Salvator Rosa Biography
(Italian Baroque Painter Known for Romanticized Landscapes and History Paintings)
Birthday: June 20, 1615 (Gemini)
Born In: Arenella, Naples, Italy
Salvator Rosa was an Italian Baroque painter known for his unorthodox and extravagant style. A proto-Romantic, he left behind a lasting influence on the later development of romantic and picturesque traditions. A highly versatile personality, he pursued several other forms of art along with painting. His interests included music, poetry, writing, etching, and acting. Born near Naples, he became interested in arts at a young age. His father wanted him to become a lawyer or a priest but the young man’s heart was set on art. He learnt the basics of painting from his maternal uncle and later studied under his brother-in-law Francesco Fracanzano who was a pupil of the famed artist Ribera. He then apprenticed under Aniello Falcone for a while and even helped him complete some of his battlepiece canvases. He soon embarked on an independent career as an artist and focused on painting landscapes which earned him much acclaim. A creative individual, he also ventured into writing and acting at the same time. Unlike most of the other artists of that time, Rosa was fiercely independent and had no powerful patron. He had a rebellious streak and adopted an unconventional style of painting that earned him both admirers and critics.