Much of the luxuries which have become necessities of modern life have been provided to us by the Russian scientists. Be it the yoghurt that owes its root in Bulgaria or television that was the result of engineering of Vladimir Zworykin, Russians have been responsible for much of our daily existence. Imagine life without modern day transportation vehicles, car, bus or helicopter? Vehicles today would have been mere objects of display if not for the petrol and the tyres. Cracking is a process that allows petrol to be produced in enormous quantities. Almost 70% of crude oil can be turned into petrol through the process of cracking, which was invented by Russian engineer Vladimir Shukhov. Synthetic rubber which is used to make tyres for vehicles and aircrafts was first developed by Russian chemist Sergei Lebedev. Helicopter was the brainchild of Russian inventor Ivor Sikorsky who is also credited with inventing the first hydroplane of the world and the first multiple-engine aircraft. Other scientific inventions that owe their root in the Russian soil include solar cell, videotape recorder, transformer and grain harvester. Check this segment and find out in detail about the life of famous Russian scientists, their career and their inventions.
Leonhard EulerLeonhard Euler
15 April 1707
Mathematician, Physicist
Grigori PerelmanGrigori Perelman
13 June 1966
Mathematician

Dmitri MendeleevDmitri Mendeleev
08 February 1834
Inventor of Periodic Table

Georg CantorGeorg Cantor
03 March 1845
Mathematician

Andrei SakharovAndrei Sakharov
21 May 1921
The Father of Soviet nuclear bomb’

Trofim LysenkoTrofim Lysenko
29 September 1898
Experimenter
Vladimir Petrovich DemikhovVladimir Demikhov
18 July 1916
Organ Transplant Pioneer

Mikhail LomonosovMikhail Lomonosov
19 November 1711
Scientist, Poet, Geologist, Astronomer

George GamowGeorge Gamow
04 March 1904
Physicist
Vladimir VernadskyVladimir Vernadsky
12 March 1863
Mineralogist

Pyotr KapitsaPyotr Kapitsa
08 July 1894
Physicist
Leonid KantorovichLeonid Kantorovich
19 January 1912
Economist

Pavel Alekseyevich CherenkovPavel Cherenkov
28 July 1904
Physicist

Nikolay BasovNikolay Basov
14 December 1922
Physicist

Zhores Ivanovich AlferovZhores Ivanovich Alferov
15 March 1930
Physicist

Aleksandr BorodinAleksandr Borodin
12 November 1833
Composer, Chemist
Aleksandr ProkhorovAleksandr Prokhorov
11 July 1916
Physicist

Vitalik ButerinVitalik Buterin
31 January 1994
Computer scientist

Nicholas RoerichNicholas Roerich
09 October 1874
Philosopher, Painter, Choreographer, Writer,

Anatoli BugorskiAnatoli Bugorski
25 June 1942
physicist, nuclear scientist
Alexander BorodinAlexander Borodin
12 November 1833
Composer, Chemist

Nikolai VavilovNikolai Vavilov
13 November 1887
botanist, biologist, explorer, geneticist,
Mikhail BotvinnikMikhail Botvinnik
17 August 1911
Chess player

Alexander FriedmannAlexander Friedmann
16 June 1888
Physicist

Alexander Stepanovich PopovAlexander Stepanovich Popov
16 March 1859
Physicist, Inventor, Engineer
Andre GeimAndre Geim
21 October 1958
Physicist, Inventor, Professor, Scientist

Léon ThereminLéon Theremin
15 August 1896
Inventor, Engineer, Physicist, Scientist
Petr MitrichevPetr Mitrichev
19 March 1985
Computer scientist

Pafnuty ChebyshevPafnuty Chebyshev
04 May 1821
mathematician, statistician

Leonid KhachiyanLeonid Khachiyan
03 May 1952
Mathematician
Vladimir ArnoldVladimir Arnold
12 June 1937
Mathematician

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Konstantin NovoselovKonstantin Novoselov
23 August 1974
Physicist
Dmitri IvanovskyDmitri Ivanovsky
28 October 1864
Botanist

Vladimir BukovskyVladimir Bukovsky
30 December 1942
Writer, Human rights activist

Nikolai LobachevskyNikolai Lobachevsky
01 December 1792
Mathematician

Yury LuzhkovYury Luzhkov
21 September 1936
Politician, Scientist
Alexander AbramovAlexander Abramov
1959 AD
entrepreneur
Aleksandr LyapunovAleksandr Lyapunov
06 June 1857
mathematician, physicist

Pavel FlorenskyPavel Florensky
22 January 1882
Theologian

Israel GelfandIsrael Gelfand
20 August 1913
mathematician, biologist, university teacher

