Famous 19th Century German Mathematicians

Find out more about the greatest 19th Century German Mathematicians, including Carl Friedrich Gauss, Friedrich Engels, David Hilbert, Georg Cantor and Emmy Noether.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Carl F. Gauss

Carl F. Gauss.
6
Famous As: Mathematician, Physicist
Birthdate: April 30, 1777
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Brunswick, Germany
Died: February 23, 1855

German mathematician and physicist Carl Friedrich Gauss is remembered for his work in math and science. Known as the Princeps mathematicorum, he laid down tenets such as the Gauss's Law. He had exhibited his talent since an early age and had completed writing Disquisitiones Arithmeticae by 21.

 2 David Hilbert

David Hilbert.
13
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: January 23, 1862
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Königsberg or Wehlau, Province of Prussia (today Znamensk, Kaliningrad Oblast, Russia)
Died: February 14, 1943

German mathematician David Hilbert was first drawn to math inspired by his mother, who was a budding math enthusiast. He contributed to a host of concepts, theories, and postulates, such as Hilbert space, Hilbert's program, and Hilbert's problems. He died in oblivion, with a handful of people at his funeral.

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 3 Georg Cantor

Georg Cantor.
11
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: March 3, 1845
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire
Died: January 6, 1918
Georg Cantor is remembered as the man behind the set theory of mathematics. Not known to many, he was a skilled violinist, too. He was one of the first to explore infinity. His final years were riddled with mental ailments, when he believed Shakespeare’s plays were written by Francis Bacon.

 4 Bernhard Riemann

Bernhard Riemann.
6
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: September 17, 1826
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Breselenz
Died: July 20, 1866

Bernhard Riemann was a German mathematician best remembered for his contributions to number theory, analysis, and differential geometry. His paper on the prime-counting function, which was published in 1859, is considered one of the most influential papers in the history of analytic number theory. Riemann is widely regarded as one of the greatest mathematicians ever.

 5 Emmy Noether

Emmy Noether.
13
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: March 23, 1882
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Erlangen, Bavaria, Germany
Died: April 14, 1935

Emmy Noether was a German mathematician best remembered for her contributions to abstract algebra. She is credited with discovering Noether's theorem, which is regarded as a fundamental theorem in mathematical physics. One of the most important mathematicians of her generation and the most important woman in mathematics history, Emmy Noether developed theories of algebras, fields, and rings.

 6 Gottlob Frege

Gottlob Frege
3
Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: November 8, 1848
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Wismar, Germany
Died: July 26, 1925

 7 Carl Gustav Jacob Jacobi

Carl Gustav Jacob Jacobi.
3
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: December 10, 1804
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Potsdam, Germany
Died: February 18, 1851

Carl Gustav Jacob Jacobi was a German mathematician best remembered for his contributions to differential equations, dynamics, number theory, determinants, and elliptic functions. He is the first Jewish mathematician to work as a professor at a German university. Jacobi has a crater on the Moon named after him in recognition of his contribution to science.

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 8 Karl Weierstrass

Karl Weierstrass.
3
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: October 31, 1815
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Ennigerloh
Died: February 19, 1897

Karl Weierstrass was a German mathematician best remembered for his significant contributions to mathematics. Often referred to as the father of modern analysis, Weierstrass proved the Bolzano-Weierstrass theorem and the intermediate value theorem. He also authorized the definition of continuous function. The asteroid 14100 Weierstrass and the lunar crater Weierstrass are named after him.

 9 Hermann Klaus Hugo Weyl

Hermann Klaus Hugo Weyl.
3
Famous As: Mathematician and Theoretical Physicist
Birthdate: November 9, 1885
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Elmshorn, Germany
Died: December 8, 1955

Hermann Klaus Hugo Wey is remembered for his contribution to both physics and math. He was one of the first scientists to think of merging the concepts of electromagnetism and relativity. He moved from the University of Göttingen to Princeton in the wake of the rise of the Nazi reign.

