Famous Russian Mathematicians

Find out more about the greatest Russian Mathematicians, including Leonhard Euler, Grigori Perelman, Georg Cantor, Andrey Kolmogorov and Sofia Kovalevskaya.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

Vote for Your Favourite Russian Mathematicians

 1 
Leonhard Euler
(Mathematician, Physicist)

Leonhard Euler
15
Birthdate: April 15, 1707
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Basel
Died: September 18, 1783

Leonhard Euler was a Swiss physicist, mathematician, logician, geographer, astronomer, and engineer. He is credited with making influential and important mathematical discoveries, such as graph theory and infinitesimal calculus. Widely regarded as one of the greatest and most prolific mathematicians of all time, Leonhard Euler also made pioneering contributions to analytic number theory and topology.

 2 
Grigori Perelman
(Mathematician)

Grigori Perelman
14
Birthdate: June 13, 1966
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Russian mathematician Grigori Perelman is best known for his work on geometry, especially Riemannian geometry, geometric analysis, and geometric topology. He declined many prizes, such as the Fields Medal and the Millennium Prize. His proof of the Poincaré conjecture was named the Breakthrough of the Year by Science magazine.

 3 
Georg Cantor
(Mathematician)

Georg Cantor
12
Birthdate: March 3, 1845
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire
Died: January 6, 1918
Georg Cantor is remembered as the man behind the set theory of mathematics. Not known to many, he was a skilled violinist, too. He was one of the first to explore infinity. His final years were riddled with mental ailments, when he believed Shakespeare’s plays were written by Francis Bacon.
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 4 
Nikolai Lobachevsky
(Mathematician)

Nikolai Lobachevsky
3
Birthdate: December 1, 1792
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Nizhny Novgorod, Russia
Died: February 24, 1856

 5 
Andrey Markov
(Mathematician)

Andrey Markov
5
Birthdate: June 14, 1856
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Ryazan, Russia
Died: July 20, 1922

 6 
Andrey Kolmogorov
(Mathematician)

Andrey Kolmogorov
3
Birthdate: April 25, 1903
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Tambov, Russia
Died: October 20, 1987

Russian mathematician Andrey Kolmogorov lost his mother at birth and was raised by his aunts. His talent in mathematics was discovered when he joined the Moscow State University to study history and math, while simultaneously studying metallurgy elsewhere. His greatest contribution to mathematics was in the field of probability theory.

 7 
Pafnuty Chebyshev
(Considered to Be the Founding Father of Russian Mathematics)

Pafnuty Chebyshev
3
Birthdate: May 16, 1821
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Zhukovsky District, Russia
Died: December 8, 1894
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 8 
Aleksandr Lyapunov
(mathematician, physicist)

Aleksandr Lyapunov
3
Birthdate: June 6, 1857
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Yaroslavl
Died: November 3, 1918

 9 
Leonid Kantorovich
(Mathematician)

Leonid Kantorovich
3
Birthdate: January 19, 1912
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: April 7, 1986

Leonid Kantorovich was a Soviet economist and mathematician. Credited with founding linear programming, Kantorovich was honored with the prestigious Stalin Prize in 1949. In 1975, he won the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences for his work on the theory of optimum allocation of resources. He also made important contributions to functional analysis, operator theory, and approximation theory.

 10 

Alexander Friedmann
3
Birthdate: June 16, 1888
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: St. Petersburg, Russia
Died: September 16, 1925

Though born to a ballet dancer father and a pianist mother, Alexander Friedmann grew up to be a talented mathematician and cosmologist. He had served as an aviator during World War I and later also taught. He died of typhoid at age 37 after eating a pear during his honeymoon.

 11 
Vladimir Voevodsky
(Mathematician)

Vladimir Voevodsky
4
Birthdate: June 4, 1966
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: September 30, 2017

 12 
Vladimir Arnold
(Mathematician)

Vladimir Arnold
3
Birthdate: June 12, 1937
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Odessa, Ukraine
Died: June 3, 2010

 13 
Israel Gelfand
(Mathematician)

Israel Gelfand
2
Birthdate: September 2, 1913
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Kherson Governorate
Died: October 5, 2009

 14 
Maxim Kontsevich
(Mathematician, Topologist)

Maxim Kontsevich
4
Birthdate: August 25, 1964
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Khimki

 15 
Pavel Florensky
(Theologian)

Pavel Florensky
2
Birthdate: January 22, 1882
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Yevlakh, Azerbaijan
Died: December 8, 1943

Russian theologian Pavel Florensky is best remembered for his essay The Pillar and the Ground of Truth. During Stalin’s regime and amid a phase of national atheism, he was sent to jail and also banished to Siberia for his religious beliefs, which he refused to renounce.