Maxim KontsevichMaxim Kontsevich
25 August 1964
Mathematician, Topologist
Grigory MargulisGrigory Margulis
24 February 1946
Mathematician

Yulii KharitonYulii Khariton
27 February 1904
Physicist

Vladimir VoevodskyVladimir Voevodsky
04 June 1966
Mathematician

Alexander StepanovAlexander Stepanov
16 November 1950
Computer scientist

Sofia KovalevskayaSofia Kovalevskaya
15 January 1850
Mathematician
Vitaly GinzburgVitaly Ginzburg
21 September 1916
physicist, astronomer, inventor, professor

Alexander OparinAlexander Oparin
02 March 1894
biologist, biochemist, chemist
Vladimir ShukhovVladimir Shukhov
28 August 1853
photographer, architect, civil engineer, engineer

Stanislav SmirnovStanislav Smirnov
03 September 1970
Mathematician, University teacher

Alexander ProkhorovAlexander Prokhorov
11 July 1916
Physicist
Vladimir DrinfeldVladimir Drinfeld
14 February 1954
Mathematician

Otto SchmidtOtto Schmidt
30 September 1891
Scientist
Igor AnsoffIgor Ansoff
12 December 1918
Mathematician, Economist, University teacher

Phoebus LevenePhoebus Levene
25 February 1869
Biochemist

Christian GoldbachChristian Goldbach
18 March 1690
Mathematician

Yakov SinaiYakov Sinai
21 September 1935
Mathematician

Sergei WinogradskySergei Winogradsky
01 September 1856
Microbiologist
Ivan Vladimirovich MichurinIvan Vladimirovich Michurin
27 October 1855
Plant biologist

Nikolay SemyonovNikolay Semyonov
15 April 1896
Physicist

Ilya FrankIlya Frank
23 October 1908
Scientists

Mikhail TsvetMikhail Tsvet
14 May 1872
Botanist
Vasily MishinVasily Mishin
18 January 1917
Engineer

Rashid SunyaevRashid Sunyaev
01 March 1943
Astrophysicist
Otto StruveOtto Struve
12 August 1897
Astronomer

Marina OswaldMarina Oswald
17 July 1941
Pharmacist

Vasily DokuchaevVasily Dokuchaev
01 March 1846
Geologist
Vladimir ChelomeyVladimir Chelomey
30 June 1914
Scientist

Sergei Mikhailovich Prokudin-GorskiiSergei Mikhailovich Prokudin-Gorskii
30 August 1863
Chemist
Germain Henri HessGermain Henri Hess
07 August 1802
Chemist

Lev BergLev Berg
14 March 1876
Geographer

Theophan ProkopovichTheophan Prokopovich
18 June 1681
Theologian
Karl Ernst ClausKarl Ernst Claus
23 January 1796
Chemist

Alexander GelfondAlexander Gelfond
24 October 1906
Mathematician
Boris BerezovskyBoris Berezovsky
23 January 1946
entrepreneur, mathematician, politician, economist

Stanisław LeśniewskiStanisław Leśniewski
30 March 1886
Mathematician

Pyotr LebedevPyotr Lebedev
24 February 1866
Physicist

Vladimir IpatieffVladimir Ipatieff
21 November 1867
Chemist
Nikolai RukavishnikovNikolai Rukavishnikov
18 September 1932
Cosmonaut
Gersh BudkerGersh Budker
01 May 1918
Physicist

Gustav Heinrich Johann Apollon TammannGustav Heinrich Johann Apollon Tammann
09 June 1861
Chemist

Alexander KovalevskyAlexander Kovalevsky
19 November 1840
Embryologist

Boris Borisovich GolitsynBoris Borisovich Golitsyn
18 February 1862
Physicist
Alexey PazhitnovAlexey Pazhitnov
14 March 1956
Video game designer

Aleksandr OparinAleksandr Oparin
02 March 1894
Biochemist

Avraham TrahtmanAvraham Trahtman
10 February 1944
Mathematician

Saul DushmanSaul Dushman
12 July 1883
Chemist

Grigory TunkinGrigory Tunkin
30 September 1906
Jurist
Sergey LebedevSergey Lebedev
13 July 1874
Chemist

Vladimir Vasilyevich MarkovnikovVladimir Vasilyevich Markovnikov
22 December 1838
Chemist
Sergey Pavlovich KorolyovSergey Pavlovich Korolyov
01 January 1907
Scientist

Nikolai ZhukovskyNikolai Zhukovsky
17 January 1847
Scientist, Mathematician, Engineer
Pavel Sergeevich AleksandrovPavel Sergeevich Aleksandrov
07 May 1896
Mathematician
Efim Isaakovich ZelmanovEfim Isaakovich Zelmanov
07 September 1955
Mathematician