# Famous Russian Mathematicians

Find out more about the greatest Russian Mathematicians, including Leonhard Euler, Grigori Perelman, Georg Cantor, Andrey Kolmogorov and Sofia Kovalevskaya.

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**Birthdate: **April 15, 1707

**Sun Sign: **Aries

**Birthplace: **Basel

**Died: **September 18, 1783

Leonhard Euler was a Swiss physicist, mathematician, logician, geographer, astronomer, and engineer. He is credited with making influential and important mathematical discoveries, such as *graph theory *and *infinitesimal calculus*. Widely regarded as one of the **greatest and most prolific mathematicians of all time**, Leonhard Euler also made pioneering contributions to* analytic number theory* and *topology*.

**Birthdate: **June 13, 1966

**Sun Sign: **Gemini

**Birthplace: **Saint Petersburg, Russia

Russian mathematician Grigori Perelman is best known for his work on geometry, especially Riemannian geometry, geometric analysis, and geometric topology. He declined many prizes, such as the **Fields Medal **and the **Millennium Prize**. His proof of the* Poincaré conjecture* was named the *Breakthrough of the Year* by** Science** magazine.

**Birthdate: **March 3, 1845

**Sun Sign: **Pisces

**Birthplace: **Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire

**Died: **January 6, 1918

Georg Cantor is remembered as the man behind the set theory of mathematics. Not known to many, he was a skilled violinist, too. He was one of the first to explore infinity. His final years were riddled with mental ailments, when he believed Shakespeare’s plays were written by Francis Bacon.

4

Nikolai Lobachevsky

(Mathematician)

**Birthdate: **December 1, 1792

**Sun Sign: **Sagittarius

**Birthplace: **Nizhny Novgorod, Russia

**Died: **February 24, 1856

5

Boris Berezovsky

(Russian Business Oligarch, Government Official, Engineer and Mathematician)

**Birthdate: **January 23, 1946

**Sun Sign: **Aquarius

**Birthplace: **Moscow, Russia

**Died: **March 23, 2013

Russian business-tycoon, engineer, mathematician and government official Boris Berezovsky is counted among the famed Russian oligarchs who made their fortunes during the 1990s, when Russia was going through privatization of state property. He remained a vocal critic of Russian President Vladimir Putin since the latter’s election as president in 2000 and was granted political asylum by the UK in 2003.

6

Andrey Markov

(Mathematician)

**Birthdate: **June 14, 1856

**Sun Sign: **Gemini

**Birthplace: **Ryazan, Russia

**Died: **July 20, 1922

7

Andrey Kolmogorov(Russian Mathematician Who Contributed to âProbability Theoryâ, âProbability Spaceâ, âTopologyâ, âIntuitionistic Logicâ and âTurbulence Studiesâ)

**Birthdate: **April 25, 1903

**Sun Sign: **Taurus

**Birthplace: **Tambov, Russia

**Died: **October 20, 1987

Russian mathematician Andrey Kolmogorov lost his mother at birth and was raised by his aunts. His talent in mathematics was discovered when he joined the **Moscow State University** to study history and math, while simultaneously studying metallurgy elsewhere. His greatest contribution to mathematics was in the field of probability theory.

8

Pafnuty Chebyshev

(Considered to Be the Founding Father of Russian Mathematics)

**Birthdate: **May 16, 1821

**Sun Sign: **Taurus

**Birthplace: **Zhukovsky District, Russia

**Died: **December 8, 1894

9

Alexander Friedmann

(Physicist and Mathematician Best Known for His Pioneering Theory That the Universe Was Expanding)

**Birthdate: **June 16, 1888

**Sun Sign: **Gemini

**Birthplace: **St. Petersburg, Russia

**Died: **September 16, 1925

Though born to a ballet dancer father and a pianist mother, Alexander Friedmann grew up to be a talented mathematician and cosmologist. He had served as an aviator during World War I and later also taught. He died of typhoid at age 37 after eating a pear during his honeymoon.

10

Aleksandr Lyapunov

(mathematician, physicist)

**Birthdate: **June 6, 1857

**Sun Sign: **Gemini

**Birthplace: **Yaroslavl

**Died: **November 3, 1918

**Birthdate: **January 19, 1912

**Sun Sign: **Capricorn

**Birthplace: **Saint Petersburg, Russia

**Died: **April 7, 1986

Leonid Kantorovich was a Soviet economist and mathematician. Credited with founding linear programming, Kantorovich was honored with the prestigious *Stalin Prize *in 1949. In 1975, he won the *Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences* for his work on the theory of optimum allocation of resources. He also made important contributions to functional analysis, operator theory, and approximation theory.

12

Vladimir Voevodsky

(Mathematician)

**Birthdate: **June 4, 1966

**Sun Sign: **Gemini

**Birthplace: **Moscow, Russia

**Died: **September 30, 2017

13

Vladimir Arnold

(Wolf Prize-Winning Ukrainian Mathematician)

**Birthdate: **June 12, 1937

**Sun Sign: **Gemini

**Birthplace: **Odessa, Ukraine

**Died: **June 3, 2010

**Wolf Prize**-winning Ukrainian mathematician Vladimir Arnold is remembered for his research on singularity theory, dynamical systems, and differential equations. He had also authored several textbooks, such as *Mathematical Methods of Classical Mechanics*. His most important contribution was the *Kolmogorov–Arnold–Moser theorem*.