 16 

Anatoly Timofeevich Fomenko
2
Birthdate: March 13, 1945
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Donetsk, Ukraine

 17 
Stanislav Smirnov
(Mathematician, University teacher)

Stanislav Smirnov
2
Birthdate: September 3, 1970
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg

 18 
Leonid Khachiyan
(Mathematician)

Leonid Khachiyan
2
Birthdate: May 3, 1952
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: St. Petersburg, Russia
Died: April 29, 2005

 19 
Sofia Kovalevskaya
(Mathematician)

Sofia Kovalevskaya
2
Birthdate: January 15, 1850
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: February 10, 1891

 20 
Igor Ansoff
(Mathematician, Economist, University teacher)

Igor Ansoff
3
Birthdate: December 12, 1918
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Vladivostok
Died: July 14, 2002

Best known as the father of strategic management for devising the strategy model known as Ansoff’s matrix, Russian-American applied mathematician Igor Ansoff had also taught at the Carnegie Mellon University. He had also managed countless technology projects and consulted with companies such as IBM, Gulf, and General Electric.

 21 
Christian Goldbach
(Mathematician)

Christian Goldbach
2
Birthdate: March 18, 1690
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Königsberg
Died: November 20, 1764

 22 
Grigory Margulis
(Mathematician)

Grigory Margulis
2
Birthdate: February 24, 1946
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia

 23 
Vladimir Drinfeld
(Mathematician)

Vladimir Drinfeld
2
Birthdate: February 14, 1954
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic

 24 
Andrei Okounkov
(Mathematician)

Andrei Okounkov
3
Birthdate: June 26, 1969
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia

 25 
Johann Euler
(Astronomer, Mathematician)

Johann Euler
1
Birthdate: November 27, 1734
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: September 17, 1800

 26 
Otto Schmidt
(Scientist)

Otto Schmidt
1
Birthdate: September 30, 1891
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Mahilyow, Belarus
Died: September 7, 1956

 27 
Yakov Sinai
(Mathematician)

Yakov Sinai
2
Birthdate: September 21, 1935
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia

 28 

Efim Isaakovich Zelmanov
1
Birthdate: September 7, 1955
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Khabarovsk, Russia

 29 

Pavel Sergeevich Aleksandrov
1
Birthdate: May 7, 1896
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Noginsk, Russia
Died: November 16, 1982

 30 
Nikolai Zhukovsky
(Scientist, Mathematician, Engineer)

Nikolai Zhukovsky
1
Birthdate: January 17, 1847
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Orekhovo
Died: March 17, 1921

 31 
Yakov Perelman
(Writer, Mathematician)

Yakov Perelman
0
Birthdate: December 4, 1882
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Białystok, Poland
Died: March 16, 1942

 32 
Viktor Sadovnichiy
(Mathematician, winner of the 1989 USSR State Prize,)

Viktor Sadovnichiy
0
Birthdate: April 3, 1939
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Krasnopavlivka, Ukraine

 33 
Stanisław Leśniewski
(Mathematician)

Stanisław Leśniewski
1
Birthdate: March 30, 1886
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Serpukhov, Russia
Died: May 13, 1939

Stanisław Leśniewski was a Polish mathematician, philosopher, and logician, who belonged to the first generation of the Lwów–Warsaw School of logic. His major contribution to mathematics was the construction of three nested formal systems: protothetic, ontology, and mereology. He was also a radical nominalist. He died shortly before the German invasion of Poland in 1939.  

 34 
Ivan Vinogradov
(Mathematician)

Ivan Vinogradov
0
Birthdate: September 14, 1891
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Velikoluksky District, Russia
Died: March 20, 1983

 35 
Avraham Trahtman
(Mathematician)

Avraham Trahtman
0
Birthdate: February 10, 1944
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Nev'yanskiy Rayon, Russia

 36 

Theophan Prokopovich
0
Birthdate: June 18, 1681
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Kyiv, Ukraine
Died: September 19, 1736