Born In: Viciebsk, Belarus
Zhores Ivanovich Alferov was a Nobel Prize winning Russian physicist, renowned for his contribution to the creation of modern heterostructure physics. Born in the second quarter of the twentieth century to Byelorussian parents, he developed interest in semiconductors while he was a third year student at Ul'yanov Electro technical Institute in Leningrad. On receiving his BS degree from there, he directly joined Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute as junior researcher. There he was included in a team of young scientists and began working on germanium photodiodes and silicon. Soon they were asked to build a special semiconductor device for the first Soviet atomic submarine. Working as a team, they not only completed the project in record time, but Alferov was especially identified for his contribution and was honored with the first of many state honors that he would later receive. Interestingly, he earned his candidate degree three years after this work and his PhD almost after twelve years. He made a number of inventions and became a senior researcher and then the head of the laboratory and finally the director of the institute.
Died At Age: 88
Spouse/Ex-: Tamara Darskaya (m. 1967)
father: Ivan Karpovich Alferov
mother: Anna Vladimirovna
siblings: Marx Alferov
children: Ivan Alferov, Olga Alferova
Born Country: Belarus
place of death: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Notable Alumni: Saint Petersburg State Electrotechnical University
Diseases & Disabilities: Hypertensive Emergency.
Grouping of People: Nobel Laureates in Physics
education: Saint Petersburg State Electrotechnical University
awards: Global Energy Prize (2005)
Kyoto Prize in Advanced Technology (2001)
Nobel Prize in Physics (2000)
Demidov Prize (1999)
Ioffe Prize (Russian Academy of Sciences
USSR State Prize (1984)
Lenin Prize (1972)
Stuart Ballantine Medal (1971)
On Meltserson’s advice, he next entered the Department of Electronics, Ul'yanov Electrotechnical Institute in Leningrad. Here he developed interest in research work and when he was in the third year, he started working on semiconductors and vacuum processes; finally graduating from there with a BS degree in Electronics in December, 1952.
On January 30, 1953, Zhores Ivanovich Alferov joined Physico-Technical Institute, now known as Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute, as junior researcher. Working with a team of young researchers they created the first soviet p-n junction transistor on March 5, 1953.
In 1959, the work earned him Order of the Badge of Honour. This was the first of many State Honours that he would later receive.
From 1962, Zhores Ivanovich Alferov started working on III-V semiconductor heterostructures and by the following year, proposed the first heterostructure laser. Next in 1964, he was promoted to the post of Senior Researcher and continued his work on it.
Work went on at a steady space at the Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute under his guidance. In 1987, he was made the Director of the institute and he also served as the Vice-President of the USSR Academy of Sciences and President of its Saint Petersburg Scientific Center.
Subsequently, Alferov entered politics and in 1995, became a member of the State Duma representing ‘Our Home –Russia’. Later he joined the Communist Party of the Russian Federation and was re-elected to Duma in 1999, 2003 and 2007 as its representative.
In 2000, Zhores Ivanovich Alferov jointly received the Nobel Prize in Physics "for developing semiconductor heterostructures used in high-speed- and opto-electronics". He shared the prize with Herbert Kroemer, who worked independently on the same topic and Jack Kilby, who invented the integrated circuit.
Other than that, he earned numerous awards and accolades, including Global Energy Prize (2005), Kyoto Prize in Advanced Technology (2001), Demidov Prize (1999), Ioffe Prize (Russian Academy of Sciences, 1996), USSR State Prize (1984), Lenin Prize (1972), Stuart Ballantine Medal (1971) and Franklin's Institute Gold Medal (1971).
In 1967, Zhores Ivanovich Alferov married Tamara Darskaya, who was working at a big Space Enterprise under the guidance of Academician V.P. Glushko in Moscow.
Professor Alferov also served as the Editor-in-Chief of a Russian journal, Pis'ma v Zhurnal Tekhnicheskoi Fiziki and was a member of the Editorial Board of a Russian journal Nauka i Zhizn'.
Zhores Ivanovich Alferov died on March 1, 2019. He was 88.
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