 10 Max Born

Max Born.
8
Famous As: Physicist
Birthdate: December 11, 1882
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Wrocław
Died: January 5, 1970
From being home-schooled for being too sickly to attend school, Max Born went on to win the Nobel Prize in Physics for his contribution to quantum mechanics. Being a Jew, with the rise of the Nazi power, he lost his professorship at the University of Göttingen, and moved to Cambridge.

 11 Emanuel Lasker

Emanuel Lasker
9
Famous As: Chess player
Birthdate: December 24, 1868
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Barlinek, Poland
Died: January 11, 1941

 12 Hermann Minkowski

Hermann Minkowski.
3
Birthdate: June 22, 1864
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Aleksota, Kingdom of Poland
Died: January 12, 1909

Hermann Minkowski was a mathematician who served as a professor at the University of Göttingen, the University of Königsberg, and the University of Zurich. He is credited with creating and developing the geometry of numbers. He is also credited with using geometrical methods to resolve problems in the theory of relativity, mathematical physics, and number theory.

 13 Karl Schwarzschild

Karl Schwarzschild
3
Famous As: Physicist, Astronomer, Astrophysicist, University teacher, Mathematician
Birthdate: October 9, 1873
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Frankfurt
Died: May 11, 1916

Karl Schwarzschild was a German astronomer and physicist. He is remembered for his contributions to the general theory of relativity; Schwarzschild came up with the first exact solution to the Albert Einstein field equations. He also contributed immensely to the theory of black holes.

 14 Charles Proteus Steinmetz

Charles Proteus Steinmetz
3
Famous As: Mathematician, Electrical engineer, Engineer, Scientist, Inventor
Birthdate: April 9, 1865
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Wrocław
Died: October 26, 1923

 15 Peter Gustav Lejeune Dirichlet

Peter Gustav Lejeune Dirichlet.
3
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: February 13, 1805
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Düren
Died: May 5, 1859

German mathematician Peter Gustav Lejeune Dirichlet is remembered for his invaluable contribution to number theory. He pioneered the concept of a function, expressed through the equation y = f (x). Though his parents wanted him to become a merchant, his mastery of math made them change their minds.

 16 Richard Dedekind

Richard Dedekind.
3
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: October 6, 1831
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Braunschweig, Germany
Died: February 12, 1916

German mathematician Richard Dedekind is best remembered for his ideas on the real number and infinity. Initially interested in subjects such as physics and chemistry, he later deviated to math. He taught at various institutes and was awarded honorary doctorates from universities of Zurich, Oslo, and Braunschweig.

 17 Felix Christian Klein

Felix Christian Klein.
3
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: April 25, 1849
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Düsseldorf
Died: June 22, 1925

Felix Christian Klein was a German mathematician and educator remembered for his work on complex analysis, group theory, and non-Euclidean geometry. He is also popular for his work on the relationship between group theory and geometry. He is credited with teaching advanced courses to students like Gregorio Ricci-Curbastro, who went on to become a renowned mathematician in his own right.

 18 Rudolf Clausius

Rudolf Clausius
3
Famous As: Physicist, University teacher, Mathematician, Theoretical physicist
Birthdate: January 2, 1822
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Koszalin
Died: August 24, 1888

Rudolf Clausius was a German mathematician and physicist. He is credited with formulating the second law of thermodynamics; he is widely regarded as one of the principal founders of the science of thermodynamics. He taught physics at the Artillery and Engineering School in Berlin.

 19 Gotthold Eisenstein

Gotthold Eisenstein
2
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: April 16, 1823
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: October 11, 1852

 20 Leopold Kronecker

Leopold Kronecker
3
Famous As: Mathematician, University teacher
Birthdate: December 7, 1823
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Legnica
Died: December 29, 1891

 21 August Ferdinand Möbius

August Ferdinand Möbius
3
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Pforta

August Ferdinand Möbius was a German theoretical astronomer and mathematician. He is best remembered for his discovery of the Möbius strip, the simplest non-orientable surface. He is also remembered for introducing the Barycentric coordinate system. Several mathematical concepts like the Möbius transformations and the Möbius plane are named in his honor.

