Famous Russian Physicists

Physicists are scientists who are astounded by the physical world and the universe. They are deeply interested in physical phenomenon or natural science and engage themselves in the study of matter and energy. Through observation and experimentation, they discover unknown facts about the physical world or try and explain the natural phenomenon. Thanks to physicists, concepts of gravity, electromagnetism and nuclear interaction have become known to one and all. Today, every country has its own pool of highly talented and gifted physicists who have contributed immensely in the better understanding of the physical world. Russia has been home to several highly renowned physicists who have through their intensive research and experimentation brought forth a new light in the field of physics. Be it Nikolay Basov’s invention of laser and maser or Sergey Chaplygin’s creation of aero ad hydrodynamics, Lev Landau’s development of Ginzburg Landau theory of superconductivity or Boris Mamyrin’s invention of reflectron, Russian physicists have greatly and widely contributed to the physical world. They have discovered physical laws and propounded theories that have explained the basic functioning and concepts. With this segment, know more about famous Russian physicists.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Leonhard Euler

Leonhard Euler
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Famous As: Mathematician, Physicist
Birthdate: April 15, 1707
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: Swiss, Russian
Died: September 18, 1783

Leonhard Euler was a Swiss physicist, mathematician, logician, geographer, astronomer, and engineer. He is credited with making influential and important mathematical discoveries, such as graph theory and infinitesimal calculus. Widely regarded as one of the greatest and most prolific mathematicians of all time, Leonhard Euler also made pioneering contributions to analytic number theory and topology.

 2 Anatoli Bugorski

Anatoli Bugorski
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Famous As: physicist, nuclear scientist
Birthdate: June 25, 1942
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: Russian
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 3 Lev Landau

Lev Landau
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Famous As: Physicist
Birthdate: January 22, 1908
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Russian
Died: April 1, 1968

Nobel Prize-winning Russian physicist Lev Landau is remembered for his pathbreaking research in quantum mechanics. A math prodigy, he had learned calculus at 13. He failed to receive his Nobel in person due to a near-fatal car crash which caused him injuries that eventually caused his death 6 years later.

 4 Andrei Sakharov

Andrei Sakharov
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Famous As: The Father of Soviet nuclear bomb’
Birthdate: May 21, 1921
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: Russian
Died: December 14, 1989

Andrei Sakharov was a Russian dissident and nuclear physicist best remembered for designing RDS-37, Soviet Union's first two-stage hydrogen bomb. Also an activist for peace and human rights, Andrei Sakharov was honored with the Nobel Peace Prize in 1975. The Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought, which is awarded by the European Parliament, is named in his honor.

 5 Alexander Stepanovich Popov

Alexander Stepanovich Popov
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Famous As: Physicist, Inventor, Engineer
Birthdate: March 16, 1859
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: Russian
Died: January 13, 1906

 6 Boris Nemtsov

Boris Nemtsov
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Famous As: Physicist
Birthdate: October 9, 1959
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: Russian
Died: February 27, 2015

 7 George Gamow

George Gamow
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Famous As: Physicist
Birthdate: March 4, 1904
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: Russian
Died: August 19, 1968

Born to school teacher parents, Ukrainian-American physicist George Gamow grew up to be a pioneer of the big-bang theory. His other contributions include the liquid-drop model of atomic nuclei and his research on DNA. Apart from various science textbooks, he also wrote the popular Mr. Tompkins series of physics books.

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 8 Alexander Friedmann

Alexander Friedmann
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Famous As: Physicist
Birthdate: June 16, 1888
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: Russian
Died: September 16, 1925

 9 Pyotr Kapitsa

Pyotr Kapitsa
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Famous As: Physicist
Birthdate: July 8, 1894
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: Russian
Died: April 8, 1984

Nobel Prize-winning Soviet physicist Pyotr Kapitsa revolutionized science with his invention of new machines for liquefaction of gases. He is also remembered for discovering that liquid helium is superfluid. He had also served in World War I and had lost his father, wife, and children in the 1918-1919 flu epidemic.

 10 Alexei Alexeyevich Abrikosov

Alexei Alexeyevich Abrikosov
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Famous As: Physicist
Birthdate: June 25, 1928
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: American, Russian
Died: March 29, 2017

 11 Pavel Florensky

Pavel Florensky
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Famous As: Theologian
Birthdate: January 22, 1882
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Russian
Died: December 8, 1943

 12 Vitaly Ginzburg

Vitaly Ginzburg
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Famous As: physicist, astronomer, inventor, professor
Birthdate: September 21, 1916
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: Russian
Died: November 8, 2009

 13 Igor Tamm

Igor Yevgenyevich Tamm
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Famous As: Physicist
Birthdate: July 8, 1895
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: Russian
Died: April 12, 1971

 14 Pavel Cherenkov

Pavel Alekseyevich Cherenkov
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Famous As: Physicist
Birthdate: July 28, 1904
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: Russian
Died: January 6, 1990

 15 Léon Theremin

Léon Theremin
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Famous As: Inventor, Engineer, Physicist, Scientist
Birthdate: August 15, 1896
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: Russian
Died: November 3, 1993

 16 Aleksandr Prokhorov

Aleksandr Prokhorov
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Famous As: Physicist
Birthdate: July 11, 1916
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: Russian
Died: January 8, 2002

 17 Nikolay Basov

Nikolay Basov
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Famous As: Physicist
Birthdate: December 14, 1922
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: Russian
Died: July 1, 2001

 18 Ilya Frank

Ilya Frank
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Famous As: Physicist
Birthdate: October 23, 1908
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: Russian
Died: June 22, 1990

 19 Nikolay Semyonov

Nikolay Semyonov
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Famous As: Physicist
Birthdate: April 15, 1896
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: Russian
Died: September 25, 1986

 20 Yulii Khariton

Yulii Khariton
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Famous As: Physicist
Birthdate: February 27, 1904
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: Russian
Died: December 19, 1996

 21 Vladimir Chelomey

Vladimir Chelomey
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Famous As: Scientist
Birthdate: June 30, 1914
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: Russian
Died: August 12, 1984

 22 Pyotr Lebedev

Pyotr Lebedev
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Famous As: Physicist
Birthdate: February 24, 1866
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: Russian
Died: March 1, 1912

 23 Gersh Budker

Gersh Budker
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Famous As: Physicist
Birthdate: May 1, 1918
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: Russian
Died: July 4, 1977

 24 Nikolai Rukavishnikov

Nikolai Rukavishnikov
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Famous As: Cosmonaut
Birthdate: September 18, 1932
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: Russian
Died: October 19, 2002

 25 Boris Borisovich Golitsyn

Boris Borisovich Golitsyn
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Famous As: Physicist
Birthdate: February 18, 1862
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Russian
Died: May 4, 1916