
0110 AD, Iraqi
Jewish scholar

KanishkaKanishka
0078 AD, Indian, Pakistani
King

Dong ZhuoDong Zhuo
0138 AD, Chinese
Warlord
Clement of AlexandriaClement of Alexandria
0150 AD, Greek
Theologian
Ptolemy VIII PhysconPtolemy VIII Physcon
0184 AD, Egyptian
King

Sima QianSima Qian
0145 BC, Chinese
Historian

Apollonius of TyanaApollonius of Tyana
0015 AD, Greek, Ancient Roman
Philosopher

TerenceTerence
0185 BC, Tunisian
Playwright
HéloïseHéloïse
1101 AD, French
French nun

Simon bar KokhbaSimon bar Kokhba
Ancient Roman
Military leader

Marcion of SinopeMarcion of Sinope
0085 AD, Greek
Theologian

Tigranes the GreatTigranes the Great
0140 BC, Armenian
King

ArrianArrian
0086 AD, Greek
Greek historian
ApuleiusApuleius
0125 AD, Ancient Roman
Writer

MasinissaMasinissa
0238 AD, Algerian
King
Cai LunCai Lun
0050 AD, Chinese
Inventor

Zhao GaoZhao Gao
0258 AD, Chinese
Politician

Hua TuoHua Tuo
Chinese
Physician
LucullusLucullus
0118 BC, Ancient Roman
Politician

AppianAppian
0095 AD, Egyptian, Greek, Ancient Roman
Historian
Empress LüEmpress Lü
0241 AD, Chinese
Empress of Han dynasty

Tostig GodwinsonTostig Godwinson
1026 AD, British
Earl

Avidius CassiusAvidius Cassius
0130 AD, Ancient Roman
Military General

Saint EustaceSaint Eustace
Italian
martyr

Zhang QianZhang Qian
0164 AD, Chinese
Diplomat
Pope Alexander IPope Alexander I
10 January 0075, Ancient Roman
Pope

John HyrcanusJohn Hyrcanus
0104 AD
Priest

AśvaghoṣaAśvaghoṣa
0080 AD, Indian
Philosopher

Emperor Jing of HanEmperor Jing of Han
0188 AD, Chinese
Emperor
Clodius AlbinusClodius Albinus
0150 AD, Ancient Roman
Roman general

Apollodorus of DamascusApollodorus of Damascus
0050 AD, Ancient Roman
Greek Engineer
Pope ZephyrinusPope Zephyrinus
Ancient Roman
Bishop

Pope AnicetusPope Anicetus
09 December 0092, Italian, Syrian
Pope

Mithridates I of ParthiaMithridates I of Parthia
0195 BC, Iranian
King
Demetrius I of BactriaDemetrius I of Bactria
0222 AD, Afghan
King

Shimon bar YochaiShimon bar Yochai
Israeli
Scholar
Peter WaldoPeter Waldo
1140 AD, French
Religious leader

Herodes AtticusHerodes Atticus
0101 AD, Greek
Politician

Claudius AelianusClaudius Aelianus
0175 AD, Italian
Roman author and teacher
BasilidesBasilides
Egyptian
Teacher

Sextus Julius AfricanusSextus Julius Africanus
0160 AD, Israeli
Christian historian
Cao ZhiCao Zhi
0192 AD, Chinese
Poet

HannibalHannibal
0247 BC, Tunisian
Military General

Pope EleutheriusPope Eleutherius
Greek
Bishop

MattathiasMattathias
Kohen
Julia MaesaJulia Maesa
07 May 0160, Syrian
Roman aristocrat
Xiao HeXiao He
0257 AD, Chinese
Politician

EnniusEnnius
0239 BC, Italian
Writer

CerinthusCerinthus
0100 AD, Turkish
Theologian

Judah ha-NasiJudah ha-Nasi
0135 AD, Palestinian
Rabbi
Apollodorus of AthensApollodorus of Athens
0180 AD, Greek
Scholar

Berenice III of EgyptBerenice III of Egypt
0114 AD, Egyptian
Monarch

HerodianHerodian
0170 AD, Ancient Roman
Civil servant

Lucius Aemilius Paullus MacedonicusLucius Aemilius Paullus Macedonicus
0229 AD, Italian
General

SanchuniathonSanchuniathon
Greek
Writer
Pompeia PlotinaPompeia Plotina
0065 AD, Spanish
Empress

Rabbi MeirRabbi Meir
Israeli
Rabbi
Titus Pomponius AtticusTitus Pomponius Atticus
0110 AD, Italian
Author

Alexander of AbonoteichusAlexander of Abonoteichus
0105 AD, Greek
Mystic
JustinJustin
Ancient Roman
Writer
PhilopoemenPhilopoemen
0253 AD, Greek
General