Syria is home to diverse ethnic and religious groups, including Syrian Arabs, Greeks, Armenians, Assyrians, Kurds, and Circassians which is reflected in the nation’s rich and vibrant cultural traditions. Even though the fast few decades have been marred by political instability, violence and chaos, the resilient Syrians have emerged to make a mark for themselves in the world. The nation is well known for its literature and has produced writers like Adonis, Muhammad Maghout, Haidar Haidar, Ghada al-Samman, Nizar Qabbani and Zakariyya Tamer who are famous internationally. Salim Barakat, a Syrian emigrant living in Sweden, is an especially well-known figure in the genre of Syrian folk narrative. Syrian music has long been among the Arab world's most important, especially in the field of classical Arab music, and singers and musicians like Asmahan, Farid al-Atrash and Lena Chamamyan are playing a significant role in popularizing Arab music throughout the world. The Syrian Civil War which began in the early spring of 2011 has unfortunately led to the incarceration of several of the country’s illustrious artists, poets, writers and activists, including famed cartoonist Akram Raslam who was killed in 2013. This section provides you information about the life and works of famous Syrians.
Bashar al-AssadBashar al-Assad
11 September 1965
President of Syria
Michael AnsaraMichael Ansara
15 April 1922
Actor

Hafez al-AssadHafez al-Assad
06 October 1930
Former President of Syria

Jwan YosefJwan Yosef
06 September 1984
Painter, Artist

Yazid IYazid I
20 July 0646
Second Caliph of the Umayyad Caliphate

Faisal I of IraqFaisal I of Iraq
20 May 1885
King of Iraq
Asma al-AssadAsma al-Assad
11 August 1975
First Lady of Syria

John of DamascusJohn of Damascus
0676 AD
Saint

Nizar QabbaniNizar Qabbani
21 March 1923
Diplomat
Mustafa TlassMustafa Tlass
11 May 1932
Senior officer

Abdulfattah Jandali Abdulfattah Jandali
15 March 1931
Steve Jobs' Biological Father
Muhammed FarisMuhammed Faris
26 May 1951
Aviator

Larsa YounanLarsa Younan
06 July 1974
Scottie Pippen's Wife

JacobJacob
Religious leader

ZenobiaZenobia
0240 AD
Queen

Amin al-HafizAmin al-Hafiz
12 November 1921
Politician
BaibarsBaibars
19 July 1223
Sultan of Egypt

Pope Gregory IIIPope Gregory III
0731 AD
 

Michel AflaqMichel Aflaq
09 January 1910
politician, writer, sociologist, philosopher

Al-Walid IAl-Walid I
0668 AD
Caliph of Damascus
Rifaat al-AssadRifaat al-Assad
22 August 1937
politician, military personnel

Demetrius I of MacedonDemetrius I of Macedon
0337 BC
Military leader
Hisham ibn Abd al-MalikHisham ibn Abd al-Malik
0691 AD
Caliph

Julia DomnaJulia Domna
0160 AD
Septimius Severus' wife

Salah JadidSalah Jadid
1926 AD
Military Officer
Pope AnicetusPope Anicetus
09 December 0092
 

Antiochus I SoterAntiochus I Soter
0324 BC
King
Nazim al-KudsiNazim al-Kudsi
14 February 1906
Politician

Muawiya IIMuawiya II
28 March 0661
Caliph

NumerianNumerian
0254 AD
Emperor
Al-Walid IIAl-Walid II
0709 AD
Caliph

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PosidoniusPosidonius
0135 BC
Philosopher
Pope ConstantinePope Constantine
0664 AD
 

Publilius SyrusPublilius Syrus
0085 BC
Writer, Playwright, Poet

Najwa bin LadenNajwa bin Laden
1959 AD
Osama bin Laden's wife

Ptolemy VI PhilometorPtolemy VI Philometor
0186 BC
King
Omar Bakri MuhammadOmar Bakri Muhammad
1958 AD
Militant Leader
Shukri al-QuwatliShukri al-Quwatli
06 May 1891
President

Eusebius of NicomediaEusebius of Nicomedia
Priest

DamasciusDamascius
0458 AD
Greek philosopher

Pope SisinniusPope Sisinnius
0650 AD
Pope
Pope SisinniusPope Sisinnius
0650 AD
Pope

