17th Century Poets

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 1 John Milton

John Milton.
Famous As: Poet, Polemicist, and Civil Servant for the Commonwealth of England.
Birthdate: December 9, 1608
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Cheapside, City of London, United Kingdom
Died: November 8, 1674

John Milton was an English poet whose epic poem Paradise Lost is widely regarded as one of the greatest works of literature. Milton's other celebrated work Areopagitica is counted among history's most impassioned and influential defenses of freedom of the press and freedom of speech. John Milton’s works have influenced other prominent writers, such as Thomas Hardy and George Eliot.

 2 Alexander Pope

Alexander Pope.
Birthdate: May 21, 1688
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: London
Died: May 30, 1744

Alexander Pope was a satirist and poet whose works produced during the Augustan period made him one of the greatest artistic exponents of that period. Widely regarded as one of the most important English poets of the 18th century, Alexander Pope is best remembered for writing discursive poetry and heroic couplets.

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 3 Andrew Marvell

Andrew Marvell.
Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: March 31, 1621
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Winestead, England
Died: August 16, 1678

 4 Jonathan Swift

Jonathan Swift.
Famous As: Novelist & Satirist
Birthdate: November 30, 1667
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Dublin, Ireland
Died: October 19, 1745

Eighteenth-century essayist, poet, and pamphleteer Jonathan Swift is remembered for his iconic works such as A Tale of a Tub, A Modest Proposal, and Gulliver's Travels. One of the world’s greatest satirists, he gave rise to the deadpan Swiftian style. He had also been the Dean of St. Patrick's Cathedral.

 5 Moliere

Famous As: Playwright
Birthdate: January 15, 1622
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Rue Saint Honoré, Paris, France
Died: February 17, 1673

Moliere was a French poet, playwright, and actor. Considered one of the greatest French-language writers of all time, Moliere's plays are often performed at the Comédie-Française and have been translated into several languages. Moliere had a huge impact on the French language and is widely regarded as the creator of modern French comedy.

 6 Juana Inés de la Cruz

Juana Inés de la Cruz
Famous As: Poet, Nun, Writer, Mathematician, Philosopher, Feminist, Composer
Birthdate: November 12, 1651
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Tepetlixpa
Died: April 17, 1695

 7 John Dryden

John Dryden.
Famous As: poet
Birthdate: August 9, 1631
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Northamptonshire, England
Died: May 12, 1700
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 8 Abdul Rahim Khan-I-Khana

Abdul Rahim Khan-I-Khana.
Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: December 17, 1556
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Delhi, Mughal empire
Died: October 1, 1627

Abdul Rahim Khan-i-Khana was an Indian poet who served in the court of Mughal Emperor Akbar. He was counted among the Navaratnas, Akbar's nine important ministers. Rahim is best remembered for his couplets and books on astrology.

 9 Basho

Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: 1644 AD
Birthplace: Ueno, Mie
Died: November 28, 1694

Basho was a Japanese poet of the Edo period. Regarded as the greatest master of haiku, Basho's poetry is read all over the world; many of his works have been translated into English. Such is his popularity that in 1979 a crater on planet Mercury was named after him by the International Astronomical Union.

 10 Thomas Nashe

Thomas Nashe
Famous As: Playwright
Birthdate: October 31, 1567
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Lowestoft, United Kingdom
Died: 1601 AD

 11 Tukaram

Famous As: Saint, Poet
Birthdate: 1608 AD
Birthplace: Dehu, Near Pune, India
Died: 1650 AD

Marathi poet Sant Tukaram was one of the pillars of the Bhakti movement of Maharashtra. It is believed he began writing abhangas, or religious poetry, after being visited by Vitthal, an avatar of Lord Vishnu and Lord Krishna, in a dream. He is revered by the Varkari sampradaya.

 12 Aphra Behn

Aphra Behn.
Famous As: Playwright
Birthdate: July 10, 1640
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Canterbury, England
Died: April 16, 1689

 13 Anne Bradstreet

Anne Bradstreet.
Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: March 20, 1612
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Northampton
Died: September 16, 1672

 14 John Wilmot, 2nd Earl of Rochester

John Wilmot, 2nd Earl of Rochester
Famous As: Poet, Writer, Playwright
Birthdate: April 1, 1647
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Ditchley
Died: July 26, 1680

 15 Joseph Addison

Joseph Addison.
Famous As: Essayist & Poet
Birthdate: May 1, 1672
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Milston, United Kingdom
Died: June 17, 1719
Best known for his articles in the iconic 18th-century periodicals The Tatler and The Spectator, English essayist Joseph Addison had a lifelong collaboration with Richard Steele. Educated at Oxford, he excelled in Latin and classics. A prominent Whig, he mostly wrote on the social and cultural trends of his time.

