Syria is home to diverse ethnic and religious groups, including Syrian Arabs, Greeks, Armenians, Assyrians, Kurds, and Circassians which is reflected in the nation’s rich and vibrant cultural traditions. Even though the fast few decades have been marred by political instability, violence and chaos, the resilient Syrians have emerged to make a mark for themselves in the world. The nation is well known for its literature and has produced writers like Adonis, Muhammad Maghout, Haidar Haidar, Ghada al-Samman, Nizar Qabbani and Zakariyya Tamer who are famous internationally. Salim Barakat, a Syrian emigrant living in Sweden, is an especially well-known figure in the genre of Syrian folk narrative. Syrian music has long been among the Arab world's most important, especially in the field of classical Arab music, and singers and musicians like Asmahan, Farid al-Atrash and Lena Chamamyan are playing a significant role in popularizing Arab music throughout the world. The Syrian Civil War which began in the early spring of 2011 has unfortunately led to the incarceration of several of the country’s illustrious artists, poets, writers and activists, including famed cartoonist Akram Raslam who was killed in 2013. This section provides you information about the life and works of famous Syrians.
Bashar al-AssadBashar al-Assad
11 September 1965
President of Syria
Michael AnsaraMichael Ansara
15 April 1922
Actor

Jwan YosefJwan Yosef
06 September 1984
Painter, Artist

Hafez al-AssadHafez al-Assad
06 October 1930
Former President of Syria

Yazid IYazid I
20 July 0646
Second Caliph of the Umayyad Caliphate

Asma al-AssadAsma al-Assad
11 August 1975
First Lady of Syria
Faisal I of IraqFaisal I of Iraq
20 May 1885
King of Iraq

John of DamascusJohn of Damascus
0676 AD
Saint

Nizar QabbaniNizar Qabbani
21 March 1923
Diplomat
Abdulfattah Jandali Abdulfattah Jandali
15 March 1931
Steve Jobs' Biological Father

Mustafa TlassMustafa Tlass
11 May 1932
Senior officer
Muhammed FarisMuhammed Faris
26 May 1951
Aviator

Larsa YounanLarsa Younan
06 July 1974
Scottie Pippen's Wife

JacobJacob
Religious leader

BaibarsBaibars
19 July 1223
Sultan of Egypt

ZenobiaZenobia
0240 AD
Queen
Amin al-HafizAmin al-Hafiz
12 November 1921
Politician

Michel AflaqMichel Aflaq
09 January 1910
politician, writer, sociologist, philosopher

Pope Gregory IIIPope Gregory III
0690 AD
Bishop of Rome

Abd al-Rahman IAbd al-Rahman I
0731 AD
Ruler
Julia DomnaJulia Domna
0160 AD
Septimius Severus' wife

Hisham ibn Abd al-MalikHisham ibn Abd al-Malik
0691 AD
Ruler
Rifaat al-AssadRifaat al-Assad
22 August 1937
politician, military personnel

NumerianNumerian
0254 AD
Emperor

Salah JadidSalah Jadid
1926 AD
Military Officer
Muawiya IIMuawiya II
28 March 0661
Caliph

Antiochus I SoterAntiochus I Soter
0324 BC
King
OdaenathusOdaenathus
0220 AD
King

Al-Walid IIAl-Walid II
0709 AD
Caliph

PosidoniusPosidonius
0135 BC
Philosopher
Omar Bakri MuhammadOmar Bakri Muhammad
1958 AD
Militant Leader

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Pope AnicetusPope Anicetus
09 December 0092
Pope
Publilius SyrusPublilius Syrus
0085 BC
Writer, Playwright, Poet

Najwa bin LadenNajwa bin Laden
1959 AD
Osama bin Laden's wife

Ptolemy VI PhilometorPtolemy VI Philometor
0186 BC
King

Pope ConstantinePope Constantine
0664 AD
 
Julia MaesaJulia Maesa
07 May 0160
Roman aristocrat
Imad ad-Din ZengiImad ad-Din Zengi
1085 AD
Ruler

Eusebius of NicomediaEusebius of Nicomedia
Priest

Shukri al-QuwatliShukri al-Quwatli
06 May 1891
President

TatianTatian
0120 AD
Writer, theologian
DamasciusDamascius
0458 AD
Greek philosopher