TatianTatian
0120 AD
Writer, theologian

Imad ad-Din ZengiImad ad-Din Zengi
1087 AD
Ruler

Wafa SultanWafa Sultan
14 June 1958
psychiatrist, writer, psychologist

Hashim al-AtassiHashim al-Atassi
11 January 1875
Politician
Demetrius I SoterDemetrius I Soter
0187 BC
Ruler

Adib ShishakliAdib Shishakli
1909 AD
Military leader
Ben-Hadad IBen-Hadad I
King

Abd ar-Rahman IAbd ar-Rahman I
0731 AD
 

Apollinaris of LaodiceaApollinaris of Laodicea
Bishop
Sabbas the SanctifiedSabbas the Sanctified
0439 AD
Saint

Bar HebraeusBar Hebraeus
1226 AD
Philosopher
BardaisanBardaisan
11 July 0154
Philosopher

Bilal ibn RibahBilal ibn Ribah
0580 AD
Muezzin

Abd al-Ghani al-NabulsiAbd al-Ghani al-Nabulsi
19 March 1641
Scholar

Julia Avita MamaeaJulia Avita Mamaea
0180 AD
Noble Woman

Akram al-HawraniAkram al-Hawrani
1912 AD
Politician
Seleucus VI EpiphanesSeleucus VI Epiphanes
 

Heliodorus of EmesaHeliodorus of Emesa
Writer

Muhammad al-MaghutMuhammad al-Maghut
12 December 1934
Writer

Abu AbbasAbu Abbas
10 December 1948
 
PapinianPapinian
0142 AD
Roman jurist

Tariq ibn-ZiyadTariq ibn-Ziyad
0670 AD
Military commander
Khalid BakdashKhalid Bakdash
15 November 1912
Politician

Pacorus IPacorus I
0063 AD
Parthian prince

Saints Sergius and BacchusSaints Sergius and Bacchus
Christian saint
Aëtius of AntiochAëtius of Antioch
0300 AD
Theologians

Jacob of EdessaJacob of Edessa
0640 AD
Writer
Omar Abu RishaOmar Abu Risha
10 April 1910
Poet

Callinicus of HeliopolisCallinicus of Heliopolis
0650 AD
Architect

Mustafa NaimaMustafa Naima
1655 AD
Bureaucrat
Salah al-Din BitarSalah al-Din Bitar
01 January 1912
Politician

Ibrāhīm al-ḤalabīIbrāhīm al-Ḥalabī
1460 AD
Jurist
Iamblichus of ChalcisIamblichus of Chalcis
0245 AD
Philosopher

Dionysius I TelmaharoyoDionysius I Telmaharoyo
0773 AD
Patriarch

Salwa Al NeimiSalwa Al Neimi
1950 AD
Writer

Isaac of AntiochIsaac of Antioch
Author
David ibn Merwan al-MukkamasDavid ibn Merwan al-Mukkamas
Philosopher
Abd al-MalikAbd al-Malik
0646 AD
Caliph of Damascus

Saint Andrew of CreteSaint Andrew of Crete
0650 AD
Theologian

Abū TammāmAbū Tammām
Poet

St. Simeon StylitesSt. Simeon Stylites
0390 AD
Saint
Abd al-Rahman ibn Muhammad ibn al-Ash'athAbd al-Rahman ibn Muhammad ibn al-Ash'ath
General

Abhdisho bar BerikhaAbhdisho bar Berikha
1250 AD
Syrian theologian

Abu'l-FidaAbu'l-Fida
31 October 1273
Historian

Al-BuḥturīAl-Buḥturī
0820 AD
Poet

Al-Ma'arriAl-Ma'arri
23 December 0973
Philosopher
Anthony Of TagritAnthony Of Tagrit
Theologian

Badr Khānī JāladatBadr Khānī Jāladat
1893 AD
Nationalist leader
Ibn an-NafīsIbn an-Nafīs
1213 AD
Polymath

Ibn KathīrIbn Kathīr
1301 AD
Historian
Jacob Of SerughJacob Of Serugh
0451 AD
Poet
Michel ʿAflaqMichel ʿAflaq
09 January 1909
Philosopher