Much of the luxuries which have become necessities of modern life have been provided to us by the Russian scientists. Be it the yoghurt that owes its root in Bulgaria or television that was the result of engineering of Vladimir Zworykin, Russians have been responsible for much of our daily existence. Imagine life without modern day transportation vehicles, car, bus or helicopter? Vehicles today would have been mere objects of display if not for the petrol and the tyres. Cracking is a process that allows petrol to be produced in enormous quantities. Almost 70% of crude oil can be turned into petrol through the process of cracking, which was invented by Russian engineer Vladimir Shukhov. Synthetic rubber which is used to make tyres for vehicles and aircrafts was first developed by Russian chemist Sergei Lebedev. Helicopter was the brainchild of Russian inventor Ivor Sikorsky who is also credited with inventing the first hydroplane of the world and the first multiple-engine aircraft. Other scientific inventions that owe their root in the Russian soil include solar cell, videotape recorder, transformer and grain harvester. Check this segment and find out in detail about the life of famous Russian scientists, their career and their inventions.
Leonhard EulerLeonhard Euler
15 April 1707
Mathematician, Physicist
Dmitri MendeleevDmitri Mendeleev
08 February 1834
Inventor of Periodic Table

Grigori PerelmanGrigori Perelman
13 June 1966
Mathematician

Georg CantorGeorg Cantor
03 March 1845
Mathematician

Andrei SakharovAndrei Sakharov
21 May 1921
The Father of Soviet nuclear bomb’

Mikhail LomonosovMikhail Lomonosov
19 November 1711
Scientist, Poet, Geologist, Astronomer
Trofim LysenkoTrofim Lysenko
29 September 1898
Experimenter

Vladimir Petrovich DemikhovVladimir Demikhov
18 July 1916
Organ Transplant Pioneer

George GamowGeorge Gamow
04 March 1904
Physicist

Leonid KantorovichLeonid Kantorovich
19 January 1912
Economist
Vladimir VernadskyVladimir Vernadsky
12 March 1863
Mineralogist

Pyotr KapitsaPyotr Kapitsa
08 July 1894
Physicist
Pavel Alekseyevich CherenkovPavel Cherenkov
28 July 1904
Physicist

Nikolay BasovNikolay Basov
14 December 1922
Physicist

Aleksandr BorodinAleksandr Borodin
12 November 1833
Composer, Chemist
Zhores Ivanovich AlferovZhores Ivanovich Alferov
15 March 1930
Physicist

Aleksandr ProkhorovAleksandr Prokhorov
11 July 1916
Physicist
Vladimir BukovskyVladimir Bukovsky
30 December 1942
Writer, Human rights activist

Vitalik ButerinVitalik Buterin
31 January 1994
Computer scientist

Anatoli BugorskiAnatoli Bugorski
25 June 1942
physicist, nuclear scientist
Alexander BorodinAlexander Borodin
12 November 1833
Composer, Chemist

Nicholas RoerichNicholas Roerich
09 October 1874
Philosopher, Painter, Choreographer, Writer,
Andrey KolmogorovAndrey Kolmogorov
25 April 1903
Mathematician

Léon ThereminLéon Theremin
15 August 1896
Inventor, Engineer, Physicist, Scientist

Andre GeimAndre Geim
21 October 1958
Physicist, Inventor, Professor, Scientist

Boris NemtsovBoris Nemtsov
09 October 1959
Politician, Physicist
Alexander Stepanovich PopovAlexander Stepanovich Popov
16 March 1859
Physicist, Inventor, Engineer
Sofia KovalevskayaSofia Kovalevskaya
 

Igor KurchatovIgor Kurchatov
12 January 1903
Nuclear physicist

Andrey MarkovAndrey Markov
02 June 1856
mathematician, statistician, university teacher

Pafnuty ChebyshevPafnuty Chebyshev
04 May 1821
mathematician, statistician
Alexander FriedmannAlexander Friedmann
16 June 1888
Mathematician, Physicist

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Nikolai VavilovNikolai Vavilov
13 November 1887
botanist, biologist, explorer, geneticist,

Vladimir ArnoldVladimir Arnold
12 June 1937
Mathematician, Topologist, Professor, Scientist

Konstantin NovoselovKonstantin Novoselov
23 August 1974
Physicist

Alexander AbramovAlexander Abramov
1959 AD
entrepreneur
Petr MitrichevPetr Mitrichev
19 March 1985
Computer scientist

Aleksandr LyapunovAleksandr Lyapunov
06 June 1857
mathematician, physicist
Nikolai LobachevskyNikolai Lobachevsky
01 December 1792
Mathematician

Vladimir VoevodskyVladimir Voevodsky
04 June 1966
Mathematician

Israel GelfandIsrael Gelfand
20 August 1913
mathematician, biologist, university teacher
Maxim KontsevichMaxim Kontsevich
25 August 1964
Mathematician, Topologist

Alexander OparinAlexander Oparin
02 March 1894
biologist, biochemist, chemist
Yury LuzhkovYury Luzhkov
21 September 1936
Politician, Scientist

Dmitri IvanovskyDmitri Ivanovsky
28 October 1864
Botanist

Vitaly GinzburgVitaly Ginzburg
21 September 1916
physicist, astronomer, inventor, professor

Alexander StepanovAlexander Stepanov
16 November 1950
Computer scientist

Vladimir ShukhovVladimir Shukhov
28 August 1853
photographer, architect, civil engineer, engineer
Alexander ProkhorovAlexander Prokhorov
11 July 1916
Physicist

Stanislav SmirnovStanislav Smirnov
03 September 1970
Mathematician, University teacher

Igor AnsoffIgor Ansoff
12 December 1918
Mathematician, Economist, University teacher

Christian GoldbachChristian Goldbach
18 March 1690
Mathematician
Nikolay SemyonovNikolay Semyonov
15 April 1896
Physicist

Ilya FrankIlya Frank
23 October 1908
Scientists
Marina OswaldMarina Oswald
17 July 1941
Pharmacist

Ivan Vladimirovich MichurinIvan Vladimirovich Michurin
27 October 1855
Plant biologist

Sergei Mikhailovich Prokudin-GorskiiSergei Mikhailovich Prokudin-Gorskii
30 August 1863
Chemist
Boris BerezovskyBoris Berezovsky
23 January 1946
entrepreneur, mathematician, politician, economist

Sergey Pavlovich KorolyovSergey Pavlovich Korolyov
01 January 1907
Scientist
Aleksandr OparinAleksandr Oparin
02 March 1894
Biochemist

Alexey PazhitnovAlexey Pazhitnov
14 March 1956
Video game designer

Nikolai ZhukovskyNikolai Zhukovsky
17 January 1847
Scientist, Mathematician, Engineer