Nazim al-KudsiNazim al-Kudsi
14 February 1906
Politician

Demetrius I SoterDemetrius I Soter
0187 BC
Ruler

Pope SisinniusPope Sisinnius
0650 AD
Pope

Sophronius of JerusalemSophronius of Jerusalem
0560 AD
Writer
Hashim al-AtassiHashim al-Atassi
11 January 1875
Politician

Wafa SultanWafa Sultan
14 June 1958
psychiatrist, writer, psychologist
Adib ShishakliAdib Shishakli
1909 AD
Military leader

BardaisanBardaisan
11 July 0154
Philosopher

Apollinaris of LaodiceaApollinaris of Laodicea
Bishop
Bilal ibn RibahBilal ibn Ribah
0580 AD
Muezzin

Ben-Hadad IBen-Hadad I
King
Bar HebraeusBar Hebraeus
1226 AD
Philosopher

Sabbas the SanctifiedSabbas the Sanctified
0439 AD
Saint

Seleucus VI EpiphanesSeleucus VI Epiphanes
 

Abd al-Ghani al-NabulsiAbd al-Ghani al-Nabulsi
19 March 1641
Scholar

Julia Avita MamaeaJulia Avita Mamaea
0180 AD
Noble Woman
Heliodorus of EmesaHeliodorus of Emesa
Writer

PapinianPapinian
0142 AD
Roman jurist

Akram al-HawraniAkram al-Hawrani
1912 AD
Politician

Muhammad al-MaghutMuhammad al-Maghut
12 December 1934
Writer
Khalid BakdashKhalid Bakdash
15 November 1912
Politician

Tariq ibn-ZiyadTariq ibn-Ziyad
0670 AD
Military commander
Abu AbbasAbu Abbas
10 December 1948
 

Pacorus IPacorus I
0063 AD
Parthian prince

Saadallah WannousSaadallah Wannous
27 March 1941
Playwright
John MoschusJohn Moschus
0550 AD
Byzantine writer

Callinicus of HeliopolisCallinicus of Heliopolis
0650 AD
Architect
Severian of GabalaSeverian of Gabala
Preacher

Jacob of EdessaJacob of Edessa
0640 AD
Writer

Mustafa NaimaMustafa Naima
1655 AD
Bureaucrat
Saints Sergius and BacchusSaints Sergius and Bacchus
Christian saint

Khalid al-QasriKhalid al-Qasri
Governor
Omar Abu RishaOmar Abu Risha
10 April 1910
Poet

Ibrāhīm al-ḤalabīIbrāhīm al-Ḥalabī
1460 AD
Jurist

RabbulaRabbula
0411 AD
Bishop

Antipope Constantine IIAntipope Constantine II
28 June 0767
Priest
Salah al-Din BitarSalah al-Din Bitar
01 January 1912
Politician
IamblichusIamblichus
0245 AD
Philosopher

Aëtius of AntiochAëtius of Antioch
0300 AD
Theologians

Dionysius I TelmaharoyoDionysius I Telmaharoyo
0773 AD
Patriarch

Isaac of AntiochIsaac of Antioch
Author
Salwa Al NeimiSalwa Al Neimi
1950 AD
Writer

David ibn Merwan al-MukkamasDavid ibn Merwan al-Mukkamas
Philosopher

Abdul-Salam OjeiliAbdul-Salam Ojeili
1918 AD
Novelist

Nicholas of DamascusNicholas of Damascus
0064 AD
Greek historian and philosopher

John of TellaJohn of Tella
0483 AD
Monk
Saint Andrew of CreteSaint Andrew of Crete
0650 AD
Theologian

Saint John ClimacusSaint John Climacus
0579 AD
Monk
St. Simeon StylitesSt. Simeon Stylites
0390 AD
Saint

Abū TammāmAbū Tammām
Poet
Abd al-Rahman ibn Muhammad ibn al-Ash'athAbd al-Rahman ibn Muhammad ibn al-Ash'ath
General
Abhdisho bar BerikhaAbhdisho bar Berikha
1250 AD
Syrian theologian