 16 William Congreve

William Congreve
Famous As: Playwright, Poet, Writer, Translator
Birthdate: January 24, 1670
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Leeds
Died: January 19, 1729

 17 John Gay

John Gay.
Famous As: Dramatist & Poet
Birthdate: June 30, 1685
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Barnstaple
Died: December 4, 1732

 18 Jean de La Fontaine

Jean de La Fontaine
Famous As: Fabulist
Birthdate: July 8, 1621
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Château-Thierry, Champagne, France
Died: April 13, 1695

Seventeenth-century French author Jean de La Fontaine is best remembered for his Fables. Initially a forest inspector, he later attended the salons of aristocratic patrons, where he met scholars, authors, and philosophers. Though he faced royal opposition, he was eventually made a part of the French Academy.

 19 Lope de Vega

Lope de Vega
Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: November 25, 1562
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Died: August 27, 1635

Spanish Baroque dramatist Lope de Vega was one of the most significant figures of the Spanish Golden Age. He had initially aspired to be a priest but abandoned his plans after falling in love with a married woman. He is best remembered for works such as The Dog in the Manger.

 20 Emilia Lanier

Emilia Lanier.
Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: December 31, 1569
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Bishopsgate, London, England
Died: March 31, 1645

 21 Francesco Redi

Francesco Redi
Famous As: Physician, Naturalist, Poet, Writer, Painter, Entomologist, Parasitologist
Birthdate: February 18, 1626
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Arezzo, Italy
Died: April 22, 1698

Called the founder of experimental biology and father of modern parasitology, Italian physician, biologist, naturalist and poet Francesco Redi did the first major experiment to challenge spontaneous generation. His book Esperienze intorno alla generazione degl'insetti includes most of his famous experiments, while his poem book Bacco in Toscana is counted among the finest works of 17th-century Italian poetry.   

 22 Samarth Ramdas

Samarth Ramdas
Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: 1608 AD
Birthplace: Jalna district
Died: February 2, 1681

Samarth Ramdas was an Indian saint, poet, writer, philosopher, and spiritual master. He worked towards resurrecting the Hindu culture after it was impaired by several foreign invasions in India. He also worked towards promoting and preserving the Maratha culture. He also supported the participation of women in social and religious work, which was uncommon at that time.

 23 Samuel Butler

Samuel Butler
Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: February 14, 1613
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Strensham, England
Died: September 25, 1680

 24 Francisco de Quevedo

Francisco de Quevedo
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: September 14, 1580
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Died: September 8, 1645

Spanish nobleman, politician and writer Francisco Gómez de Quevedo y Santibáñez Villegas, KOS of the Baroque era is counted among the most prominent writers of Spain's Golden Age. Quevedo adhered to the conceptismo style compared to his lifelong rival, Luis de Góngora’s culteranismo style. His notable works include the picaresque novel El Buscón and the satirical prose Los Sueños.

 25 James Graham, 1st Marquess of Montrose

James Graham, 1st Marquess of Montrose
Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: October 25, 1612
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Edinburgh, Scotland
Died: May 21, 1650

 26 Richard Baxter

Richard Baxter
Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: November 12, 1615
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Rowton, Shropshire, England
Died: December 8, 1691

Richard Baxter was an English poet, theologian, hymnodist, controversialist, and Puritan church leader. He was one of the most influential and important leaders of the Nonconformists. Today, he is commemorated in the Church of England with a feast day on 14 June.

 27 Mary Sidney

Mary Sidney
Famous As: Countess
Birthdate: October 27, 1561
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Tickenhill Palace, Bewdley, Worcs, England
Died: September 25, 1621

 28 Tommaso Campanella

Tommaso Campanella
Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: September 5, 1568
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Stilo, Italy
Died: May 21, 1639

Tommaso Campanella was an Italian Dominican friar, philosopher, astrologer, and poet. His heterodox views often brought him into conflict with the authorities, and he was imprisoned for several years. In prison, he wrote The City of the Sun, a utopia describing an egalitarian theocratic society. He also defended astronomer Galileo Galilei in his first trial. 