14

Israel Gelfand

(Mathematician)

**Birthdate: **September 2, 1913

**Sun Sign: **Virgo

**Birthplace: **Kherson Governorate

**Died: **October 5, 2009

15

Maxim Kontsevich

(Mathematician, Topologist)

**Birthdate: **August 25, 1964

**Sun Sign: **Virgo

**Birthplace: **Khimki

16

Sofia Kovalevskaya

(Mathematician)

**Birthdate: **January 15, 1850

**Sun Sign: **Capricorn

**Birthplace: **Moscow, Russia

**Died: **February 10, 1891

17

Pavel Florensky

(Theologian)

**Birthdate: **January 22, 1882

**Sun Sign: **Aquarius

**Birthplace: **Yevlakh, Azerbaijan

**Died: **December 8, 1943

Russian theologian Pavel Florensky is best remembered for his essay *The Pillar and the Ground of Truth*. During Stalin’s regime and amid a phase of national atheism, he was sent to jail and also banished to Siberia for his religious beliefs, which he refused to renounce.

18

Anatoly Timofeevich Fomenko

(Mathematician,)

**Birthdate: **March 13, 1945

**Sun Sign: **Pisces

**Birthplace: **Donetsk, Ukraine

19

Leonid Khachiyan

(Mathematician)

**Birthdate: **May 3, 1952

**Sun Sign: **Taurus

**Birthplace: **St. Petersburg, Russia

**Died: **April 29, 2005

20

Stanislav Smirnov

(Mathematician, University teacher)

**Birthdate: **September 3, 1970

**Sun Sign: **Virgo

**Birthplace: **Saint Petersburg

21

Igor Ansoff

(Mathematician, Economist, University teacher)

**Birthdate: **December 12, 1918

**Sun Sign: **Sagittarius

**Birthplace: **Vladivostok

**Died: **July 14, 2002

Best known as the *father of strategic management *for devising the strategy model known as *Ansoff’s matrix,* Russian-American applied mathematician Igor Ansoff had also taught at the **Carnegie Mellon University**. He had also managed countless technology projects and consulted with companies such as **IBM**, **Gulf**, and **General Electric**.

22

Vladimir Drinfeld

(Mathematician)

**Birthdate: **February 14, 1954

**Sun Sign: **Aquarius

**Birthplace: **Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic

23

Christian Goldbach

(Mathematician)

**Birthdate: **March 18, 1690

**Sun Sign: **Pisces

**Birthplace: **KĂ¶nigsberg

**Died: **November 20, 1764

24

Grigory Margulis

(Mathematician)

**Birthdate: **February 24, 1946

**Sun Sign: **Pisces

**Birthplace: **Moscow, Russia

25

Johann Euler

(Astronomer, Mathematician)

**Birthdate: **November 27, 1734

**Sun Sign: **Sagittarius

**Birthplace: **Saint Petersburg, Russia

**Died: **September 17, 1800

26

Andrei Okounkov

(Mathematician)

**Birthdate: **June 26, 1969

**Sun Sign: **Cancer

**Birthplace: **Moscow, Russia

27

Otto Schmidt

(Pioneering Soviet Scientist, Explorer, and Math Professor)

**Birthdate: **September 30, 1891

**Sun Sign: **Libra

**Birthplace: **Mahilyow, Belarus

**Died: **September 7, 1956

Soviet scientist, mathematician, and explorer Otto Schmidt taught math at the **University of Moscow** and was associated with the **Arctic Institute** as its director. He also led the administration of the **Northern Sea Route** and was part of the first non-stop voyage from Arkhangelsk in Russia to the Pacific Ocean.

28

Yakov Sinai

(Mathematician)

**Birthdate: **September 21, 1935

**Sun Sign: **Virgo

**Birthplace: **Moscow, Russia

29

Nikolai Zhukovsky

(Scientist, Mathematician, Engineer)

**Birthdate: **January 17, 1847

**Sun Sign: **Capricorn

**Birthplace: **Orekhovo

**Died: **March 17, 1921

30

Efim Isaakovich Zelmanov

(Mathematician)

**Birthdate: **September 7, 1955

**Sun Sign: **Virgo

**Birthplace: **Khabarovsk, Russia

31

Pavel Sergeevich Aleksandrov

(Mathematician)

**Birthdate: **May 7, 1896

**Sun Sign: **Taurus

**Birthplace: **Noginsk, Russia

**Died: **November 16, 1982

32

Viktor Sadovnichiy

(Mathematician, winner of the 1989 USSR State Prize,)

**Birthdate: **April 3, 1939

**Sun Sign: **Aries

**Birthplace: **Krasnopavlivka, Ukraine

33

Yakov Perelman

(Writer, Mathematician)

**Birthdate: **December 4, 1882

**Sun Sign: **Sagittarius

**Birthplace: **BiaĆystok, Poland

**Died: **March 16, 1942

34

Ivan Vinogradov

(Mathematician)

**Birthdate: **September 14, 1891

**Sun Sign: **Virgo

**Birthplace: **Velikoluksky District, Russia

**Died: **March 20, 1983

35

Avraham Trahtman

(Mathematician)

**Birthdate: **February 10, 1944

**Sun Sign: **Aquarius

**Birthplace: **Nev'yanskiy Rayon, Russia

36

Theophan Prokopovich

(Russian-Ukrainian Theologian, Writer, Philosopher, and Mathematician)

**Birthdate: **June 18, 1681

**Sun Sign: **Gemini

**Birthplace: **Kyiv, Ukraine

**Died: **September 19, 1736