 22 Carl Ludwig Siegel

Carl Ludwig Siegel.
1
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: December 31, 1896
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Berlin, German Empire
Died: April 4, 1981

 23 Friedrich Bessel

Friedrich Bessel
2
Famous As: Astronomer
Birthdate: July 22, 1784
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Minden, Germany
Died: March 17, 1846

Friedrich Bessel was a German mathematician, astronomer, geodesist, and physicist. He was the first astronomer to use the method of parallax in order to determine the distance of a star from the sun. Bessel was a much-respected figure during his time. He was honored with the Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society.

 24 Richard Courant

Richard Courant
2
Famous As: Mathematician, University teacher
Birthdate: January 8, 1888
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Lubliniec
Died: January 27, 1972

 25 Edmund Landau

Edmund Landau
2
Famous As: Mathematician, University teacher
Birthdate: February 14, 1877
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Berlin
Died: February 19, 1938

 26 Hermann Grassmann

Hermann Grassmann
2
Famous As: Polymath
Birthdate: April 15, 1809
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Szczecin, Poland
Died: September 26, 1877

 27 Ernst Zermelo

Ernst Zermelo
2
Famous As: Mathematician, Philosopher, University teacher
Birthdate: July 27, 1871
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Berlin
Died: May 21, 1953

 28 Felix Hausdorff

Felix Hausdorff
2
Famous As: Mathematician, Writer, Topologist, University teacher
Birthdate: November 8, 1868
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Wrocław
Died: January 26, 1942

 29 Ferdinand Georg Frobenius

Ferdinand Georg Frobenius
2
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: October 26, 1849
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Charlottenburg, Berlin, Germany
Died: August 3, 1917

 30 Ferdinand von Lindemann

Ferdinand von Lindemann
2
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Hanover

 31 Ernst Kummer

Ernst Kummer
2
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: January 29, 1810
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Żary, Poland
Died: May 14, 1893

 32 Julius Plücker

Julius Plücker
2
Birthdate: 0000 AD

 33 Rudolf Lipschitz

Rudolf Lipschitz
2
Birthdate: 0000 AD

 34 Johann Friedrich Pfaff

Johann Friedrich Pfaff
1
Birthdate: 0000 AD

 35 Hermann Schwarz

Hermann Schwarz
1
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: January 25, 1843
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Jerzmanowa, Poland
Died: November 30, 1921

 36 Carl Neumann

Carl Neumann
1
Birthdate: 0000 AD

 37 Franz Ernst Neumann

Franz Ernst Neumann
1
Birthdate: 0000 AD

 38 Carsten Niebuhr

Carsten Niebuhr
1
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: March 17, 1733
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Ludingworth, Germany
Died: April 26, 1815

 39 Elwin Bruno Christoffel

Elwin Bruno Christoffel
1
Birthdate: 0000 AD

 40 Max Dehn

Max Dehn
1
Birthdate: 0000 AD

 41 Moritz Cantor

Moritz Cantor
1
Famous As: Historian
Birthdate: August 23, 1829
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Mannheim, Germany
Died: April 10, 1920

 42 Martin Kutta

Martin Kutta
1
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: November 3, 1867
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Byczyna, Poland
Died: December 25, 1944

 43 Kurt Heegner

Kurt Heegner
1
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: December 16, 1893
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Berlin
Died: February 2, 1965

 44 Peter Andreas Hansen

Peter Andreas Hansen
1
Famous As: Astronomer
Birthdate: December 8, 1795
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Tonder, Schleswig, Denmark
Died: March 28, 1874

Born to a goldsmith, Peter Andreas Hansen had initially learned the art of watchmaking. However, his skills as an astronomer eventually earned him the post of the director of the Seeberg Observatory near Gotha. His best-known works are related to optics, probability theory, and the motion of the Moon.

 45 Karl Georg Christian von Staudt

Karl Georg Christian von Staudt
0
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: January 24, 1798
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Rothenburg ob der Tauber, Germany
Died: June 1, 1867

 46 Oskar Bolza

Oskar Bolza
0
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: May 12, 1857
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Bad Bergzabern, Germany
Died: July 5, 1942

 47 August Leopold Crelle

August Leopold Crelle
0
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: March 17, 1780
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Wriezen, Germany
Died: October 6, 1855