 29 Henry Vaughan

Henry Vaughan
Famous As: Physician, Economist, Poet, Writer
Birthdate: April 17, 1621
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Brecknockshire
Died: April 23, 1695

 30 Colley Cibber

Colley Cibber
Famous As: Actor, Playwright, Poet, Writer
Birthdate: November 6, 1671
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Bloomsbury, London
Died: December 11, 1757

 31 Mary Astell

Mary Astell
Famous As: Writer, Philosopher, Feminist
Birthdate: November 12, 1666
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Newcastle upon Tyne
Died: May 11, 1731

 32 George Villiers, 2nd Duke of Buckingham

George Villiers, 2nd Duke of Buckingham
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: January 30, 1628
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: London, England
Died: April 16, 1687

 33 Richard Lovelace

Richard Lovelace
Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: December 9, 1617
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Woolwich, London, England
Died: 1657 AD

 34 Angelus Silesius

Angelus Silesius.
Famous As: Priest
Birthdate: December 25, 1624
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Wrocław
Died: July 9, 1677
Born in Silesia, 17th-century mystic and religious poet Johannes Scheffler, better known as Angelus Silesius, is best remembered as the author of The Cherubic Wanderer. He had initially been the court physician of the duke of Oels but later became a Roman Catholic priest. He urged German Protestants to adopt Catholicism.

 35 Nicolas Boileau-Despréaux

Nicolas Boileau-Despréaux
Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: November 1, 1636
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: March 13, 1711

 36 Thomas Traherne

Thomas Traherne
Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: October 10, 1636
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Hereford, England
Died: September 27, 1674

 37 Fulke Greville, 1st Baron Brooke

Fulke Greville, 1st Baron Brooke
Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: October 3, 1554
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Beauchamp Court, England
Died: September 30, 1628

 38 Edward Young

Edward Young.
Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: July 3, 1683
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Upham
Died: April 5, 1765

 39 Joost van den Vondel

Joost van den Vondel
Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: November 17, 1587
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Cologne, Germany
Died: February 5, 1679

 40 Rahman Baba

Rahman Baba
Famous As: poet, writer
Birthdate: 1632 AD
Birthplace: Peshawar
Died: 1706 AD

 41 William Davenant

William Davenant
Famous As: Playwright
Birthdate: March 3, 1606
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Oxford, England
Died: April 7, 1668

 42 Thomas Overbury

Thomas Overbury
Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: June 18, 1581
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Compton Scorpion, Warwickshire, England
Died: September 14, 1613

Sir Thomas Overbury, English poet and essayist, is probably best known for his 1614 poem Wife, which describes the virtues one should demand of the woman he is going to marry. Interpreted as an indirect attack on Lady Essex, a divorcee whom his mentor, Viscount Rochester, was to marry, it led to his imprisonment and ultimate murder by slow poisoning.

 43 Thomas Sackville, 1st Earl of Dorset

Thomas Sackville, 1st Earl of Dorset
Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: 1536 AD
Birthplace: Withyham, England
Died: April 19, 1608

 44 Samuel Daniel

Samuel Daniel
Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: 1562 AD
Birthplace: Taunton, England
Died: October 14, 1619

 45 Henry Wotton

Henry Wotton
Famous As: Author
Birthdate: March 30, 1568
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: England
Died: December 1, 1639

 46 John Suckling

John Suckling
Famous As: Poet and dramatist
Birthdate: February 10, 1609
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Whitton, England
Died: April 30, 1641

 47 Ivan Gundulić

Ivan Gundulić
Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: January 8, 1589
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Dubrovnik, Croatia
Died: December 8, 1638

 48 Thomas Shadwell

Thomas Shadwell
Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: 1642 AD
Birthplace: Norfolk, England
Died: November 19, 1692

 49 Thomas Carew

Thomas Carew
Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: 1595 AD
Birthplace: West Wickham, England
Died: March 22, 1640

 50 William Alexander, 1st Earl of Stirling

William Alexander, 1st Earl of Stirling
Famous As: Courtier
Birthdate: 1567 AD
Birthplace: Menstrie, Scotland
Died: February 12, 1640